National Cycling Centre

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HSBC UK National Cycling Centre

National Cycling Centre logo.png

Logo of the Cycling Centre
Full name HSBC UK National Cycling Centre
The Home of British Cycling
Location Stuart Street
Manchester
England
M11 4DQ
Coordinates 53°29′07″N2°11′27″W / 53.48528°N 2.19083°W / 53.48528; -2.19083 Coordinates: 53°29′07″N2°11′27″W / 53.48528°N 2.19083°W / 53.48528; -2.19083
Owner City of Manchester
Operator British Cycling
Construction
Opened September 1994 (velodrome)
Expanded 2011 (BMX complex)
2013 (Mountain bike trails)
Website
http://www.nationalcyclingcentre.com

The HSBC UK National Cycling Centre is a multipurpose cycling venue in Sportcity, Manchester, Great Britain. It includes an indoor Velodrome and a BMX arena and outdoor mountain bike trials. It also has offices for British Cycling, the governing body for cycling in Britain. [1]

Sportcity

Sportcity in Manchester was used to host the 2002 Commonwealth Games. It is in east Manchester, a mile from Manchester city centre, and was developed on former industrial land including the site of Bradford Colliery.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Great Britain island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Contents

Venues

Entrance of the National Cycling Centre (left) and the BMX complex (right). The National Indoor BMX Arena - geograph.org.uk - 3236729.jpg
Entrance of the National Cycling Centre (left) and the BMX complex (right).

Velodrome

The velodrome of the HSBC UK National Cycling Centre was built in 1994 for Manchester Olympic bids. It was Britain's first indoor cycling track. [1] It hosted track cycling events in the 2002 Commonwealth Games, the Revolution series and the UCI Track Cycling World Championships a record three times (1996, 2000 and 2008). More than 15 track cycling world records have been set on the track. The velodrome has been cited as a catalyst for Britain's successes in track cycling since 2002 and nowadays claims to be one of the busiest in the world. [2] [3]

Track cycling type of sport

Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes using track bicycles.

The cycling competition at the 2002 Commonwealth Games involves three disciplines: mountain bike racing, road bicycle racing and track cycling. The track events were held at Manchester Velodrome.

Revolution is a series of track cycling events primarily held at the Manchester Velodrome in the north west of England. It was solely held in Manchester between 2003 and 2012. From Season 10 (2012-2013) meetings have been held additionally at the new UK velodromes; in the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome, Glasgow, the Olympic Velodrome, London from Season 11 (2013-2014) and the Derby Arena from 2015-16.

Sports Court

The centre of the velodrome has a 40m x 38m sprung wooden floor with courts marked out for 10 x Badminton, 2 x Basketball, 2 x Futsal, and 2 x Korfball. [4]

Badminton racquet sport

Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" and "doubles". Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.

Basketball team sport played on a court with baskets on either end

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

Futsal Ballgame-team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It can be considered a version of five-a-side football.

BMX complex

British Cycling and Manchester City Council, in partnership with New East Manchester worked together to deliver the 110,000-square-foot (10,000 m2) National Indoor BMX Centre which opened in 2011. [5] It was designed by Ellis Williams Architects, and built by contractors Sir Robert McAlpine. The £24 million complex is the only permanent indoor BMX track in the United Kingdom. It has 2,000 seats, a BMX area and offices for the headquarters of British Cycling. [6]

British Cycling

British Cycling is the main national governing body for cycle sport in Great Britain. It administers most competitive cycling in Great Britain, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. It represents Britain at the world body, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) and selects national teams, including the Great Britain (GB) Cycling Team for races in Britain and abroad. As of 2015, it has a total membership of 116,644.

Sir Robert McAlpine British company

Sir Robert McAlpine Limited is a private British company headquartered in Hertfordshire. It carries out engineering and construction for the oil and gas, petrochemical, power generation, nuclear, pharmaceutical, defence, chemical, water and mining industries.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Mountain bike trials

There are mountain bike trails through Clayton Vale, a green space through the Medlock River Valley Corridor, since 2013. The trails are 12 km in length including four skill levels from easy to expert. The National Cycling Centre is the Trail head for this route.

Clayton Vale

Clayton Vale is an area of green space in Clayton, Manchester, through which the River Medlock flows. Redeveloped in 1986, the land has a rich industrial and social history. Today the area is a natural habitat for wildlife and it has been designated a Local Nature Reserve.

There is also a Mountain Bike and BMX Skills Zone, featuring a pump track and technical trail features. [1]

Pump track

A pump track is a circuit of rollers, banked turns and features designed to be ridden completely by riders "pumping" - meaning to create momentum by up and down body movements, instead of pedaling or pushing. It was originally designed for the mountain bike and BMX scene, and now, due to concrete constructions, also used by skateboard and scooter riders, and accessible to wheelchairs. Pump tracks are relatively simple to use and cheap to construct, and cater to a wide variety of rider skill levels.

Related Research Articles

Manchester Velodrome event arena

Manchester Velodrome is an indoor Olympic-standard cycle-racing track in Manchester, England, which opened in 1994. Part of the National Cycling Centre, the facility has been home to British Cycling since 1994 and the five time Tour de France-winning UCI ProTeam Team Sky since it formed in 2009. The Manchester Velodrome has been cited as the major catalyst for Britain's successes in track and road cycling and has been described by Cycling Weekly as the "beating heart of British Cycling’s ascension to the top of world cycling".

Cycle sport competitive physical activity using bicycles

Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles. There are several categories of bicycle racing including road bicycle racing, time trialling, cyclo-cross, mountain bike racing, track cycling, BMX, and cycle speedway. Non-racing cycling sports include artistic cycling, cycle polo, freestyle BMX and mountain bike trials. The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) is the world governing body for cycling and international competitive cycling events. The International Human Powered Vehicle Association is the governing body for human-powered vehicles that imposes far fewer restrictions on their design than does the UCI. The UltraMarathon Cycling Association is the governing body for many ultra-distance cycling races.

Lee Valley VeloPark velodrome

Lee Valley VeloPark is a cycling centre on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, East London. It is owned and managed by Lee Valley Regional Park Authority, and it was opened to the public in March 2014. The facility was one of the permanent venues for the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Meadowbank Stadium

Meadowbank Stadium was a multi-purpose sports facility located in the Meadowbank area of Edinburgh, Scotland. Built on the site of the earlier New Meadowbank and Old Meadowbank sports venues, it was originally built to host the 1970 Commonwealth Games. It also hosted the Games in 1986, becoming the first venue to host the Games twice.

Sleeman Centre (Brisbane)

The Sleeman Centre is a sporting and entertainment facility located in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Construction of the centre was completed in 1982, with several upgrades and improvements having been carried out since that date. Located in the suburb of Chandler, the centre is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Brisbane's CBD and is home to an aquatic centre, velodrome, sports arena, gymnastics training hall, gymnasium and auditorium. The centre currently offers a range of services to the public, including indoor and outdoor community activities such as swimming, diving, health and fitness classes, a gymnasium, childcare facilities, and a children's pool and water slide.

Maindy Centre

Maindy Centre, which was formerly known as Maindy Stadium, now also known as Maindy Pool and Cycle Track, includes a cycle track and indoor swimming pool facility in the Maindy area of Cardiff, Wales. The cycle track was used in the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games and the swimming pool was opened in 1993.

Frances Newstead is an English road and track cyclist from Holmfirth, West Yorkshire.

National Indoor BMX Arena

The National Indoor BMX Arena is an indoor BMX racing stadium, located in Sportcity, Manchester, UK. The arena is situated next to the Manchester Velodrome and the buildings share a common entrance as part of the National Cycling Centre. The stadium cost £24 million, seats 2,000 spectators and is home to British Cycling. It was designed by Ellis Williams Architects, and built by contractors Sir Robert McAlpine.

Commonwealth Arena and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome arena

The Commonwealth Arena and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome, known for sponsorship reasons as the Emirates Arena, is an indoor arena and velodrome in Dalmarnock, Glasgow, Scotland. Built for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, these venues hosted the badminton and track cycling events. Situated opposite Celtic Park in the East End of Glasgow, the complex is the headquarters of Sportscotland and Scottish Cycling.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cycling:

Cycling at the 2016 Summer Olympics

The cycling competitions of the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro were held at four venues scheduled to host Eighteen events between 6 August and 21 August.

Cycling at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Cycling is one of seven optional sports that were included in the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. Cycling has appeared consistently since their first appearance at the 1934 British Empire Games in London with track and road events at every Games since and mountain biking being included from 2002.

Cycling competitions at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto were held July 10 to 25, 2015 at four different venues. The BMX competitions took place at the Centennial Park Pan Am BMX Centre in Toronto, the mountain biking competitions happened at the Hardwood Ski and Bike in Oro-Medonte, due to naming rights the venue was known as the latter for the duration of the games. The road races happened in the streets of Downtown Toronto with the start and finish being adjacent to the Ontario Place West Channel. Finally the track cycling events occurred at the Milton Velodrome in Milton. The road cycling time trials happened in the streets surrounding the velodrome.

Cycling in Manchester

Cycling for transportation and leisure enjoys popularity in Manchester and the city also plays a major role in British cycle racing. The University of Manchester is home to the Manchester Cycling Lab.

Burnaby Velodrome

One of only three indoor bicycle racing tracks in Canada, the Burnaby Velodrome is located in Burnaby, British Columbia. It is operated by the non-profit Burnaby Velodrome Club (BVC), and is an affiliated member of Cycling British Columbia. The track is located inside the Harry Jerome Sports Centre, which is also used by Volleyball BC for game play and administration purposes.

Cycling in the United Kingdom

Cycling in the United Kingdom has a long history, since the earliest days of the bicycle, and after a decline in the mid 20th century has been undergoing a resurgence in recent decades.

The 2018–19 Six Day Series (also known as the Six Day Cycling Series is a multi six-day track cycling race tournament over a season. It is the 3rd series organised by the Madison Sports Group. This season consists of 7 events across 5 countries.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "About". National Cycling Centre. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  2. Andrews, Guy (1 April 2008). "How did Britain get so good at cycling?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-13. As well as bringing in the finest equipment and the best coaches available, British Cycling based everything on one oval track in Manchester, built for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
  3. "British pedal power or Queally over-rated?". BBC News. 20 September 2000. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  4. "Other sports". National Cycling Centre. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  5. National BMX Centre opens in Manchester, The BBC, retrieved 2011-11-30
  6. National Indoor BMX Centre, Sir Robert McAlpine.com, retrieved 2011-11-30

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