There is a large number of Grade II listed buildings in the City of Manchester, England. The majority of Manchester's listed buildings date from the Victorian (1837–1901) and Edwardian era (1901–1911), most as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution. In England and Wales the authority for listing is granted by the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 and is administered by English Heritage, an agency of the Department for Culture, Media & Sport. There are three categories of listing – Grade I, Grade II* and Grade II.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the US, in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power and water power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the mechanized factory system. The Industrial Revolution also led to an unprecedented rise in the rate of population growth.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four nations of the United Kingdom. "England and Wales" forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows a single legal system, known as English law.
The Planning Act 1990 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered the laws on granting of planning permission for building works, notably including those of the listed building system in England and Wales.
Grade I is the highest listing category usually reserved for buildings of international stature; only 2.5% of listed buildings are Grade I. Grade II* comprises 5.5% of all listed building and are historic works worthy of special interest. The lowest and most common listing is Grade II, reserved for works which are architecturally, culturally or historically notable and warrant preservation.Manchester has fifteen Grade I listed buildings and 77 Grade II* listed buildings. This list concerns Grade II buildings in Manchester, Greater Manchester, England.
There are 48 Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, England. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest". In England, the authority for listing under the Planning Act 1990 rests with Historic England, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.
|Name||Image||Completed||Architect||Location||Year of listing & ref(s)|
|1 Booth Street||c. 1850s||Unknown||Booth Street||1974|
|8 Lower Park Road||c. 1875||Alfred Waterhouse||Lower Park Road, Rusholme||1974|
|15–17 King Street||c. 1920–30||Maxwell and Tuke||King Street||1994|
|29 Swan Street||c. 1865||Unknown||Swan Street, Ancoats||1989|
|42–44 Sackville Street||c. 1873||Pennington and Brigden||Sackville Street||1974|
|46–48 Brown Street (Lombard Chambers)||1868||George Truefitt||Brown Street||1974|
|50 Newton Street||c. 1900||Clegg & Knowles||Newton Street, Piccadilly||1988|
|53 King Street||1912||Charles Heathcote||King Street||1974|
|55 Faulkner Street||1870||Clegg & Knowles||Faulkner Street, Chinatown||1994|
|74–78, and no 80 (The Grey Horse Public House), Portland Street||Probably late 18th century||Unknown||Portland Street||1994|
|107 Piccadilly||1899||Charles Heathcote||Piccadilly||1974|
|Addison Terrace||1850||Daisy Bank Road||1973|
|Albert Hall||1910||W. J. Morley||Peter Street||1982|
|Ancoats Hospital||1874||Lewis and Crawcroft||Ancoats||1974|
|Arkwright House||1982||Harry S. Fairhurst||Parsonage Gardens||1982|
|Barlow Hall||15th century (altered since)||Unknown||Chorlton-cum-Hardy||1974 (downgraded in 1994)|
|Barnes Hospital||1875||Lawrence Booth||Didsbury||1998|
|Bridgewater House||1912||Harry Fairhurst||Whitworth Street||1994|
|Bus Depot and Transport Museum||1901||Queens Road, Cheetham||1988|
|Castlefield Congregational Chapel||1858||Edward Walters||Deansgate, Castlefield||1988|
|CIS Tower||1962||Gordon Tait||Miller Street||1995|
|Chancellors Hotel & Conference Centre (The Firs)||1851||Edward Walters||Fallowfield||1974|
|Chancellors Hotel & Conference Centre (The Firs Gate Lodge)||1851||Edward Walters||Fallowfield||1974|
|Cooperative Press||Late 19th century||Unknown||Naples Street, Ancoats||1994|
|Corn Exchange||1903||Unknown||Exchange Square||1973|
|Canada House, Manchester||1905||Chepstow Street||1988|
|Dalton Ellis Hall||1882||G. T. Redmayne||Conygham Road||1974|
|Derros Building||1899||William Sharpe||Great Ancoats Street||1998|
|Former Newton Street Police Station||Newton Street||1974|
|Greenhayes Centre||1896||Unknown||Moss Side||1994|
|Hanover Building||1909||F.E.L Harris||Corporation Street||1988|
|Holyoake House||1911||F.E.L Harris||Dantzic Street||1988|
|National and Provincial Building Society||c. 1910||C. R. Cockerell||King Street||1974|
|New Century House||1962||G. S. Hay & Gordon Tait||Miller Street||1995|
|Manchester Deansgate railway station||1896||Unknown||1998|
|Manchester Opera House||1912||Richardson and Gill with Farquarson||Quay Street||1974|
|Manchester Oxford Road railway station||1960||W. R. Headley and Max Glendinning||Oxford Road||1995|
|Manchester Piccadilly station Store Street train shed||1881||Unknown||Piccadilly||1994|
|Manchester Victoria station||1844||Unknown||Hunts Bank||1988|
|Palace Theatre||1891||Alfred Derbyshire and F.Bennett Smith||Oxford Street||1977|
|Queen's Brewery||1861||Greatorex Brothers||Moss Lane West||1994|
|The Ritz||1927||Unknown||Whitworth Street||1994|
|Royal Exchange||1921||Bradshaw, Gass & Hope||Cross Street||1974|
|Redfern Building||1936||W. A. Johnson and J. W. Cooper||Dantzic Street||1994|
|Sackville Street Building||1912||Spalding and Cross||Sackville Street||1974|
|St. James Buildings||1912||Clegg, Fryer & Penman||65–95 Oxford Street||1988|
|St Mary's Hospital||1909||John Ely||Wilmslow Road||1994|
|Samuel Alexander Building||1919||Percy Scott Worthington||Oxford Road||2010|
|Ship Canal House||1927||Harry S. Fairhurst||King Street||1982|
|Smithfield Market Hall||1858||Isaac Holden||Swan Street, Ancoats||1973|
|Strangeways Gaol Gatehouse||1868||Alfred Waterhouse||Sherborne Street||1974|
|St Luke's Church, Manchester||1839||T. W. Atkinson||Corner of Cheetham Hill Road/Smedley Lane, Cheetham Hill||1974|
|Strangeways Prison ventilation and watch tower||1868||Alfred Waterhouse||Sherborne Street||1974|
|Theatre Royal||1845||Irwin and Chester||Peter Street||1974|
|Toast Rack||1960||L. C. Howitt||Fallowfield||1999|
|Victoria and Albert Warehouses||c. 1838||Unknown||Water Street||1974|
|The Old Wellington Inn||Mid-16th century||Unknown||Shambles Square||1952|
|Whitworth Park Mansions||c. 1840s||Unknown||Whitworth Park||1974|
Wythenshawe Hall is a 16th-century medieval timber-framed historic house and former manor house in Wythenshawe, Manchester, England, five miles (8 km) south of Manchester city centre in Wythenshawe Park. Built for Robert Tatton, it was home to the Tatton family for almost 400 years. Its basic plan is a central hall with two projecting wings.
Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.
Deansgate is a railway station in Manchester city centre, England, approximately 1,100 yards (1 km) west of Manchester Piccadilly in the Castlefield area, at the junction of Deansgate and Whitworth Street West. It is part of the Manchester station group.
Piccadilly Gardens is a green space in Manchester city centre, England, between Market Street and the edge of the Northern Quarter. Piccadilly runs eastwards from the junction of Market Street with Mosley Street to the junction of London Road with Ducie Street; to the south are the gardens and paved areas. The area was reconfigured in 2002 with a water feature and concrete pavilion by Japanese architect Tadao Ando.
The Great Northern Warehouse is the former railway goods warehouse of the Great Northern Railway in Manchester city centre, England, which was refurbished into a leisure complex in 1999. The building is at the junction of Deansgate and Peter Street. It was granted Grade II* listed building status in 1974.
The architecture of Manchester demonstrates a rich variety of architectural styles. The city is a product of the Industrial Revolution and is known as the first modern, industrial city. Manchester is noted for its warehouses, railway viaducts, cotton mills and canals - remnants of its past when the city produced and traded goods. Manchester has minimal Georgian or medieval architecture to speak of and consequently has a vast array of 19th and early 20th-century architecture styles; examples include Palazzo, Neo-Gothic, Venetian Gothic, Edwardian baroque, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and the Neo-Classical.
Edward Walters was an English architect.
Mosley Street is a street in Manchester, England. It runs between its junction with Piccadilly Gardens and Market Street to St Peter's Square. Beyond St Peter's Square it becomes Lower Mosley Street. It is the location of several Grade II and Grade II* listed buildings.
As of February 2001, there were 1,124 listed buildings with Grade II status in the English city of Brighton and Hove. The total at 2009 was similar. The city, on the English Channel coast approximately 52 miles (84 km) south of London, was formed as a unitary authority in 1997 by the merger of the neighbouring towns of Brighton and Hove. Queen Elizabeth II granted city status in 2000.
Charles H. Heathcote (1850–1938) was a British architect who practised in Manchester. He was articled to the church architects Charles Hansom, of Clifton, Bristol. He was awarded the RI Medal of Merit in 1868, and started his own practice in 1872.
Portland Street is a street which runs from Piccadilly at its junction with Newton Street southwards to Oxford Street at its junction with Chepstow Street in Manchester, England. The major buildings of Portland Street include the largest former warehouse in the city centre, Watts Warehouse, the former Bank of England Building and other former warehouses on the corners of Princess Street.
Failsworth is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England and it is unparished. It contains 15 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. All the listed buildings are designated at Grade II, the lowest of the three grades, which is applied to "buildings of national importance and special interest". The listed buildings consist of houses, farmhouses and farm buildings, a former public house, an aqueduct, a church, a former cotton mill, and a war memorial.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M1 postcode area of the city includes part of the city centre, in particular the Northern Quarter, the area known as Chinatown, and part of the district of Chorlton-on-Medlock. The postcode area contains 192 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, 14 are listed at Grade II*, the middle of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M13 postcode area is to the south of the centre of the city and includes parts of the districts of Chorlton-on-Medlock and Longsight. The postcode area contains 38 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, seven are at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The area includes the main buildings of the University of Manchester, some of which are listed, as are some hospitals. The area is otherwise mainly residential, and the other listed buildings include houses, some of which have been converted for other uses, churches and chapels, public houses, former public baths, a museum, a milepost, railings, a statue, and a war memorial.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M14 postcode area is to the south of the city centre, and contains the areas of Fallowfield, Moss Side, and Rusholme. The postcode area contains 58 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, three are at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M2 postcode area of the city includes part of the city centre, including the Central Retail District. The postcode area contains 143 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, five are listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, 16 are at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M3 postcode area of the city includes the western part of the city centre. The area contains 76 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, five are listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, two are at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade.
Manchester is a city in Northwest England. The M60 postcode area of the city is termed a non-geographic postcode area - that is, it does not correspond with a specific area. Buildings given an M60 postcode were historically very large receivers of mail, and were usually located in the City Centre, although Great Universal Stores also used an M60 code. The postcode was created for internal Royal Mail reasons - It allowed for large amounts of mail to by-pass the sorting processes within the city centre quickly and efficiently. The postcode contains 13 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, one is at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The area to the northwest contains HM Prison Manchester, and four structures associated with it are listed. The other listed buildings include two structures associated with Liverpool Road railway station, office buildings, a hotel, a departmental store, and a pair of bollards.