Scheduled monuments in Greater Manchester

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Smithills Hall is one of several medieval manor houses in Greater Manchester to be protected as a scheduled monument. Smithills Hall in 2004.jpg
Smithills Hall is one of several medieval manor houses in Greater Manchester to be protected as a scheduled monument.

There are 37 scheduled monuments in Greater Manchester, a metropolitan county in North West England. In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building that has been given protection against unauthorised change by being placed on a list (or "schedule") by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport; English Heritage takes the leading role in identifying such sites. [1] Scheduled monuments are defined in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 and the National Heritage Act 1983. They are also referred to as scheduled ancient monuments. There are about 18,300 scheduled monument entries on the list, which is maintained by English Heritage; more than one site can be included in a single entry. While a scheduled monument can also be recognised as a listed building, English Heritage considers listed building status as a better way of protecting buildings than scheduled monument status. [1] If a monument is considered by English Heritage to "no longer merit scheduling" it can be descheduled. [2]

Metropolitan county type of county-level administrative division of England

The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England. There are six metropolitan counties, which each cover large urban areas, typically with populations of 1.2 to 2.8 million. They were created in 1974 and are each divided into several metropolitan districts or boroughs.

North West England Place in England

North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside. The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011. It is the third-most populated region in the United Kingdom after the South East and Greater London. The largest settlements are Manchester, Liverpool, Warrington, Preston, and Blackpool.

Scheduled monument nationally important archaeological site or historic building in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change.

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The metropolitan county of Greater Manchester is composed of 10 metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. Rochdale has no scheduled monuments; those in the other boroughs are listed separately. They range from prehistoric structures – the oldest of which date from the Bronze Age  – to more modern structures such as the Astley Green Colliery, from 1908. Greater Manchester has seven prehistoric monuments (i.e. Bronze or Iron Age), found in Bury, Oldham, Salford, Stockport, and Tameside. The Bronze Age sites are mainly cairns and barrows, and both the Iron Age sites are military in nature, promontory forts.

Greater Manchester County of England

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.

Metropolitan borough type of local government district in England

A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status. Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985. However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.

Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. It is named after its largest settlement, the large town of Bolton, but covers a far larger area which includes Blackrod, Farnworth, Horwich, Kearsley and Westhoughton, and a suburban and rural element from the West Pennine Moors. The borough has a population of 276,800, and is administered from Bolton Town Hall.

The trend of military sites continues from the Iron Age into the Roman period; two Roman forts in Greater Manchester are scheduled monuments and were the two main areas of Roman activity in the county. Of the nine castles in Greater Manchester, four are scheduled monuments: Buckton Castle, Watch Hill Castle, Bury Castle, and Radcliffe Tower. The last two are fortified manor houses, and although defined as castles were not exclusively military in nature; they probably acted as the administrative centre of the manors they were in. [3] There are several other manor houses and country houses  some with moats   in the county that are protected as scheduled monuments. The Astley Green Colliery, the Marple Aqueduct, Oldknows Limekilns, and the Worsley Delph are scheduled relics of Greater Manchester's industrial history.

<i>Castra</i> ancient Roman fortification

In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.

Buckton Castle 12th-century castle near Carrbrook in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester, England

Buckton Castle was a medieval enclosure castle near Carrbrook in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester, England. It was surrounded by a 2.8-metre-wide (9 ft) stone curtain wall and a ditch 10 metres (33 ft) wide by 6 metres (20 ft) deep. Buckton is one of the earliest stone castles in North West England and only survives as buried remains overgrown with heather and peat. It was most likely built and demolished in the 12th century. The earliest surviving record of the site dates from 1360, by which time it was lying derelict. The few finds retrieved during archaeological investigations indicate that Buckton Castle may not have been completed.

Watch Hill Castle medieval castle

Watch Hill Castle is an early medieval motte-and-bailey on the border of Bowdon and Dunham Massey, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. As the only Scheduled Ancient Monument in Trafford, it is arguably the most important archaeological site in the borough. The castle is located north of the River Bollin and south of a deep ravine.

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Bolton

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Ringley Old Bridge Stone bridge1677 Stoneclough, Kearsley 53°32′37″N2°21′26″W / 53.543697°N 2.357316°W / 53.543697; -2.357316 (Ringley Old Bridge) The current bridge over the River Irwell was built in 1677 to replace one washed away in 1673. It is still used today, having been pedestrianised, and is a Grade II* listed building. [4] [5]
Smithills Hall Standing building14th century Bolton 53°36′08″N2°27′15″W / 53.602339°N 2.454235°W / 53.602339; -2.454235 (Smithills Hall) Smithills Hall was originally built in the early 14th century, but was extended in the 15th and 16th centuries. The oldest surviving part is the great hall, which dates from the early 15th century. The site was originally moated, however no trace of the moat survives. Smithills Hall is now a Grade I listed building and open to the public as a museum. [6] [7]

Bury

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Affetside Cross Stone pillar17th or 18th century Affetside 53°37′08″N2°22′15″W / 53.618987°N 2.370955°W / 53.618987; -2.370955 (Affetside Cross) The pillar was originally a cross and replaced a medieval waymarker in the 17th or 18th centuries. The pillar stands on three circular steps, which probably date from 1890 when the cross was taken down for repairs and re-erected. [8]
Bury Castle Below ground remains1469 Bury 53°35′37″N2°17′49″W / 53.593663°N 2.296994°W / 53.593663; -2.296994 (Bury Castle) Bury Castle is a manor house built in 1469, replacing an earlier building on the same site from the late 14th century. It was built by Sir Thomas Pilkington, Lord of the Manors of Bury and Pilkington, and fortified with permission of the king; it was razed to the ground when Sir Thomas had his lands confiscated for supporting the losing side in the War of the Roses. Some of the castle remains have been excavated and are on display to the public. [9]
Castlesteads Earthworks200 BC250 AD Bury 53°36′46″N2°18′25″W / 53.612875°N 2.306955°W / 53.612875; -2.306955 (Castlesteads) Castlesteads is a promontory fort on the banks of the River Irwell. The site is defended by a 120 m (390 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) wide ditch, and a silted up channel of the river. The interior is triangular shaped. Pottery finds indicate the site was occupied from 200 BC to 250 AD. [10]
Radcliffe Tower Ruins1403 Radcliffe 53°33′49″N2°18′30″W / 53.56361°N 2.308259°W / 53.56361; -2.308259 (Radcliffe Tower) Radcliffe Tower is the only part of a medieval manor house that belonged to James de Radliffe, the Lord of the Manor of Radcliffe, still standing. It was a stone-built hall with two towers, and was surrounded by a moat. The site was fortified with the addition of crenellations and battlements with permission from the king. The manor house was demolished in the 19th century. The tower is now a Grade I listed building. [11] [12]

Manchester

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Baguley Hall Standing building14th century Baguley 53°23′42″N2°16′35″W / 53.394955°N 2.276358°W / 53.394955; -2.276358 (Baguley Hall) The original building was possibly from the 11th or 12th centuries, but the current timber framed house dates from the 14th century. The medieval north wing was refaced in brick. In the 18th century the brick south wing was added. Baguley Hall is considered one of the "finest surviving medieval halls in the northwest of England". It is a Grade I listed building, and is on the Buildings at Risk Register; its condition is rated as "fair" and it is owned by English Heritage. [13] [14] [15]
Clayton Hall Standing building15th century Clayton 53°29′00″N2°10′43″W / 53.483419°N 2.178669°W / 53.483419; -2.178669 (Clayton Hall) The hall, which probably dates back to the 15th century, was probably originally either a quadrangle or consisted of three wings. Much of the hall was demolished in the 17th century and replaced by a new house. Clayton Hall underwent further changes and restoration in the 18th century and in 1900. The hall is on a rectangular island surrounded by a moat and is a Grade II* listed building. [16] [17]
Hanging Bridge Ruins1421Cateaton Street, Manchester 53°29′04″N2°14′36″W / 53.484473°N 2.24333°W / 53.484473; -2.24333 (Hanging Bridge) The current structure was built in 1421; however the first reference to the bridge was in 1343. The bridge, which is 33 m (108 ft) long and 2.7 m (8.9 ft) wide, spanned Hanging Ditch and was part of medieval Manchester's defences. Hanging Bridge was probably obscured by housing in the 1770s as a result of Manchester's expansion. It was uncovered in 1880s, and again in the late 20th century, and is now on display in Manchester Cathedral's visitor centre. [18] [19] [20]
Mamucium Below ground remains79 Castlefield, Manchester 53°28′29″N2°15′12″W / 53.474744°N 2.253219°W / 53.474744; -2.253219 (Mamucium) A Roman fort was established on a sandstone bluff near a crossing over the River Medlock, along the line of the Roman road between Chester (Deva Victrix) and York (Eboracum); it was designed to garrison a cohort of 500  auxiliary soldiers. A civilian settlement ( vicus ) of traders and families grew up around the fort. In around 140, the fort was demolished and the civilian settlement was abandoned around the same time. The fort was rebuilt in 160 and the settlement was re-inhabited. It was abandoned by the mid-3rd century, although the fort was in use into the early 4th century. A partial reconstruction of the fort on the site is open to the public. [21] [22] [23]
Nico Ditch [B] Earthwork7th9th centuries Ashton-under-Lyne and Denton 53°27′11″N2°23′59″W / 53.453083°N 2.399854°W / 53.453083; -2.399854 (Nico Ditch) Nico Ditch is an earthwork stretching from Ashton Moss in the east to Hough Moss in the west. According to legend, the ditch was dug in a single night as a defence against Viking invaders in 869870. However, the U-shaped profile of the ditch indicates it was not defensive as it would most likely be V-shaped. It was probably used as an administrative boundary. The ditch is visible in sections, and in places is about 1.5 m (4.9 ft) deep and up to 4 m (13 ft) wide. [24] [25]
Peel Hall Waterlogged moat14th centuryAshton New Road, Manchester 53°22′41″N2°14′39″W / 53.377989°N 2.244301°W / 53.377989; -2.244301 (Peel Hall) In the mid 14th century, Sir John de Arderne built Peel Hall. The site is surrounded by a moat which is between 8 and 14 m (26 and 46 ft) wide and 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep. Peel Hall was demolished in 1809 and replaced by a farmhouse on the same site, which was demolished in 1975. [26]

Oldham

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Castleshaw Roman fort Below ground remains79 Castleshaw, Saddleworth 53°35′00″N2°00′06″W / 53.583244°N 2.001737°W / 53.583244; -2.001737 (Castleshaw Roman fort) In 79, a fort was established at Castleshaw by the Romans, for a garrison of 500 auxiliary soldiers, as part of the frontier defences along the road between Chester (Deva Victrix) and York (Eboracum). It was slighted in 90, but a smaller fort  or fortlet  was built on the site in 105, designed for a garrison of less than 100. A civilian settlement (vicus), made up of traders and hangers on of the soldiers, grew around the fort in the 2nd century. The fortlet was abandoned in the mid 120s when it was superseded by the neighbouring forts at Manchester and Slack. About the same time, the civilian settlement was abandoned. A series of ditches and earthworks was built to mark the site. [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32]
Saddleworth Bowl Barrow Earthworks Bronze Age Saddleworth 53°33′49″N2°01′48″W / 53.563554°N 2.029973°W / 53.563554; -2.029973 (Saddleworth Bowl Barrow) The barrow is oval shaped and measures 17 m (19 yd) by 18 m (20 yd) and is 0.5 m (1.6 ft) high. The barrow has been excavated archaeologically, but has not revealed any signs of grave good or human remains. The site is in good condition. [33]

Salford

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Iron Age promontory fortBelow ground remains500BC200AD Salford 53°26′15″N2°27′54″W / 53.437609°N 2.465123°W / 53.437609; -2.465123 (Salford Iron Age fort) The promontory fort is surrounded by two ditches. Inside the fort are four circular structures that are probably industrial areas and livestock enclosures. The Cheshire Very Coarse Pottery (VCP) found on the site is the only evidence of a late prehistoric pottery industry in Greater Manchester. [34]
Worsley Delph Brick structure1759 Swinton 53°30′03″N2°22′45″W / 53.500795°N 2.379195°W / 53.500795; -2.379195 (Worsley Delph) In 1759, construction began on a system of underground canals; they provided a route between Worsley Colliery and the Bridgewater Canal for the coal the colliery produced. The canals were used for this purpose until 1887 and closed shortly after the last coal pit in the area in 1968. [35]

Stockport

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Brown Low Earthworks Bronze Age Ludworth, Hazel Grove 53°24′54″N2°01′04″W / 53.414871°N 2.01768°W / 53.414871; -2.01768 (Brown Low) Brown Low is a bowl barrow, 25.5 m (84 ft) in diameter and 2 m (6.6 ft) high. The site is covered in turf, and two hollows on the barrow are from an 1809 excavation. [36]
CairnMound of stones Bronze Age Ludworth, Hazel Grove 53°22′55″N2°01′13″W / 53.381878°N 2.020223°W / 53.381878; -2.020223 (Ludworth cairn) The late Bronze Age cairn is 12 m (39 ft) in diameter and 0.4 m (1.3 ft) high. There is a series of chambers and cremation cists. Due to its position on a knoll on Mellor Moor, it is highly visible. [37]
Marple Aqueduct Aqueduct 1801 Marple 53°24′25″N2°04′02″W / 53.407032°N 2.067323°W / 53.407032; -2.067323 (Marple Aqueduct) The Marple Aqueduct was built between 1794 and 1801 to carry the Peak Forest Canal over the River Goyt. The aqueduct is still in use for pleasure craft. [38]
Oldknows LimekilnsLime kilns1797 Marple 53°23′34″N2°03′21″W / 53.392655°N 2.05572°W / 53.392655; -2.05572 (Oldknow Limekilns) Between 1797 and 1800, Samuel Oldknow built three lime kilns on the east side of the Peak Forest Canal. The kilns are 11 m (36 ft) deep and were built into the hillside. The site operated into the 20th century, and the remaining walling of the kilns is protected as a Grade II listed building. [39] [40]
Peel MoatDry moatMedieval Heaton Moor, Stockport 53°25′43″N2°11′18″W / 53.428747°N 2.188373°W / 53.428747; -2.188373 (Peel Moat) The dried-up, rectangular moat surrounds the site of a square-shaped fortified tower. There are no above ground remains of the tower, but it was situated on an area of land 29 m (95 ft) square, with the surrounding moat measuring between 5.5 m (18 ft) and 10 m (33 ft) wide. [41]
Torkington MoatWater-logged moatMedieval Torkington, Stockport 53°23′06″N2°05′28″W / 53.384902°N 2.091045°W / 53.384902; -2.091045 (Torkington Moat) The moat in Torkington surrounds the site of the manor house that was first built in 1350. The 1.6 m (5.2 ft) deep moat is between 8 and 20 m (26 and 66 ft) wide, and forms the perimeter of a 46 m (151 ft) by 43 m (141 ft) island. Torkington Hall replaced the medieval manor house in the early 17th century. [42]

Tameside

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Buckton Castle Below ground remains1180s Carrbrook 53°30′40″N2°00′58″W / 53.511059°N 2.016212°W / 53.511059; -2.016212 (Buckton Castle) Buckton Castle is an enclosure castle probably built by the earls of Chester in the 12th century. It may have been constructed to guard the Longdendale Valley. The castle was first referred to in 1360, when it was in a ruinous state. The castle is circular, measuring 35 m (115 ft) and 45 m (148 ft) along the axes, and is surrounded by a 10 m (33 ft) wide and 6 m (20 ft) deep ditch. Buckton Castle has been damaged by 18th century treasure hunters and later 19th and 20th century quarrying. [43] [44] [45] [46]
CairnMound of stones Bronze Age Stalybridge 53°28′44″N2°01′06″W / 53.478768°N 2.018419°W / 53.478768; -2.018419 (Stalybridge Cairn) The turf covered round cairn is situated on top of a hill, and consists of a mound of stones with a flat top. It is 1 m (3.3 ft) high and 16 m (52 ft) in diameter, although the southern edge has been destroyed. The site has been altered in modern period by the addition of a dry stone wall and a trigonometrical pillar. [47]

Trafford

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Watch Hill Castle EarthworksProbable 12th century Bowdon 53°22′12″N2°22′44″W / 53.369862°N 2.378858°W / 53.369862; -2.378858 (Watch Hill Castle) The castle is a motte-and-bailey, consisting of a conical mound (motte) 40 m (130 ft) in diameter and 17 m (56 ft) high, surrounded by a triangular lower enclosure (bailey) covering 2,400 square metres (0.59 acres). It probably belonged to Hamon de Massey, a baron who owned several manors locally, including those of Baguley, Bowdon, Dunham, and Hale. The structure had fallen into disuse by the 13th century. [48] [49]

Wigan

NameRemainsDateLocationDescriptionRef(s) [A]
Astley Green Colliery Mining site1908 Astley 53°29′43″N2°26′41″W / 53.495311°N 2.444649°W / 53.495311; -2.444649 (Astley Green Colliery) The Pilkington Colliery Company began construction of the colliery in 1908, and the site opened for coal production in 1912. The colliery was closed in 1970 and is now Astley Green Colliery Museum. Most of the buildings associated with the colliery have been destroyed as has one of the mine shafts. [50]
Cross baseCross baseMedievalJunction of Green Lane, Standish Wood Lane and Beech Walk, Standish 53°34′49″N2°39′43″W / 53.580335°N 2.662006°W / 53.580335; -2.662006 (Cross base) The stone cross was one of four known crosses that marked the medieval route from Wigan to Chorley. The cross base is no longer in its original place, having been moved when the road was widened. [51]
Cross baseCross baseMedievalGreen Lane, Standish 53°34′52″N2°39′38″W / 53.581062°N 2.660506°W / 53.581062; -2.660506 (Cross base) The stone cross was one of four known crosses that marked the medieval route from Wigan to Chorley. It is protected as a Grade II listed building. [52] [53]
Cross baseCross baseMedievalStandish Wood Lane, Standish 53°34′25″N2°39′38″W / 53.573511°N 2.66054°W / 53.573511; -2.66054 (Cross base) The stone cross was one of four known crosses that marked the medieval route from Wigan to Chorley. [54]
Gidlow Hall Standing building 1574 Aspull 53°33′31″N2°33′59″W / 53.558532°N 2.566397°W / 53.558532; -2.566397 (Gidlow Hall) The present structure dates from around 1574, although it is thought to have replaced an earlier building. In 1840, the hall was rebuilt in the Gothic Revival style. Gidlow Hall is protected as a Grade II listed building. [55] [56]
The Great Haigh Sough PortalBrick drainage1653 Haigh 53°33′33″N2°37′03″W / 53.559088°N 2.617436°W / 53.559088; -2.617436 (Haigh Sough drainage) Between 1653 and 1670, the Haigh Sough drainage system was under construction; its purpose was to drain the local collieries. The system extends for 936 m (3,071 ft) and has only one entrance. It was in use until 1929 and the entrance is now covered by a steel grille to prevent access. [57]
Mab's Cross Stub of stone cross13th centuryStandishgate, Wigan 53°33′04″N2°37′34″W / 53.551132°N 2.626076°W / 53.551132; -2.626076 (Mab's Cross) Mab's Cross was one of four known crosses that marked the medieval route from Wigan to Chorley. In 1922, the cross was moved from its original position when the road was widened and is protected as a Grade II* listed building. [58] [59]
Standish Market CrossStone crossMedievalMarket place, Standish 53°35′12″N2°39′38″W / 53.586545°N 2.660592°W / 53.586545; -2.660592 (Standish Market Cross) The base of the stone cross is medieval, but the cross shaft is modern. It is protected as a Grade II listed building. [60] [61]
Moat of Moat HouseDried-up moat18th century Haigh 53°34′36″N2°36′13″W / 53.576598°N 2.603644°W / 53.576598; -2.603644 (Moat House) All that remains is a dried-up square moat surrounding the 18th-century Moat House. [62]
Morleys Hall Standing buildingMedieval Astley 53°29′20″N2°28′04″W / 53.489019°N 2.467796°W / 53.489019; -2.467796 (Morleys Hall) The current hall was built in the 19th century, however some 16th and 17th century timber framing is incorporated into the structure. In 1641, it was the home of Ambrose Barlow. The site is surrounded by a 12–15 m (39–49 ft) wide and 3 m (9.8 ft) deep waterlogged medieval moat, and Morleys Hall is a Grade II* listed building. [63] [64]
New Hall moated site Moat16th century Astley, Tyldesley 53°30′21″N2°27′12″W / 53.505706°N 2.453352°W / 53.505706; -2.453352 (New Hall) The moat surrounds the site of the original medieval building, which was replaced a by a post-medieval farmhouse. The moat is filled with water, however the ruined farmhouse is not part of the scheduled monument. [65]
Winstanley Hall Standing building 1560s Winstanley 53°31′21″N2°41′14″W / 53.522389°N 2.68735°W / 53.522389; -2.68735 (Winstanley Hall) Winstanley hall was built in the 1560s for the Winstanley family of Wigan, who were Lords of the Manor. It is linked with the neighbouring halls of Bispham Hall (built in 1573), Birchley Hall (1594), and Hacking Hall (1607). Winstanley Hall was extended in the 17th and 18th centuries, and further work was done in the 19th century including work by architect Lewis Wyatt in the Jacobean style. The building is currently in a decayed state, and lies unoccupied. It is also a Grade II* listed building. [66] [67] [68] [69]
Ringley Old Bridge in Ringley Ringley old bridge.jpg
Ringley Old Bridge in Ringley


Affetside Cross replaced an earlier medieval cross Affetside Cross.jpg
Affetside Cross replaced an earlier medieval cross


The standing remains of Radcliffe Tower Radcliffe tower hdr.jpg
The standing remains of Radcliffe Tower


The 14th-century Baguley Hall, in Baguley is also a Grade I listed building Baguley Hall.jpg
The 14th-century Baguley Hall, in Baguley is also a Grade I listed building


Clayton Hall, in Clayton is also a Grade II* listed building Clayton Hall in 2005.jpg
Clayton Hall, in Clayton is also a Grade II* listed building


A reconstructed section of the wall of Mamucium fort Mancunium.jpg
A reconstructed section of the wall of Mamucium fort


Hanging Bridge was excavated in 1892 Hanging Bridge 1892.jpg
Hanging Bridge was excavated in 1892


Looking west along Nico Ditch, near Levenshulme NicoDitch.jpg
Looking west along Nico Ditch, near Levenshulme


A plan of Castleshaw drawn by Thomas Percival in 1752 showing the fort and the later fortlet Castleshaw plan 1752.jpg
A plan of Castleshaw drawn by Thomas Percival in 1752 showing the fort and the later fortlet


Worsley Delph Worsley delph 2.jpg
Worsley Delph


The Marple Aqueduct crossing the River Goyt Marple Aqueduct 2003.jpg
The Marple Aqueduct crossing the River Goyt


View of Buckton Castle from below View of Buckton Castle from below.jpg
View of Buckton Castle from below


Astley Green Colliery's pithead, viewed from across the Bridgewater Canal AstleyGreenCollieryPithead.jpg
Astley Green Colliery's pithead, viewed from across the Bridgewater Canal


Winstanley Hall, a Tudor house, is also a Grade II* listed building Winstanley Hall 2006.jpg
Winstanley Hall, a Tudor house, is also a Grade II* listed building


Mab's Cross is a Grade II* listed building Mab's Cross 2005.jpg
Mab's Cross is a Grade II* listed building


See also

Architecture of Manchester

The architecture of Manchester demonstrates a rich variety of architectural styles. The city is a product of the Industrial Revolution and is known as the first modern, industrial city. Manchester is noted for its warehouses, railway viaducts, cotton mills and canals - remnants of its past when the city produced and traded goods. Manchester has minimal Georgian or medieval architecture to speak of and consequently has a vast array of 19th and early 20th-century architecture styles; examples include Palazzo, Neo-Gothic, Venetian Gothic, Edwardian baroque, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and the Neo-Classical.

This page gives an overview of the complex structure of environmental and cultural conservation in the United Kingdom.

Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester Wikimedia list article

There are 48 Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, England. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest". In England, the authority for listing under the Planning Act 1990 rests with Historic England, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Notes

A Most references are to one main body of sources: Pastscape which is funded by English Heritage and has information on nearly 400,000 archaeological sites and buildings in England.
"The information on PastScape is derived from the National Monuments Record database which holds records on the architectural and archaeological heritage of England. The National Monuments Record is the public archive of English Heritage." [70]
B Nico Ditch is a linear earthwork that runs for about 6 miles (9.7 km) generally east to west. It forms part of the Manchester Tameside border and the Manchester Stockport border. It passes through Tameside and Manchester and extends into Trafford as far as Stretford. A 135 m (443 ft) long stretch of the ditch in Platt Fields is protected. [24] [25]

Related Research Articles

Tameside Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after the River Tame, which flows through the borough and spans the towns of Ashton-under-Lyne, Audenshaw, Denton, Droylsden, Dukinfield, Hyde, Mossley and Stalybridge plus Longdendale. Its western border is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Manchester city centre. It borders High Peak in Derbyshire to the east, the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham to the north, the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport to the south, and the City of Manchester to the west. As of 2011 the overall population was 219,324.

Ashton-under-Lyne market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England

Ashton-under-Lyne is a market town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. The population was 45,198 at the 2011 census. Historically in Lancashire, it is on the north bank of the River Tame, in the foothills of the Pennines, 6.2 miles (10.0 km) east of Manchester.

Nico Ditch Earthwork in England

Nico Ditch is a six-mile (9.7 km) long linear earthwork between Ashton-under-Lyne and Stretford in Greater Manchester, England. It was dug as a defensive fortification, or possibly a boundary marker, between the 5th and 11th centuries.

Castleshaw Roman Fort human settlement in United Kingdom

Castleshaw Roman fort was a castellum in the Roman province of Britannia. Although there is no evidence to substantiate the claim, it has been suggested that Castleshaw Roman fort is the site of Rigodunum, a Brigantian settlement. The remains of the fort are located on Castle Hill on the eastern side of Castleshaw Valley at the foot of Standedge but overlooking the valley. The hill is on the edge of Castleshaw in Greater Manchester. The fort was constructed in c. AD 79, but fell out of use at some time during the 90s. It was replaced by a smaller fortlet, built in c. 105, around which a civilian settlement grew. It may have served as a logistical and administrative centre, although it was abandoned in the 120s.

Dukinfield Junction

Dukinfield Junction is the name of the canal junction where the Peak Forest Canal, the Ashton Canal and the Huddersfield Narrow Canal meet near Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, England. The area has been designated by Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council as a conservation area.

Radcliffe Tower Grade I listed fortified house in the United Kingdom

Radcliffe Tower is the only surviving part of a manor house in Radcliffe, Greater Manchester. It is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Monument. The house was rebuilt in 1403 by James de Radcliffe, who was lord of the manor of Radcliffe, and consisted of a stone-built hall and one or two towers, probably built with ashlar blocks. De Radcliffe was given a royal licence to fortify the site including adding crenellations and battlements.

Stockport Castle former motte-and-bailey castle in Stockport, Cheshire

Stockport Castle was a promontory castle in Stockport, Cheshire. The castle was in the medieval town, overlooking a ford over the River Mersey. It was first documented in 1173, but the next mention of it is in 1535 when it was in ruins. What remained of the castle was demolished in 1775.

Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester Wikimedia list article

There are 236 Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester, England. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade II* structures are those considered to be "particularly significant buildings of more than local interest". In England, the authority for listing under the Planning Act 1990 rests with English Heritage, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Mabs Cross

Mab's Cross, in Wigan, Greater Manchester, is a stone cross probably dating from the 13th century with its first recorded mention taking place in 1277 SD58520626. It is one of four stone crosses originally used as waymarkers along the medieval route from Wigan to Chorley. The cross no longer stands in its original position, having been moved across the road in 1922 as part of a road widening scheme.

Scheduled monuments in Maidstone Wikimedia list article

There are 27 scheduled monuments in Maidstone, Kent, England. In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is an archaeological site or historic building of "national importance" that has been given protection against unauthorised change by being placed on a list by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport; Historic England takes the leading role in identifying such sites. Scheduled monuments are defined in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 and the National Heritage Act 1983. They are also referred to as scheduled ancient monuments. There are about 20,000 scheduled monument entries on the list and more than one site can be included in a single entry. While a scheduled monument can also be recognised as a listed building, Historic England considers listed building status as a better way of protecting buildings than scheduled monument status. If a monument is considered by Historic England to "no longer merit scheduling" it can be removed from the schedule.

Scheduled monuments in Bath and North East Somerset Wikimedia list article

Bath and North East Somerset is a unitary authority created on 1 April 1996, following the abolition of the County of Avon, which had existed since 1974. Part of the ceremonial county of Somerset, Bath and North East Somerset occupies an area of 220 square miles (570 km2), two-thirds of which is green belt. It stretches from the outskirts of Bristol, south into the Mendip Hills and east to the southern Cotswold Hills and Wiltshire border. The city of Bath is the principal settlement in the district, but BANES also covers Keynsham, Midsomer Norton, Radstock and the Chew Valley. The area has a population of 170,000, about half of whom live in Bath, making it 12 times more densely populated than the rest of the area.

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Bibliography

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  • Cooper, Glynis (2003), Hidden Manchester, Breedon Books Publishing, ISBN   1-85983-401-9  
  • Friar, Stephen (2003), The Sutton Companion to Castles, Stroud: Sutton Publishing, ISBN   978-0-7509-3994-2  
  • Gregory, Richard (ed) (2007), Roman Manchester: The University of Manchester's Excavations within the Vicus 20015, Oxford: Oxbow Books, ISBN   978-1-84217-271-1  
  • Grimsditch, Brian; Nevell, Mike; Redhead, Norman (September 2007), Buckton Castle: An Archaeological Evaluation of a Medieval Ringwork – an Interim Report, University of Manchester Archaeological Unit  
  • Grimsditch, Brian; Nevell, Michael; Nevell, Richard (2012), Buckton Castle and the Castles of North West England, University of Salford Archaeological Monographs volume 2 and the Archaeology of Tameside volume 9, Centre for Applied Archaeology, School of the Built Environment, University of Salford, ISBN   978-0-9565947-2-3  
  • Nevell, Mike (1992), Tameside Before 1066, Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council, ISBN   1-871324-07-6  
  • Nevell, Mike (1997), The Archaeology of Trafford, Trafford Metropolitan Borough with University of Manchester Archaeological Unit, ISBN   1-870695-25-9  
  • Nevell, Mike (1998), Lands and Lordships in Tameside, Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council with the University of Manchester Archaeological Unit, ISBN   1-871324-18-1  
  • Nevell, Mike and Redhead, Norman (eds) (2005), Mellor: Living on the Edge. A Regional Study of an Iron Age and Romano-British Upland Settlement, University of Manchester Archaeological Unit, Greater Manchester Archaeological Unit, and the Mellor Archaeological Trust, ISBN   0-9527813-6-0  
  • Walker, John (ed) (1989), Castleshaw: The Archaeology of a Roman Fortlet, Greater Manchester Archaeological Unit, ISBN   0-946126-08-9  
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