Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale

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Borough of Rochdale
Number One Riverside, cropped.jpg
Coat of arms of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council.png
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Rochdale UK locator map.svg
Rochdale shown within Greater Manchester and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Greater Manchester
Admin HQ Rochdale (Town Hall)
Founded 1 April 1974
Government
  Type Metropolitan borough
  Governing body Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council
   Mayor Cllr. Aasim Rashid
   MPs: Tony Lloyd (L)
Chris Clarkson (C)
  Council LeaderCllr. Neil Emmott
Area
  Total61.4 sq mi (159 km2)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total222,412 (Ranked 79th)
  Density3,521/sq mi (1,359/km2)
  Ethnicity
(United Kingdom Estimate 2006) [1]
86.5% White
11.4% S.Asian or mixed
1.4% Black or mixed
0.8% Chinese or other
Demonym(s) Rochdalian
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcodes
OL & M
Area code(s) 0161 / 01706
ISO 3166-2 GB-RCH
ONS code 00BQ (ONS)
E08000005 (GSS)
OS grid reference SD897133
NUTS 3UKD32
Website www.rochdale.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after its largest town, Rochdale, but spans a far larger area which includes the towns of Middleton, Heywood, Littleborough, and Milnrow, as well as the village of Wardle.

Contents

The borough was formed in 1974 as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of six former local government districts. It was originally proposed that the borough include the neighbouring town of Bury and disclude Middleton; Bury however went on to form the administrative centre for the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Bury.

Geography

The borough lies directly north-northeast of the City of Manchester and has a population of 206,500. Although some parts are highly industrialised and densely populated, the borough has the lowest population density in Greater Manchester, with some areas of rural open space including Blackstone Edge and the Pennine hills.

History

The old Municipal Offices, demolished in 2014, which were replaced by Number One Riverside. Municipal Offices, Rochdale.jpg
The old Municipal Offices, demolished in 2014, which were replaced by Number One Riverside.

The borough, which is the largest such borough of Greater Manchester, was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the former county borough of Rochdale and, from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal boroughs of Heywood and Middleton, along with the urban districts of Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle.

Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named Chadwick (with reference to Sir Edwin Chadwick), but this was rejected in favour of Rochdale. [2]

Neighbouring districts

The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham lies to the south-east, and the Metropolitan Borough of Bury lies to the west. The City of Manchester is to the south.

To the north-west is the borough and non-metropolitan district of Rossendale in Lancashire and to the north-east is the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire.

Unparished areas

Showing former status (prior to 1974)

  1. Heywood (municipal borough)
  2. Littleborough (urban district)
  3. Middleton (municipal borough)
  4. Milnrow (urban district)
  5. Rochdale (county borough)
  6. Wardle (urban district)

Ethnic groups [3]

Rochdale(2011) - count - %

Source: ONS - 2011 Census (KS201EW) [4]

Population change

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.

Population growth in Rochdale since 1801
Year180118111821183118411851186118711881189119011911192119311941195119611971198119912001
Population28,68936,81546,44057,37769,95680,317102,247124,177146,107151,490165,617181,061181,227181,395177,574173,833188,316204,071206,351204,802205,233
 % change+28.3+26.1+23.6+21.9+14.8+27.3+21.4+17.7+3.7+9.3+9.3+0.1+0.12.12.1+8.3+8.4+1.10.8+0.2
Source: Vision of Britain [5]

Twin towns

The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has formal twinning arrangements with six places. Three were originally twinned with a place within the Metropolitan Borough boundaries prior to its creation in 1974. [6]

CountryPlaceCounty / District / Region / StateOriginally twinned withDate
Flag of France.svg France Blason ville fr Tourcoing (Nord).svg Tourcoing Nord-Pas de Calais County Borough of Rochdale 1956
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Wappen Stadt Peine.jpg Peine Flag of Lower Saxony.svg Niedersachsen Municipal Borough of Heywood 1967
Flag of Germany.svg Germany DEU Bielefeld COA.svg Bielefeld Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg Nordrhein-Westfalen County Borough of Rochdale 1953
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan Sahiwal Punjab Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale1988
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Coat of arms of Lviv.svg Lviv Lviv flag.svg Lviv Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale1992
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Sylhet Sylhet Division Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale2009

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Rochdale.

Individuals

Military Units

[9]

See also

Related Research Articles

Rochdale Town in Greater Manchester, England

Rochdale is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines in the dale on the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.

Milnrow Human settlement in England

Milnrow is a suburban town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on the River Beal at the foothills of the South Pennines, and forms a continuous urban area with Rochdale. It is 1.9 miles (3.1 km) east of Rochdale town centre, 10.4 miles (16.7 km) north-northeast of Manchester, and spans urban, suburban and rural locations—from Windy Hill in the east to the Rochdale Canal in the west. Milnrow is adjacent to junction 21 of the M62 motorway, and includes the village of Newhey, and hamlets at Tunshill and Ogden.

Littleborough, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Littleborough is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. It is located in the upper Roch Valley by the foothills of the South Pennines, 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Rochdale and 12.6 miles (20.3 km) north-northeast of Manchester; Milnrow and the M62 motorway are to the south, and the rural uplands of Blackstone Edge are to the east. In 2001, Littleborough and its suburbs of Calderbrook, Shore and Smithy Bridge, had a population of 13,807.

Heywood, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Heywood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England. Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, it had a population of 28,205 at the 2011 Census. The town lies on the south bank of the River Roch, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) east of Bury, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) west-southwest of Rochdale, and 7.4 miles (11.9 km) north of Manchester. Middleton lies to the south, whilst to the north is the Cheesden Valley, open moorland, and the Pennines. Heywood's nickname, Monkey Town, is known to date back to 1857.

Rochdale (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1832 onwards

Rochdale is a seat represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It has elected one Member of Parliament (MP) since its 1832 creation.

Wardle, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Wardle is a village near Littleborough within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. It lies amongst the foothills of the South Pennines, 1.8 miles (2.9 km) east-southeast of Whitworth, 2.5 miles (4 km) north-northwest of Rochdale and 12 miles (19 km) north-northeast of the city of Manchester.

Thornham, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Thornham is a suburban area straddling Middleton, Royton and Rochdale in Greater Manchester, England. The area crosses the border of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham and the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale and is divided at a constituency and electoral ward level.

Newhey Human settlement in England

Newhey is a suburban village in the Milnrow area of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. It lies at the foot of the South Pennines, by Junction 21 of the M62 motorway and on the River Beal, 2.7 miles (4.3 km) east-southeast of Rochdale, 10.3 miles (16.6 km) northeast of Manchester.

Littleborough and Saddleworth was a parliamentary constituency in Greater Manchester, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Heywood and Royton was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Heywood and Royton districts in the north-west of Greater Manchester. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Milnrow Urban District

Milnrow Urban District was, from 1894 to 1974, a local government district of the administrative county of Lancashire, in northwest England. It covered an area to the east and southeast of the County Borough of Rochdale, and included the town of Milnrow, the village of New Hey, and the Piethorne Valley; Crompton Urban District lay to the south.

Rochdale (ancient parish)

Rochdale was an ecclesiastical parish of early-medieval origin in northern England, administered from the Church of St Chad, Rochdale. At its zenith, it occupied 58,620 acres (237 km2) of land amongst the South Pennines, and straddled the historic county boundary between Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. To the north and north-west was the parish of Whalley; to the southwest was the parish of Bury; to the south was Middleton and Prestwich-cum-Oldham.

County Borough of Rochdale

Rochdale was, from 1856 to 1974, a local government district coterminate with the town of Rochdale in the northwest of England.

Rochdale Interchange

{{Infobox station | name = Rochdale | native_name = | native_name_lang = | symbol_location = | symbol = | type = | image = RochdaleInterchange.jpg | alt = | caption = | other_name = | address = Smith Street, Rochdale | borough = Rochdale | country = | coordinates = 53.6170°N 2.1550°W | owned = | operator = Transport for Greater Manchester | bus_stands = 13 | bus_operators = Diamond Bus North West
First Greater Manchester
First West Yorkshire
Go North West
Rosso
Yorkshire Tiger | bus_routes = 17, 17A, 471, 468, 467, 590, 589, 464, 409, 408, R1, R13, R3, 6, 588, 458, 457, 456, R2, R8, R4, R5, R7, 435 | connections = [[Rochdale Town Centre Metrolink, Rochdale Town Centre tram stop]] | structure = | parking = | bicycle = | disabled = | code = | zone = | website = https://tfgm.com/public-transport/bus/stations/rochdale-interchange-bus | opened = November 2013 | closed = | passengers = | pass_year = | pass_rank = | map_type = | map_caption = }}

Ellenroad Mill Cotton mill in Newhey, Milnrow, Rochdale, England

Ellenroad Mill was a cotton spinning mill in Newhey, Milnrow, Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England. It was built as a mule spinning mill in 1890 by Stott and Sons and extended in 1899. It was destroyed by fire on 19 January 1916. When it was rebuilt, it was designed and equipped as a ring spinning mill.

Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive Public body responsible for public transport in Greater Manchester (1974–2011)

Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive was the public body responsible for public transport in Greater Manchester between 1974 and 2011, when it became part of Transport for Greater Manchester.

2021 Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2021 Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 6 May 2021 to elect members of Rochdale Borough Council in England. This was be on the same day as other local elections. One-third of the seats were up for election.

References

Notes

  1. Lead View Table
  2. Clark 1973 , p. 101.
  3. Lead View Table
  4. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rochdale Local Authority (E08000005)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  5. "Rochdale District: total population". Vision of Britain. Retrieved on 20 December 2008.
  6. "Town twinning". rochdale.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  7. http://graciefields.org/wordpress/receiving-the-freedom-of-rochdale/ [ bare URL ]
  8. https://www.rochdaleonline.co.uk/news-features/2/news-headlines/123143/cyril-smith-stripped-of-the-freedom-of-borough [ bare URL ]
  9. http://www.rochdale.gov.uk/council-and-democracy/mayors/Pages/Honorary-Aldermen-and-Freemen.aspx [ bare URL ]

Bibliography

Coordinates: 53°37′00″N2°09′24″W / 53.61667°N 2.15667°W / 53.61667; -2.15667