Leeds City Council

Last updated

Leeds City Council
Coat of Arms of Leeds.svg
Leeds City Council.svg
Council logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1 April 1974
Leadership
Bob Gettings, Morley Borough Independents
since 26 May 2022
James Lewis, Labour
since 24 February 2021
Deputy Leader
Debra Coupar, Labour
since May 2018
Deputy Leader
Jonathan Pryor, Labour
since 20 May 2021
Andrew Carter, Conservative
since 27 May 2010
Tom Riordan
since August 2010
Structure
Seats99 councillors
UK Leeds Council 2022.svg
Political groups
Administration
  Labour (58)
Other parties
  Conservative (21)
  Liberal Democrats (7)
  Morley Borough Independents (6)
  Garforth & Swillington Independents (3)
  Green (3)
  Social Democratic (1)
Joint committees
West Yorkshire Combined Authority
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Multiple member first-past-the-post
Last election
5 May 2022
Next election
4 May 2023
Meeting place
Civic Hall Leeds West Yorkshire.jpg
Leeds Civic Hall
Website
www.leeds.gov.uk
Constitution
Constitution

Leeds City Council is the local authority of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is a metropolitan district council, one of five in West Yorkshire and one of 36 in the metropolitan counties of England, and provides the majority of local government services in Leeds. It has the second-largest population of any council in the United Kingdom with approximately 800,000 inhabitants living within its area; only Birmingham City Council has more. Since 1 April 2014, it has been a constituent council of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority.

Contents

History

Leeds Corporation

Leeds (often spelt Leedes) was a manor and then a town, receiving a charter from King Charles I as a 'Free Borough' in 1626 giving it powers of self-government, leading to the formation of the Leeds Corporation to administer it. [1] [2] The leader was an alderman, the first holder being Sir John Savile. [3] A second charter, in 1661 from King Charles II, granted the title Mayor to Thomas Danby, [3] The Corporation continued until 1835 when the Municipal Corporation Act was passed dissolving this and other town corporations and giving a new governance and electoral structure. [1] In 1893 Leeds became a city and in 1897 the leader became Lord Mayor.

Leeds City Council

The modern city council was established in 1974, with the first elections being held in advance in 1973. Under the Local Government Act 1972, the area of the County Borough of Leeds was combined with those of the Municipal Borough of Morley, the Municipal Borough of Pudsey, Aireborough Urban District, Horsforth Urban District, Otley Urban District, Garforth Urban District, Rothwell Urban District and parts of Tadcaster Rural District, Wetherby Rural District and Wharfedale Rural District from the West Riding. The new Leeds district was one of five metropolitan districts in West Yorkshire. It was granted a borough and city status to become the City of Leeds.

Until 1986 the city council was a second-tier authority, with West Yorkshire County Council providing many key services. However, the metropolitan county councils were abolished under the Local Government Act 1985 and the council took responsibility for all former County Council functions except policing, fire services and public transport which continue to be run on a joint basis by councillors from the former boroughs of West Yorkshire County Council.

Council services

Leeds City Council is responsible for providing all statutory local authority services in Leeds, except for those it provides jointly in conjunction with other West Yorkshire Authorities. This includes education, housing, planning, transport and highways, social services, libraries, leisure and recreation, waste collection, waste disposal, environmental health and revenue collection. The council is one of the largest employers in West Yorkshire, with around 33,000 employees. [4]

Education Leeds

Education Leeds was set up in 2001 as a non-profit making company wholly owned by Leeds City Council to provide education support services for the council. [5] For its first five years it operated as a public-private partnership between the Council and Capita. The senior councillors of the council's Executive Board voted in March 2010 to stop using Education Leeds to provide services from 31 March 2011, [6] thereby effectively causing it to cease operation.

Housing

Until 1 October 2013, Leeds City Council's housing stock was managed and operated by three Arms Length Management Organisations (ALMOs) since 2007. They were wholly owned by the Council but operated as autonomous and self-governing organisations. The ALMOs, which are arranged on a regional basis were:

As of 1 October 2013, the ALMOs returned to Leeds City Council and all management of Council housing stock became the responsibility of Housing Leeds. At this point, the ALMOs ceased to exist.

Management of more than 2000 homes in Belle Isle is carried out by Belle Isle Tenant Management Organisation, the largest tenant management organisation in the UK outside London. [10]

Leeds Museums & Galleries

Leeds Museums & Galleries is a museum service run by Leeds City Council. [11]

Established in 1821, it is the largest local authority-run museum service in England, with one of the larger and more significant multidisciplinary collections in the UK, looking after 1.3 million objects. [12] The service is run and primarily funded by Leeds City Council (LCC), and plays a significant role in shaping the cultural life of the city, but as a leading museum service it has a regional and national reputation and role. In 2012 the organisation achieved Major Partner Museum status from Arts Council England, which brought significant additional funding and further national prominence and expectation. [13]

The service has at times run major events across the City, with visitors numbering in the millions, such as the 2014-19 Legacies of War Project, which examined how Leeds was affected by the First World War, [14] and developed teaching materials for schools. [15]

Leeds Museums & Galleries is made up of nine different sites: Leeds Art Gallery, Leeds City Museum, Kirkstall Abbey, Abbey House Museum, Leeds Industrial Museum at Armley Mills, Thwaite Mills, Lotherton Hall, Temple Newsam and Leeds Discovery Centre.

Waste disposal and recycling

The city operates waste disposal and recycling facilities in Kirkstall, Meanwood, Middleton, Otley, Pudsey, Seacroft, Wetherby (Thorp Arch) and Yeadon. [16]

West Yorkshire Joint Services

West Yorkshire Joint Services provides services for the five district local authorities in West Yorkshire (Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees and Wakefield) in the areas of archaeology, archives, ecology, materials testing, public analyst, and trading standards. [17]

Council structures

Overview and scrutiny

The executive and workings of the council are overseen by six scrutiny boards. These panels involve councillors from all parties and some independent members. Scrutiny boards are able to review decisions taken by the executive or by officers of the council and to refer them for further consideration.

Regulatory

The licensing committee of the council is drawn from councillors from all parties and is responsible for entertainment, refreshment, personal and premises licences established under the Licensing Act 2003. Three plans panels are responsible for determining planning applications which have not been delegated to officers for decision, such as large or controversial applications or those in which a councillor or officer has a personal interest.

Community committees

Ten community committees are responsible for managing certain area-specific budgets and responsibilities, such as community centres and CCTV, in partnership with local communities. Committees also exert considerable influence over other areas of local interest such as street-cleansing and community policing.

Lord Mayor of Leeds

The Lord Mayor of Leeds is a ceremonial, non-partisan position elected annually by and from the councillors. As well as acting as the Chair of the council, the Lord Mayor represents the City of Leeds at events within and outside the city. [18]

The first Mayor of Leeds was Thomas Danby in 1661, and the first Lord Mayor was James Kitson in 1897. [19]

During the mayoral year, the Lord Mayor's Charity Appeal raises funds for one or more charities of the mayor's choice.

Leadership

The council operates a Leader and Cabinet executive as defined under Section 11 of the Local Government Act 2000. The Executive Board of the Council currently consists of eight executive members with portfolio responsibilities from the ruling Labour group, and the leaders the two biggest opposition groups (Conservative and Liberal Democrat). [20]

Since February 2021, the Leader of the Council has been James Lewis (Labour). He succeeded Judith Blake, the first woman ever to lead the council. [21] [22]

Current council leadership
Portfolio Councillor (electoral ward)Term
Ceremonial leadership
The 128th Lord Mayor of Leeds (2022–2023)
First citizen of the City of Leeds
Bob Gettings (Morley North) [23]
2022–present
Vice-Chair of the Council (2022–2023)James McKenna (Armley) [24] 2022–present
Executive leadership [25]
Leader of the Council
Leader of the Labour Council Group
James Lewis (Kippax and Methley) [26] 2021–present
Deputy Leader of the Council
Executive Member for Resources
Debra Coupar (Temple Newsam) [27] 2018–present [28]
2021–present
Deputy Leader of the Council
Executive Member for Economy, Culture and Education
Jonathan Pryor (Headingley and Hyde Park) [29] 2021–present
Executive Member for Adult and Children’s Social Care and Health Partnerships [lower-alpha 1] Fiona Venner (Kirkstall) [30] 2019–present [31]
Executive Member for CommunitiesMary Harland (Kippax and Methley) [32] 2021–present
Executive Member for Environment and Housing [lower-alpha 2] Mohammed Rafique (Chapel Allerton) [33] 2017–present
Executive Member for Infrastructure and Climate [lower-alpha 3] Helen Hayden (Temple Newsam) [34]
2021–present
Executive Member for Public Health and Active Lifestyles [lower-alpha 4] Salma Arif (Gipton and Harehills) [35] 2021–present [36]
Chief Whip of the CouncilJessica Lennox (Cross Gates and Whinmoor) [37] 2021–present
Opposition leadership
Leader of the Opposition
Leader of the Conservative Group
Andrew Carter (Calverley and Farsley) [38]
2010–present
1983–present [39]
Leader of the Liberal Democrat GroupStewart Golton (Rothwell) [40] 2010–present [41]
Leader of the Morley Borough Independents GroupRobert Finnigan (Morley North) [42] 2019–present
Leader of the Garforth and Swillington Independents GroupMark Dobson (Garforth and Swillington) [43] 2017–present [44]
Leader of the Green GroupDavid Blackburn (Farnley and Wortley) [45] 2013–present [46]
Leader of the SDP GroupWayne Dixon (Middleton Park) [47] 2022–present

Leaders and political control since 1945

City of Leeds (County Borough) Council until 31 March 1974
LeaderYearsPolitical Control
Unknown 1945 1947 Labour
1947 1949 Conservative
1949 1951 Labour
1951 1952 Conservative
1952 1967 Labour
Frank Marshall 1967 1972 Conservative
Albert King 1972 1974 No Overall Control:
Labour minority administration
Leeds Metropolitan District Council from 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972
LeaderYearsPolitical Control
Albert King1974 1975 No Overall Control:
Labour minority,
then Conservative minority
Irwin Bellow 1975 1976
1976 1979 Conservative
Peter Sparling1979 1980 No Overall Control:
Conservative minority
George Mudie 1980 1989 Labour
Jon Trickett 19891996
Brian Walker1996 2003
Keith Wakefield 2003 2004
Mark Harris (Joint Leader) 2004 November 2007 [lower-alpha 5] No Overall Control:
Liberal Democrat and Conservative coalition,
then Labour minority
Andrew Carter (Joint Leader)
December 2007 2010 [lower-alpha 6]
Richard Brett (Joint Leader)
Keith Wakefield 2010 2011
2011 2015 Labour
Judith Blake 20152021
James Lewis2021 present

Elected Mayor

On 3 May 2012 a referendum was held to determine whether or not to replace the current leadership arrangements with a directly elected mayor.

The question that was asked in the referendum was set by central government, and was: [48]

How would you like Leeds City Council to be run?
  • By a leader who is an elected councillor chosen by a vote of the other elected councillors. This is how the council is run now.
Or
  • By a mayor who is elected by voters. This would be a change from how the council is run now.

The proposal for an elected mayor was opposed by the leaders of the four largest groups on the Council. It was supported by Leeds Conservative MPs Stuart Andrew (Pudsey) and Alec Shelbrooke (Elmet and Rothwell).

The referendum results showed a rejection of the proposal for a directly elected mayor, with 63% (107,910) voting to keep the status quo. [49]

Political composition

The council is composed of 99 councillors, three for each of the city's electoral wards.

One councillor for each ward – a third of all of the total councillors – is elected at every council election, which are held in three of every four years. Each councillor is also elected to serve a four-year term. This only differs following a boundary review, where all council seats must be re-elected. The most recent full council elections were in 1980, 2004 and 2018. The latter election saw all three ward council seats up for re-election, with each of the three successful candidates in each ward awarded a unique one, two or four-year term respectively with longer terms given to the candidates with the highest number of votes. [50]

Since the 2011 council election, the council has been run by a Labour majority administration. Between the 2004 and 2011 elections, the council's political composition meant no one party had a full majority and therefore there was no overall control. During this time, a coalition administration between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats was formally agreed. Throughout the coalition, both parties' Group Leaders jointly shared the office of Leader of the Council, each holding it for six months in turn. However, in 2010, the Labour Group regained control as a minority administration with the support of the two Green Party councillors. [51] [52] [53]

Year Labour Liberal Democrats Conservative Morley Borough Independents Others
2022 5872167
2021 5482467
2019 5782356
2018 6162255
2016 6391953
2015 6391953
2014 6391854
2012 63101952
2011 [54] 55162152
2010 48212262
2008 [55] 43242255
2007 [56] 43242255
2006 [57] 40262454
2004 40262463
2003 52222005
2002 57201804
2000 61191603
1999 71141202
1998 809901

Electoral wards

Leeds City Council's 33 electoral wards have been fully reviewed twice since 2000, once before the 2004 council election and again before the 2018 council election.

Beforehand, the ward boundaries had not been amended since the last review in 1979. The 1979 review increased the number of wards in Leeds from 32 to 33, thereby increasing the number of councillors from 96 to 99. The 1980 council election was the first to be contested based on the new ward boundaries across the city and therefore it was a full council, all-out election where all of the 99 council seats were up for election.

The boundary review between February 2002 and July 2003 was completed by the Boundary Committee for England. [58] The review recommended the retention of 99 councillors representing 33 wards across the city, but suggested substantial alterations to ward boundaries to reduce the level of variance between different wards. Prior to the boundary review, based on the 2001 electorate, the largest and smallest wards respectively were Morley South (22,167 electors) and Hunslet (10,955 electors). Following the review all wards had an electorate within 10% of the average of all 33 wards across the city. [59]

A similar process was completed in November 2017 by the Boundary Committee's successor, the Local Government Boundary Commission for England. The process had held consultations since July 2016. The biggest ward boundary changes saw the creation of two new wards in Headingley & Hyde Park and Little London and Woodhouse from the previous Hyde Park & Woodhouse and Headingley wards. City & Hunslet also became Hunslet & Riverside. [60] Following the example of previous reviews, all of the city's councillors were re-elected together again based on the new ward boundaries in May 2018.

Parliamentary constituencyWardCouncillorFirst electedTerm of office
Elmet and Rothwell Garforth and Swillington Mark Dobson (GSI) 2007 20222026
Sarah Field (GSI) 2016 20212024
Suzanne McCormack (GSI) 2018 20192023
Harewood
(shared with Leeds East)
Sam Firth (Con) 2018 20212024
Matthew Robinson (Con) 2010 20222026
Ryan Stephenson (Con) 2016 20192023
Kippax and Methley Mary Harland (Lab) 2012 20222026
James Lewis (Lab) 2003 [lower-alpha 7] 20212024
Mirelle Midgley (Lab) 2018 20192023
Rothwell Diane Chapman (LD) 2019 20192023
Stewart Golton (LD) 1998 [lower-alpha 8] 20222026
Conrad Hart-Brooke (LD) 2021 20212024
Wetherby Norma Harrington (Con) 2018 20222026
Alan Lamb (Con) 2007 20212024
Linda Richards (Con) 2019 20192023
Leeds Central Beeston and Holbeck Gohar Almass (Lab) 2018 20212024
Annie Maloney (Lab) 2022 20222026
Andrew Scopes (Lab) 2018 20192023
Burmantofts and Richmond Hill Luke Farley (Lab) 2022 20222026
Asghar Khan (Lab) 2011 20212024
Denise Ragan (Lab) 2016 20192023
Little London and Woodhouse
(shared with Leeds North West)
Javaid Akhtar (Lab) 2000, 2010 [lower-alpha 9] 20212024
Kayleigh Brooks (Lab) 2018 20222026
Abigail Marshall Katung (Lab) 2019 20192023
Hunslet and Riverside Ed Carlisle (Green) 2022 20222026
Mohammed Iqbal (Lab) 1999 [lower-alpha 10] 20212024
Paul Wray (Lab) 2018 20192023
Middleton Park Sharon Burke (Lab) 2021 20212024
Wayne Dixon (SDP) 2022 20222026
Paul Truswell (Lab) 1982, 2012 [lower-alpha 11] 20192023
Leeds East Cross Gates and Whinmoor James Gibson (Lab) 2018, 2021 [lower-alpha 12] 20212024
Pauleen Grahame (Lab) 2002 [lower-alpha 13] 20222026
Jessica Lennox (Lab) 2018 20192023
Gipton and Harehills Salma Arif (Lab) 2016 20222026
Arif Hussain (Lab) 2007 20212024
Kamila Maqsood (Lab) 2010 20192023
Killingbeck and Seacroft Katie Dye (Lab) 2018 20192023
David Jenkins (Lab) 2018 20212024
John Tudor (Lab) 2022 20222026
Temple Newsam
(shared with Elmet and Rothwell)
Debra Coupar (Lab) 2003, 2006, 2013 [lower-alpha 14] 20222026
Helen Hayden (Lab) 2015 20212024
Nicole Sharpe (Lab) 2019 20192023
Leeds North East Alwoodley Neil Buckley (Con) 2012 20212024
Dan Cohen (Con) 2011 20222026
Peter Harrand (Con) 1990, 1998 [lower-alpha 15] 20192023
Chapel Allerton Jane Dowson (Lab) 2004 20192023
Mohammed Rafique (Lab) 2004 20212024
Eileen Taylor (Lab) 2008 20222026
Moortown Mahalia France-Mir (Lab) 2022 20222026
Sharon Hamilton (Lab) 2004, 2010 [lower-alpha 16] 20212024
Mohammed Shahzad (Lab) 2018 20192023
Roundhay Jordan Bowden (Lab) 2022 20222023
Zara Hussain (Lab) 2021 20222026
Lisa Martin (Lab) 2021 20212024
Leeds North West Adel and Wharfedale
(shared with Leeds North East)
Barry Anderson (Con) 1999 [lower-alpha 17] 20222026
Caroline Anderson (Con) 2015 20212024
Billy Flynn (Con) 2016 20192023
Headingley and Hyde Park
(shared with Leeds Central)
Al Garthwaite (Lab) 2016 [lower-alpha 18] 20212024
Jonathan Pryor (Lab) 2014 [lower-alpha 19] 20222026
Neil Walshaw (Lab) 2011 [lower-alpha 20] 20192023
Otley and Yeadon
(shared with Pudsey)
Colin Campbell (LD) 1982, 2004 [lower-alpha 21] 20222026
Ryk Downes (LD) 2004 20192023
Sandy Lay (LD) 2012 20212024
Weetwood
(shared with Leeds North East)
Emma Flint (Lab) 2021 20212024
Chris Howley (LD) 2019 20192023
Izaak Wilson (Lab) 2022 20222026
Leeds West Armley Lou Cunningham (Lab) 2019 20192023
James McKenna (Lab) 1988 20212024
Alice Smart (Lab) 2014 20222026
Bramley and Stanningley Caroline Gruen (Lab) 2012 20212024
Julie Heselwood (Lab) 2015 20192023
Kevin Ritchie (Lab) 2014 20222026
Farnley and Wortley
(shared with Leeds Central)
David Blackburn (Green) 1998 [lower-alpha 22] 20212024
Ann Forsaith (Green) 2019 20192023
Mark Sewards (Lab) 2022 20222026
Kirkstall Hannah Bithell (Lab) 2018 20222026
John Illingworth (Lab) 1979 20192023
Fiona Venner (Lab) 2014 20212024
Morley and Outwood Ardsley and Robin Hood
(shared with Leeds Central)
Mike Foster (Con) 2021 20212024
Lisa Mulherin (Lab) 2004 20192023
Karen Renshaw (Lab) 2004 20222026
Morley North
(shared with Leeds West)
Robert Finnigan (MBI) 1995, 2002, 2019 [lower-alpha 23] 20192023
Bob Gettings (MBI) 2007 20222026
Andrew Hutchison (MBI) 2018 20212024
Morley South Wyn Kidger (MBI) 2018 20192023
Oliver Newton (MBI) 2022 20222026
Jane Senior (MBI) 2021 20212024
Pudsey Calverley and Farsley
(shared with Leeds West)
Peter Carlill (Lab) 2018 20192023
Amanda Carter (Con) 1999, 2015 [lower-alpha 24] 20212024
Andrew Carter (Con) 1973 [lower-alpha 25] 20222026
Guiseley and Rawdon Paul Alderson (Con) 2021 20212024
Eleanor Thomson (Lab) 2022 20222026
Paul Wadsworth (Con) 2004, 2010 [lower-alpha 26] 20192023
Horsforth Emmie Bromley (Lab) 2022 20222026
John Garvani (Lab) 2022 20222024
Jackie Shemilt (Con) 2018 20192023
Pudsey Dawn Seary (Con) 2021 20212024
Simon Seary (Con) 2018 20222026
Trish Smith (Con) 2019 20192023

Controversy

In September 2012 the Council announced its intention to introduce a bring your own device policy as part of cost saving measures. [61] In the same year, the Council was fined £95,000 by the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) after it sent confidential and sensitive information about a child in care to the wrong recipient. Commenting on Leeds and other authorities who had made similar data protection breaches, the ICO said "It would be far too easy to consider these breaches as simple human error. The reality is that they are caused by councils treating sensitive personal data in the same routine way they would deal with more general correspondence. Far too often in these cases, the councils do not appear to have acknowledged that the data they are handling is about real people, and often the more vulnerable members of society." [62]

Notes

  1. Executive Member for Children and Families (2019–2021)
  2. Executive Member for Environment and Active Lifestyles (2017–2021)
  3. Executive Member for Climate Change, Transport and Sustainable Development (2021)
  4. Executive Member for Health and Wellbeing (2021)
  5. Under the terms of the coalition agreement between the Liberal Democrats and Conservatives from May 2004, the full-time post of Leader of the Council swapped between the leaders of the two parties' council groupings every six months:
    • Mark Harris (Liberal Democrats) from 28 June to 30 November 2004, 24 May to 30 November 2005, 23 May to 30 November 2006, 24 May to 30 November 2007, and
    • Andrew Carter (Conservatives) from 1 December 2004 to 23 May 2005, 1 December 2005 to 22 May 2006, 1 December 2006 to 24 May 2007.
  6. Richard Brett was elected to replace Leader of the Liberal Democrats on Leeds City Council after Harris stepped down on 30 November 2007. Under the terms of the coalition agreement between the Liberal Democrats and Conservatives from May 2004, the full-time post of Leader of the Council swapped between the leaders of the two parties' council groupings every six months:
    • Andrew Carter (Conservatives) from 1 December 2007 to 22 May 2008, 1 December 2008 to 21 May 2009, 1 December 2009 to 27 May 2010, and
    • Brett (Liberal Democrats) from 22 May to 30 November 2008, 21 May to 30 November 2009.
  7. Barwick and Kippax (20032004)
  8. Weetwood (19982006)
  9. Harehills (20002004), Gipton and Harehills (20042007), Hyde Park and Woodhouse (20102018)
  10. City and Holbeck (19992004), City and Hunslet (20042018)
  11. Headingley (19821997)
  12. Weetwood (20182019)
  13. Whinmoor (20022004)
  14. Morley South (20032004), Middleton Park (20062010), Cross Gates and Whinmoor (20132016)
  15. North (19901996), Roundhay (19982004)
  16. Chapel Allerton (20042008)
  17. Cookridge (19992004)
  18. Headingley (20162018)
  19. Headingley (20142018)
  20. Headingley (20112018)
  21. Otley and Wharfedale (19821998)
  22. Wortley (19982004)
  23. Middleton (19951999)
  24. Pudsey North (19992004)
  25. Pudsey North (19732004)
  26. Roundhay (20042010)

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