North Tyneside

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North Tyneside
Council HQ - Cobalt Business Park.jpg
North Tyneside Council Headquarters at Cobalt Business Park
Coat of arms of North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council.png
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Motto(s): 
We Serve
North Tyneside in England (zoom).svg
Location of North Tyneside in England
Coordinates: 55°00′44″N1°32′44″W / 55.0123°N 1.5456°W / 55.0123; -1.5456
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region North East
County Tyne and Wear
Established1 April 1974
Admin HQ Wallsend
Government
  TypeMayor and Cabinet
   MPs Mary Glindon
Alan Campbell
Area
  Land31.81 sq mi (82.38 km2)
Population
 (2011)
  Estimate 
(2011)
205,985 (Ranked 89th)
  Density6,026/sq mi (2,326.5/km2)
  Ethnicity
(2011 census) [1]
95.1% White British
1.9% Asian
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Website www.northtyneside.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside is a metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, and is part of the Tyneside conurbation. The borough council's main office is at Cobalt Business Park in Wallsend. The local authority is North Tyneside Council.

Contents

North Tyneside is bounded by Newcastle upon Tyne to the west, the North Sea to the east, the River Tyne to the south and Northumberland to the north. Within its bounds are the towns of Wallsend, North Shields, Killingworth and Whitley Bay, which form a continuously built-up area contiguous with Newcastle.

History

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the county borough of Tynemouth, with the borough of Wallsend, part of the borough of Whitley Bay, the urban district of Longbenton and part of the urban district of Seaton Valley, all of which were in Northumberland.

Geography

The following places are located in North Tyneside:

North Tyneside is split by the A19: the west of the borough is more urban, and is mostly contiguous with the city of Newcastle. The towns in the east of the borough are more separate from the central part of the Newcastle urban area. Many of the most affluent neighbourhoods in Tyne and Wear are found in the coastal part of the borough.

Administration and elections

Unlike most English districts, its council is led by a directly-elected mayor, currently Labour's Norma Redfearn. As of March 2016, the council is Labour led, Labour having 51 councillors, the Conservatives 7 and the Lib Dems 2. [2]

The council is elected "in thirds", with one councillor from each three-member ward elected each year for the first three years, the mayoral election being held on the fourth year. With three councillors elected from each of 20 wards, there are 60 councillors in total.

Past election results

2015

North Tyneside Council Election Result 2015 [3]
PartySeatsGainsLossesNet gain/lossSeats %Votes %Votes+/−
  Labour 4950+581.651.851,475+4.9%
  Conservative 903-31527.427,212+2.3%
  UKIP 0000015.715,642-5.4%
  Liberal Democrats 202-23.42.92,880-1.5%
  Green 000001.91,845+1.7%
  TUSC 000000.1261-0.3%
  National Front 000000.1102+0.1%

2014

North Tyneside Council Election Result 2014 [4]
PartySeatsGainsLossesNet gain/lossSeats %Votes %Votes+/−
  Labour 4420+273.346.925,917-11.2%
  Conservative 120002025.113,846-9.1%
  UKIP 0000021.111,656+21.1%
  Liberal Democrats 401-16.64.42,407-2.9%
  Independent 001-1021,116+2%
  TUSC 000000.4198+0.4%
  Green 000000.2131+0.2%

2013

Riverside By-Election, 4 July 2013 - Labour hold

2012

Wallsend By-Election, 16 November 2012 - Liberal Democrat gain from Labour

North Tyneside Council Election Result 2012 [5]
PartySeatsGainsLossesNet gain/lossSeats %Votes %Votes+/−
  Labour 4490+973.358.130,105+3.8%
  Conservative 1207-72034.217,723+0.6%
  Liberal Democrats 402-26.67.33,801-3.1%
  National Front 000000.43224-0.32%

For earlier results see North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council elections.

Economy

North Tyneside lies in the coalfield that covers the South-East of the historic county of Northumberland. It has traditionally been a centre of heavy industry along with the rest of Tyneside, with for example the Swan Hunter shipyard in Wallsend, and export of coal. Today most of the heavy industry has gone, leaving high unemployment in some areas (over the borough, 3.2% compared to 2.7% for the UK). The borough is the 69th most deprived in England, out of 354. However some parts function as wealthy dormitory suburbs of Newcastle, such as Tynemouth. Recent growth has come in the A19 corridor with new industrial estates and retail parks.

Transport

Tyne Tunnel Southern Entrance Tyne Tunnel - Southern Entrance - geograph.org.uk - 324288.jpg
Tyne Tunnel Southern Entrance

Two key roads serve North Tyneside:

North Tyneside is served by 17 stations on the Tyne & Wear Metro on a loop from Newcastle through Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Benton and back to Newcastle. Trains operate at least every 15 minutes, with extra services in the peak hours. Most of the stations serving North Tyneside fall into fare zones B and C.

There are no National Rail stations in the borough, despite the East Coast Main Line and Blyth and Tyne routes passing through. The nearest National Rail station is Newcastle, which is also served by the Tyne & Wear Metro.

North Tyneside has an extensive bus network, with most areas benefiting from direct services to Newcastle. Many areas have direct bus services to Cramlington, Blyth or Morpeth. The principle bus operators in the area are Arriva North East (all areas), Go North East (most areas) and Stagecoach in Newcastle (Benton, Forest Hall, Killingworth and Wallsend).

The Shields Ferry links North Shields to South Shields, in South Tyneside. [6]

There is an international ferry terminal at Royal Quays in North Shields, with a service to Amsterdam (IJmuiden). [7]

Places of interest

Segudunum Roman fort Segedunum Roman Fort and Baths - geograph.org.uk - 37360.jpg
Segudunum Roman fort

Twinned towns

Related Research Articles

Tyne and Wear County of England

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders with Northumberland to the north and County Durham to the south.

Wallsend area in North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, England.

Wallsend, historically Wallsend on Tyne, is a town in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside, North East of England, in the traditional county of Northumberland. Wallsend derives its name as the location of the end of Hadrian's Wall. It has a population of 42,842 and lies 3.5 miles east of Newcastle City Centre. The population of the Wallsend ward of the North Tyneside Borough was at the 2011 census 10,304.

Whitley Bay seaside town on the north east coast of England

Whitley Bay is a seaside town on the north east coast of England. Historically in Northumberland, it is administered as part of the borough of North Tyneside in Tyne and Wear. It has absorbed the village of Monkseaton.

Tyneside Place in England

Tyneside is a conurbation on the banks of the River Tyne in North East England which includes Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Tynemouth, Wallsend, South Shields, and Jarrow. The population at the 2011 census was 774,891.

Tynemouth town and a historic borough in Tyne & Wear, England

Tynemouth is a village and a historic former county borough in Tyne and Wear, England at the mouth of the River Tyne, 8 miles (13 km) east-northeast of Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically part of Northumberland. It is administered as part of the borough of North Tyneside, but until 1974 was an independent county borough, which included North Shields. It had a population of 17,056 in 2001. The population of the Tynemouth ward of North Tyneside was 10,472 at the 2011 Census.

Monkseaton village in United Kingdom

Monkseaton is a village absorbed into Whitley Bay, North Tyneside, in the North East of England. It is in the north-east of the borough, 34 mile (1.2 km) from the North Sea coast and 1 12 miles (2.4 km) north of the River Tyne at North Shields. A mile to the north of Monkseaton, the extensive built-up areas of North Tyneside change abruptly into green belt stretching north into south-east Northumberland. The village is at an elevation of 130 feet (40 m) above sea-level.

Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Tynemouth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party.

North Tyneside (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

North Tyneside is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mary Glindon of the Labour Party.

Four Lane Ends Interchange Station of the Tyne and Wear Metro

Four Lane Ends Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro network. It forms part of a major transport interchange located on the boundary of North Tyneside and Newcastle upon Tyne in England.

Longbenton human settlement in United Kingdom

Longbenton is a district of North Tyneside, England. It is largely occupied by an extensive estate originally built as municipal housing by Newcastle City Council in the 1950s and 1960s. It is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro stations Longbenton Metro station and Four Lane Ends Metro Station. Nearby places are Killingworth, Forest Hall, Four Lane Ends, West Moor, Heaton and South Gosforth, in Newcastle upon Tyne. The Longbenton and Killingworth Urban Area had a population of 34,878 in 2001. This figure increased to 37,070 in 2011.

The North Tyneside Loop refers to the railway lines in North Tyneside from Newcastle upon Tyne via Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Backworth, Benton and South Gosforth back to Newcastle. Since the 1980s, it has formed part of the Tyne and Wear Metro, albeit in modified form.

The Blyth and Tyne Railway was a railway company in Northumberland, England. It was incorporated in 1853 to unify several private railways and waggonways that were concerned with bringing coal from the Northumberland coalfield to Blyth and to the River Tyne. Over the years it expanded its network to include Ashington, Morpeth and Tynemouth. As coal output increased the company became very prosperous in hauling the mineral to quays for export, and in addition a residential passenger service based on Newcastle built up.

Tyne Metropolitan College General further education college in Wallsend, Tyne & Wear, England

Tyne Metropolitan College is a college of further education in North Tyneside, England.

Wallsend was a parliamentary constituency centred on Wallsend, a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North Tyneside.

Tynemouth Metro station Light rail station in England

Tynemouth Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro network and is a Grade II* listed building. It was designed by William Bell for the North Eastern Railway Company. As well as serving the Tyne and Wear Metro, it hosts a number of permanent businesses and a weekly market. North Tyneside Council and Millhouse Developments jointly own Station Developments Limited, which in turn is the owner of Tynemouth station.

Transport in Tyne and Wear

Tyne and Wear is the metropolitan area which includes all of Newcastle, and the city of Sunderland. However, Tyne and Wear is not an urban area as there are large green spaces between Newcastle and Sunderland. There is currently a large transportation system in Tyne and Wear, which includes a metro system, an extensive bus network and an international airport. Nexus are the passenger transport executive responsible for transport in Tyne and Wear with its headquarters in Newcastle, the primary transport hub of North East England.

1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election

The 1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election was held on 12 April 1973 as part of the first elections to the new local authorities established by the Local Government Act 1972 in England and Wales.104 councillors were elected from 95 electoral divisions across the region's five boroughs. Each division returned either one or two county councillors each by first-past-the-post voting for a four-year term of office. The election took place ahead of the elections to the area's metropolitan borough councils, which followed on 10 May 1973.

References

  1. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – North Tyneside Local Authority (1946157066)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  2. "North Tyneside Council Councillors". North Tyneside Council. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  3. "2015 local election results". North Tyneside Council. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  4. "2014 local election results". North Tyneside Council. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  5. "2012 local election results". North Tyneside Council. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  6. "Ferry - Nexus Tyne and Wear". Nexus . Retrieved 30 January 2016. The Shields Ferry operates a daily passenger service across the river Tyne which connects the local communities of North and South Shields.
  7. "Newcastle ferry". Direct Ferries . Retrieved 30 January 2016. The Newcastle to Amsterdam ferry route is operated by DFDS Seaways and the sailing itself is from around 15 hours 30 minutes.