North Tyneside

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North Tyneside
Council HQ - Cobalt Business Park.jpg
North Tyneside Council Headquarters at Cobalt Business Park
Coat of arms of North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council.png
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Motto(s): 
We Serve
North Tyneside in England (zoom).svg
Location of North Tyneside in England
Coordinates: 55°00′44″N1°32′44″W / 55.0123°N 1.5456°W / 55.0123; -1.5456
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region North East
County Tyne and Wear
Established1 April 1974
Admin HQ Wallsend
Government
  TypeMayor and Cabinet
  Body North Tyneside Council
   MPs Mary Glindon
Alan Campbell
Area
  Land31.81 sq mi (82.38 km2)
Population
 (2011)
  Estimate 
(2011)
207,913 (Ranked 89th)
  Density6,026/sq mi (2,326.5/km2)
  Ethnicity
(2011 census) [1]
95.1% White British
1.9% Asian
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Website www.northtyneside.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside is a metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, North East England. It forms a part of the greater Tyneside conurbation. The North Tyneside Council is headquartered at Cobalt Business Park, Wallsend.

Contents

North Tyneside is bordered by Newcastle upon Tyne to the west, the North Sea to the east, the River Tyne to the south and Northumberland to the north. Within its bounds are the towns of Wallsend, North Shields, Killingworth and Whitley Bay, which form a continuously built-up area contiguous with Newcastle.

History

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the county borough of Tynemouth, with the borough of Wallsend, part of the borough of Whitley Bay, the urban district of Longbenton and part of the urban district of Seaton Valley, all of which were in Northumberland.

Geography

The following places are located in North Tyneside:

North Tyneside is split by the A19: the west of the borough is more urban, and is mostly contiguous with the city of Newcastle. The towns in the east of the borough are more separate from the central part of the Newcastle urban area. Many of the most affluent neighbourhoods in Tyne and Wear are found in the coastal part of the borough.

Administration and elections

Unlike most English districts, North Tyneside Council is led by a directly elected mayor, currently Labour's Norma Redfearn. Ordinarily the council has sixty elected members, three from each of the twenty wards in the borough, however there are currently three vacancies to be filled at the next election. This means there are currently fifty seven members, most of whom also represent the Labour Party. [2]

#E4003B
Labour48
#0087DC
Conservative7
#FAA61A
Liberal Democrats1
#DDDDDD
Independent1

The election of North Tyneside councillors is staggered into thirds, with one councillor from each ward elected each year for three consecutive years, with the mayoral election being held on the fourth year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the election of councillors in 2020 was postponed by one year; this means in May 2021 there will be a triple election, wherein voters will elect both their councillors and the mayor, along with the Police and Crime Commissioner for Northumbria Police. [3]

North Tyneside is part of the North of Tyne combined authority, along with Newcastle and Northumberland, and so additionally elects the Mayor of North of Tyne.

Economy

North Tyneside lies in the coalfield that covers the South-East of the historic county of Northumberland. It has traditionally been a centre of heavy industry along with the rest of Tyneside, with for example the Swan Hunter shipyard in Wallsend, and export of coal. Today most of the heavy industry has gone, leaving high unemployment in some areas (over the borough, 3.2% compared to 2.7% for the UK). The borough is the 69th most deprived in England, out of 354. However some parts function as wealthy dormitory suburbs of Newcastle, such as Tynemouth. Recent growth has come in the A19 corridor with new industrial estates and retail parks.

Transport

Tyne Tunnel Southern Entrance Tyne Tunnel - Southern Entrance - geograph.org.uk - 324288.jpg
Tyne Tunnel Southern Entrance

Two key roads serve North Tyneside:

North Tyneside is served by 17 stations on the Tyne & Wear Metro on a loop from Newcastle through Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Benton and back to Newcastle. Trains operate at least every 15 minutes, with extra services in the peak hours. Most of the stations serving North Tyneside fall into fare zones B and C.

There are no National Rail stations in the borough, despite the East Coast Main Line and Blyth and Tyne routes passing through. The nearest National Rail station is Newcastle, which is also served by the Tyne & Wear Metro.

North Tyneside has an extensive bus network, with most areas benefiting from direct services to Newcastle. Many areas have direct bus services to Cramlington, Blyth or Morpeth. The principle bus operators in the area are Arriva North East (all areas), Go North East (most areas) and Stagecoach in Newcastle (Benton, Forest Hall, Killingworth and Wallsend).

The Shields Ferry links North Shields to South Shields, in South Tyneside. [4]

There is an international ferry terminal at Royal Quays in North Shields, with a service to Amsterdam (IJmuiden). [5]

Places of interest

Segudunum Roman fort Segedunum Roman Fort and Baths - geograph.org.uk - 37360.jpg
Segudunum Roman fort

Twinned towns

Related Research Articles

Tyne and Wear Metropolitan county in North East England

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in North East England, situated around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and the City of Sunderland. The county is bordered to the north by Northumberland, to the south by County Durham and to the east of the county lies the North Sea. It is the smallest county in North East England by area, but by far the largest in terms of population.

Wallsend Human settlement in England

Wallsend, historically Wallsend on Tyne, is a town in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, North East England. Historically, Wallsend is in the county of Northumberland. Wallsend derives its name from its location at the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall. It has a population of 43,842 and lies 3.5 miles east of Newcastle City Centre. The population of the Wallsend ward of the North Tyneside Borough was at the 2011 census 10,304.

Whitley Bay Human settlement in England

Whitley Bay is a seaside town on the north east coast of England. Historically in Northumberland, it is administered as part of the borough of North Tyneside in Tyne and Wear. It has absorbed the village of Monkseaton.

North Shields Human settlement in England

North Shields is a coastal town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North East England, eight miles (13 km) north-east of Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically part of Northumberland, its name derives from Middle English schele meaning "temporary sheds or huts used by fishermen".

Monkseaton Human settlement in England

Monkseaton is an area of Whitley Bay, North Tyneside, in the North East of England. Historically in Northumberland, it is in the north-east of the borough, 34 mile (1.2 km) from the North Sea coast and 1+12 miles (2.4 km) north of the River Tyne at North Shields. A mile to the north of Monkseaton, the extensive built-up areas of North Tyneside change abruptly into green belt stretching north into south-east Northumberland. It is at an elevation of 130 feet (40 m) above sea-level.

Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)

Tynemouth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party.

North Tyneside (UK Parliament constituency)

North Tyneside is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mary Glindon of the Labour Party.

The North Tyneside Loop refers to the railway lines in North Tyneside from Newcastle upon Tyne via Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Backworth, Benton and South Gosforth back to Newcastle. Since the 1980s, it has formed part of the Tyne and Wear Metro, albeit in modified form.

The Blyth and Tyne Railway was a railway company in Northumberland, England. It was incorporated in 1853 to unify several private railways and waggonways that were concerned with bringing coal from the Northumberland coalfield to Blyth and to the River Tyne. Over the years it expanded its network to include Ashington, Morpeth and Tynemouth. As coal output increased the company became very prosperous in hauling the mineral to quays for export, and in addition a residential passenger service based on Newcastle built up.

Wallsend was a parliamentary constituency centred on Wallsend, a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North Tyneside.

Transport in Tyne and Wear Overview of transport in Tyne and Wear

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan area covering the cities of Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, as well as North and South Tyneside, Gateshead and Washington.

Flag of Northumberland

The Northumberland flag is the flag of the historic county of Northumberland. It is a banner of the arms of Northumberland County Council. The shield of arms is in turn based on the arms medieval heralds had attributed to the Kingdom of Bernicia. The Bernician arms were fictional but inspired by Bede's brief description of a flag used on the tomb of St Oswald in the 7th century.

The geology of Tyne and Wear in northeast England largely consists of a suite of sedimentary rocks dating from the Carboniferous and Permian periods into which were intruded igneous dykes during the later Palaeogene Period.

Tyneside Passenger Transport Executive

The Tyneside Passenger Transport Executive was the operations arm of the Tyneside Passenger Transport Authority, created by the Transport Act 1968.and came into operation on 1 January 1970.

1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election election

The 1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election was held on 12 April 1973 as part of the first elections to the new local authorities established by the Local Government Act 1972 in England and Wales. 104 councillors were elected from 95 electoral divisions across the region's five boroughs. Each division returned either one or two county councillors each by First-past-the-post voting for a four-year term of office. The election took place ahead of the elections to the area's metropolitan borough councils, which followed on 10 May 1973.

The 2021 North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 6 May 2021 to elect members of North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as the 2021 United Kingdom local elections. One third of the seats, one in each of the twenty three-member wards, were up for election, with three wards electing two councillors.

References

  1. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – North Tyneside Local Authority (1946157066)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  2. "Councillors". North Tyneside Council. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  3. "The next election for NE27 0BY is Thursday 6 May". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  4. "Ferry - Nexus Tyne and Wear". Nexus . Retrieved 30 January 2016. The Shields Ferry operates a daily passenger service across the river Tyne which connects the local communities of North and South Shields.
  5. "Newcastle ferry". Direct Ferries . Retrieved 30 January 2016. The Newcastle to Amsterdam ferry route is operated by DFDS Seaways and the sailing itself is from around 15 hours 30 minutes.
  6. "Stadt Oer-Erkenschwick - Städtepartnerschaften" . Retrieved 5 June 2021. Oer-Erkenschwick - Twin Towns.
  7. "Halluin à l'international" . Retrieved 5 June 2021. Halluin Twintowns.