Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne

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Heaton
Chillinham Rd shops.jpg
Chillingham Road, Heaton's main commercial street
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
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Heaton
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ273660
  London 242 miles (389 km)
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • Northumberland
Post town NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode district NE6
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
Councillors
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°59′17″N1°34′30″W / 54.988°N 1.575°W / 54.988; -1.575 Coordinates: 54°59′17″N1°34′30″W / 54.988°N 1.575°W / 54.988; -1.575

Heaton is a suburb in the east end of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, about 2 miles (3 km) from the city centre. It is bordered by the neighbouring areas of High Heaton and Cochrane Park to the north, Walker and Walkergate to the east, Byker to the south and Jesmond and Sandyford to the west. The name Heaton means high town, referring to the area "being situated on hills above the Ouseburn, a tributary of the River Tyne."

Contents

History

In the 12th century Heaton became part of the Barony of Ellingham granted by Henry I to Nicholas de Grenville. King John stayed in the castle at Heaton (the remains of which can still be seen in Heaton Park) on a number of occasions[ citation needed ]. In the 17th century the Heaton estate was purchased by Henry Babington who was knighted at Heaton Hall by James I on 1 May 1617. [1]

By the 18th century, Heaton was a coal mining area [2] with many of its collieries owned by Matthew White and Richard Ridley. The Heaton estate was broken up in 1835 when the area became officially incorporated into Newcastle upon Tyne. Much of the land in Heaton in 1841 was owned by Armorer Donkin, who on his death in 1851 bequeathed the land to his business partner, the industrialist Sir William Armstrong. [3]

In 1879, the corporation acquired part of the Heaton Hall estate, which was then laid out as Heaton Park, and Sir William Armstrong donated Armstrong Park and Jesmond Dene to the city. [2] The three parks run into each other to form a green corridor through east Newcastle.

Governance

Heaton was divided into two electoral wards, North Heaton and South Heaton, each of which was represented by three councillors. However, boundary changes to all wards in Newcastle upon Tyne were implemented at the city council elections in May 2018, with the majority of Heaton falling in the Heaton ward. A small part of Heaton close to Shields Road is in the Ouseburn ward, with neighbouring High Heaton included in the Manor Park ward. [4]

Demography

Towards the north of Chillingham Road Chillingham Rd shops 2.jpg
Towards the north of Chillingham Road
Housing in Heaton Flats in Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne (18th June 2010).jpg
Housing in Heaton

Heaton is a mixed working class and middle class area. In recent years it has become a popular residence for many students attending the city's two universities, Newcastle University and Northumbria University. Rent and student letting is generally lower in price than in the neighbouring student areas of Jesmond and Sandyford.

Economy

During the 19th century, the building of the railways saw a line pass through Heaton, now the East Coast Main Line. Heaton also has a major rail depot. Heaton became the location of Sir Charles Parsons engineering works producing turbines which was founded in 1889. [5]

Third Avenue was the birthplace of the Ringtons Tea business. [6]

The main commercial street in Heaton is Chillingham Road which benefits from local amenities including two small supermarkets, a number of small shops and newsagents, hairdressers, takeaways, cafes, restaurants and public houses, aswell as some local businesses on the side streets of Chillingham Road, such as Vincenzo's Heaton [7]

In the Cochrane Park area of Heaton there is a famous landmark building, The Wills Building, which was built in 1946-50 as a cigarette factory [8] and was redeveloped in 1999 as luxury apartments.

Transport

Heaton was originally served by Heaton railway station, which was on the main line from Newcastle to Edinburgh Waverley and also on the direct line from Newcastle to the coast. That station was closed on 11 August 1980, when the Tyne & Wear Metro system opened. [9] Heaton is now served by Chillingham Road Metro station, but Byker Metro station is closer for some living in South Heaton. Heaton is also served by a variety of bus routes, including routes 1, 62 and 63, which link Heaton to Newcastle city centre and areas in the west of Newcastle.

Education

Heaton has a large secondary school, Heaton Manor School recently renamed Jesmond Park Academy, although many children in Heaton attend Benfield School, located on the Heaton/Walkergate boundary. There are also a number of primary schools spread over the area: Ravenswood Primary School, Chillingham Road Primary School, Hotspur Primary School and St. Theresa's Primary School. [10]

Sport

Heaton was home to Newcastle United under their previous name, Newcastle East End F.C., between 1886 and 1892. East End played at the Heaton Junction Ground on Chillingham Road before moving to St James' Park. [2]

Two Northern League football clubs play in areas neighboring Heaton. Heaton Stannington F.C. play in High Heaton, while Newcastle Benfield F.C. play next door to Benfield School.

Heaton is also home to amateur rugby football club Medicals RFC, based in Cartington Terrace.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Newcastle upon Tyne City and metropolitan borough in England

Newcastle upon Tyne, often simply Newcastle, is the most populous city and metropolitan borough in North East England. It forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation, the eighth most populous urban area in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Tyne's northern bank, approximately 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea.

Walker, Newcastle upon Tyne Human settlement in England

Walker is a residential suburb and electoral ward just east of the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,701.

Walkergate Human settlement in England

Walkergate is an area and electoral ward in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne in Tyne and Wear, England. It is in the east of the city, north of Walker proper, east of the Heaton area and west of Wallsend. Areas within the Walkergate ward include Daisy Hill, Eastfield, Walkerdene and Walkerville. Walkergate Metro station which was opened in 1982 serves the area. This replaced the previous railway station on the same site which was originally known as Walker station from 1839 to 1889 when it was renamed Walker Gate station.

Newcastle City Council

Newcastle City Council is the local government authority for the city and metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne. The council consists of 78 councillors, three for each of the city's 26 wards. It is currently controlled by the Labour Party, led by Councillor Nick Forbes. Councillor David Cook serves as the Lord Mayor and Councillor Habib Rahman serves as Deputy Lord Mayor and Sheriff. The council is a member of the North of Tyne Combined Authority.

Byker Human settlement in England

Byker is a district and electoral ward in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, located in the east of the city. Byker is home to the Byker Wall estate, made famous by TV series Byker Grove. The population of the ward was recorded at 12,206 in the 2011 Census, which represented approximately 4.4% of the metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne. Byker is bordered by Heaton to the North and by Shieldfield to the North-East.

Newcastle upon Tyne East (UK Parliament constituency)

Newcastle upon Tyne East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Nick Brown of the Labour Party. Brown has held the seat since its recreation in 2010.

Sandyford, Newcastle upon Tyne Human settlement in England

Sandyford is a district of Newcastle upon Tyne, located in the east of the city. It borders Jesmond, Central Newcastle, Shieldfield and Heaton.

Ouseburn

The Ouseburn is a small river in Tyne and Wear, England that flows through the city of Newcastle upon Tyne into the River Tyne. It gives its name to the Ouseburn electoral ward.

Dene, Newcastle upon Tyne Ward in England

Dene is an electoral ward of Newcastle upon Tyne in North East England. The ward takes its name from the nearby gorge at Jesmond Dene. Contained within the ward are government offices of the Department for Work and Pensions and the Freeman Hospital. The population of the ward is 9,554, increasing to 9,667 at the 2011 Census, 3.7% of the total population of Newcastle upon Tyne. Car ownership in the area is 74.8% much higher than the city average of 54.7%.

Manors Metro station Tyne and Wear Metro station in Newcastle upon Tyne

Manors is a Tyne and Wear Metro station, serving the suburb of Shieldfield, Newcastle upon Tyne in Tyne and Wear. It joined the network on 14 November 1982, following the opening of the fourth phase of the network, between Tynemouth and St James via Wallsend.

East Gosforth Ward in England

East Gosforth also known as Gosforth East is an electoral ward in Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, UK. It was created in 2004. The population of the ward is 8,981, increasing to 10,145 at the 2011 Census, 3.5% of the total population of Newcastle upon Tyne. Car ownership in the area is 68.8%, higher than the city average of 54.7%. It is one half of Gosforth's wards, along with the West Gosforth ward.

Benfield School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form located in Walkergate, Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

Jesmond Human settlement in England

Jesmond is a suburb of Newcastle upon Tyne, situated to the east of the Town Moor. Jesmond is considered to be one of the most affluent suburbs of Newcastle upon Tyne, with higher average house prices than most other areas of the city.

Shieldfield Place in England

Shieldfield is a small area of Newcastle upon Tyne located just to the east of the City Centre, from which it is separated by the A167(M) Central Motorway. The Sandyford, Heaton, Byker and Manors areas of the city border Shieldfield to the North, East, South East and South.

Jesmond Vale

Jesmond Vale is an area in the Ouseburn Valley, Newcastle upon Tyne, England that has a rich history with industrial archaeology, mature trees, and a variety of wildlife. It is a popular open space for recreation and for walkers.

Byker Viaduct Railway bridge in Newcastle upon Tyne

The Byker Viaduct is an 2,674 ft (815 m) curved 'S' shaped light railway bridge, which carries the Tyne and Wear Metro over the River Ouseburn in Newcastle upon Tyne. It carries the line from Manors Metro station in the city centre to the west, to Byker Metro station in the area of Byker to the east, over the lower Ouseburn valley, with the river emptying into the north side of the River Tyne, to the south.

The 2021 Newcastle City Council election took place on 6 May 2021 to elect members of Newcastle City Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One-third of the seats were up for election, with two wards electing two councillors.

References

  1. John Nichols, Progresses of James the First, vol. 3 (London, 1828), p. 281.
  2. 1 2 3 Morton, David (15 October 2014). "Remember When: Heaton Road in Newcastle in 1901 - then and now". Chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  3. Morgan, Alan (2012). Heaton from farms to foundries. Tyne Bridge Publishing. p. 9. ISBN   978-1-857952-06-3.
  4. "Electoral Review of Newcastle". Newcastle City Council. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  5. "CA Parsons: The Tyneside factory that powered nation". Chroniclelive.co.uk. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  6. "Going potty over tea company exhibition". The Northern Echo . Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  7. Walton Robinson. "What's it like to live in Heaton?" . Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  8. Pearson, Lynn F. (1996). Northern City - An Architectural History of Newcastle upon Tyne. Newcastle City Libraries. p. 50. ISBN   1-85795-087-9.
  9. "Disused Stations: Heaton (2nd) Station". Disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  10. Meechan, Simon (11 May 2017). "Life in Heaton: Newcastle's 'trendy' suburb". Chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  11. "Sir Ove Arup: engineer and philosopher". Heatonhistorygroup.org. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  12. "Jack Common". Heatonhistorygroup.org. 29 September 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  13. Morton, David (18 September 2015). "How Jimi Hendrix rocked Newcastle and South Shields in 1967". Chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  14. "Ten interesting facts about Heaton". Chroniclelive.co.uk. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2020.