New York, Tyne and Wear

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New York
Silverlink Park Sundial - geograph.org.uk - 11988.jpg
Silverlink Park Sundial
OS grid reference NZ328704
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTH SHIELDS
Postcode district NE29
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

New York is a small village situated in Tyne and Wear in the North East of England and is part of the urban conurbation of North Tyneside. [1]

Contents

History

There had been a settlement in existence on the location of New York since Anglo-Saxon England where it occupied a crossroads between Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey and docks for Lindisfarne Monastery. [2] It did not have an official name until during the American War of Independence when it was named "New York" after New York City following the British capture of the city. It was also due to the village being formally founded then and being located near a now-vanished village that similarly shared a name from the Thirteen Colonies, "Philadelphia". [3]

New York had its own blacksmiths' forge from the 1760s until 2016, when the landowner sold the land that it was leased on for redevelopment. [4] New York was located near Algernon Colliery, until the coal pits closed in 1966. [5] The road to the pits crossed a disused London and North Eastern Railway line. [5] The North Tyneside Steam Railway and Stephenson Railway Museum are located in New York. [6] [7] In 1969, it was considered by the government to be a part of a redevelopment project aimed at North Shields. [8]

War memorial

In 1921, New York constructed a war memorial to victims of the First World War. It was designed by local architect W.H. Endean and was constructed out of sandstone in the shape of a celtic cross. In 2012, it received grade II listed status for having a "...strong cultural and historical significance within both a local and national context". [9] In 2014, North Tyneside Council announced a £100,000 fund to repair local war memorials, including the New York War Memorial, in time for the centenary of the First World War. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

North East England A region of England

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Tyne and Wear County of England

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Wallsend Human settlement in England

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South Tyneside Metropolitan borough in England

South Tyneside is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear in North East England.

North Tyneside Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside is a metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, and is part of the Tyneside conurbation. The borough council's main office is at Cobalt Business Park in Wallsend. The local authority is North Tyneside Council.

Tynemouth Human settlement in England

Tynemouth is a large town and a historic county borough in Tyne and Wear, England, at the mouth of the River Tyne, 8 miles (13 km) east-northeast of Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically part of Northumberland, it is administered as part of the borough of North Tyneside, but until 1974 was an independent county borough, which included North Shields. It had a population of 17,056 in 2001. The population of the Tynemouth ward of North Tyneside was 10,472 at the 2011 Census.

Newcastle railway station Mainline railway station in Newcastle upon Tyne, England

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North Tyneside Steam Railway

The North Tyneside Steam Railway and Stephenson Steam Railway are visitor attractions in North Tyneside, North East England. The museum and railway workshops share a building on Middle Engine Lane adjacent to the Silverlink Retail Park. The railway is a standard gauge line, running south for 2 miles (3.2 km) from the museum to Percy Main. The railway is operated by the North Tyneside Steam Railway Association (NTSRA). The museum is managed by Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums on behalf of North Tyneside Council.

Wideopen Human settlement in England

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Ryton, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Ryton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England, 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west of Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically in County Durham, it was incorporated into the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear and the Borough of Gateshead in 1974. In 2011, the population of the Ryton, Crookhill and Stella ward was 8,146.

Backworth Human settlement in England

Backworth is a village in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside in the county of Tyne and Wear, England, about 3 12 miles (6 km) west of Whitley Bay on the north east coast. It lies 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Newcastle. Other nearby towns include North Shields to the southeast, Wallsend to the south, and Cramlington to the northwest.

Leamside line

The Leamside Line, originally part of the Durham Junction Railway, is a disused railway line, located in the North East of England. The alignment diverges from the East Coast Main Line at Tursdale Junction, travelling a distance of 21 miles north through the Durham Coalfield and Washington, prior to joining the Durham Coast Line at Pelaw Junction. The Leamside Line closed to passenger traffic in 1964, under the Beeching Axe.

Longbenton Human settlement in England

Longbenton is a district of North Tyneside, England. It is largely occupied by an extensive estate originally built as municipal housing by Newcastle City Council in the 1950s and 1960s. It is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro stations Longbenton Metro station and Four Lane Ends Metro Station. Nearby places are Killingworth, Forest Hall, Four Lane Ends, West Moor, Heaton and South Gosforth, in Newcastle upon Tyne. The Longbenton and Killingworth Urban Area had a population of 34,878 in 2001. This figure increased to 37,070 in 2011.

Shiremoor Human settlement in England

Shiremoor is a large village in the Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside. It is located approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) inland of Whitley Bay and approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north of The Tyne Tunnel. A mile or so north of Shiremoor, the extensive built-up areas of North Tyneside change abruptly into green belt stretching north into south east Northumberland. It has a population of 4,782.

Howdon Place in England

Howdon is a largely residential area in the eastern part of Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England. It consists of High Howdon and the smaller settlement of East Howdon. Much of the High Howdon area was formerly called Willington prior to post-World War II urbanisation. The North Tyneside ward population at the 2011 Census was 11,129.

South Shields Interchange Tyne and Wear Metro station in South Tyneside

South Shields is a terminus station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving South Shields in South Tyneside. The station, originally located on King Street, joined the network in March 1984, following the opening of the line between Heworth and South Shields.

Backworth railway station

Backworth railway station served part of Newcastle in the English county of Northumberland, later part of Tyne and Wear. The station opened as Hotspur, replacing another Backworth station on the line to Morpeth which had been opened as Holywell.

Murton, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Murton is a small village situated in Tyne and Wear in the North East of England and is part of the urban conurbation of North Tyneside. The village is separated by fields from the nearby areas of West Monkseaton, New York, Earsdon and Shiremoor.

Percy Main is a small village absorbed into North Shields, North East England. Historically in Northumberland, it is now part of Tyne and Wear.

References

  1. "NEW YORK AND MURTON VILLAGES". BBC Domesday Reloaded. 1986. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  2. "Bid to save historic forge backed by historian and thousands of residents". Chronicle Live. 21 May 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  3. "Shiremoor, Longbenton, Killingworth". England's North East. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  4. "Historic forge near proposed mega-estate set to be demolished". Chronicle Live. 14 May 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Looking Back at Algernon Pit". News Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  6. "Shiremoor House Farm, Middle Engine Lane, New York". Chronicle Live. 24 January 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  7. "Railway celebrates 175th anniversary". BBC News. June 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  8. H.M. Government (1969). Report of the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 35.
  9. "New York War Memorial, non Civil Parish". Historic England. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  10. "North Tyneside's war memorials undergo repairs". News Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2020.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to New York, Tyne and Wear at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 55°01′38″N1°29′18″W / 55.0271°N 1.4884°W / 55.0271; -1.4884