Dunston, Tyne and Wear

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Coordinates: 54°57′07″N1°38′20″W / 54.952°N 1.639°W / 54.952; -1.639

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Dunston Staiths and river front, 2018 Staithes Dunston.jpg
Dunston Staiths and river front, 2018

Dunston is a western area of the town of Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, North East England (into which it was absorbed in 1974). Dunston had a population of 18,326 at the 2011 Census.

History

It has been speculated that Dunston started its existence as a farm or estate of a man named Dunn. [1] Historically part of County Durham, Dunston was first mentioned in 1328. Salmon fishing and farming were important industries in Dunston from at least the 14th century. Coal mining on a small-scale was also important but by the 17th century, the proximity of the river aided the development of large-scale coal mining in the village. During the Great Tyne Flood of 1771 villagers had to be rescued by boat from the roofs and upper stories of their houses. [2]

Area

Dunston is served by Dunston railway station on the Tyne Valley Line. [3]

Dunston is split into two areas separated by the A1 dual carriageway. Much of the area south of the A1 is known as Dunston Hill. For electoral purposes, the northern section is grouped along with the Teams area to form Dunston and Teams ward, while the southern section is combined with parts of Whickham, forming Dunston Hill and Whickham East.

To the west of Dunston is the site of Dunston Power Station, now demolished. The site is now home to Costco, with the MetroCentre (at this time the largest shopping and leisure complex in Europe), occupying the former site of the station's ash ponds. [4] The Gateshead-based Go-Ahead Group has constructed a new bus depot to replace its Sunderland Road and Winlaton depots on the eastern part of the power station site. Another Dunston landmark was the Derwent Tower (commonly known as the "Dunston Rocket"), a tower block that was once the highest building in Gateshead. It was designed by the Owen Luder Partnership and completed in 1973. [5] A well-known structure that had appeared in two films, it was demolished in 2012. It had always proved unpopular with residents, and fallen into a poor condition: Gateshead Council decided that the renovation costs would be prohibitive. [6] As of 2016, the remainder of the late 1960s Tower Court development was being gradually replaced by new housing and shops. Luder also designed the similarly maligned Trinity Centre Multi-Storey Car Park, (known for its appearance in the 1971 gangster thriller Get Carter , and now demolished), in Gateshead town centre.

On 6 June 1993 the IRA attacked a gas holder in the nearby area of Low Team. The damage was limited, and no one was injured. [7]

Sports

Dunston has one sports team which is association football club called Dunston UTS who currently play in the Northern Premier League Division One North West.

Dunston Staiths and the 1990 Garden Festival

Notable people

Footballers Paul Gascoigne [8] and Ray Hudson, [9] and the lead singer of AC/DC Brian Johnson [10] all spent their formative years in Dunston. Champion rower and boat-builder Harry Clasper [11] was born in Dunston, and Victoria Hopper, the celebrated Canadian-born British stage and film actress and singer, was raised in Dunston. British cyclo-cross and road cyclist Thomas Mein was also born in Dunston.

Related Research Articles

Gateshead Human settlement in England

Gateshead is a large town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are usually referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's town population in 2011 was 120,046.

Tyneside Place in England

Tyneside is a conurbation of the River Tyne north and south banks in North East England which includes the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and the metropolitan boroughs of Gateshead, North Tyneside and South Tyneside. The population of Tyneside published in the 2011 census was 774,891, making it the eighth-largest urban area in the United Kingdom. In 2013, the estimated population was 832,469 and since then has significantly risen. Historically part of County Durham and Northumberland, Tyneside now forms part of Tyne and Wear.

Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. The borough forms the south west part of the county. It is named after its largest town, Gateshead, but also spans the towns of Rowlands Gill, Whickham, Blaydon and Ryton; suburban areas include Felling, Pelaw, Dunston and Low Fell.

Owen Luder

Owen Luder, is an English architect who designed a number of notable and sometimes controversial buildings in the United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s, many now demolished. He is a former chairman of the Architects Registration Board and twice served as President of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1981–1983 and 1995–1997. He established his own practice Owen Luder Partnership in 1957, and left in 1987 to form the consultancy Communication In Construction.

Blaydon Human settlement in England

Blaydon is a town in the North East of England in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead - historically in County Durham. Blaydon, and neighbouring Winlaton, which Blaydon is now contiguous with, form the postal town of Blaydon-on-Tyne. The Blaydon/Winlaton resident population in 2011 was 13,896.

Blaydon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Blaydon is a constituency represented in the House of Commons since 2017 by Liz Twist of the Labour Party.

Rowlands Gill Human settlement in England

Rowlands Gill is a town situated along the A694, between Winlaton Mill and Hamsterley Mill, on the north bank of the River Derwent, in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. Within Gateshead's greenbelt, the village has a picturesque setting with much open space and views across the valley to Gibside Estate, now owned by the National Trust.

Ryton, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Ryton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England, 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west of Newcastle upon Tyne. Historically in County Durham, it was incorporated into the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear and the Borough of Gateshead in 1974. In 2011, the population of the Ryton, Crookhill and Stella ward was 8,146.

Crawcrook Human settlement in England

Crawcrook is a semi-rural village close to the western border of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear in England. Traditionally an independent village in County Durham, it was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead on 1 April 1974. The population taken at the 2011 Census of the Gateshead ward had increased to 8,841.

Team Valley

Team Valley is a trading estate located in Gateshead. It is home to the Retail World retail park, with many large, international companies are based in the area's trading estate. In 2017, there were approximately 700 companies on the estate, employing approximately 20,000 people.

Whickham Human settlement in England

Whickham is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, North East England, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Newcastle upon Tyne. The town is on high ground overlooking the River Tyne. The 2011 Census recorded its population as 16,652.

Dunston UTS F.C. Association football club in England

Dunston UTS Football Club is a football club based in the Dunston area of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. They are currently members of the Northern Premier League Division One North West and play at the UTS Stadium.

Gateshead TMD

Gateshead TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Gateshead, England. The depot code was 52A during the steam era and GD later on.

Lobley Hill

Lobley Hill is located in the west of the old County Borough of Gateshead within the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, North East England having been previously part of the parish of Whickham.

Dunston Power Station

Dunston Power Station refers to a pair of adjacent coal-fired power stations in the North East of England, now demolished. They were built on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the western outskirts of Dunston in Gateshead. The two stations were built on a site which is now occupied by the MetroCentre. The first power station built on the site was known as Dunston A Power Station, and the second, which gradually replaced it between 1933 and 1950, was known as Dunston B Power Station. The A Station was, in its time, one of the largest in the country, and as well as burning coal had early open cycle gas turbine units. The B Station was the first of a new power station design, and stood as a landmark in the Tyne for over 50 years. From the A Station's opening in 1910 until the B Station's demolition in 1986, they collectively operated from the early days of electricity generation in the United Kingdom, through the industry's nationalisation, and until a decade before its privatisation.

Gateshead Garden Festival

The Gateshead Garden Festival was the fourth of the United Kingdom's five national garden festivals. Held between May and October 1990, in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, it lasted 157 days, and received over three million visitors. Attractions included public art displays, a Ferris wheel, and dance, music, theatre and sporting events. The site comprised four areas: Norwood, Riverside, Dunston and Eslington Park, and several modes of transport were provided around the site: a monorail which ran between Norwood and Eslington, a narrow gauge steam railway between Dunston and Redheugh, and a road train which covered the entire site. A ferry across the River Tyne, between Dunston Staithes and Newcastle Quayside, was also provided.

Derwent Tower

Derwent Tower was a 29-storey residential apartment building in Dunston, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom, opened in 1972. Due to its unusual shape it was nicknamed the "Dunston Rocket" during construction and the name remained with locals throughout its life. It was demolished in 2012.

Derwenthaugh Coke Works

Derwenthaugh Coke Works was a coking plant on the River Derwent near Swalwell. The works were built in 1928 on the site of the Crowley's Iron Works, which had at one time been the largest iron works in Europe. The coke works was closed and demolished in the late 1980s, and replaced by Derwenthaugh Park.

Marley Hill

Marley Hill is a former colliery village about six miles to the south west of Gateshead, near the border between Tyne and Wear and County Durham. It has been part of the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead since 1974. Prior to this it was part of Whickham Urban District. It lies within the Whickham South & Sunniside electoral ward of the Blaydon parliamentary constituency.

Brandling Junction Railway

The Brandling Junction Railway was an early railway in County Durham, England. It took over the Tanfield Waggonway of 1725 that was built to bring coal from Tanfield to staiths on the River Tyne at Dunston. The Brandling Junction Railway itself opened in stages from 1839, running from Gateshead to Wearmouth and South Shields. Wearmouth was regarded at the time as the "Sunderland" terminal.

References

  1. https://englandsnortheast.co.uk/team-valley/
  2. http://www.gateshead-history.com/dunston.html
  3. "More trains call at Dunston and Blaydon". Nexus.
  4. V5. "intu Metrocentre, Tyne and Wear Shopping Centre". V5.
  5. SINE Project: Derwent Tower Archived 20 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Tyneside Dunston Rocket demolition begins". BBC News.
  7. "Damages bid over bombing arrests". The Northern Echo. 20 January 2003. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
  8. English-Football.org.uk: Paul Gascoigne Archived 25 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  9. Ray Hudson
  10. "AC/DC rock star Brian Johnson tells all in autobiography". North East Life.
  11. Harry Clasper