Hendon docks, 1969
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SR1, SR2|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
Hendon is an eastern area of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, North East England, the location of much heavy industry and Victorian terraces and three high-rise residential tower blocks. The area is commonly referred to as the East End of Sunderland. Hendon is west of Sunderland Docks.
Shipbuilding in Sunderland began in Hendon with the opening of a shipyard by Thomas Menvill in 1346.
The old east end of Sunderland was home to Sunderland Barracks until the 1930s.They were located on the south side near the south docks, near present-day Warren Court (formerly known as Warren Street). The first aluminium bascule bridge in the world, which opened in 1948, spanned the junction of Hendon and Hudson Docks. It suffered from bimetallic corrosion and was demolished in 1977.
The Victoria Hall Disaster occurred in the area on 16 June 1883 when 183 children died during a crush in a theatre, while running down the stairs in search of free toys. It remains the worst stampede disaster in British history.
The area was home to Sunderland AFC's first ground, The Blue House Field.The club was founded at the nearby Hendon Board School in 1879 by James Allen. Partly on its site now is the Raich Carter Sports Centre, named after an England international footballer who was born in the area.
Hendon contains the primary schools of Hudson Road and Valley Road. It is home to many shops along Villette Road such as Gregg's. Some main roads in Hendon are Villette Road, Commercial Road, Hendon Road, Gray Road, Mowbray Road and Hendon Valley Road. The "long streets" in Hendon (Cairo Street, Hastings Street, Canon Cockin Street, St Leonard's Street, Percy Terrace and Hunter Terrace) are very long, consisting of rows of Terraced Houses and even stretching into a new area: Grangetown.
Sunderland is a port city and the main settlement of the City of Sunderland, in Tyne and Wear, England. It is situated 19km north-east of Durham and 16km south-east of Newcastle upon Tyne, at the mouth of the River Wear.
The Stadium of Light is an all-seater football stadium in Sunderland, England and the eighth and current home to Sunderland A.F.C. With space for 49,000 spectators, the Stadium of Light is the ninth largest stadium in England. The stadium primarily hosts Sunderland A.F.C. home matches. The stadium was named by chairman Bob Murray to reflect the coal mining heritage of the North East and the former Monkwearmouth Colliery site on which it stands. A Davy lamp monument stands at the entrance to reflect the coal mining industry that brought prosperity to the town.
Mackem, Makem or Mak'em is the informal nickname for residents of and people from Sunderland, a city in North East England. It is also a name for the local accent ; and for a fan, whatever their origin, of Sunderland A.F.C. It has been used by the people of Sunderland to describe themselves since the 1980s, prior to which it was mainly used in Tyneside as a disparaging exonym. Prior to the 1980s, the people of Sunderland were known as Geordies, in common with the rest of the North East. An alternative name for a Mackem is a Wearsider.
Sunderland Albion Football Club are an English association football club based in Sunderland, England formed in 1888. The club was reformed in 2020.
Wearside is an area of North East England centred on the continuous urban area of Sunderland by the River Wear, and in the wider sense, including separate neighbouring settlements such as Seaham.
Ryhope is a coastal village along the southern boundary of the City of Sunderland, in Tyne and Wear, North East England. With a population of approximately 14,000, measured at 10.484 in the 2011 census, Ryhope is 2.9 miles to the centre of Sunderland, 2.8 miles to the centre of Seaham, and 1.2 miles from the main A19.
The Durham Coast Line is an approximately 39.5 miles (63.6 km) railway line running between Newcastle and Middlesbrough in North East England. Heavy rail passenger services, predominantly operated Northern Trains, and some freight services operate over the whole length of the line; it provides an important diversionary route at times when the East Coast Main Line is closed. Light rail services of the Tyne and Wear Metro's Green Line also operate over the same tracks between a junction just south of Sunderland station and Pelaw Junction.
Brockley Whins is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving Brockley Whins in South Tyneside. The station joined the network in March 2002, following the opening of the 18 km (11 mi) extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. The station originally opened in June 1839, under the Brandling Junction Railway, and was named Boldon Colliery between March 1925 and July 1991.
Monkwearmouth is an area of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear in North East England. Monkwearmouth is located at the north side of the mouth of the River Wear. It was one of the three original settlements on the banks of the River Wear along with Bishopwearmouth and Sunderland, the area now known as the East End. It includes the area around St. Peter's Church, founded in 674 as part of Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, and was once the main centre of Wearside shipbuilding and coalmining in the town. It is now host to a campus of the University of Sunderland and the National Glass Centre. It is served by the three Church of England churches of the Parish of Monkwearmouth.
Sunderland is a railway station on the Durham Coast Line, which runs between Newcastle upon Tyne and Middlesbrough. The station serves the city of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains.
The Wearside Football League is a non-league football competition based in England. It consists of a single division which sits at step 7 of the National League System and is a feeder to the Northern League Division Two. The league has had a second division in the past but currently only operates with one. For the 2018-19 season, 16 clubs are due to compete in the league. In December 2017 it was decided that the Wearside League and Durham Alliance Combination League would merge. The Durham Alliance Combination League would then become a feeder league for the Wearside League and would be known as the Durham and Wearside Development Division. It was thought that by doing this it would allow a natural route for promotion into the FA National League system.
Wearmouth Bridge is a through arch bridge across the River Wear in Sunderland. It is the final bridge over the river before its mouth with the North Sea.
The A1018 is a road in North East England. It runs between South Shields, at the mouth of the River Tyne, and the A19 near Seaham, County Durham. Most of the route it follows is the old alignment of the A19, before it by-passed Sunderland to meet the Tyne Tunnel.
Harry Watts was a Sunderland sailor and diver, who rescued over 40 people from drowning during his lifetime – and assisted in the rescue of another 120 people.
Sir William Theodore Doxford was a British shipbuilder and politician.
The River Wear in North East England rises in the Pennines and flows eastwards, mostly through County Durham to the North Sea in the City of Sunderland. At 60 mi (97 km) long, it is one of the region's longest rivers, wends in a steep valley through the cathedral city of Durham and gives its name to Weardale in its upper reach and Wearside by its mouth.
Roker Park is a recreation park in the Roker area of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England.
Sunderland Barracks was a military installation in the old east end of Sunderland, built as part of the British response to the threat of the French Revolution.
Groves Field was a Football ground in the Ashbrooke area of Sunderland, England. It was the third home of Sunderland A.F.C, hosting the club between 1882 and 1883, and was Sunderland's last home South of the River Wear.
Hendon Dock Junction Bridge was a bridge within Sunderland Docks. It was unique for being made of aluminium, rather than the more usual steel.
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