Greenside, Tyne and Wear

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Greenside
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Greenside
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population2,557 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference NZ139622
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RYTON
Postcode district NE40
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°57′14″N1°46′59″W / 54.954°N 1.783°W / 54.954; -1.783 Coordinates: 54°57′14″N1°46′59″W / 54.954°N 1.783°W / 54.954; -1.783

Greenside is a village in the extreme west of the Metropolitan County of Tyne and Wear, England. Once an independent village in County Durham, it became incorporated into Tyne and Wear in 1974 and then the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in 1986.

Contents

Location

Greenside is in the outer west of Gateshead, between the villages of Crawcrook and High Spen and not far from the small town of Ryton.

It also lies near the old lead route that ran from the north Pennines to Tyneside.

History

Largely rural in nature, Greenside was built upon coal mining and agriculture. With the creation of Greenside colliery, along with the nearby collieries of Emma, Clara and Stargate, the area grew in importance and its coal industry became extensive. By the early 20th century Greenside had the largest colliery in the district. The colliery closed in July 1966, the last shift being worked on Saturday 23 July.

In 2016 Banner Tales – an organisation dedicated to researching and maintaining the village's mining and industrial heritage – instituted the "Last Shift Festival" and this has now, under the title "Greenside Banner Festival", become an annual event. Each year the Greenside Miner's Lodge Banner is marched through the village accompanied by a Brass Band before joining the many other banners at Durham Miner's Gala. Banner Tales also organise an annual Greenside Community Picnic in the spirit of the miners' picnics of the past.

The wagonways used to transport coal, present in both Greenside and Crawcrook, provide a reminder of the area's importance in the coal trade. Although these routes are not used to transport coal any more, they are maintained as public footpaths, taking walkers through the surrounding countryside.

Greenside has many residents of Irish descent, who can trace their heritage back to the influx of Irish miners into the town in the 19th century.

Governance

In local government, Greenside is within the Crawcrook, Greenside and Clara Vale ward, which lies west of Gateshead and borders Northumberland.

Greenside is within the parliamentary constituency of Blaydon. Its current MP is Labour's Liz Twist.

Economy

After the decline of the coal industry, Greenside has not suffered the great deprivation that many other former mining areas have. One of the least deprived of Gateshead's wards, it is used increasingly as a commuter village for professionals travelling into the more urban areas of Tyneside.

Although it has not suffered the decline that many provincial villages have nationally in terms of local services, Greenside offers only a small selection of shops and business. For further groceries and white goods, residents can travel to the MetroCentre, Europe's largest shopping centre, around four miles towards Gateshead, as well as the shopping areas of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne.

There is an adequate, although declining, public transport service. Bus services operate to Crawcrook, Ryton, Blaydon, the MetroCentre and Newcastle. Residents wishing to travel west, past the county border into Northumberland and its towns such as Prudhoe, Stocksfield, Corbridge and Hexham can do so on one of a number of Go North East buses that depart from Crawcrook.

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Crawcrook Human settlement in England

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Clara Vale Human settlement in England

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Thorp Academy Academy in Ryton, Tyne and Wear, England

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Tyneside Passenger Transport Executive

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Thomas Young Hall was an internationally acclaimed mining engineer and coal mine owner. A native of Tyneside, he was a well-known figure in Newcastle in the mid-nineteenth century. Born in Greenside on 25 October 1802, his father, James Hall, was a mining engineer, manager of the Folly Pitt, and agent to several leading coal mine owners including the Dunns, G. Silvertop, Capt. Blackett, W. P. Wrightson, P. E. Townley, and John Buddle.

1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election election

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References

  1. Greenside is made up of 9 output areas in the Crawcrook and Greenside ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/crawcrook-and-greenside-e05001072#sthash.tJP7Wdz9.kS9x9I3v.dpbs