Kibblesworth

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Kibblesworth
Kibblesworth Main Street - geograph.org.uk - 135736.jpg
Kibblesworth Main Street
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
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Kibblesworth
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ243567
Civil parish
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • County Durham
Post town GATESHEAD
Postcode district NE11
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°54′18″N1°37′16″W / 54.905°N 1.621°W / 54.905; -1.621 Coordinates: 54°54′18″N1°37′16″W / 54.905°N 1.621°W / 54.905; -1.621

Kibblesworth is a village 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Birtley, Tyne and Wear, England. Kibblesworth was a mainly rural community until the development of the pit and brickworks and the resulting increase in population. Now, after the closure of the pit, few of the residents work in the village. Historically in County Durham, it was transferred into the newly created county of Tyne and Wear in 1974.

Contents

After being predominantly a council estate project consisting of prefabricated homes built in the 1950s, Kibblesworth has seen a massive change in recent times with the ‘pre-fabs’ being demolished and the new ‘Ridings Estate’ homes built by Keepmoat replacing them all, providing a much needed facelift and more providing more homes to buy.

There are plans to build around 220 new homes by Taylor Wimpey on the surrounding outskirts of the village, with previous green belt land being downgraded to brown belt by the Government, with planning permission at an advanced stage, although this has had some strong opposition from current Kibblesworth residents due to already strained amenities including the local school and road systems.

Kibblesworth has two play parks, a Bowling Green, a Cricket and Football pitch, the Kibblesworth Academy school, a Working Men’s Club, a local pub ‘The Plough Inn’, a Community Centre Millenium Centre opened by Princess Anne in 2000 which also features a Hair Salon and a Beauty ‘Pod’, a Convenience Store including the local Post Office ran by the Thandi Family and an Italian Bistro ‘Giuseppe’s’ opened in 2019.

It is served by buses from Gateshead, Newcastle and Chester-le Street featuring three bus stops within the village and a scholars bus for the nearby Lord Lawson of Beamish, based in Birtley.

The village's name means "Cybbel's Enclosure".

Churches and Chapels

Kibblesworth is in the parish of St. Andrews, Lamesley. While the area was agricultural, this was the centre of worship for the people of Kibblesworth. After the development of the mining industry, the Primitive Methodist Chapel (1869) and Wesleyan Methodist Chapel (1868), [1] provided social as well as religious life for the village. The present chapel was built by the Wesleyan Methodists in 1913. [2] The Primitive Methodist Chapel has now been converted into flats.

The Colliery

Although there had been coal-mining in the Kibblesworth area from medieval times, relatively few men were employed in the industry until the sinking of Robert Pit in 1842. From this date the fortunes of the village followed those of the industry with particular black spots during the strikes of 1921 and 1926 and the depression of the 1930s, high spots in the boom of the 1950s and 60s, and eventually closure of the pit in 1974. [3]

The Bowes Railway was used for the transport of coal from Kibblesworth to the River Tyne at Jarrow. The line was started by George Stephenson in 1826 and extended to Kibblesworth when Robert Pit was sunk in 1842. The railway used three types of power - locomotives, stationary steam engines and self-acting inclines. There is now a cycletrack that runs along the former track bed.

Notable Buildings and Structures

The square at Spout Burn was built to house the miners of Robert Pit. It was demolished between 1965 and 1966, and replaced by old people's bungalows the following year and the Grange Estate from 1973.[ citation needed ]

Better known as 'the Barracks', Kibblesworth Old Hall was divided up into tenements. The memory survives, in the street named Barrack Terrace. The hall was demolished and replaced by the Miner's Institute in 1934. The area has recently been redeveloped for housing.[ citation needed ]

In 1855 a short test tunnel for the London Underground was built in Kibbleworth, because it had geological properties similar to London. This test tunnel was used for two years in the development of the first underground train; in 1861 it was filled in. [4] Kibblesworth Hall was for many years the home of the colliery manager. It was demolished in 1973.

The original Kibblesworth School was built in 1875, and closed in 1972. It has since been redeveloped using Lottery funding to house the village community centre known as the 'Millennium Centre'. The present school opened in 1972. [5]

Chronology

1842 The sinking of Robert Pit
1842-1850 The Square and Barrack Terrace built Old Hall (Barracks) converted to tenements
1855 Metropolitan Railway dug a small tunnel to test digging skills before moving onto London.
1862 Causey Row built
1864 The Opening of Primitive Methodist Chapel
1867 The Opening of Wesleyan Methodist Chapel
1875 The Opening of school
1901 School extensions built, Coronation Terrace built
1908 The Old Plough Inn demolished
1913 The Opening of New Wesleyan Chapel
1914 The Crescent built and Grange Drift opened
1921 Miners' strike
1922 First aged miners' homes, opposite Liddle Terrace
1926 General Strike
1932 Closure of Grange Drift
1934 Barracks demolished and Miners' Welfare Institute built on site
1936 First council housing in Ashvale Avenue and Laburnum Crescent
1947 Nationalisation of the pits
1965 The Square demolished
1974 Closure of the pit

Notable people

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References

  1. http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/k005.htm
  2. http://www.kibblesworthchapel.com/our-story/
  3. http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/k005.htm
  4. Bextor, Robin (2013). A History of the London Underground. Demand Media. p. 34. ISBN   1909217379.
  5. http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/bright-images-show-kibblesworths-history-1408744

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