Howdon

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Howdon
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Archer Street Social Club
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Howdon
Location in Tyne and Wear
Coordinates: 55°00′04″N1°29′42″W / 55.001°N 1.495°W / 55.001; -1.495 Coordinates: 55°00′04″N1°29′42″W / 55.001°N 1.495°W / 55.001; -1.495
OS grid reference NZ324675
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
District Tyne and Wear

Howdon is a largely residential area in the eastern part of Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England. It consists of High Howdon and the smaller settlement of East Howdon. Much of the High Howdon area was formerly called Willington prior to post-World War II urbanisation. [1] The North Tyneside ward population at the 2011 Census was 11,129. [2]

Contents

History

Howdon was an industrial settlement on the north bank of the River Tyne estuary, to the north of Howdon Pans (a Tyne water feature) and to the north-east of Willington Quay. In the mid-nineteenth century, it consisted of Old Howdon Pit situated on what is now the northern toll area of the Tyne Tunnel; and to the east, Howdon Bank Top, nowadays given the appellation East Howdon.

A separate area, High Howdon was built after the Second World War, as the consequence of a drive for improved, low-cost housing for working-class families. [1] This housing was mainly in the public sector, being owned and maintained by the local council. It was built on what had been agricultural land to the north of the main railway line (from Newcastle to Tynemouth) that was to separate the new council housing from the earlier Howdon Pit, Pans and Hill Top sites locations, and from the older, industrial area of Willington Quay, where a great deal of housing had either been destroyed by wartime bombing, or by programmes of slum clearance.

Although most of the housing in High Howdon belonged to the local council, a number of privately owned and rented properties always existed in the centre of the area. Since right-to-buy legislation was introduced in the 1980s, many former council tenants have bought their homes, which has resulted in a large percentage of former council properties becoming privately owned.

Apart from the railway, High Howdon was separated from the industry of Willington Quay by Howdon Park, that featured tennis courts, bowling greens, a children's play area (including a paddling pool) and flower beds. This fell into disarray but was partly restored, due to pressure from the local community, during the 1990s.

Education

Early education is provided by Denbigh Community Primary School [3] and Stephenson Memorial Primary School. [4] The local high school is Churchill Community College. Formerly known as Willington High School, it was built on derelict land in Churchill Street in the 1960s.

Amenities

A Community Centre was founded on the site of the former Willington Middle School on Denbigh Avenue. [5] Other amenities in High Howdon include a small library, [6] and shops along Tynemouth Road and at the southern end of Churchill Street. Close to the library was a set of dwellings that were once used to house police officers and their families. It also once functioned as a police station. A former maternity hospital, named Willington Quay Maternity Hospital, was closed in the 1970s. [7]

Before World War II, the north end of Churchill Street was divided between colliery and agricultural land. During WW2, a secret military installation was said to exist in this area. [1] Later, the Willington Square flats (known locally as the "14 storeys" or "14ers") were built here. These three tower blocks became a Tyneside landmark, and were featured in the film version of the BBC sitcom Whatever Happened To The Likely Lads?. They were demolished in the 1990s to make way for low-lying housing. [1]

The area is bordered by the areas of Rosehill and Holy Cross to the west, Hadrian Park and New York to the north and North Shields and Percy Main to the east, as well as Willington Quay to the south. There is also a small community suburb called East Howdon, which is located between Percy Main and the Tyne River. Since being bypassed it is quite isolated. As such it has a very close community feel with one local restaurant, two social clubs and a community centre all belonging to three streets.

Transport

High Howdon is served by Howdon Metro station on the Tyne and Wear Metro. This station replaced the original one from the Newcastle & North Shields Railway of 1839, which was demolished. The footbridge was preserved at Goathland railway station (a similar bridge from Percy Main station can be found in the National Railway Museum in York). [1]

Notable people

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Willington Quay is an area in the borough of North Tyneside in Tyne and Wear in northern England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Tyne, facing Jarrow, and between Wallsend and North Shields. It is served by the Howdon Metro station in Howdon. The area from 2006 onwards has been an area of new housing built on brownfield sites. The house building continues into 2013 and is changing the social and economic balance in the area. The area has also had a make over of the bowling green off Howdon Lane and further warehousing next to the bowling green has been demolished to make way for further new housing. The changes made recently at Willington Quay are now making it an attractive place to live within North Tyneside.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Nechronicle Administrator (1 January 2012). "Seven interesting facts about Howdon & Percy Main". nechronicle. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  2. "North Tyneside Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  3. "Home - Denbigh Primary School". denbighps.org.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  4. "Stephenson Memorial Primary School | North Tyneside Council". my.northtyneside.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  5. "Howdon Community Centre - North Tyneside Council". northtyneside.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  6. "Howdon Library". northtyneside.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  7. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1075335