Byker

Last updated

Byker
Shields Road Byker.JPG
Shields Road, Byker
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Byker
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ279637
  London 242 miles (389 km)
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode district NE6
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°58′04″N1°33′52″W / 54.9677°N 1.5645°W / 54.9677; -1.5645 Coordinates: 54°58′04″N1°33′52″W / 54.9677°N 1.5645°W / 54.9677; -1.5645

Byker is a district and electoral ward in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, located in the east of the city. Byker is home to the Byker Wall estate, made famous by TV series Byker Grove . The population of the ward was recorded at 12,206 in the 2011 Census, [1] which represented approximately 4.4% of the metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne. Byker is bordered by Heaton to the North and by Shieldfield to the North-East.

Contents

Byker became well known as the setting of the BBC TV series Byker Grove (1989–2006); although set in the ward, the youth club featured in the series was filmed at The Mitre in the Benwell area in the west end of Newcastle.

History

Tom Collins House, Byker Tomcollinshouse 1.jpg
Tom Collins House, Byker

Possibly the earliest form of the visible evidence of development in Byker was by the Roman Emperor, Hadrian. A wall, turrets and mile castles, stretching from the east to the west coast provided a barrier to invading border clans and tribes. Hadrian’s Wall lies just south of Shields Road and was excavated in the 1990s. The area was populated by soldiers and their suppliers of foods, livestock and trades, such as weavers, saddlers and blacksmiths amongst others. There are the remains of a mile castle or small fort near Brough Park dog track. [2]

Byker in 1970 Byker, Newcastle, September 1970.jpg
Byker in 1970

Byker first appeared in historical documents in 1198 ‘as the most important Serjeantry in Northumberland’ held by William of Byker, named William Escolland, who was a Norman noble. [2] In 1549 the Mayor and Burgesses of Newcastle sought to extend the borough's boundaries to include part of Byker Township, to take advantage of the land by the river ‘for the dropping of ballast for the coal trade’. The transaction was disputed due to financial disagreements and eventually settled in the House of Commons and the House of Lords in London.

Development

Until the 1960s, Byker was a Victorian working-class area of densely built terraces. Much of the housing needed major repair and some was considered unfit for human habitation (many houses lacked bathrooms), [3] yet most residents wanted to stay in Byker, an area close to industry on the riverside. In 1966 Newcastle City Corporation took the decision to redevelop the Byker area. The council aimed to clear the slums but keep the community.

Byker was extensively photographed before its demolition, primarily by Sirkka-Liisa Konttinen, [4] who lived in Byker from 1969. [5] The photographs that Konttinen took toured China in 1980 and later appeared in the book Byker. [6]

Ralph Erskine was appointed as the architect in 1969 for the new Byker. [7] The development was run as a "rolling programme" so local people could continue living in the area during the building work. Residents were involved in the design process and it is thought[ who? ] the outstanding success [8] [ citation needed ] of Byker was as much to do with this as its innovative[ vague ] architecture which used a Functionalist Romantic style, differentiating the Estate from the Brutalist approach which was more common at the time. [9]

New leisure and shopping facilities have been brought to the Shields Road area, while community led initiatives have encouraged the growth of local enterprise and enriched the social fabric of the estate. Byker and the Ouseburn area to the south have seen investment in recent years, becoming a cultural hub for the city. Byker Estate itself received a Grade II* listing in 2007 due to its architectural significance, and has since undergone a £25 million regeneration with a further £4 million of environmental upgrades to the area taking place in 2020.

In 2017 the Byker Wall estate was named as the best neighbourhood in the UK by the Academy of Urbanism's 'The Great Neighbourhood' award. [10]

Education

The ward has three primary schools, St. Lawrence RC Primary School, [11] Welbeck Academy and Byker Primary School, which is equipped with a nursery class. [12] The ward does not have any secondary schools, the nearest secondary schools are Jesmond Park Academy, Walker Riverside Academy and Benfield School. Byker Primary School was rated 'Outstanding' in its most recent Ofsted report.

Recreation and leisure

East End Pool and Library East End Pool Library Byker Newcastle.JPG
East End Pool and Library

Most of these facilities are in the bordering ward of South Heaton such as the East End Pool and Library on Corbridge Street. In March 2019 it was announced that the library would be transferred to the Shields Road Customer Service Centre in May 2019. [13] The ward itself is at Garden City standards in terms of housing density, offering a number of well-maintained green open spaces. The ward hosts the 'Byker in Bloom' gardening competition which takes place in every summer, including a number of different categories including 'Best Balcony' and 'Best Newcomer'. In 2008, Newcastle City Council agreed a lease of the former Byker Swimming Pool on Shipley Place which had remained closed and unused since the late 1990s, allowing it to be converted into an indoor bouldering and climbing centre known as 'Climb Newcastle'. [14]


Transport

Byker Metro station Byker Metro station Newcastle.JPG
Byker Metro station

Car ownership stands at 35.4%, [15] significantly lower than the city average of 54.7%. The area is served by Byker Metro station and several bus services.

Boundary

Byker ward stretches from the Fossway and Millers Road in the north of the ward to the banks of the River Tyne in the south. It heads south onto the Shields Road bypass (A187) and continues along the A193 bypass along Shields Road to the Ouse Burn. It turns south down the Ouse Burn to the River Tyne and follows the river east, turning northwards to the west of the properties on The Oval (and excluding the Bakewell Terrace properties). Heading east along Walker Road, the boundary then turns north up Monkchester Road and continues north. It turns west along Dunstanburgh Road, and then north between Welbeck Primary School grounds and the properties on Allendale Road. It turns east along Welbeck Road, then north up Scrogg Road, east at Middle Street, and north along Langley Road. The boundary then runs along the gardens at the back of Whinneyfield Road before turning west down the Fossway.

Demographic characteristics

The results of the UK Census taken on 27 March 2011 for the Byker Ward show the total population on Census night was 12,206 people in 5,835 households. [16] [17]

Age groupPercentage
Under 1519.0%
15-2414.5%
25-6454.0%
65+12.5%

A quarter of people in the Byker ward have a long-term health problem or disability which affects day-to-day activities (25.0%). [16] Lone parent households with dependent children accounted for 12.3% of all households, which is higher than the city average of 7.6%. [16]

Byker has also experienced a large growth in Ethnic minorities, especially those of Polish and African backgrounds. In 2011, the White population was 88.9%, Asians were 4.2%, Black people were 4.1% and Mixed race were 1.6%. [18]

Notes

  1. "Newcastle-upon-Tyne ward population 2011" . Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  2. 1 2 "Timeline - Byker Lives".
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. David Alan Mellor, No Such Thing as Society: Photography in Britain 19671987: From the British Council and the Arts Council Collection (London: Hayward Publishing, 2007; ISBN   978-1-85332-265-5), p.84.
  5. "Sirkka-Liisa Konttinen", Amber Online. Accessed 2010-02-19.
  6. "People of the Hills - Amber Collection".
  7. Rowntree, Diana (22 March 2005). "Obituary: Ralph Erskine" via www.theguardian.com.
  8. "Ralph Erskine". The Daily Telegraph. London. 18 March 2005.
  9. BBC. "How We Built Britain".
  10. https://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/byker-wall-named-best-neighbourhood-13881931
  11. "St. Lawrence's RC Primary School - Newcastle City Council". www.newcastle.gov.uk.
  12. "Byker Primary School - Newcastle City Council". www.newcastle.gov.uk.
  13. Holland, Daniel (11 March 2019). "Newcastle East End Library to move in May as residents fear drop in visitors". nechronicle.
  14. "Climb Newcastle - Adventure Sport Centre in Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne - NewcastleGateshead". www.newcastlegateshead.com.
  15. http://www.newcastle.gov.uk/your-council/statistics-and-census-information/byker-2001-census
  16. 1 2 3 Technology, Origin - Fluent. "Ward Profiles - Know Newcastle". www.knownewcastle.org.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  17. Services, Good Stuff IT. "Byker - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  18. "BYKER: Ward in North East England" . Retrieved 8 August 2020.

Further reading

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Byker at Wikimedia Commons

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