|North Tyneside Steam Railway|
|Locale||Tyne and Wear, England|
|Terminus||Middle Engine Lane|
|Original gauge||4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Operated by||North Tyneside Steam Railway Association|
|Length||2 mi (3.2 km)|
|Preserved gauge||4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
North Tyneside Steam Railway
The North Tyneside Steam Railway and Stephenson Steam Railway are visitor attractions in North Tyneside, North East England. The museum and railway workshops share a building on Middle Engine Lane adjacent to the Silverlink Retail Park. The railway is a standard gauge line, running south for 2 miles (3.2 km) from the museum to Percy Main. The railway is operated by the North Tyneside Steam Railway Association (NTSRA). The museum is managed by Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums on behalf of North Tyneside Council.
The railway runs along the alignment of various former coal wagonways, which were later used by the Tyne and Wear Metro Test Centre; the museum and workshop building used to be the test facility. The museum is dedicated to the railway pioneers George Stephenson and his son Robert, with one of George's early locomotives, Billy, housed in the museum.
As the early coal seams of the Northumberland Coalfield near the River Tyne were exhausted, waggonways were laid to serve pits sunk further north. Coal would be unloaded into colliers (coal transport ships) via staithes. The first wagonways used wooden waggons on wooden rails drawn by horses. The first traffic began in 1755 on a line from Shiremoor to Hayhole staithes, and was soon followed by more lines. Wooden rails were eventually replaced by wrought iron. Rope haulage was introduced from 1821, with the museum site being at the top of Prospect Hill. By the 1820s coal was coming from pits further to the north in Seghill, Backworth and Cramlington, while a pit at Murton near Shiremoor had also been added. In 1826 it also became the preferred route for coal coming from Fawdon to the west, to make it unnecessary to use keel boats further upriver.
Traffic increased as further pits opened, and the corridor from Middle Engine Lane down to Percy Main became congested as companies either shared lines or built their own within a hundred yards of each other, depending on which was more convenient. Once they crossed the line of the present A193 Wallsend Road, they fanned out to their respective unloading points. In 1839 the Cramlington wagonway built a new line away from the corridor further to the west, while still passing close to it at the Middle Engine Lane and Percy Main ends. By the 1840s, coal was also coming from Blyth and Bedlington on the east coast, although this ceased after improvements to Blyth harbour in the 1880s.
The opening of the route to Blyth also saw passenger services being run to Percy Main from 1841, for connections with the Newcastle and North Shields Railway. These were run by what eventually became the Blyth & Tyne Railway. Passenger services ceased around 1864 when they opened an alternative route further to the east via Monkseaton (now the present Metro route).
At its peak, there were four lines on the corridor, with three stationary engines in close proximity to the museum. Having already been in use on other parts of the lines, gradient improvements on the Blyth & Tyne's line allowed it to use steam locomotives throughout from the 1850s. Others persisted with rope haulage, the Seaton Burn Wagonway being the last to convert in 1900.
Coal production began to decline after the First World War causing the Seaton Burn wagonway to close in the 1920s; a new route from the Rising Sun colliery to the west did open in 1939, although this was to replace a line on a different route. In the late 1940s the coal and railway companies were nationalised - the lines on the corridor were now controlled by either the National Coal Board (NCB) or British Rail (BR) (as the eventual owners of the Blyth & Tyne). Rationalisation saw with the Cramlington line to the west closed in the 1950s.
As volumes further declined, the last Percy Main staithes closed in 1971, leading to the closure of the NCB lines, although the BR lines persisted. In 1975, the Seaton Burn wagonway alignment was relaid for use by the Tyne and Wear Metro Test Centre, with a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) test track running from Middle Engine Lane as far south as the A1058 Coast Road bridges, and north beyond Middle Engine Lane on the Backworth wagonway alignment to West Allotment. The two prototype Metrocars worked out of a two-road maintenance shed constructed in Middle Engine Lane. Once the Metro system opened in 1979, the test centre closed and the track infrastructure was dismantled, leaving only the shed. The last BR line (Percy Main to Backworth) closed in 1983 and the tracks were lifted, ending over 200 years of railway use of the corridor.
In 1982/4 North Tyneside Council acquired the test sheds as the nucleus for a transport museum. A partnership was formed between Tyne and Wear Museums and the council, to construct a steam hauled passenger railway rather than a static transport museum. The North Tyneside Steam Railway Association formed at the site after the Monkwearmouth Station Museum Association relocated to Middle Engine Lane, bringing with them some items of rolling stock they had been restoring in the Monkwearmouth station's goods shed, which was in a deteriorating condition. From 1987, volunteers under supervision conducted the works necessary to relay a single track from the museum to Percy Main. The line was completed in 1989 and the first passenger trains ran in early 1991.
In 1994, Tyne and Wear Development Corporation and North Tyneside City Challenge made a grant available to North Tyneside Council to extend the workshops, redesign the museum space and construct a new facilities block. In 2003 the facilities block was further modified to improve educational and toilet facilities.
In 2007, the Tyne and Wear Museums and North Tyneside Council's head of cultural services have submitted plans for a feasibility study into developing the museum into a premier North East railway tourist attraction, with period buildings, a link to Percy Main Metro station, and all year round opening.
In 2019, Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums were given a lottery grant provided to redevelop the Stephenson Railway Museum. Among a lot of refurbishment in the museum building, this has also seen the name change from the Stephenson Railway Museum to the Stephenson Steam Railway.
The museum is managed by Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums on behalf of North Tyneside Council. Volunteers of the North Tyneside Steam Railway Association (NTSRA) operate the railway and assist with the maintenance and conservation of locomotives and rolling stock. The NTSRA is managed by a committee that meets quarterly and has an Annual General Meeting yearly.
The building on Middle Engine Lane serves as the railway workshop and the museum's indoor exhibition space, the workshop being on the left-hand side. The railway yard has three sidings entering the building from the south, the westernmost being for the workshop, while the two others enter the exhibition space allowing operational stock to be put on display.
The running line of the railway consists of a single track line, with two open-air platforms at either end, both with a passing loop. The northern platform, "Middle Engine Lane", is just south of the museum building. The southern platform, "Percy Main", is immediately south of the point where the Metro crosses the railway, paralleling the length of Brunton Street, to which there is pedestrian access for passengers wishing to leave the train there.
Entry to the museum is free; rides on the trains requires purchase of a ticket.The museum building also contains a gift shop and toilet facilities, and a cafe which opens on certain event days. The cafe was renovated in Autumn 2017. The museum is only open at certain times of the year, and passenger trains are only run on some of those days.
As of 2018 two main timetables are in operation. Green timetable is used on Sundays/Bank Holidays which runs four round trips - departing at 11.30am, 12.30pm, 2.00pm and 3.00pm. The Blue timetable is used on Thursdays during school holidays which runs three round trips - departing at 12.30pm, 1.30pm and 2.30pm. Special event days include a Halloween Special, a 1940s weekend, Beer Festival (Ale by Rail), Winter Warmers and Santa Specials.
|No.1||1951||Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns||0-6-0 T||Static Exhibit|
|Billy||1816||George Stephenson||0-4-0||Static Exhibit|
|No.401||1950||Bagnall||Victor/Vulcan 0-6-0 ST||Operational|
|Ashington No.5 Jackie Milburn||1939||Peckett and Sons||0-6-0 ST||Undergoing Overhaul|
|A.No.5||1883||Kitson & Co.||0-6-0 T||Static Exhibit|
|No.69||1953||Hunslet||Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST||Static Exhibit|
|No.08915||1962||Horwich Works||British Rail Class 08 0-6-0 DE||Operational|
|No.03078||1959||Doncaster Works||British Rail Class 03 0-6-0 DM||Operational|
|No.10||1958||Consett Iron Company||0-6-0||Awaiting Repair|
|Harton Electric E4||1912||Siemens||Static Exhibit|
|3267||1904||North Eastern Railway||Motor Parcel Van||Static Exhibit|
|48015||1955||Doncaster||Mk 1 Second Lavatory Open 330||Operational|
|43010||1954||Doncaster||Mk 1 non-gangwayed Lavatory Composite 313||Operational|
|1954||Doncaster||Mk 1 Brake Second 371||Undergoing Overhaul|
|DB 992993||1956||Metro Cammell||24 ton 14 ft 4 wheel Steel Ballast Hopper Dogfish ZFV 1/587||Operational|
|Boldon Colliery No. 103|
No. 136 Whitburn Colliery
|1927||4 wheel 4-plank Open Wagon||Operational (battery carrier for E4)|
|4 wheel Flat Wagon TTP Cosmetically restored to represent BR Barrier vehicle||Operational|
|ZV 733728||4 wheel Flat Wagon||Awaiting Restoration|
|B 774658||1957||BR Wolverton||12 ton 10 ft 4 wheel Ventilated Van Vanfit VVV 1/208||Operational|
|21||North Eastern Railway||NCB Lambton Platelayers Van||Operational|
|DB 996297||1953||Head Wrightson||50 ton 8 wheel Bogie Flat Salmon YMP 1/642||Operational|
|B 900402||1949||Derby||40 ton 8 wheel Bogie Flatrol Lowmac||Operational|
|3||1939||20 ton 4 wheel tank wagon||Operational|
|4||1950||Charles Roberts||20 ton 4 wheel tank wagon||Operational|
|A 5776||20 ton 4 wheel British Petroleum Ltd tank wagon||Operational|
|B 415776||1954||Shildon||21 ton coal hopper wagon||Operational|
|722||1958||Hurst Nelson||21 ton coal hopper wagon||Operational|
|6555||1956||Hurst Nelson||21 ton coal hopper wagon||Operational|
|5 ton Type BD General Goods Container (Diagram 3/050)||Awaiting Restoration|
|B 85xxxx||12 ton 10f 4 wheel Ventilated Van Shocvan VSV 1/209||Unrestored|
|B 951920||1953||BR Faverdale||20 ton 16 ft 4 wheel Brake Van Toad CAP 1/506||Operational|
|DRS 81140||1957||Smith Rodley||6 wheel 10 ton Diesel Mechanical Crane||Awaiting Overhaul|
|DE321051||1927||Stratford||Four-wheel PMVY, converted to Crane Runner||Operational|
Billy was built by George Stephenson in 1816,and was one of the various pioneering designs now known as the Killingworth locomotives, because they were built for use in Killingworth Colliery. It is often referred to as the Killingworth Billy to differentiate it from Puffing Billy, built by William Hedley in 1813 for the Wylam Colliery. Killingworth Billy ran until 1881, when it was presented to the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. It is a stationary exhibit, mounted on a short stretch of period track with block-mounted rails, to remain compatible with horse-drawn trains. Horses would have been tripped up by conventional sleepers.
An 0-6-0 side tank built in 1951 as works number 7683. It is thought she was delivered new to Meaford Power Station to shunt coal waggons. It was one of several of its type supplied to power stations by Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns Ltd., Forth Banks, Newcastle upon Tyne during the 1950s. They were used to transport coal wagons from mainline sidings into the power station, supplying the boiler-house coal bunkers. Their small diameter wheels enabled heavy loads to be hauled at slow speeds. Larger wheeled versions were supplied when long journeys were needed - for example, some colliery systems. Locally they could be seen working at places in Northumberland and Durham including Ashington, Backworth, Stanley and Consett. This loco was purchased from the Power Station by the East Lancashire Railway and hauled their first trains at Bury. After a period in store, she was overhauled at Bury and moved to Tyneside in 1996. It ran for several years before being taken out of service in 2003. It is currently on display in the museum, awaiting overhaul.
This 0-6-0 saddle tank was built in 1939 as works number 1970 by Peckett and Sons of Bristol for Ashington Coal Company which operated one of Britain's most extensive colliery railway systems. In 1939, two identical locomotives were delivered to one of Peckett's standard designs and they received the names Ashington No 5 & Ashington No 6. The former spent her entire industrial career on the railway for which she was built. In 1969 she was sold by the National Coal Board to North Norfolk Preserved Railway when the Ashington system was dieselised. However, she returned to Northumberland in 1991 and was repainted into the "as delivered to Ashington Colliery" livery. The loco was additionally named Jackie Milburn in honour of the local football hero.The loco is currently out of service for repairs to the bottom end, expected to be complete by 2021.
A.No.5 is an 0-6-0 side tank built-in 1883 by Kitson and Company, as works number 2509. It was the last working example of the 1841 patented Stephenson 'long boiler' design, to produce higher steam pressure while retaining a small wheelbase. Unsuited for high speeds, they nonetheless satisfied a need for powerful shunters at certain industrial railways like the Consett Iron and Steel Company. Withdrawn in 1972 it passed to Beamish Museum and then the Tyne & Wear Museums Service at Monkwearmouth Station, Sunderland, where the Monkwearmouth Station Museum Association began its overhaul from a very derelict condition. It returned to steam in 1986. It was overhauled in 1995/6 and again in 2013/14.Removed from service and placed back on static display in the museum in summer 2018.
No. 401 was one of a class of three built for the Steel Company of Wales in 1950, as works number 2994 (2995 and 2996 were built in 1951), to an advanced specification designed to provide a low maintenance competitor to the diesel shunters emerging. As such it had many advanced features not seen on other industrial steam locomotives. It was sold to Austin Motor Co. Ltd., of Longbridge, Birmingham in 1957 before passing in 1973 to the developing West Somerset Railway. Once it became surplus to larger locomotives there, the Stephenson Railway Museum purchased 2994 and repainted it from "Kermit the frog" green to a black livery similar to a NER style. In 2020, 401 was repainted into its original 'Steel Company of Wales Ltd' unlined maroon with lemon lettering livery.
No.69 was built in 1953, works number 3785. The engine spent its entire working life at South Hetton Colliery which served the Hawthorn and Murton colliery complex as well as Seaham. In preservation, it ran at the Yorkshire Dales Railway, now the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway, from 1977 until 1984 before being parked up pending overhaul. Restoration is planned to begin in the winter season pending other commitments on site. No.69 is privately owned by an NTSRA member/volunteer.
No.08915 (originally D4145) used to be of Allerton (AN) depot. Restored to BR Blue in 2017.
No.03078 (originally D2078) used to be of Gateshead (GD) depot.Repainted into BR Blue early 2019.
An early diesel built in the 1950s, Consett Iron and Steelworks No.10 is the last example of in-house production of locomotives by industrial railways in the North East. It was conceived in their Templetown workshops to satisfy a need for a 300 hp shunter with mechanical transmission, and was based on a Hunslet design. It was built by reusing many parts from steam locomotives. Eventually redundant to Sentinel's with hydraulic transmission, it was donated in 1976 to the Tyne and wear Museums Service by the work's later owner, the British Steel Corporation. No.10 is currently not operational, requiring a new set of batteries and rewiring before operating again.
Electric locomotive No.E4 was built for the Harton coal system at South Shields. It was stored outside for many years, but after a successful lottery bid and sponsorship from the local Siemens Microchip Company it was restored to working order by using battery power rather than an overhead supply. The batteries are carried in a converted coal wagon. It is currently not operational.
No. 3267 is the sole surviving example of the stock built-in 1904 for the Tyneside Electrics system, the first suburban electric railway in the country. The system used third rail power and trains formed into multiple units. The vehicle was one of two on the system fitted out as vans, with driving cabs at each end. They were used to carry fish and sundry goods, as well as acting as the locomotives for passenger services on the Riverside branch. After withdrawal in 1938, the two vans had their motors removed and were converted to de-icing vans, hauled along the system at night by steam locomotives. It has since been restored to NER livery, and is on static display in the museum, on loan from the National Rail Museum.
The three ex-British Rail Mk1 carriages are used for the passenger trains. They were used on the Kings Cross suburban lines. They wear BR Midland Maroon Livery.They were preserved by the Bluebell Railway between 1973 and 1975, and were obtained by the museum in 1986.
The rail crane (No.DRS 81140, prev. DB 966401, 81/001, 24247) was designed for British Rail.It has been paired with an ex-LNER wagon converted to a crane runner (No.DE321051, ex-6282, 70130E) It is slowly being restored as a long-term project.
Nearly every wagon in the yard sees regular use, either on demonstration freight trains or permanent way/engineering trains. The 20-ton Dogfish Ballast Wagon, Salmon Rail Carrier and 20 Ton wooden brake van were all used in the construction of the railway in the late 1980/early 1990s.
The four-plank wagon was built in 1927 as an oil tank wagon for a private owner, presumably an industrial railway. It had the registration number LMSR 103136. It was later reduced to its underframe and sold to the Metro for use on the test track. Having been left on the site, the museum inherited it. They converted it into a four-plank open wagon for use as the carrier for the batteries needed to power the railway's electric locomotive E4. It has been given a fictitious brown livery and markings of "No.103 Boldon Colliery" on one side and "No.136 Whitburn Colliery" on the other.
The 12-ton Vanfit goods van has been converted into a Tool Van which houses an electrical generator.
The TTP flat wagon was built as a Tank Wagon for a private owner. In 2019 it was repainted to resemble a match wagon to be paired with 03078.
The other four-wheel flat wagon is a former overhead wire drum carrier used in the electrification of the East Coast Mainline, it sat at Heaton TMD for many years and was donated to the railway in late 2019.
Each of the three 21 ton coal hopper wagons are privately owned. No.722 and No.6555 arrived in early 2020 from the Ribble Steam Railway, No.B415776 arrived in 2018 from the North Yorkshire Moors Railway.
Lambton Van 21 arrived in August 2020 from the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway and is privately owned. The wagon has been made fit for the winter months before an overhaul can begin in 2021.
The former BR Petroleum tank wagon arrived in early 2019 from the Middleton Railway. The other two tank wagons are privately owned and arrived in early 2020 from the Ribble Steam Railway.
The 5 ton Type BD van and 12 ton Shocvan are stored in the open, as bodies only, i.e. demounted from their chassis.
The museum site includes a free car park. Bus stops on Middle Engine Lane itself provide direct connections west to Haymarket bus station in Newcastle or east to Blyth bus station via Whitley Bay.Other bus stops Atmel Way in the adjacent Cobalt Business Park provide other connections, including to the two nearest Metro stations - Percy Main five minutes away to the south and Northumberland Park ten minutes away to the north (on the southern and northern sections of the North Tyneside loop, respectively).
Nearly all of the railway is paralleled by the National Cycle Route 10, which continues north from Middle Engine Lane along the alignment of the former railway to Backworth. Near the southern end, at the crossing with the A193 Wallsend Road the cycle route diverges from the railway to head south east, past Percy Main Metro, on its way to meet the east–west running National Cycle Route 72 which shadows the River Tyne.
On days when passenger services are in operation, the museum can also be accessed by joining the trains at the southern terminus, Percy Main Metro being around a 300m walk away from the platform through the residential estate of the same name.
Wagonways consisted of the horses, equipment and tracks used for hauling wagons, which preceded steam-powered railways. The terms plateway, tramway and dramway were used. The advantage of wagonways was that far bigger loads could be transported with the same power.
John Blenkinsop was an English mining engineer and an inventor of steam locomotives, who designed the first practical railway locomotive.
A switcher, shunter, yard pilot, switch engine, yard goat, or shifter is a small railroad locomotive used for manoeuvring railroad cars inside a rail yard in a process known as switching (US) or shunting (UK). Switchers are not intended for moving trains over long distances but rather for assembling trains in order for another locomotive to take over. They do this in classification yards. Switchers may also make short transfer runs and even be the only motive power on branch lines and switching and terminal railroads. The term can also be used to describe the workers operating these engines or engaged in directing shunting operations.
Killingworth, formerly Killingworth Township, is a town north of Newcastle Upon Tyne, in North Tyneside, England.
Puffing Billy is the world's oldest surviving steam locomotive, constructed in 1813–1814 by colliery viewer William Hedley, enginewright Jonathan Forster and blacksmith Timothy Hackworth for Christopher Blackett, the owner of Wylam Colliery near Newcastle upon Tyne, in the United Kingdom. It was employed to haul coal chaldron wagons from the mine at Wylam to the docks at Lemington in Northumberland.
The Tanfield Railway is a 4 ft 8+1⁄2 instandard gauge heritage railway in Gateshead and County Durham, England. Running on part of a former colliery wooden waggonway, later a steam railway. It operates preserved industrial steam locomotives. The railway operates a passenger service every Sunday, plus other days, as well as occasional demonstration coal, goods and mixed trains. The line runs 3 miles (4.8 km) between a southern terminus at East Tanfield, Durham, to a northern terminus at Sunniside, Gateshead. Another station, Andrews House, is situated near the Marley Hill engine shed. A halt also serves the historic site of the Causey Arch. The railway claims to be "the world's oldest railway".
The Bowes Railway, built by George Stephenson in 1826, is the world's only operational preserved standard gauge cable railway system. It was built to transport coal from pits in Durham to boats on the River Tyne. The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The railway is open every week on Thursday, Friday and Saturday as well as on a number of event days throughout the year.
Backworth is a village in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside in the county of Tyne and Wear, England, about 3+1⁄2 miles (6 km) west of Whitley Bay on the north east coast. It lies 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Newcastle. Other nearby towns include North Shields to the southeast, Wallsend to the south, and Cramlington to the northwest.
The North Eastern Railway (NER) Class P3, classified J27 by the LNER, is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive. The P3 Class was designed by Wilson Worsdell and was a relatively minor modification of the existing North Eastern Railway NER Class P2. The most significant change was a deeper firebox with shallower sloping fire grate. This was achieved by raising the boiler slightly, and by reducing the clearance between the firebox and the rear axle. The P3 Class were a freight engine by nature and used for hauling long trains of freight.
The Middleton Railway is the world's oldest continuously working railway, situated in the English city of Leeds. It was founded in 1758 and is now a heritage railway, run by volunteers from The Middleton Railway Trust Ltd. since 1960.
The Hetton colliery railway was an 8-mile (13 km) long private railway opened in 1822 by the Hetton Coal Company at Hetton Lyons, County Durham, England. The Hetton was the first railway to be designed from the start to be operated without animal power, as well as being the first entirely new line to be developed by the pioneering railway engineer George Stephenson.
West Moor is a small place in Tyne and Wear, UK.
The Blyth and Tyne Railway was a railway company in Northumberland, England. It was incorporated in 1853 to unify several private railways and waggonways that were concerned with bringing coal from the Northumberland coalfield to Blyth and to the River Tyne. Over the years it expanded its network to include Ashington, Morpeth and Tynemouth. As coal output increased the company became very prosperous in hauling the mineral to quays for export, and in addition a residential passenger service based on Newcastle built up.
Gateshead TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Gateshead, England. The depot code was 52A during the steam era and GD later on.
Forest Hall is an area in the borough of North Tyneside in the United Kingdom. Named after a long gone palatial residence, it is a north eastern suburb of Newcastle and lies six kilometres from the city centre. Until the 1960s it was a sleepy village with a railway station on the main line from London to Edinburgh. While relatively affluent compared to some surrounding areas, its proximity to Killingworth has led to an increase in antisocial behaviour in recent years. For local government, most of the area is in Benton ward, while some residential streets towards the north and the east are in Killingworth ward. In the 1890s the area was home to the Clousden Hill Free Communist and Co-operative Colony.
The history of rail transport in Great Britain to 1830 covers the period up to the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world's first intercity passenger railway operated solely by steam locomotives. The earliest form of railways, horse-drawn wagonways, originated in Germany in the 16th century. Soon wagonways were also built in Britain. However, the first use of steam locomotives was in Britain. The invention of wrought iron rails, together with Richard Trevithick's pioneering steam locomotive meant that Britain had the first modern railways in the world.
Lambton Collieries was a privately owned colliery and coal mining company, based in County Durham, England.
The Fawdon Wagonway was from 1818 to 1826 a 1 mile 3 furlongs (2.2 km) long horse-drawn and partially rope-operated industrial railway in Fawdon near Newcastle upon Tyne. It was the first cable car employing a moving rope that could be picked up or released by a grip on the cars.
The Seaton Burn Wagonway was from 1826 to 1920 a partially horse-drawn and partially rope-operated industrial railway with a gauge of 4 ft 6 in near Newcastle upon Tyne.
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