Bedlington

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Bedlington
St Cuthbert's Church, Bedlington.jpg
St. Cuthbert's Church, Bedlington
Northumberland UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bedlington
Location within Northumberland
Population18,470 
OS grid reference NZ258819
Civil parish
  • West Bedlington [1]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BEDLINGTON
Postcode district NE22
Dialling code 01670
Police Northumbria
Fire Northumberland
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°07′59″N1°34′59″W / 55.133°N 1.583°W / 55.133; -1.583 Coordinates: 55°07′59″N1°34′59″W / 55.133°N 1.583°W / 55.133; -1.583

Bedlington is a town and former civil parish in Northumberland, England, with a population of 18,470 measured at the 2011 Census. [2] [3] Bedlington is an ancient market town, with a rich history of industry and innovative residents. Located roughly 10 miles north east of Newcastle and Newcastle Airport, Bedlington is roughly 10 minutes from the A1 road, in south-east Northumberland. Other nearby places include Morpeth to the north-west, Ashington to the north-east, Blyth to the east and Cramlington to the south. In 1961 the parish had a population of 29,403. [4]

Contents

The town has evidence of habitation from the Bronze Age, with a burial site being located just behind what is now the main Front Street. A cluster of Bronze Age cist burials were discovered during excavation of the site in the 1930s. St Cuthbert's Church is the longest standing building in the town, with parts of this dating back to the 11th century and recently celebrated being 1000 years old. The church is in the heart of the original sandstone conservation town centre. Most of the medieval town has disappeared with many of the historic buildings and factories being demolished over the years, but there are still nods to medieval street layouts. The main Front Street is currently made up of Georgian and Victorian buildings.

Today Bedlington is probably best known for being the home of the Bedlington Terrier, a dog that has taken the name across the planet, not for the first time. At key points in history, before and during the Industrial Revolution, goods made in Bedlington made it to all corners of the globe through the distribution of nails and trains that were made in Bedlington from some 250 years ago. With large industry first being attracted to Bedlington over 250 years ago, in the form of its world-renowned iron works, mining became an intrinsic part of Bedlington from 1838. The coal industry remained at the heart of the town until the closure of the mines in the 1980s. Today Bedlington's Front Street is host to a number of well-established eating and drinking venues, and there is an emergence of new establishments and retailers entering the town.

The parish of Bedlington constituted the historic exclave of County Durham called Bedlingtonshire. It is famous for giving its name to a breed of dog; the Bedlington Terrier. [5] [6]

History

The place-name "Bedlington" is first attested circa 1050 in a biography of Saint Cuthbert, where it appears as "Bedlingtun". The name means "the town of Bedla's people". [7]

Bedlington and the hamlets belonging to it were bought by Cutheard, Bishop of Durham, between 900 and 915, and although locally in the county of Northumberland, it became part of the county palatine (from Lat. palatium, a palace) of Durham, over which Bishop Walcher was granted royal rights by William the Conqueror.

When these rights were taken from Cuthbert Tunstall, Bishop of Durham, in 1536, Bedlington among his other properties, lost its special privileges, but was confirmed to him in 1541 with the other property of his predecessors. Together with the other lands of the see of Durham, Bedlington was made over to the ecclesiastical commissioners in 1866. Bedlingtonshire was made part of Northumberland for civil purposes by acts of parliament in 1832 and 1844.

Bedlington became an industrial town with an iron works and several coal mines, however subsequent closure of these industries in the latter half of the 20th century caused the town to undergo many changes, becoming more of a dormitory town for those working in the surrounding areas. The last of the residential housing estates, formerly built for the mining families of the town, were taken over and razed by the council with residents evicted from the 'Pit Rows' estate in the early to mid 1970s, as was part and parcel of the government's national policy of this time.

The most important historic building in Bedlington was Bedlington Old Hall, which consisted of a 15th-century pele tower with a long early 18th-century stone block adjoining, occupying a prime location on the high street. It was controversially demolished in 1959 and replaced with council offices, which are now themselves empty and for sale.

Bedlington South Box, Bedlington, Northumberland (Bedlingtonshire) Bedlington, (Bedlington South Signal Box).jpg
Bedlington South Box, Bedlington, Northumberland (Bedlingtonshire)

The parish was abolished on 1 April 1974 and became an unparished area in Wansbeck district. [8]

Development

Bedlington once housed a public railway station, seen here in 1965. The line is still in use, but the station is no longer in service. Bedlington Station 1777482 60ee0d3c.jpg
Bedlington once housed a public railway station, seen here in 1965. The line is still in use, but the station is no longer in service.
The yellow region in the centre is "Bedlingtonshire", an exclave of the County Palatine of Durham, as shown in Betts's Family Atlas, 1846. Bedlingtonshire, from Betts's Family Atlas, 1846.jpg
The yellow region in the centre is "Bedlingtonshire", an exclave of the County Palatine of Durham, as shown in Betts's Family Atlas, 1846.

The town has several bus links, including the X21 and X22 via Arriva North East, to nearby Newcastle upon Tyne. The town has two supermarkets, a post office, and several other smaller shops.

A weekly market is held on Thursdays at the market place. The number of market stalls is now also starting to decline.

The Northumberland Line project is reopening a railway passenger service by 2024.

Education

Bedlington is served by two secondary schools: Bedlington Academy (previously Bedlingtonshire Community High School) and St Benet Biscop Catholic Academy. They are both in Bedlington, but they do take in children from Stakeford, Guide Post, Choppington, Stannington and even areas of Morpeth. Bedlington is also served by three primary schools: Bedlington Station Primary School, Stead Lane Primary School and St Bede's Primary School. One of the few middle schools left in England is Meadowdale Academy. This is soon to change however as Meadowdale is to change to a primary school. The town of Bedlington also has two first schools: Whitley Memorial C of E School and Bedlington West End County First School. Whitley Memorial C of E School became a primary school at the start of the summer 2021 term. Pupils may also commute around 13 miles (21 km) south to Newcastle upon Tyne if they choose to attend an independent school.

Local parish

One of the most important surviving historic buildings is the Anglican parish church, which is dedicated to St. Cuthbert. It is reputed that the church takes its dedication from an event that occurred 12 December 1069: fleeing northwards from the Conqueror's army, the monks of Durham are said to have rested the body of St Cuthbert in Bedlington Church. The building, originally of Saxon design, was rebuilt about a hundred years later. Little of either the Saxon or the Norman church has survived.

There is a Roman Catholic congregation who worship in a relatively new church called St Bede's. In addition, there is a Salvation Army chapel.

Hartford Hall lies within the parish. Much of the riverside land between Bedlington and the hall forms the Bedlington Country Park, a designated local nature reserve. [9] [10]

Local media

Local newspapers include the Evening Chronicle , the Journal , which also cover Tyneside and the rest of south east Northumberland. The Newspost Leader is weekly and covers most of the former district of Wansbeck. The community-run Bedlington Website Bedlington.co.uk was started in 1998. It has been active in many of the recent initiatives to promote the town.

There are also several radio regional stations provide local broadcasts. Local news on television is provided by ITV News Tyne Tees and BBC Look North . These TV stations cover most of the north east, County Durham, Teesside, Tyneside and Northumberland.

Notable residents

Twin towns

CountryPlaceCounty / District / Region / StateDate
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Gemeindewappen Schalksmuhle.svg Schalksmühle Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia 1974

Neighbouring towns

See also

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References

  1. "West Bedlington Town Council". westbedlington.org.uk.
  2. "Population 2011,East Bedlington" . Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  3. "West Bedlington population 2011" . Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  4. "Population statistics Bedlington CP/AP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time . Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  5. In the early 1820s, a breeder named Joseph Aynsley started the breed and eventually in 1873 the first Stud Book of The Kennel Club listed 30 Bedlingtons: Muriel P. Lee "Bedlington Terrier"; Interpet Pub., Surrey, 2001. The Bedlington Terrier was developed as a breed in the early 19th century in a village called Bedlington, Northumberland. Folklore has it that the Bedlingtons were used by Romani people of the Rothbury Forest to hunt silently for small game and the livestock of the landowners: Kerry V. Kern, "The Terrier Handbook"; Barron's Edu. Ser., 2005 New York.
  6. The Westminster: Road To Ruin Sports Illustrated, 8 February 1960
  7. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (4th ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 34. OCLC   400936.
  8. "Northumberland Central Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  9. "Bedlington Country Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  10. "Map of Bedlington Country Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 4 August 2013.