Newcastle City Centre is the city centre district of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. It is the historical heart of the city and serves as the main cultural and commercial centre of the North East England region. Along with nearby Gateshead town centre, which lies on the opposite side of the River Tyne, the city centre forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation.
The city centre district may be subdivided into the areas of Haymarket, Quayside, Grainger Town, Monument, Gallowgate, and Chinatown.
Haymarket is the northern edge of the city centre bordered by Spital Tongues and Jesmond to the north west and north east respectively. It is the location of Newcastle Civic Centre, Newcastle University, Northumbria University, Haymarket bus station and the City Pool, and is mainly a business area. The Church of St Thomas the Martyr is a prominent landmark in the area opposite the Metro station at the northern end of Northumberland Street, the city's main shopping street.
The Quayside is a more modern part of Newcastle city centre known for its bars and restaurants.
Four bridges cross the River Tyne at the Quayside: The High Level Bridge, the Swing Bridge, the Tyne Bridge and the Gateshead Millennium Bridge.
The QuayLink bus route links the area with Monument and Haymarket and Central station, Gateshead metro stations.
The path along the river forms part of the cycle network eastwards towards North Shields and Tynemouth and westwards to Hexham.
Newcastle railway station, or locally known as Central station, is surrounded by an assortment of bars and clubs. Towards the western end is the city's popular Gay District known locally as the Pink Triangle. The Centre for Life on Times Square, Utilita Arena Newcastle, Newcastle Cathedral, Discovery Museum and the Mill Volvo Tyne Theatre are all located in the vicinity, as is the city's coach station.
Grainger Town is the streets between, and encompassing, Pilgrim Street, Clayton Street and Blackett Street. It was built in the mid-19th century and, today, is an area centred on shopping, nightlife and most notable neo-classical architecture. The Theatre Royal is situated on Grey Street. The Grainger Market is a covered market built to house the traders displaced during the re-modelling of the city.[ citation needed ]
Gallowgate is a small area surrounding St James' Park, the stadium of Newcastle United F.C, and St James Metro station, named after the main road running through the area. There are a small number of pubs in the area but it is not a major area of residence, except for some student accommodation. Businesses includeand various law firms in Citygate and the recently built Time Central, a Sainsbury local store, fish and sandwich shops. Behind it is Leazes Park that leads to Spital Tongues. The area is also to host a 400 square metre memorial garden to Sir Bobby Robson. Work began on it in November 2010, with it due to be opened in Spring 2011.
Chinatown is on the western edge of the city centre centred on Stowell Street with a number of Chinese restaurants and the rear entrance to The Gate.
The Tyne and Wear Metro has four stations in Newcastle city centre which are all underground. Running north to south, Haymarket, Monument and Central Station are on both the Green and Yellow lines which run northbound to the Airport or towards the coast via Whitley Bay and southbound to South Hylton or South Shields.
St James is the western terminus of the Yellow Line and precedes Monument. Trains run towards the coast via North Shields.
Newcastle has two bus stations for local and regional terminating bus services. Services heading north and east generally use Haymarket bus station, whilst those to the south and west use Eldon Square bus station. Both bus stations are operated by Nexus.
Many roads in the city centre are for buses only or have bus lanes. Stagecoach is the predominant operator for bus services within the city, which tend to call at several stops in the city centre rather than at a bus station. The QuayLink service, with its bright yellow electric buses, has two routes – Q1 from Haymarket to Quayside and Q2 from Central Station to Gateshead.
For long-distance coach services, National Express uses Newcastle Coach Station on St James Boulevard, and Megabus used to stop outside Central Station. Now they stop on John Dobson Street outside the library.
Newcastle, known locally as Central, is the city's mainline railway station and a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line From there, local, regional and national destinations are served directly. Manors is the only other station in the city, but it has a very limited service.
Newcastle upon Tyne, often simply Newcastle, is the most populous city and metropolitan borough in North East England. It forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation, the eighth most populous urban area in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Tyne's northern bank, approximately 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea.
Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in North East England, situated around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and the City of Sunderland. The county is bordered to the north by Northumberland, to the south by County Durham and to the east of the county lies the North Sea. It is the smallest county in North East England by area, but by far the largest in terms of population.
Gateshead is a large town in North East England and principal settlement of the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, situated on the southern bank of the River Tyne. Gateshead is joined to Newcastle via seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are usually referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's town population in 2011 was 120,046.
The Tyne and Wear Metro is an overground and underground light rail rapid transit system serving the metropolitan boroughs of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and the City of Sunderland. The network opened in stages from August 1980 and now serves a total of 60 stations, with two lines covering 48.2 miles (77.6 km) of track. The Metro can be accessed from a mixture of underground and overground stations. It has been described as the "first modern light rail system in the United Kingdom". The system is currently owned and operated by the Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive, thus is fully under public ownership and operation.
Newcastle Central Station is a major railway station in Newcastle upon Tyne. It is located on the East Coast Main Line, around 268 miles (432 km) north of London King's Cross.
The history of Newcastle upon Tyne dates back almost 2,000 years, during which it has been controlled by the Romans, the Angles and the Norsemen amongst others. Originally known by its Roman name Pons Aelius, the name "Newcastle" has been used since the Norman conquest of England. Due to its prime location on the River Tyne, the town developed greatly during the Middle Ages and it was to play a major role in the Industrial Revolution, being granted city status in 1882. Today, the city is a major retail, commercial and cultural centre.
Tyne and Wear PTE is an executive body of the North East Joint Transport Committee and is best known for owning and operating the Tyne and Wear Metro. It replaced the Tyneside PTE on 1 April 1974.
Haymarket is a Tyne and Wear Metro station, serving the Haymarket area of Newcastle upon Tyne. It joined the metro network on 11 August 1980, following the opening of the first phase of the network, between Haymarket and Tynemouth via Four Lane Ends.
Heworth Interchange consists of a National Rail, Tyne and Wear Metro and bus station. It is located in the suburb of Heworth, Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England, and opened on 5 November 1979 for rail and bus services. The station joined the Tyne and Wear Metro network around two years later, on 15 November 1981.
The Quayside is an area along the banks (quay) of the River Tyne in Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, North East England, United Kingdom.
The Tyneside Electrics were the suburban railways on Tyneside that the North Eastern Railway and the London and North Eastern Railway electrified using the third rail system. The North Tyneside Loop was electrified from 1904 onwards and formed one of the earliest suburban electric networks; the South Tyneside line to South Shields via Pelaw was electrified in March 1938. British Railways converted these lines to diesel operation in the 1960s: the line to South Shields in January 1963 and the North Tyneside lines in June 1967 when the electrical supply infrastructure and the rolling stock had become life expired. In addition, the system was losing passengers and suffering from costly vandalism. Since the late 1970s, much of the system has been converted to form the Tyne and Wear Metro.
Gateshead Interchange is a Tyne and Wear Metro station, serving the town of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear. It joined the network on 15 November 1981, following the opening of the third phase of the network, between Haymarket and Heworth.
Haymarket is an area in the north of central Newcastle upon Tyne. The area is home to several transport hubs including Eldon Square bus station, Haymarket bus station and Haymarket Metro station. Haymarket features the facades of Newcastle Civic Centre, Newcastle University and Northumbria University. It is also the location of the Church of St Thomas the Martyr, a prominent city landmark.
Forest Hall is an area in the borough of North Tyneside in the United Kingdom. Named after a long gone palatial residence, it is a north eastern suburb of Newcastle and lies six kilometres from the city centre. Until the 1960s it was a sleepy village with a railway station on the main line from London to Edinburgh. While relatively affluent compared to some surrounding areas, its proximity to Killingworth has led to an increase in antisocial behaviour in recent years. For local government, most of the area is in Benton ward, while some residential streets towards the north and the east are in Killingworth ward. In the 1890s the area was home to the Clousden Hill Free Communist and Co-operative Colony.
Central Station is one of several Tyne and Wear Metro stations serving the central district area of Newcastle upon Tyne. The station joined the Metro network on 15 November 1981, following the opening of the third phase of the network, between Haymarket and Heworth.
Eldon Square Bus Station is one of two bus stations serving Newcastle City Centre. It is jointly owned by Newcastle City Council and Intu Properties, and is managed by Nexus. The new glass-roofed bus station was built adjacent to the old bus station, on a former access road, and is accessible via the new mall.
Haymarket bus station is a bus station located in the Haymarket area of Newcastle upon Tyne. It is situated next to the Haymarket Metro station, by the northern end of Northumberland Street and almost adjacent to Newcastle University.
QuayLink is a bus service in Tyne and Wear, England, connecting Newcastle city centre and Gateshead with the Quayside area. Conceived as a high-quality environmentally friendly operation and funded by Nexus, it was launched in 2005. Following budget cuts in 2015, the service is now operated by Go North East on a commercial basis, having been extended further into the suburbs.
Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan area covering the cities of Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, as well as North and South Tyneside, Gateshead and Washington.
Monument is an electoral ward and area of Newcastle upon Tyne. It was established as an electoral ward in 2018. It takes its name from Grey's Monument. It replaced most of Westgate ward, parts of South Jesmond and some of Ouseburn.