Borough of Hartlepool

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Hartlepool Borough
Borough of Hartlepool
Hartlepool Borough Council logo.JPG
Hartlepool UK locator map.svg
The borough within County Durham and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North East England
Combined authority Tees Valley
Ceremonial county County Durham
Admin. HQCivic Centre, Victoria Road, Hartlepool
Government
  BodyHartlepool Borough Council
   Leadership:Council Leader
  LeaderShane Robert Moore (Independent Union)
   Tees Valley Mayor Ben Houchen
   MPs: Jill Mortimer (C)
Area
  Total36.12 sq mi (93.56 km2)
  Rank 222nd
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total93,663
  Rank Ranked 260th
  Density2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code 00EB (ONS)
E06000001 (GSS)
Ethnicity97.9% White
1.0% S.Asian
(Census 2011)
Website www.hartlepool.gov.uk

The Borough of Hartlepool is a unitary authority area in ceremonial County Durham, England. The borough's largest town is Hartlepool.

Contents

It borders the County Durham district as well as the boroughs of Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton-on-Tees. The local authority is Hartlepool Borough Council, a member of the Tees Valley Combined Authority.

In 2003 it had a resident population of 90,161, increasing to 92,028 at the 2011 Census. [1] It is made up of 17 council wards and the Hartlepool constituency has been coterminous with the council area since the 1983 parliamentary redistribution.

History

After several unification efforts starting in 1902, the county borough of Hartlepool was formed in 1967 by the merger of the original borough of Hartlepool (the "Headland") with the county borough of West Hartlepool further south on Tees Bay, together with the parish of Seaton Carew to provide coastal land for industrial development. [2]

The borough was reformed and enlarged on 1 April 1974, by the merger of the previous county borough of Hartlepool, along with the parishes of Brierton, Claxton, Dalton Piercy, Elwick, Elwick Hall, Greatham, Hart and Newton Bewley, from the Stockton Rural District, all of which had been part of the administrative county of Durham. The enlarged borough was transferred at the same time from County Durham to the new non-metropolitan county of Cleveland.

Cleveland was abolished in 1996 after a review by the Banham Commission, with the four boroughs of Stockton-on-Tees, Hartlepool, Redcar & Cleveland and Middlesbrough becoming unitary authorities. For ceremonial purposes Hartlepool returned to County Durham, however it continues to share certain local services with the other former Cleveland boroughs, including the Cleveland Police and Cleveland Fire Brigade.

In May 2021, four parish councils of the villages of Elwick, Hart, Dalton Piercy and Greatham all issued individual votes of no confidence in Hartlepool Borough Council, and expressed their desire to re-join County Durham. [3]

Council

Since 2 May 2013 the council has used the leader and committee hybrid model of executive arrangements. The executive function of Hartlepool Borough Council was controlled by a directly elected mayor of Hartlepool from 2002 to 2013. On 9 May 2019, The former Labour Council leader Christopher Akers-Belcher and two fellow party members, defected to the Socialist Labour Party following the Labour Party's defeat in the recent local elections. [4] On 13 September 2019, ten independent councillors defected to the Brexit Party. The Conservative councillors then formed a pact with the Brexit Party councillors to become the largest group on the council. [5]

In March 2021, four parish councils of the villages of Elwick, Hart, Dalton Piercy and Greatham all issued individual votes of no confidence in Hartlepool Borough Council due to a planning application being passed that they disagreed with, and hoped to use the issue to influence the outcome of the Local Elections. [6] [3]

Elected mayor

Between 2002 and 2013, Hartlepool was one of a small number of councils in the United Kingdom to have a directly elected mayor. This followed a referendum held in the borough in October 2001, [7] and the first mayoral election was held in May 2002. The election became famous for being won by the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., 'H'Angus the Monkey', [8] with a majority of approximately 500 over the second-placed Labour Party candidate. The man inside the monkey costume, Stuart Drummond, served as mayor as an independent, being re-elected in 2005 with a majority of over 10,000 [9] and again in 2009 with a second round majority of 844.

In November 2012 Hartlepool voted in a referendum to abolish the directly elected mayor and return to having the council leader model used by most English councils. [10] 7,366 voted against the directly elected mayor system, while 5,177 voted to retain it, on a turnout of 18%. [10]

Settlements

Settlements in the borough include:

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YearRegional Gross Value Added [note 1] Agriculture [note 2] Industry [note 3] Services [note 4]
19952,80491,4431,352
20003,25261,3591,887
20033,36461,0372,320
Notes
  1. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. includes hunting and forestry
  3. includes energy and construction
  4. includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

Related Research Articles

Hartlepool Town in County Durham, England

Hartlepool is a seaside and port town in County Durham, England. It is the largest settlement and administrative centre of the Borough of Hartlepool. With an estimated population of 90,123, it is the second-largest settlement in County Durham.

County Durham Ceremonial county in North East England

County Durham, officially simply Durham, is a ceremonial county in North East England. The ceremonial county spawned from the historic County Palatine of Durham in 1853. In 1996, the county gained part of the abolished ceremonial county of Cleveland. The county town is the city of Durham. The county borders Cumbria to the west, North Yorkshire to the south, and Tyne and Wear & Northumberland to the north. Boundaries initially aligned to the historic county, stretching between the rivers Tyne and Tees. The County Borough of Teesside formed in 1968, the ceremonial boundaries adjusted while the historic boundaries remained. The Local Government Act 1972 in 1974 further separated the boundaries. The largest settlement is Darlington (92,363) followed by Hartlepool (88,855) and Stockton-on-Tees (82,729).

Borough of Stockton-on-Tees Unitary authority borough in England

The Borough of Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority with borough status in the counties of County Durham and North Yorkshire, England. The borough had a population of 191,600 in 2011.

Tees Valley Mayorality for areas near the River Tees in Northern England

Tees Valley is a combined authority area in the north of England around the River Tees. The combined authority was established in 2016, after public consultation in 2015. The area is not a geographical valley.

Aislaby is a small village and civil parish on the north bank of the River Tees within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is located to the west of Eaglescliffe and Yarm. The name, first attested as Asulue(s)bi in 1086, is of Viking origin and means "Aslak's farm." Aislaby was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086.

Dalton Piercy Village in County Durham, England

Dalton Piercy is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool, County Durham, in England. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 Cernsus was 289.

Hart, County Durham Human settlement in England

Hart is a village and civil parish in County Durham, England, north-west of Hartlepool.

Elwick, County Durham Village in County Durham, England

Elwick is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. It is situated near the A19 road to the west of Hartlepool. Hartlepool Borough Council governs Elwick. As Elwick is only a small parish it is not able to run itself as its own district. It does have a Parish Council. Elwick was known as a township until 1866, but then was changed to a civil parish status.

Greatham, County Durham Village and civil parish in Hartlepool, County Durham, England

Greatham is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool, County Durham, England. The population of the civil parish was taken in the 2011 census was 2,132. Greatham village is located approximately three miles south of Hartlepool town centre.

Hartlepool Borough Council elections usually take place for a third of the council, three years out of every four. Hartlepool Borough Council is the local authority for the unitary authority of Hartlepool in County Durham, England. Until 1 April 1996 it was a non-metropolitan district in Cleveland. Between 2002 and 2013 the council was led by a directly elected mayor.

Cleveland (county) Former county of North East England

Cleveland was a ceremonial county located in northern England. It was created in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and named after the historic area of Cleveland, Yorkshire. The county was abolished in 1996. The area was partitioned between the four boroughs of Hartlepool, Stockton-on-Tees, Middlesbrough and Langbaurgh-on-Tees, the latter of which took its name from the former Langbaurgh East. The county town was Middlesbrough. The administrative county bordered County Durham to the north and North Yorkshire to the south, and it faced the North Sea to the east. Cleveland had a total area of 225 square miles (583 km2). The legacy of the county lives on in some public bodies, such as Cleveland Police.

Durham County Council

Durham County Council is a local authority administering all significant local government functions in the unitary authority area of County Durham in North East England. The council area covers part of the ceremonial county of County Durham, excluding those parts which now form part of the Borough of Darlington, Borough of Hartlepool and the part of Borough of Stockton-on-Tees north of the River Tees.

County Borough of Teesside Former district in northern England

Teesside was, from 1968 to 1974, a local government district in northern England. It comprised a conurbation that spanned both sides of the River Tees from which it took its name. Teesside had the status of a county borough and was independent of the county councils of the North Riding of Yorkshire, and County Durham. The Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire represented the whole of Teesside, including those areas north of the Tees which were in Durham.

Tees Valley Combined Authority Local government institution in England

The Tees Valley Combined Authority (TVCA) is the combined authority for the Tees Valley urban area in England consisting of the following five unitary authorities: Darlington, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton-on-Tees, covering a population of approximately 700,000 people. It was proposed that a combined authority be established by statutory instrument under the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009. It is a strategic authority with powers over transport, economic development and regeneration.

2017 Tees Valley mayoral election First mayoral election in the Tees Valley

The inaugural Tees Valley mayoral election was held on 4 May 2017 to elect the mayor of the Tees Valley Combined Authority. The mayor was elected by the supplementary vote system. Subsequent elections will be held in May 2021 and every four years after 2024.

Borough of Middlesbrough Borough in North Yorkshire, England

The Borough of Middlesbrough is a borough in North Yorkshire, England, based around the town of Middlesbrough in the north of the county. It has unitary authority status, so does not form part of the non-metropolitan county.

County Durham (district) District in North East England

County Durham is a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Durham, North East England. It covers the former non-metropolitan county and its seven districts: Durham (city), Easington, Sedgefield (borough), Teesdale, Wear Valley, Derwentside, and Chester-le-Street. It is governed by Durham County Council and has 136 civil parishes.

References

  1. "Unitary Authority population 2011" . Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  2. Hartlepool Order 1966 Commons debate and Lords debate
  3. 1 2 Nic Marko (10 May 2021), Four Hartlepool villages have 'no confidence' in borough council and want to join Durham, Hartlepool: Hartlepool Mail
  4. Thompson, Fiona (9 May 2019). "Hartlepool Council leader Christopher Akers-Belcher and two fellow party members resign from Labour". Hartlepool Mail . Hartlepool. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  5. Scott, Jim (13 September 2019). "The Brexit Party takes hold of Hartlepool Borough Council". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  6. https://web-cdn.org/s/40//file/Council/Minutes/2020-21/Minutes-of-Extraordinary-Meeting-held-2.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  7. Mark Sandford (March 2002). "Who wants an elected mayor? Lessons from the first wave". New Economy. Institute of Public Policy Research. 9 (1): 47–51. doi:10.1111/1468-0041.00239.
  8. BBC News (3 May 2002). "Monkey mascot elected mayor" . Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  9. BBC News (6 May 2005). "Winning 'monkey' mayor gains wife" . Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  10. 1 2 Mulholland, Hélène (16 November 2012). "Mayor H'Angus the Monkey finally loses his Hartlepool habitat". The Guardian . London: 16 November 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

Coordinates: 54°41′11″N1°12′39″W / 54.68639°N 1.21083°W / 54.68639; -1.21083