City of Milton Keynes

Last updated

City of Milton Keynes
By knowledge, design and understanding
Milton Keynes UK locator map.svg
City of Milton Keynes, shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Coordinates: 52°07′N0°46′W / 52.117°N 0.767°W / 52.117; -0.767 Coordinates: 52°07′N0°46′W / 52.117°N 0.767°W / 52.117; -0.767
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Ceremonial county Buckinghamshire
Admin HQ Milton Keynes
Founded 1 April 1997
  Type Unitary authority
  Governing body Milton Keynes City Council
   MPs Iain Stewart (C) (Milton Keynes South)
Ben Everitt (C) (Milton Keynes North)
  Total119 sq mi (309 km2)
 (2011 Census)
  Total248,821 [1]
(mid-2019 est.)
269,457 [2]
  Rank58th (of 309)
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Area code 01908
ONS code 00MG

The City of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority area with both borough and city status, in Buckinghamshire. [3] It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. The borough abuts Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and the remainder of Buckinghamshire. [lower-alpha 1]


The principal built-up area in the borough is the Milton Keynes urban area, which accounts for about 20% of its area and 90% of its population. The ONS's provisional return from the 2021 census reports that the population of the borough has reached approximately 287,000. [4]


The local authority was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, as a District under the (then) Buckinghamshire County Council, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District, Newport Pagnell Rural District and Wolverton Urban District, together with that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year. It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire. On 1 April 1997, it became a self-governing non-metropolitan county, [5] independent from (the former) Buckinghamshire County Council. [lower-alpha 2]

In August 2022, the council received letters patent giving the Borough the status of a city. [3]

Local government

Arising from the local government elections of May 2021, the borough is governed by a Labour and Liberal Democrat coalition administration. The Conservative Party is the main opposition group.

The political composition of the council is as follows.

Conservative Party 23
Labour Party 20
Liberal Democrats 14

The 2022 local election did not change the status of the council from 'no overall control'. No political party has had an 'overall majority' on the council since 2006.


According to data from the Office of National Statistics for 2017, the borough was the highest performing NUTS3 region in the UK outside inner London (which takes the first five places), on the basis of gross value added per head. [6]


Further education in the borough is provided by Milton Keynes College. For higher education, the Open University's headquarters are in Milton Keynes  though, as this is a distance education institution, the only students resident on campus are approximately 200 full-time postgraduates. A campus of the University of Bedfordshire located in Central Milton Keynes, provides conventional undergraduate courses.

Cranfield University is the academic partner in project with Milton Keynes Council to establish a new university, code-named "MK:U", on a reserved site in the city centre. [7] As of January 2022, the project is stalled pending assurance of government funding. [8]



Population trend of borough and Urban Area 1801-2021 BofMiltonKeynesUA-popn.png
Population trend of borough and Urban Area 1801–2021
Population of Milton Keynes (unitary authority area) in 2020 Milton Keynes population pyramid 2020.svg
Population of Milton Keynes (unitary authority area) in 2020

At the 2011 census, the population of the borough was 248,821. [1] The ONS's provisional return from the 2021 census reports that the population of the borough has reached approximately 287,000. [4]

In the same census, 52.8% of the borough's population registered their religion as Christian and 37.9% as not religious or none given. 4.8% of the population follow Islam and a little over 2.8% are Hindu, with no other religion above one percent. [9]

The borough's population age profile is slightly younger than England's average, with half of the borough's population aged under 35 years old. [9] The 30- to 39-year-olds in the borough formed as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 30- to 34-year-olds being the largest 5-year age group, 22.3% are aged under 16 and just 11.1% are aged over 65 compared. [9]

Levels of educational attainment in the borough are slightly higher than the England average. 18% have no qualifications compared with 22.5% in England, while 28.2% have a degree or higher qualification compared with 27.4% in England. [9]


In the 2011 census, 80% of the population described their ethnic origin as white, 5.6% as South Asian, 6.8% as black, 3.3% as mixed race, 3.6% as Chinese and other Asian, and 0.6% as 'other ethnic group. [9]

Ethnic Group1991 [10] 2001 [11] 2011 [12]
White: Total166,10194.2%187,85290.7%199,09480%
White: British 179,69486.8%183,93473.9%
White: Irish 2,9182,498
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 72
White: Other 5,24012,5905.1%
Asian or Asian British: Total5,9823.4%9,4064.5%22,7829.2%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 2,8611.6%3,9671.9%8,1063.3%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 8221,6823,851
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 6941,0721,989
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 6671,8352,7221.1%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian9388506,1142.5%
Black or Black British: Total2,8691.6%4,9862.4%17,1316.9%
Black or Black British: African 5232,59613,0585.2%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 1,6651,9562,524
Black or Black British: Other Black 6814341,549
Mixed or British Mixed: Total3,7161.8%8,2353.3%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean1,3472,243
Mixed: White and Black African4771,597
Mixed: White and Asian1,0372,228
Mixed: Other Mixed8552,167
Other: Total1,3780.8%1,0970.5%1,5790.6%
Other: Arab565
Other: Any other ethnic group1,3780.8%1,0970.5%1,0140.4%
Ethnic minority: Total10,2295.8%19,2059.3%49,72720%


In the 2011 census, 62% of the population professed a religious belief. Christianity was the largest denomination, with 53% of the total. [9]

Religion2001 [13] 2011 [14]
Holds religious beliefs145,98370.5154,44462.1
Gold Christian Cross no Red.svg Christian 135,71565.5131,35252.8
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhist 7470.41,2460.5
Om.svg Hindu 2,5961.36,9182.8
Star of David.svg Jewish 4660.24270.2
Star and Crescent.svg Muslim 4,8432.311,9134.8
Khanda.svg Sikh 7950.41,3720.6
Other religion8210.41,2160.5
(No religion and Religion not stated)61,07429.594,37737.9
No religion 44,63321.677,93931.3
Religion not stated16,4417.916,4386.6
Total population207,057100.0248,821100.0

Housing and home ownership

In 2011, Milton Keynes had the greatest proportion of shared ownership homes in England, 6.1%, compared with second-placed London boroughs of Hounslow and Tower Hamlets with 2.4%. This form of home ownership has been a planning policy of the Council soon after the settled acceptance of all major UK lenders on specified forms of this type of property ownership was agreed in the 2000s decade.

The borough has relatively high home ownership at 72.8% of dwellings with the remaining 16.2% of homes are privately rented and 11.0% are socially rented. [15]

At the 2012, 16.2% of the population lived in flats (apartments), compared with the 22.1% average for England. [9]

Public health

According to Public Health England, "The health of people in Milton Keynes is generally similar to the England average. About 15.1% (8,680) children live in low income families. Life expectancy for both men and women is similar to the England average." [16]


Milton Keynes (urban area)

The urban area accounts for about 20% of the borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of the Milton Keynes urban area.

The City of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of the Milton Keynes built-up area as defined by the Office for National Statistics. [17] [lower-alpha 3] Bletchley, Fenny Stratford, Woburn Sands, Central Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell, Wolverton and Stony Stratford are all towns.

Rest of the borough

The rural area accounts for about 80% of the borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:

Freedom of the City

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the City (from 2022) or Freedom of the Borough (19822021).


Military Units

Organisations and businesses

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes</span> City in Buckinghamshire, England

Milton Keynes is a city and the largest settlement in Buckinghamshire, England, about 50 miles (80 km) north-west of London. At the 2021 Census, the population of its urban area was over 256,000. The River Great Ouse forms its northern boundary; a tributary, the River Ouzel, meanders through its linear parks and balancing lakes. Approximately 25% of the urban area is parkland or woodland and includes two Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newport Pagnell</span> Human settlement in England

Newport Pagnell is a town and civil parish in the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. The Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes urban area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bletchley</span> Human settlement in England

Bletchley is a constituent town of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is situated in the south-west of Milton Keynes, and is split between the civil parishes of Bletchley and Fenny Stratford and West Bletchley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Linford</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

Great Linford is a historic village, district and wider civil parish in the northern part of Milton Keynes, England, between Wolverton and Newport Pagnell.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stantonbury</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

Stantonbury is a district and civil parish of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. The toponym Stanton is derived from an Old English term for "stone-built farmstead" and the bury element from the French family Barri who held it in 1235. The original Stantonbury is a deserted medieval village now known as Stanton Low; the Stantonbury name has been reused for the modern district at the heart of the civil parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wolverton</span> Human settlement in England

Wolverton is a constituent town of Milton Keynes, England. It is located at the northern edge of Milton Keynes, beside the West Coast Main Line, the Grand Union Canal and the river Great Ouse. It is the administrative seat of Wolverton and Greenleys civil parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North East Milton Keynes (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

North East Milton Keynes was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1992 to 2010. It elected one member of parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newport Pagnell Rural District</span>

Newport Pagnell was a rural district in the administrative county of Buckinghamshire, England, from 1894 to 1974, covering an area in the north-east of the county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Bradwell</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

New Bradwell is (mainly) an Edwardian era village, modern district and civil parish in north-west Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. Together with Wolverton, it was built primarily to house the workers on the Wolverton railway works.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

Milton Keynes was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes North (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

Milton Keynes North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since the 2019 United Kingdom general election by Ben Everitt, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes South (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Milton Keynes South is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Iain Stewart, a Conservative.

Sport in Milton Keynes covers a range of professional and amateur sport in the City of Milton Keynes unitary authority area. In 2019, Milton Keynes was officially designated as a European City of Sport for 2020. There are professional teams in football, in motorsport and in ice hockey. The National Badminton Centre, and the Marshall Milton Keynes Athletic Club train professional and amateur athletes. Most other sports feature at amateur level although there are semi-professional teams in rugby union and football among other sports. There is an international-standard karting track owned by Daytona Motorsport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Milton Keynes</span> In North Buckinghamshire, England

This history of Milton Keynes details its development from the earliest human settlements, through the plans for a 'new city' for 250,000 people in northern Southeast England, its subsequent urban design and development, to the present day. Milton Keynes is the largest settlement and only city in Buckinghamshire, founded in 1967. At the 2011 census, the population of its urban area was estimated to have reached almost 230,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MK Metro</span> Bus line based in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire

MK Metro was a bus company operating in Milton Keynes from 1997 until 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes grid road system</span>

The Milton Keynes grid road system is a network of predominantly national speed limit, fully landscaped routes that form the top layer of the street hierarchy for both private and public transport in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire. The system is unique in the United Kingdom for its innovative use of street hierarchy principles: the grid roads run in between districts rather than through them. These facilitate higher speed limits due to the absence of buildings close to the roads, although more recently the initial concept has been eroded somewhat by making some of the grid roads 40mph. The grid road system also serves an important purpose of discouraging traffic from travelling through housing districts and reducing traffic noise and pollution from pedestrian areas. Traffic is segregated from pedestrian and leisure cycling traffic, which uses the alternative Milton Keynes redway system. All grid junctions are roundabouts, and the absence of traffic lights enables remarkably free and efficient movement of traffic.

Milton Keynes Borough Council is the local authority for the Borough of Milton Keynes, a unitary authority in Buckinghamshire, England. Until 1 April 1997 it was a non-metropolitan district.


  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (E06000042)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  2. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Crown Office | The Gazette". Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  4. 1 2 "Population and household estimates, England and Wales: Census 2021". Office for National Statistics. July 2022.
  5. "The Buckinghamshire (Borough of Milton Keynes) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Government of the United Kingdom . Retrieved 15 July 2020. (2) A new county shall be constituted comprising the area of Milton Keynes and shall be named the county of Milton Keynes.
  6. Statistical bulletin: Regional gross value added (balanced), UK: 1998 to 2017 (table 7) (Report). Office of National Statistics. 12 December 2018.
  7. "Project Two: MK:U A new University for Milton Keynes". MK2050 Futures Commission. October 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  8. "Milton Keynes: New university project for 2023 delayed". BBC News. 7 January 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (E06000042)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  10. Data is taken from United Kingdom Casweb Data services of the United Kingdom 1991 Census on Ethnic Data for England, Scotland and Wales (Table 6)
  11. "Office of National Statistics; 2001 Census Key Statistics". Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  12. "2011 Census: Ethnic Group, local authorities in England and Wales". Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  13. "KS007 - Religion - Nomis - 2001". Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  14. "KS209EW (Religion) - Nomis - 2011". Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  15. 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure. Office for National Statistics
  16. "Local Authority Health Profile 2019: Milton Keynes". Public Health England. 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  17. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Built-up area (E34005056)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 29 March 2019. (includes map of the built-up area).
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 David Tooley (15 May 2020). "Tories want key workers in Milton Keynes to be awarded freedom of the borough". Milton Keynes Citizen. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  19. "Football boss 'overwhelmed' by award". BBC News. 22 August 2015.
  20. "Proud city centre military march to commemorate Freedom of the Borough - Milton Keynes Council".
  21. "Congratulations to MK's Leah Williamson and The Lionesses". Milton Keynes Council. 1 August 2022.
  22. "Rifles squadron rewarded for service with 'Freedom of Milton Keynes' honour". ITV News. 11 March 2018.
  1. The remainder of Buckinghamshire is also Unitary Authority and is controlled by Buckinghamshire Council.
  2. The existing Buckinghamshire County Council and the non-metropolitan districts of Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe in Buckinghamshire were replaced by a single unitary authority known as Buckinghamshire Council, on 1 April 2020.
  3. This list excludes the civil parishes of Aspley Guise and Aspley Heath which, despite being in the contiguous built-up area, are in Central Bedfordshire and thus outside the City of Milton Keynes.