Newport Pagnell

Last updated

Newport Pagnell
The High Street in Newport Pagnell - geograph.org.uk - 1515089.jpg
High Street
Location map United Kingdom Milton Keynes.png
Red pog.svg
Newport Pagnell
Buckinghamshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Newport Pagnell
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population15,118 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SP873437
Civil parish
  • Newport Pagnell
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWPORT PAGNELL
Postcode district MK16
Dialling code 01908
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
52°05′13″N0°43′19″W / 52.087°N 0.722°W / 52.087; -0.722 Coordinates: 52°05′13″N0°43′19″W / 52.087°N 0.722°W / 52.087; -0.722

Newport Pagnell is a town and civil parish in the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. [2] The Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes urban area. [3]

Contents

It is separated from the rest of the urban area by the M1 motorway, on which Newport Pagnell Services, the second service station to be opened in the United Kingdom, is located.

The town is more widely known for having the only remaining vellum manufacturer in the United Kingdom, and being the original home of the exclusive sports car manufacturer Aston Martin.

History

Tickford Bridge Tickford Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 824.jpg
Tickford Bridge

The town was first mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Neuport, Old English for 'New Market Town', but by that time, the old Anglo-Saxon town was dominated by the Norman invaders. The suffix 'Pagnell' came later when the manor passed into the hands of the Pagnell (Paynel) family. [4] It was the principal town of the "Three Hundreds of Newport", [5] a district that had almost the same boundary as the modern City of Milton Keynes UA.

The 1841 census gave the population as 3,569. [6]

The Grade I listed Tickford Bridge, over the River Ouzel (or Lovat), was built in 1810. [7] It is one of just a few cast iron bridges in Britain that still carry modern road traffic. [7] Near the footbridge at the side, there is a plaque placed by Newport Pagnell Historical Society that gives details of its history and construction. The Ouzel joins the Great Ouse nearby, and a large set of sluice gates, used to control downstream flooding, is located near the bridge.

Between 1817 and 1864, the town was linked to the Grand Junction Canal at Great Linford via the Newport Pagnell Canal. [8] In 1862, the canal owners sold the route to the London and North Western Railway. [9] For a hundred years (1867 to 1967), Newport Pagnell was served by Newport Pagnell railway station, the terminus on the Wolverton to Newport Pagnell branch line.

From 1954 until 2007, the town was the home to the exclusive sports car manufacturer Aston Martin. [10] The Newport Pagnell factory was considered outdated and a new production facility was built near Gaydon in Warwickshire. There is still a service facility in Newport Pagnell, but the factory on the north side of Tickford St has since been demolished apart from the engine shop, board room and offices that are listed buildings. The land behind these has been developed by a housing developer. The buildings at the front, including the house used as a board room, have been restored and will be used as commercial sites. In 2012, Aston Martin completely modernised the service facility and the site also houses a bespoke sales department.

Notable industries in the town include the only remaining vellum manufacturer in the United Kingdom, William Cowley, located at Parchment Works, 97 Caldecote Street. [11]

Over the past 50 years, Newport Pagnell has attracted an increasing amount of investment and of economic growth, due to its fortunes being intertwined with the growth of Milton Keynes. This has led to a number of new housing developments in the area. [12]

The modern civil parish of Newport Pagnell stops at the M1, but the ecclesiastical parish extends to include Broughton and Caldecote. The parish church is dedicated to St Peter and St Paul.

The Parish Church StpeterStpaul.jpg
The Parish Church

Education

The town is home to four primary schools - Tickford Park Primary School, Cedars, Green Park Primary School, and Portfields Primary School - and three pre-schools - River Meadows, Lovat Hall and Northern Pastures. It is also home to one of two campuses of Ousedale School (the other one being in nearby Olney), which serves students from across the town and its surrounding villages, and is one of the best performing secondary schools in the City of Milton Keynes. [13]

Location and transport

The town is located at the north-eastern corner of the Milton Keynes urban area, overlooking the rural parts of the Unitary Authority area. It is served by the M1 motorway from Junction 14 (2 miles (3.2 km) to the south) via the A509 which, along with the A422 and Wolverton Road, connects it with (the rest of) the Milton Keynes BUA. To the east of the town, the A422 and A509 multiplex northwards to form the Newport Pagnell Eastern Bypass, providing links to Bedford, Wellingborough and Kettering. The historic Newport Pagnell-Northampton road (B526) runs through the centre of the town, linking rural villages to the north, and provides a secondary route to Northampton.

In February 2021, developers presented to Milton Keynes City Council proposals for the development of a new community to the south of Newport Pagnell, with the construction of approximately 5,000 homes. [14] In planning documents, the new area is called "Milton Keynes East", and is proposed to include a local centre with two primary schools and a secondary school. It is to have direct road links to Newport Pagnell town centre, and Central Milton Keynes via an expansion of the Milton Keynes grid road system. [15] If undertaken, it will be the first major expansion of Milton Keynes to the east of the M1.

It was proposed in January 2021 that, with the money that had been given to Milton Keynes Council as part of the UK Government's Active Travel Fund, Tongwell Lane in Newport Pagnell would be converted into a redway, which would better link the town with the Milton Keynes designated area. [16] Since its completion in March 2021, [17] the town has been served by three connections to the wider redway network of Milton Keynes, all heading westwards into Blakelands first: Tongwell Lane, Stanmore Gardens and the Wolverton-Newport Pagnell railway walk. [18]

Governance

80 High Street, Newport Pagnell: Town Council offices 80 High Street, Newport Pagnell.jpg
80 High Street, Newport Pagnell: Town Council offices

There are two tiers of local government covering Newport Pagnell, at parish (town) and unitary authority level: Newport Pagnell Town Council and Milton Keynes City Council. The town council has its offices and meeting place at 80 High Street. [19]

Newport Pagnell became the headquarters of Newport Pagnell Rural District under the Local Government Act 1894. [20] In 1897, Newport Pagnell became the sole civil parish within the newly created Newport Pagnell Urban District. Both the urban and rural district were abolished in 1974, merging with neighbouring districts to become the (then) Borough of Milton Keynes. The former urban district was an unparished area from 1974 to 1985, governed directly by Milton Keynes Borough Council. The civil parish of Newport Pagnell was re-established in 1985, with its council adopting the name Newport Pagnell Town Council. [21]

Demography

Although Newport Pagnell was excluded from the 1967 designated area of Milton Keynes, [22] its growth has been at a similar level to that of the constituent towns of the latter; the two now join at the M1 and there are no other practical distinctions between them. As of 2001, the Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes Urban Area. [3] By the 2001 census, its population had increased significantly from 6,000 in 1971 [23] to 15,020.[ citation needed ] In 2006, the Borough Council projected that the population will remain broadly stable at this level, [24] and by the 2011 census, the population had increased very little to 15,118. [1]

Sport and leisure

Newport Pagnell has a Non-League football team Newport Pagnell Town F.C., nicknamed the Swans, who play at The Pavilion on Willen Road. An ITF Taekwon-Do club, Kicks Taekwon-Do Academy, trains at Cedars Primary School, Bury Street, and a swimming pool. Between 1959-1960 it was the headquarters of the Aston Martin F1 team.

Newport Pagnell Lawn Bowls

Bowls has been played in Newport Pagnell for over 400 years as maps of the Town dating from the mid 17 Century show a public House called “The Bowling Green”. The Newport Pagnell Bowling Club was founded in 1905[ citation needed ] and the club used the Bowling Green behind the George pub in Tickford Street (currently The Magic Wok 2019). The game was developing locally due to the Railways,[ clarification needed ] with clubs at Wolverton existing already and Olney forming in 1906. After the Great War, the Club purchased a plot of land known as “The Bully” and the Club remains at this site in Castle Meadow to the current day.

Notable people

Charles Sanford Terry. 1913 Charles Sanford Terry.png
Charles Sanford Terry. 1913
Leah Williamson, 2019 England Women 0 New Zealand Women 1 01 06 2019-234 (47986423491) (cropped).jpg
Leah Williamson, 2019

Sport

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Milton Keynes</span> Unitary authority in England

The City of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority area with both borough and city status, in Buckinghamshire. It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. The borough abuts Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and the remainder of Buckinghamshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broughton, Milton Keynes</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

Broughton is a historic village, modern district and civil parish in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. As of 2020, it is governed by Broughton and Milton Keynes Joint Parish Council, which it shares with the neighboring Milton Keynes parish. Today, Broughton is a large district of (greater) Milton Keynes that has been developed around the original village and that grew substantially during the 2000s and 2010s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Linford</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

Great Linford is a historic village, district and wider civil parish in the northern part of Milton Keynes, England, between Wolverton and Newport Pagnell.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Haversham</span> Human settlement in England

Haversham is a village in the City of Milton Keynes unitary authority area, in Buckinghamshire, England. It is situated to the north of the Milton Keynes urban area, near Wolverton and about 5 miles (8 km) north of Central Milton Keynes. With Little Linford, it forms the civil parish of Haversham-cum-Little Linford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lathbury</span> Human settlement in England

Lathbury is a village and civil parish in the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is just to the north of Newport Pagnell and just outside the Milton Keynes urban area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Crawley</span> Human settlement in England

North Crawley is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority area of the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is located near the border with Bedfordshire, about three and a half miles east of Newport Pagnell.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wolverton</span> Human settlement in England

Wolverton is a constituent town of Milton Keynes, England. It is located at the northern edge of Milton Keynes, beside the West Coast Main Line, the Grand Union Canal and the river Great Ouse. It is the administrative seat of Wolverton and Greenleys civil parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckingham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency in England since 1885

Buckingham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Greg Smith, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newport Pagnell Rural District</span>

Newport Pagnell was a rural district in the administrative county of Buckinghamshire, England, from 1894 to 1974, covering an area in the north-east of the county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Bradwell</span> Civil parish in Milton Keynes, England

New Bradwell is (mainly) an Edwardian era village, modern district and civil parish in north-west Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. Together with Wolverton, it was built primarily to house the workers on the Wolverton railway works.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes North (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

Milton Keynes North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since the 2019 United Kingdom general election by Ben Everitt, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Milton Keynes</span> In North Buckinghamshire, England

This history of Milton Keynes details its development from the earliest human settlements, through the plans for a 'new city' for 250,000 people in northern Southeast England, its subsequent urban design and development, to the present day. Milton Keynes is the largest settlement and only city in Buckinghamshire, founded in 1967. At the 2011 census, the population of its urban area was estimated to have reached almost 230,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes City Council</span> Unitary authority in England

Milton Keynes City Council is the local authority of the City of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, England. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. It has both borough status and city status. The borough is divided into 19 wards, electing 57 councillors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ousedale School</span> Academy in City of Milton Keynes, England

Ousedale School, is an academy based in Newport Pagnell, in the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. The school opened in 1963 to serve the community of Newport Pagnell and its surrounding villages. A second campus in Olney opened in 2007 to serve students from the north of the City of Milton Keynes unitary authority area. It is one of the top performing schools in the Milton Keynes UA for A level and GCSE results, and achieved the top 20% of GCSE results nationally in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milton Keynes grid road system</span>

The Milton Keynes grid road system is a network of predominantly national speed limit, fully landscaped routes that form the top layer of the street hierarchy for both private and public transport in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire. The system is unique in the United Kingdom for its innovative use of street hierarchy principles: the grid roads run in between districts rather than through them. These facilitate higher speed limits due to the absence of buildings close to the roads, although more recently the initial concept has been eroded somewhat by making some of the grid roads 40mph. The grid road system also serves an important purpose of discouraging traffic from travelling through housing districts and reducing traffic noise and pollution from pedestrian areas. Traffic is segregated from pedestrian and leisure cycling traffic, which uses the alternative Milton Keynes redway system. All grid junctions are roundabouts, and the absence of traffic lights enables remarkably free and efficient movement of traffic.

Wolverton Urban District was a local government district in Buckinghamshire, England, from 1920 to 1974, covering the town of Wolverton and its environs, including the town of Stony Stratford. A district covering this area existed from 1894 to 1974, but was initially a rural district called Stratford and Wolverton Rural District. It was redesignated an urban district in 1919, briefly being called Stratford and Wolverton Urban District before being renamed Wolverton Urban District in 1920.

Bletchley Urban District was an urban district covering the town of Bletchley in the administrative county of Buckinghamshire, England from 1911 to 1974. The district had been created in 1895 as Fenny Stratford Urban District, being renamed to Bletchley Urban District in 1911.

Milton Keynes Borough Council is the local authority for the Borough of Milton Keynes, a unitary authority in Buckinghamshire, England. Until 1 April 1997 it was a non-metropolitan district.

Carol Jarvis is a trombonist, keyboard player, arranger, musical director, professor, journalist, clinician and presenter.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Newport Pagnell CP (E04001265)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  2. Parishes in Milton Keynes Archived 8 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine – Milton Keynes Council.
  3. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes built-up area (E34005056)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  4. "Parishes : Newport Pagnell". Victoria County History – Buckinghamshire: A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1927. p. 409–422.
  5. "Newport Hundred: Introduction". Victoria County History – Buckinghamshire: A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1927. p. 268–269.
  6. The National Cyclopaedia of Useful Knowledge, Vol.III, London, 1847, Charles Knight, p.898
  7. 1 2 Historic England. "Tickford Bridge (Grade I) (1125464)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  8. Hadfield, Charles (1970). The Canals of the East Midlands (including part of London) (Second ed.). David & Charles (Publishers) Limited. pp. 272–273. ISBN   071534871X.
  9. Hadfield (1970) pp. 228229
  10. "From Newport Pagnell to Gaydon". Drive. The Automobile. November 2007.
  11. "Vellum tradition likely to continue". Print Week. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  12. "Strategy for 2050 - Engagement Page". MK Futures 2050.
  13. "For the second year running, Ousedale are the Top School in Milton Keynes at GCSE". MK Pulse.
  14. "Developers present their plans for 5,000 home new community of Milton Keynes East". MK Citizen.
  15. "Developers present their part of 5,000 home new community at Milton Keynes East". Cranfield and Marston Vale Chronicle.
  16. "Newport Pagnell to be 'better linked' with Milton Keynes". Milton Keynes Citizen.
  17. "These are the roadworks taking place in Milton Keynes this week". MKFM.
  18. "The Newport Pagnell Railway". Great Linford History.
  19. "Newport Pagnell Town Council" . Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  20. "Newport Pagnell". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth . Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  21. "The Milton Keynes (Parish of Newport Pagnell) Order 1985 (Statutory Instrument 1985 No. 1,233)" (PDF). 1985. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  22. ""North Buckinghamshire (Milton Keynes) New Town (Designation) Order", London Gazette, 24 January 1967, page 827". London Gazette. Retrieved 14 January 2014..
  23. Census for Newport Pagnell UD
  24. "Borough of Milton Keynes population bulletin 2005/6, page 21". Archived from the original on 11 September 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006.
  25. Pollard, Albert Frederick (1911). "Humphrey, Lawrence"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 13 (11th ed.). p. 891.
  26. Yorke, Philip Chesney (1911). "Anglesey, Arthur Annesley, First Earl of"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 2 (11th ed.). pp. 15–16.