Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley

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Coordinates: 53°26′20″N2°51′04″W / 53.439°N 2.851°W / 53.439; -2.851

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Borough of Knowsley
Coat of arms of Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council.png
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Knowsley UK locator map.svg
Location of Knowsley within Merseyside and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
City region Liverpool
Ceremonial county Merseyside
Historic county Lancashire
Founded1 April 1974;45 years ago (1974-04-01)
Admin. HQ Huyton
Government
  Type Metropolitan borough
  Governing body Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council
   Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
  Executive: Labour
  Leader of the CouncilAndy Moorhead (2015–)
   MPs: George Howarth (Lab),
Maria Eagle (Lab),
Marie Rimmer (Lab)
Area
  Total33.40 sq mi (86.50 km2)
Area rank 226th
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
  Total149,571
  Rank Ranked 136th
  Density4,500/sq mi (1,700/km2)
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code 00BX (ONS)
E08000011 (GSS)
Ethnicity98.4% White
Website http://www.knowsley.gov.uk/

The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England. It comprises the towns and districts of Kirkby, Prescot, Huyton, Whiston, Halewood, Cronton and Stockbridge Village; Kirkby, Huyton, and Prescot being the major commercial centres. It takes its name from the village of Knowsley, though its headquarters are in Huyton. It forms part of the wider Liverpool City Region.

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Huyton-with-Roby Urban District, Kirkby Urban District and Prescot Urban District, along with most of Whiston Rural District and a small part of West Lancashire Rural District, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

It is known for Knowsley Hall and Knowsley Safari Park.

History

Knowsley was formerly a collection of villages, some dating back to 650 AD. [1] The Earls of Derby have their ancestral home in the borough at Knowsley Hall, the surroundings of which today house the popular visitor attraction of Knowsley Safari Park.

Knowsley experienced rapid population expansion in the 1950s and 1960s, resulting from the combination of industrialisation and migration, including a significant amount of overspill development from Liverpool. By 1971, some 194,600 lived within the area which would become Knowsley. [2] However, over the next two decades general economic decline – particularly in manufacturing – contributed to a significant fall in population to around 154,600 by 1994. Subsequently, a population stabilisation strategy helped to stem this decline. The strategy was focused on house building and marketing the borough to secure inward investment. [3] Record house building and strong growth in inward investment yielded the borough's first small rise in population in over 25 years in 1995. The population stabilised at over 154,000 for most of the rest of the nineties. [4]

Geography

Knowsley Metropolitan Borough covers an area of 33.40 square miles (86.50 km²) and is the smallest metropolitan borough of Merseyside. Within Merseyside, it borders the City of Liverpool to the west, the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton to the north-west and the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens to the east. To the South East, it borders Halton and West Lancashire in Lancashire to the north.

Settlements

Governance

Westminster

The residents of Knowsley Metropolitan Borough are represented in the British Parliament by Members of Parliament (MPs) for three separate parliamentary constituencies. Knowsley is represented by George Howarth MP (Labour), Garston and Halewood is represented by Maria Eagle MP (Labour) and St Helens South and Whiston is represented by Marie Rimmer MP (Labour).

European Parliament

Knowsley is part of the North West England constituency in the European Parliament. North West England is represented by eight MEPs; at the 2014 European elections, the region elected two Conservatives, three from the Labour Party, and three members of the United Kingdom Independence Party. [5]

Knowsley Council Composition

After local elections in 2008 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley was governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party, were in opposition. There were no other councillors.

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
20084716

After local elections in 2010 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley continued to be governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council, who increased their total number of seats by 5 to 53. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party represented on the council, continued to be in opposition losing 5 seats to the governing Labour Party to decrease their total number of seats to 10.

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
20105310

After local elections in 2011 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley continued to be governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council, who increased their total number of seats to 59. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party represented on the council, continued to be in opposition losing 6 seats to the governing Labour Party to decrease their total number of seats to 4.

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
2011594

After the local elections in 2012, Knowsley became a one party borough, completely taking out the Liberal Democrat seats. [6]

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
2012630

In 2016 the number of seats was reduced to 45 with the Liberal Democrats winning three

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
2016423

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Knowsley Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.

Religion and Belief

According to the 2011 census, 80.9% of people in Knowsley describe themselves as Christian, the highest proportion in any local authority in England and Wales. [7] This is significantly different than figures from the 2011 census for England and Wales where 59.3 per cent of the population identified as Christian and 14.1 million people, around a quarter of the population in England and Wales, reported they have no religion.

Twin towns

Knowsley is twinned with: [8]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Knowsley.

Individuals

Military Units


See also

Related Research Articles

Kirkby town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England

Kirkby is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England. Historically in Lancashire, it developed from the 1950s to the 1970s as a housing overspill of Liverpool. It is roughly 5 miles (8 km) north of Huyton and 6 miles (10 km) north-east of Liverpool. The population in 2011 was 40,472. It is believed to have been founded in 870 although there is archaeological evidence for settlement from the Bronze Age.

Halewood Suburb

Halewood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. It lies near the city of Liverpool's southeastern boundary, bordered by the suburbs of Netherley, Hunt's Cross and Woolton.

Huyton town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England

Huyton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England.

Metropolitan Borough of St Helens Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England. It is named after its largest town St Helens, and covers an area which includes the settlements of Earlestown, Rainhill, Eccleston, Clock Face, Haydock, Billinge, Rainford and Newton-le-Willows.

Whiston, Merseyside large village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley

Whiston is a large village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. At the 2001 Census the population was recorded as 13,629,, increasing to 14,263 at the 2011 Census.

Whiston Rural District was a rural district of the administrative county of Lancashire, England. It was created in 1895 by renaming the Prescot Rural District when the parish of Prescot was removed from that rural district and created a separate urban district. Later the parish of Speke was incorporated into the City of Liverpool and Ditton into the Municipal Borough of Widnes. In 1922 the parish of Kirkby was added from the disbanded Sefton Rural District and removed again in 1958 when it was created a separate urban district. It was named after and administered from Whiston. In 1934 and 1954 parts of Windle and Eccleston were removed and placed in St Helens CB

Knowsley South (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983-2010

Knowsley South was a constituency in Merseyside, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Cronton Village in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England

Cronton is a village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, in England. The village is surrounded by green belt land. Over the county border in Cheshire, Widnes town centre is 2.3 miles (3.7 km) to the south-southeast.

Garston and Halewood (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Garston and Halewood is a constituency created in 2010 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Maria Eagle of the Labour Party.

Knowsley (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Knowsley is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by George Howarth of the Labour Party.

Widnes (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-1983

Widnes was a county constituency in England, based on the town of Widnes, in Lancashire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Huyton (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950-1983

Huyton was a former constituency for the House of Commons. Created in 1950, it was centred on Huyton in Lancashire, North West England, just beyond the borders of the city of Liverpool. The only MP was frontbench Labour politician, Harold Wilson who while representing the seat became Leader of the Labour Party in 1963 and Prime Minister from 1964-1970 and again from 1974-1976.

Huyton with Roby Urban District was a local government district in Lancashire, England from 1894 to 1974. It consisted of the civil parish of Huyton with Roby which comprised the settlements of Huyton and Roby. It replaced the Huyton with Roby urban sanitary district.

Prescot Urban District was a local government district in the administrative county of Lancashire, England from 1895 to 1974.the main settlement of the district was the town of Prescot.

Kirkby Urban District was a local government district in the administrative county of Lancashire, England, from 1958 to 1974. From 1949 onwards, the main settlement of the district was Kirkby new town. A District Council was created in 1958. The first meeting of the District Council was held on 9 April 1958. At that meeting it was resolved that Councillor James Wylie, J.P. be appointed Chairman of the Council

Stadt Moers Park is a public park located in Whiston, Merseyside in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley. The park covers 220 acres (0.89 km2) of land between Whiston and Huyton.

References

  1. Knowsley Council (2015). Knowsley Metropolitan Borough – An Introduction: History, Geography, Population and Economy. p. 2.
  2. Knowsley District, A Vision of Britain Through Time, 23 December 2016
  3. Knowsley Council (2015). Knowsley Metropolitan Borough – An Introduction: History, Geography, Population and Economy. p. 2.
  4. Knowsley District, A Vision of Britain Through Time, 23 December 2016
  5. "List MEPs by region". Europarl.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-06-21. Retrieved on 22 June 2014.
  6. Vote 2012, hosted by David Dimbledy, aired 3 May 2012, BBC One
  7. "Religion in England and Wales 2011". Office for National Statistics.
  8. Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Counci, Town Twinning retrieved 21 January 2019
  9. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/merseyside/7721479.stm
  10. "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment awarded Freedom of Knowsley". Knowsley Council. October 12, 2009. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012.