2008 United Kingdom local elections

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2008 United Kingdom local elections
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  2007 1 May 2008 2009  

137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils
 First partySecond party
  David Cameron official.jpg Gordon Brown official.jpg
Leader David Cameron Gordon Brown
Party Conservative Labour
Leader since6 December 200524 June 2007
Percentage44%24%
SwingIncrease2.svg4%Decrease2.svg3%
Councils6518
Councils +/–Increase2.svg12Decrease2.svg9
Councillors3,1542,368
Councillors +/–Increase2.svg256Decrease2.svg331

 Third partyFourth party
  Nick Clegg.jpg Ieuan Wyn Jones 2011 (cropped).jpg
Leader Nick Clegg Ieuan Wyn Jones
Party Liberal Democrat Plaid Cymru
Leader since18 December 200718 December 2007
Percentage25%
SwingDecrease2.svg1%
Councils120
Councils +/–Increase2.svg1Decrease2.svg1
Councillors1,805205
Councillors +/–Increase2.svg34Increase2.svg31

United Kingdom local elections, 2008.svg
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.

The 2008 United Kingdom local elections were held on 1 May 2008. These elections took place in 137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils. [1]

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Wales Country in northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.

Contents

There were also extraordinary elections held for four of the new unitary authorities being created, in Northumberland, County Durham and Cheshire (two councils - Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester). [2] Scheduled elections for Penwith in Cornwall, Shrewsbury and Atcham in Shropshire, Bedford and South Bedfordshire in Bedfordshire and five district councils in Cheshire were cancelled, due to the up-coming unitary authorities being established in those counties.

2009 structural changes to local government in England 2009 changes to the structure of state administration on a local level in England

Structural changes to local government in England were effected on 1 April 2009, whereby a number of new unitary authorities were created in parts of the country which previously operated a 'two-tier' system of counties and districts. In five shire counties the functions of the county and district councils were combined into a single authority; and in two counties the powers of the county council were absorbed into a significantly reduced number of districts.

Northumberland County of England

Northumberland is a county in North East England. The northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham and Tyne and Wear to the south and the Scottish Borders to the north. To the east is the North Sea coastline with a path 103 kilometres (64 mi) long. The county town is Alnwick, although the county council is based in Morpeth.

County Durham County of England

County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.

The Labour Party finished in 3rd place, trailing the Conservatives by 20%, the largest such margin ever between the two main parties. Aside from the strong showing for David Cameron's Conservatives, the BNP also made substantial gains, making 10 net gains to finish with over 30 seats.

David Cameron Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

David William Donald Cameron is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney from 2001 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016. He identifies as a one-nation conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

The strong showing for the Conservatives and the disappointing showing by Labour reflected the change in the political mood of Britain at the time, where the Labour government, now led by prime minister Gordon Brown, had suffered a slump in popularity due to the financial crisis and economic fears which were affecting Britain at the time.

Gordon Brown Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

James Gordon Brown is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. Brown was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.

Summary of results

PartyCouncillorsCouncils
NumberChangeNumberChange
Conservative 3,155Increase2.svg25765Increase2.svg12
Labour 2,365Decrease2.svg33418Decrease2.svg9
Liberal Democrat 1,804Increase2.svg3312Increase2.svg1
Plaid Cymru 205Increase2.svg310Decrease2.svg1
Green 47Increase2.svg50Steady2.svg
Residents 43Decrease2.svg110Steady2.svg
BNP 37Increase2.svg100Steady2.svg
Liberal 20Decrease2.svg20Steady2.svg
Health Concern 10Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
UKIP 8Increase2.svg30Steady2.svg
Respect 4Increase2.svg10Steady2.svg
Socialist Alternative 2Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
Others716Increase2.svg40Steady2.svg
No overall control n/an/a64Decrease2.svg3

England

Metropolitan boroughs

All 36 English metropolitan borough councils had one third of their seats up for election.

Metropolitan borough type of local government district in England

A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status. Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985. However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Barnsley Labour Labour hold Details
Birmingham No overall control No overall control hold Details
Bolton No overall control No overall control hold Details
Bradford No overall control No overall control hold Details
Bury No overall control Conservative gain Details
Calderdale No overall control No overall control hold Details
Coventry Conservative No overall control gain Details
Doncaster No overall control No overall control hold Details
Dudley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Gateshead Labour Labour hold Details
Kirklees No overall control No overall control hold Details
Knowsley Labour Labour hold Details
Leeds No overall control No overall control hold Details
Liverpool Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Manchester Labour Labour hold Details
Newcastle upon Tyne Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
North Tyneside No overall control Conservative gain Details
Oldham Labour No overall control gain Details
Rochdale Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Rotherham Labour Labour hold Details
Salford Labour Labour hold Details
Sandwell Labour Labour hold Details
Sefton No overall control No overall control hold Details
Sheffield No overall control Liberal Democrat gain Details
Solihull No overall control Conservative gain Details
South Tyneside Labour Labour hold Details
St Helens No overall control No overall control hold Details
Stockport Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Sunderland Labour Labour hold Details
Tameside Labour Labour hold Details
Trafford Conservative Conservative hold Details
Wakefield Labour Labour hold Details
Walsall Conservative Conservative hold Details
Wigan Labour Labour hold Details
Wirral No overall control No overall control hold Details
Wolverhampton Labour No overall control gain Details

Unitary authorities

Existing councils

In 19 English unitary authorities one third of the council was up for election.

A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Blackburn with Darwen No overall control No overall control hold Details
Derby No overall control No overall control hold Details
Halton Labour Labour hold Details
Hartlepool Labour No overall control gain
Kingston upon Hull No overall control Liberal Democrat gain Details
Milton Keynes No overall control No overall control hold Details
North East Lincolnshire No overall control No overall control hold
Peterborough Conservative Conservative hold Details
Plymouth Conservative Conservative hold
Portsmouth No overall control No overall control hold Details
Reading Labour No overall control gain
Slough No overall control Labour gain Details
Southampton No overall control Conservative gain Details
Southend-on-Sea Conservative Conservative hold Details
Stoke-on-Trent No overall control No overall control hold Details
Swindon Conservative Conservative hold Details
Thurrock No overall control No overall control hold Details
Warrington No overall control No overall control hold
Wokingham Conservative Conservative hold Details

New councils

Elections were held in three of the current non-metropolitan counties of Cheshire, County Durham and Northumberland for four new unitary authorities which were established in 2009. These councils were "shadow councils" until then.

CouncilResultDetails
Cheshire East Conservative Details
Cheshire West and Chester Conservative Details
Durham Labour Details
Northumberland No overall control

District councils

Whole council

In 4 English district authorities the whole council was up for election following ward boundary changes.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Barrow-in-Furness No overall control No overall control hold Details
Basingstoke and Deane No overall control Conservative gain Details
South Lakeland Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Welwyn Hatfield Conservative Conservative hold Details

Half of council

In 7 English district authorities, half of the council was up for election.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Adur Conservative Conservative hold Details
Cheltenham No overall control No overall control hold Details
Fareham Conservative Conservative hold Details
Gosport No overall control No overall control hold Details
Hastings No overall control No overall control hold Details
Nuneaton and Bedworth Labour Conservative gain Details
Oxford No overall control No overall control hold Details

Third of council

In 67 English district authorities, a third of the council was up for election.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Amber Valley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Basildon Conservative Conservative hold Details
Bassetlaw Conservative Conservative hold Details
Brentwood Conservative Conservative hold Details
Broxbourne Conservative Conservative hold Details
Burnley No overall control Liberal Democrat gain Details
Cambridge Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Cannock Chase No overall control No overall control hold Details
Carlisle No overall control No overall control hold Details
Castle Point Conservative Conservative hold Details
Cherwell Conservative Conservative hold Details
Chorley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Colchester Conservative No overall control gain Details
Craven No overall control No overall control hold Details
Crawley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Daventry Conservative Conservative hold Details
Eastleigh Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Elmbridge No overall control Conservative gain Details
Epping Forest Conservative Conservative hold Details
Exeter No overall control No overall control hold Details
Gloucester No overall control No overall control hold Details
Great Yarmouth Conservative Conservative hold Details
Harlow No overall control Conservative gain Details
Harrogate No overall control No overall control hold Details
Hart No overall control No overall control hold Details
Havant Conservative Conservative hold Details
Hertsmere Conservative Conservative hold Details
Huntingdonshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
Hyndburn Conservative Conservative hold Details
Ipswich No overall control No overall control hold Details
Lincoln Conservative Conservative hold Details
Maidstone No overall control Conservative gain Details
Mole Valley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Newcastle-under-Lyme No overall control No overall control hold Details
North Hertfordshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
Norwich No overall control No overall control hold Details
Pendle Liberal Democrat No overall control gain Details
Preston No overall control No overall control hold Details
Purbeck No overall control No overall control hold Details
Redditch No overall control Conservative gain Details
Reigate and Banstead Conservative Conservative hold Details
Rochford Conservative Conservative hold Details
Rossendale No overall control Conservative gain Details
Rugby Conservative Conservative hold Details
Runnymede Conservative Conservative hold Details
Rushmoor Conservative Conservative hold Details
South Cambridgeshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
St Albans No overall control Liberal Democrat gain Details
Stevenage Labour Labour hold Details
Stratford-on-Avon Conservative Conservative hold Details
Stroud Conservative Conservative hold Details
Swale Conservative Conservative hold Details
Tamworth Conservative Conservative hold Details
Tandridge Conservative Conservative hold Details
Three Rivers Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Tunbridge Wells Conservative Conservative hold Details
Watford Liberal Democrat Liberal Democrat hold Details
Waveney Conservative Conservative hold Details
West Lancashire Conservative Conservative hold Details
West Lindsey Liberal Democrat Conservative gain Details
West Oxfordshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
Weymouth and Portland No overall control No overall control hold Details
Winchester Conservative Conservative hold Details
Woking Conservative Conservative hold Details
Worcester No overall control No overall control hold Details
Worthing Conservative Conservative hold Details
Wyre Forest No overall control Conservative gain Details

Mayoral elections

Local AuthorityPrevious MayorMayor-electDetails
London Ken Livingstone (Labour) Boris Johnson (Conservative) gain Details

Wales

Map showing council control (left) and ward control (right). 2008 Welsh Local Elections - Ward and Council Control.svg
Map showing council control (left) and ward control (right).

In all 22 Welsh councils the whole of the council was up for election.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Blaenau Gwent Labour No overall control gain Details
Bridgend No overall control No overall control hold Details
Caerphilly Labour No overall control gain Details
Cardiff No overall control No overall control hold Details
Carmarthenshire No overall control No overall control hold Details
Ceredigion No overall control No overall control hold Details
Conwy No overall control No overall control hold Details
Denbighshire No overall control No overall control hold Details
Flintshire Labour No overall control gain Details
Gwynedd Plaid Cymru No overall control gain Details
Isle of Anglesey Independent Independent hold DetailsI
Merthyr Tydfil Labour Independent gain Details
Monmouthshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
Neath Port Talbot Labour Labour hold Details
Newport Labour No overall control gain Details
Pembrokeshire Independent Independent hold Details
Powys Independent Independent hold Details
Rhondda Cynon Taff Labour Labour hold Details
Swansea No overall control No overall control hold Details
Torfaen Labour No overall control gain Details
Vale of Glamorgan No overall control Conservative gain Details
Wrexham No overall control No overall control hold Details

See also

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2013 United Kingdom local elections

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2015 United Kingdom local elections

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2017 United Kingdom local elections

The 2017 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 4 May 2017. Local elections were held across Great Britain, with elections to 35 English local authorities and all councils in Scotland and Wales.

References

  1. "Trailer - Local Elections May 2008".
  2. "Green light for five flagship Unitary Councils". Archived from the original on 21 April 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2007.