137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.
The 2008 United Kingdom local elections were held on 1 May 2008. These elections took place in 137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.
There were also extraordinary elections held for four of the new unitary authorities being created, in Northumberland, County Durham and Cheshire (two councils - Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester).Scheduled elections for Penwith in Cornwall, Shrewsbury and Atcham in Shropshire, Bedford and South Bedfordshire in Bedfordshire and five district councils in Cheshire were cancelled, due to the up-coming unitary authorities being established in those counties.
Structural changes to local government in England were effected on 1 April 2009, whereby a number of new unitary authorities were created in parts of the country which previously operated a 'two-tier' system of counties and districts. In five shire counties the functions of the county and district councils were combined into a single authority; and in two counties the powers of the county council were absorbed into a significantly reduced number of districts.
Northumberland is a county in North East England. The northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham and Tyne and Wear to the south and the Scottish Borders to the north. To the east is the North Sea coastline with a path 103 kilometres (64 mi) long. The county town is Alnwick, although the county council is based in Morpeth.
County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.
The Labour Party finished in 3rd place, trailing the Conservatives by 20%, the largest such margin ever between the two main parties. Aside from the strong showing for David Cameron's Conservatives, the BNP also made substantial gains, making 10 net gains to finish with over 30 seats.
David William Donald Cameron is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney from 2001 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016. He identifies as a one-nation conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.
The strong showing for the Conservatives and the disappointing showing by Labour reflected the change in the political mood of Britain at the time, where the Labour government, now led by prime minister Gordon Brown, had suffered a slump in popularity due to the financial crisis and economic fears which were affecting Britain at the time.
James Gordon Brown is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. Brown was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1983 to 2015, first for Dunfermline East and later for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.
|No overall control||n/a||n/a||64|
All 36 English metropolitan borough councils had one third of their seats up for election.
A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status. Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985. However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.
|Birmingham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bolton||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bradford||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bury||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Calderdale||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Coventry||Conservative||No overall control gain||Details|
|Doncaster||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Kirklees||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Leeds||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Liverpool||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Newcastle upon Tyne||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|North Tyneside||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Oldham||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Rochdale||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Sefton||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Sheffield||No overall control||Liberal Democrat gain||Details|
|Solihull||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Tyneside||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|St Helens||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Stockport||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Wirral||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Wolverhampton||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
In 19 English unitary authorities one third of the council was up for election.
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
|Blackburn with Darwen||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Derby||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hartlepool||Labour||No overall control gain|
|Kingston upon Hull||No overall control||Liberal Democrat gain||Details|
|Milton Keynes||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|North East Lincolnshire||No overall control||No overall control hold|
|Portsmouth||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Reading||Labour||No overall control gain|
|Slough||No overall control||Labour gain||Details|
|Southampton||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Stoke-on-Trent||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Thurrock||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Warrington||No overall control||No overall control hold|
Elections were held in three of the current non-metropolitan counties of Cheshire, County Durham and Northumberland for four new unitary authorities which were established in 2009. These councils were "shadow councils" until then.
|Cheshire West and Chester||Conservative||Details|
|Northumberland||No overall control|
In 4 English district authorities the whole council was up for election following ward boundary changes.
|Barrow-in-Furness||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Basingstoke and Deane||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Lakeland||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Welwyn Hatfield||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
In 7 English district authorities, half of the council was up for election.
|Cheltenham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Gosport||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hastings||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Nuneaton and Bedworth||Labour||Conservative gain||Details|
|Oxford||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
In 67 English district authorities, a third of the council was up for election.
|Amber Valley||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Burnley||No overall control||Liberal Democrat gain||Details|
|Cambridge||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Cannock Chase||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Carlisle||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Castle Point||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Colchester||Conservative||No overall control gain||Details|
|Craven||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Eastleigh||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Elmbridge||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Epping Forest||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Exeter||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Gloucester||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Great Yarmouth||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Harlow||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Harrogate||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hart||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Ipswich||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Maidstone||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Mole Valley||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Newcastle-under-Lyme||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|North Hertfordshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Norwich||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Pendle||Liberal Democrat||No overall control gain||Details|
|Preston||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Purbeck||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Redditch||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Reigate and Banstead||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Rossendale||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Cambridgeshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|St Albans||No overall control||Liberal Democrat gain||Details|
|Three Rivers||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|Tunbridge Wells||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Watford||Liberal Democrat||Liberal Democrat hold||Details|
|West Lancashire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|West Lindsey||Liberal Democrat||Conservative gain||Details|
|West Oxfordshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Weymouth and Portland||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Worcester||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Wyre Forest||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Local Authority||Previous Mayor||Mayor-elect||Details|
|London||Ken Livingstone (Labour)||Boris Johnson (Conservative) gain||Details|
In all 22 Welsh councils the whole of the council was up for election.
|Blaenau Gwent||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Bridgend||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Caerphilly||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Cardiff||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Carmarthenshire||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Ceredigion||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Conwy||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Denbighshire||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Flintshire||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Gwynedd||Plaid Cymru||No overall control gain||Details|
|Isle of Anglesey||Independent||Independent hold||DetailsI|
|Merthyr Tydfil||Labour||Independent gain||Details|
|Neath Port Talbot||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|Newport||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Rhondda Cynon Taff||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|Swansea||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Torfaen||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Vale of Glamorgan||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Wrexham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term 'county' is defined in several manners and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each of these demarcation structures. These different types of county each have a more formal name but are commonly referred to just as 'counties'. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform.
Mid Bedfordshire was, from 1974 to 2009, a local government district in Bedfordshire, England.
South Bedfordshire was, from 1974 to 2009, a non-metropolitan district of Bedfordshire, in the East of England. Its main towns were Dunstable, Houghton Regis and Leighton Buzzard.
Local elections took place in various parts of the United Kingdom on 1 May 2003, the same day as the Scottish Parliamentary and the Welsh Assembly elections. There were local elections for all councils in Scotland and in most of England. There were no elections in Wales, Northern Ireland or London.
Chester was a non-metropolitan local government district of Cheshire, England, with the status of a city and a borough.
Local elections took place in much of the United Kingdom on 6 May 1999. All Scottish and Welsh unitary authorities had all their seats elected. In England a third of the seats on each of the Metropolitan Boroughs were elected along with elections in many of the unitary authorities and district councils. There were no local elections in Northern Ireland.
Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of subdivisions of England used for the purposes of local government outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly. As originally constituted, the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties each consisted of multiple districts, had a county council and were also the counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies. Later changes in legislation during the 1980s and 1990s have allowed counties without county councils and 'unitary authority' counties of a single district. Counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies are now defined separately, based on the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties.
Elections to Durham County Council are held every four years. The council was created as part of the 1972 local government reforms. The first elections to the new authority were held in 1973 in advance of the council taking office in 1974. As part of changes to local government in 2009, the council became a unitary authority with the first elections to the new council taking place in 2008. Since becoming a unitary authority, 126 councillors have been elected from 63 wards.
Local elections took place in some parts of the UK on 7 June 2001. Elections took place for all of the English shire counties, some English unitary authorities and all of the Northern Ireland districts. The elections were delayed from the usual date of the first Thursday in May due to the 2001 UK foot and mouth crisis and were held on the same day as the general election.
The 2007 UK local government elections were held on 3 May 2007. These elections took place in most of England and all of Scotland. There were no local government elections in Wales though the Welsh Assembly had a general election on the same day. There were no local government elections in Northern Ireland. Just over half of English councils and almost all the Scottish councils began the counts on Friday, rather than Thursday night, because of more complex arrangements regarding postal votes.
Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district. They are constituted under the Local Government Act 1992, which amended the Local Government Act 1972 to allow the existence of counties that do not have multiple districts. They typically allow large towns to have separate local authorities from the less urbanised parts of their counties and provide a single authority for small counties where division into districts would be impractical. Unitary authorities do not cover all of England. Most were established during the 1990s and a further tranche were created in 2009. Unitary authorities have the powers and functions that are elsewhere separately administered by councils of non-metropolitan counties and the non-metropolitan districts within them.
The United Kingdom local elections took place on the 1 May, 1997. Elections took place for all of the English shire counties, some English unitary authorities and all of the Northern Ireland districts. The elections were held on the same day as the general election.
The 2011 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 5 May 2011. In England, direct elections were held in all 36 Metropolitan boroughs, 194 Second-tier district authorities, 49 unitary authorities and various mayoral posts, meaning local elections took place in all parts of England with the exception of seven unitary authorities, and seven districts and boroughs. For the majority of English districts and the 25 unitary authorities that are elected "all out" these were the first elections since 2007. In Northern Ireland, there were elections to all 26 local councils. Elections also took place to most English parish councils.
Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1996. They were the last local elections until 2010 to show a decline in the number of Conservative councillors and an increase in the number of Labour councillors.
Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1994. The results showed a continued decline for the governing Conservatives, with the third placed party, the Liberal Democrats, as the main beneficiaries.
Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1991. The results were a setback for the governing Conservative Party, who were left with their lowest number of councillors since 1973 - though their popular vote was an improvement from the 1990 local elections, and the Conservatives would go on to win the general election in 1992.
The 2013 United Kingdom local elections took place on Thursday 2 May 2013. Elections were held in 35 English councils: all 27 non-metropolitan county councils and eight unitary authorities, and in one Welsh unitary authority. Direct mayoral elections took place in Doncaster and North Tyneside. These elections last took place on the 4 June 2009 at the same time as the 2009 European Parliament Elections, except for County Durham, Northumberland and the Anglesey where elections last took place in 2008.
The 2015 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 7 May 2015, the same day as the general election for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
The 2017 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 4 May 2017. Local elections were held across Great Britain, with elections to 35 English local authorities and all councils in Scotland and Wales.