137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils
Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.
The 2008 United Kingdom local elections were held on 1 May 2008. These elections took place in 137 English Local Authorities and all Welsh Councils.
There were also extraordinary elections held for four of the new unitary authorities being created, in Northumberland, County Durham and Cheshire (two councils – Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester).Scheduled elections for Penwith in Cornwall, Shrewsbury and Atcham in Shropshire, Bedford and South Bedfordshire in Bedfordshire and five district councils in Cheshire were cancelled, due to the up-coming unitary authorities being established in those counties.
The Labour Party finished in 3rd place by vote share, trailing the Conservatives by 20%, the largest such margin ever between the two main parties. Aside from the strong showing for David Cameron's Conservatives, Plaid Cymru and the Lib Dems each made net gains of over 30 seats and the BNP made 10 net gains to finish with over 30 seats.
The strong showing for the Conservatives and the disappointing showing by Labour reflected the change in the political mood of Britain at the time, where the Labour government, now led by prime minister Gordon Brown, had suffered a slump in popularity due to the financial crisis and economic fears which were affecting Britain at the time.
|No overall control||n/a||n/a||64||3|
All 36 English metropolitan borough councils had one third of their seats up for election.
|Birmingham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bolton||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bradford||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Bury||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Calderdale||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Coventry||Conservative||No overall control gain||Details|
|Doncaster||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Kirklees||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Leeds||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Liverpool||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Newcastle upon Tyne||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|North Tyneside||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Oldham||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Rochdale||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Sefton||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Sheffield||No overall control||Liberal Democrats gain||Details|
|Solihull||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Tyneside||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|St Helens||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Stockport||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Wirral||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Wolverhampton||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
In 19 English unitary authorities one third of the council was up for election.
|Blackburn with Darwen||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Derby||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hartlepool||Labour||No overall control gain|
|Kingston upon Hull||No overall control||Liberal Democrats gain||Details|
|Milton Keynes||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|North East Lincolnshire||No overall control||No overall control hold|
|Portsmouth||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Reading||Labour||No overall control gain|
|Slough||No overall control||Labour gain||Details|
|Southampton||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Stoke-on-Trent||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Thurrock||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Warrington||No overall control||No overall control hold|
Elections were held in three of the current non-metropolitan counties of Cheshire, County Durham and Northumberland for four new unitary authorities which were established in 2009. These councils were "shadow councils" until then.
|Cheshire West and Chester||Conservative||Details|
|Northumberland||No overall control|
In 4 English district authorities the whole council was up for election following ward boundary changes.
|Barrow-in-Furness||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Basingstoke and Deane||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Lakeland||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Welwyn Hatfield||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
In 7 English district authorities, half of the council was up for election.
|Cheltenham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Gosport||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hastings||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Nuneaton and Bedworth||Labour||Conservative gain||Details|
|Oxford||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
In 67 English district authorities, a third of the council was up for election.
|Amber Valley||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Burnley||No overall control||Liberal Democrats gain||Details|
|Cambridge||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Cannock Chase||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Carlisle||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Castle Point||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Colchester||Conservative||No overall control gain||Details|
|Craven||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Eastleigh||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Elmbridge||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Epping Forest||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Exeter||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Gloucester||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Great Yarmouth||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Harlow||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Harrogate||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Hart||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Ipswich||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Maidstone||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Mole Valley||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Newcastle-under-Lyme||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|North Hertfordshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Norwich||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Pendle||Liberal Democrats||No overall control gain||Details|
|Preston||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Purbeck||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Redditch||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Reigate and Banstead||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Rossendale||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|South Cambridgeshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|St Albans||No overall control||Liberal Democrats gain||Details|
|Three Rivers||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|Tunbridge Wells||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Watford||Liberal Democrats||Liberal Democrats hold||Details|
|West Lancashire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|West Lindsey||Liberal Democrats||Conservative gain||Details|
|West Oxfordshire||Conservative||Conservative hold||Details|
|Weymouth and Portland||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Worcester||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Wyre Forest||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Local Authority||Previous Mayor||Mayor-elect||Details|
|London||Ken Livingstone (Labour)||Boris Johnson (Conservative) gain||Details|
In all 22 Welsh councils the whole of the council was up for election.
|Blaenau Gwent||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Bridgend||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Caerphilly||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Cardiff||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Carmarthenshire||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Ceredigion||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Conwy||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Denbighshire||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Flintshire||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Gwynedd||Plaid Cymru||No overall control gain||Details|
|Isle of Anglesey||Independent||Independent hold||DetailsI|
|Merthyr Tydfil||Labour||Independent gain||Details|
|Neath Port Talbot||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|Newport||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Rhondda Cynon Taff||Labour||Labour hold||Details|
|Swansea||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
|Torfaen||Labour||No overall control gain||Details|
|Vale of Glamorgan||No overall control||Conservative gain||Details|
|Wrexham||No overall control||No overall control hold||Details|
The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term "county" is defined in several ways and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each of these demarcation structures. These different types of county each have a more formal name but are commonly referred to just as "counties". The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform.
Mid Bedfordshire was, from 1974 to 2009, a local government district in Bedfordshire, England.
South Bedfordshire was, from 1974 to 2009, a non-metropolitan district of Bedfordshire, in the East of England. Its main towns were Dunstable, Houghton Regis and Leighton Buzzard.
Local elections took place in various parts of the United Kingdom on 1 May 2003, the same day as the Scottish Parliamentary and the Welsh Assembly elections. There were local elections for all councils in Scotland and in most of England. There were no local elections in Wales, Northern Ireland or London.
Chester was a non-metropolitan local government district of Cheshire, England from 1974 to 2009. It had the status of a city and a borough, and the local authority was called Chester City Council.
Local elections took place in much of the United Kingdom on 6 May 1999. All Scottish and Welsh unitary authorities had all their seats elected. In England a third of the seats on each of the Metropolitan Boroughs were elected along with elections in many of the unitary authorities and district councils. There were no local elections in Northern Ireland.
Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of subdivisions of England used for the purposes of local government outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly. As originally constituted, the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties each consisted of multiple districts, had a county council and were also the counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies. Later changes in legislation during the 1980s and 1990s have resulted in counties with no county council and 'unitary authority' counties with no districts. Counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies are now defined separately, based on the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties.
Local elections took place in some parts of the UK on 7 June 2001. Elections took place for all of the English shire counties, some English unitary authorities and all of the Northern Ireland districts. The elections were delayed from the usual date of the first Thursday in May due to the 2001 foot and mouth crisis and were held on the same day as the general election.
The 2007 UK local government elections were held on 3 May 2007. These elections took place in most of England and all of Scotland. There were no local government elections in Wales though the Welsh Assembly had a general election on the same day. There were no local government elections in Northern Ireland. Just over half of English councils and almost all the Scottish councils began the counts on Friday, rather than Thursday night, because of more complex arrangements regarding postal votes.
The unitary authorities of England are those local authorities which are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district. They are constituted under the Local Government Act 1992, which amended the Local Government Act 1972 to allow the existence of counties that do not have multiple districts. They typically allow large towns to have separate local authorities from the less urbanised parts of their counties and originally provided a single authority for small counties where division into districts would be impractical. However, the UK government has more recently proposed the formation of much larger unitary authorities, including a single authority for North Yorkshire, the largest non-metropolitan county in England, at present divided into seven districts.
The United Kingdom local elections took place on 1 May 1997. Elections took place for all of the English country councils, some English unitary authorities and all of the Northern Ireland districts. The elections were held on the same day as the general election.
Structural changes to local government in England were effected on 1 April 2009, whereby a number of new unitary authorities were created in parts of the country which previously operated a "two-tier" system of counties and districts. In five shire counties the functions of the county and district councils were combined into a single authority; and in two counties the powers of the county council were absorbed into a significantly reduced number of districts.
The 2011 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 5 May 2011. In England, direct elections were held in all 36 Metropolitan boroughs, 194 Second-tier district authorities, 49 unitary authorities and various mayoral posts, meaning local elections took place in all parts of England with the exception of seven unitary authorities, and seven districts and boroughs. For the majority of English districts and the 25 unitary authorities that are elected "all out" these were the first elections since 2007. In Northern Ireland, there were elections to all 26 local councils. Elections also took place to most English parish councils.
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The 2015 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 7 May 2015, the same day as the general election for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
The 2016 United Kingdom local elections held on Thursday 5 May 2016 were a series of local elections which were held in 124 local councils and also saw 4 mayoral elections in England which also coincided with elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the London Assembly, the London mayoral election and the England and Wales Police and crime commissioners. By-elections for the Westminster seats of Ogmore and Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough were also held. These proved to be David Cameron's last local elections as leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister as he resigned two months later following the defeat of Remain in the referendum on Britain's continuing membership of the European Union which was held seven weeks later.
The 2017 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 4 May 2017. Local elections were held across Great Britain, with elections to 35 English local authorities and all councils in Scotland and Wales.
Local elections in parts of the United Kingdom were held on Thursday 2 May 2019, with 248 English local councils, six directly elected mayors in England, and all 11 local councils in Northern Ireland being contested.
Local elections in the United Kingdom took place on 5 May 2022. These included elections for all London borough councils, for all local authorities in Wales and Scotland. Most seats in England were last up for election in 2018 and in Scotland and Wales in 2017. The elections coincided with the 2022 Northern Ireland Assembly election. In 91 cases, most of them in Wales, council seats were uncontested, each having only one candidate. Three seats in Scotland remained unfilled as no one nominated to fill them.