1895 United Kingdom general election

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1895 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 (1895-07-13 1895-08-07) 1900  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
 
Robert-Gascoyne-Cecil-3rd-Marquess-of-Salisbury (cropped).jpg
The Earl of Rosebery.jpg
John Dillon (1851-1927).jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Earl of Rosebery John Dillon
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish National Federation
Leader sinceApril 18815 March 18941892
Leader's seat East Mayo
Last election313 seats, 47.0%272 seats, 45.4%72 seats, 5.2%
Seats won41117770
Seat changeIncrease2.svg97Decrease2.svg94Decrease2.svg2
Popular vote1,759,4841,628,40592,556
Percentage49.3%45.6%2.6%
SwingIncrease2.svg2.3%Increase2.svg0.2%Decrease2.svg2.6%

United Kingdom general election 1895.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Prime Minister after
election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held from 13 July to 7 August 1895.

Contents

William Gladstone had retired as Prime Minister the previous year, and Queen Victoria, disregarding Gladstone's advice to name Lord Spencer as his successor, appointed the Earl of Rosebery as the new Prime Minister. Rosebery's government found itself largely in a state of paralysis due to a power struggle between him and William Harcourt, the Liberal leader in the Commons. The situation came to a head on 21 June, when Parliament voted to dismiss Secretary of State for War Henry Campbell-Bannerman; Rosebery, realising that the government would likely not survive a motion of no confidence were one to be brought, promptly resigned as Prime Minister. Conservative leader Lord Salisbury was subsequently re-appointed for a third spell as Prime Minister, and promptly called a new election.

The election was won by the Conservatives, who continued their alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and won a large majority. The Liberals, in contrast, went down to what at the time was their worst result since the party's foundation, winning just 177 seats. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time; most of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") followed John Dillon, while a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond. The Independent Labour Party, having only previously existed as a loose grouping of left-wing politicians, formally organized into a party led by Keir Hardie in 1893 and contested their first election. They earned relatively little attention at this election, winning slightly less than one percent of the popular vote and no seats, but would enjoy greater success five years later, when they ran under the banner of the Labour Representation Committee.

Results

4111777012
Conservative & Lib. UnionistLiberalINFINL
1895 UK parliament.svg
UK General Election 1895
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 58841111417+9761.3449.251,759,484+2.2
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447177181129426.4245.581,628,405+0.2
  Irish National Federation John Dillon 7770210.452.5992,5562.6
  Irish National League John Redmond 2612+31.791.3447,6980.2
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 280000.9634,433N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A30100.103,733
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 40000.093,122+0.1
 Independent Lib-LabN/A20000.072,348
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0300.02608
  Independent N/A2000000.0052

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
49.25%
Liberal
45.58%
Irish National Federation
2.59%
Irish National League
1.34%
Independent Labour Party
0.96%
Others
0.28%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
61.34%
Liberal
26.42%
Irish National Federation
10.45%
Irish National League
1.79%

See also

Notes

  1. All parties shown.

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1895 United Kingdom general election in Ireland

The 1895 United Kingdom general election in Ireland took place from 13 to 29 July 1895. The divide between the anti-Parnellite Irish National Federation and the pro-Parnellite Irish National League continued, and with only minor variation in seats. In the overall election result, the Conservative–Liberal Unionist coalition beat the Liberal Party government led by the Earl of Rosebery. Lord Salisbury returned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, having previously served from 1885 to 1886, and again from 1886 to 1892.

References