The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position which existed from 1794 to 1801 and from 1854 to 1964. The Secretary of State for War headed the War Office and was assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, a Parliamentary Private Secretary who was also a Member of Parliament, and a Military Secretary, who was a general.
The position of Secretary of State for War was first held by Henry Dundas who was appointed in 1794. In 1801 the post became that of Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position of Secretary of State for War was re-instated in 1854. In 1946, the three posts of Secretary of State for War, First Lord of the Admiralty, and Secretary of State for Air became formally subordinated to that of Minister of Defence, which had itself been created in 1940 for the co-ordination of defence and security issues.
On 1 April 1964, with the creation of a new united Ministry of Defence headed by the Secretary of State for Defence, the three service ministries as well as the post of Minister of Defence as created in 1940 were abolished.
|Name||Portrait||Term of office||Political party||Prime Minister|
| Henry Dundas |
(also President of the Board of Control)
|11 July 1794||17 March 1801||Tory||William Pitt the Younger|
For 1801–1854 see Secretary of State for War and the Colonies .
|Name||Portrait||Term of office||Political party||Prime Minister|
|The Duke of Newcastle||12 June 1854||30 January 1855||Peelite|| Earl of Aberdeen |
|The Lord Panmure||8 February 1855||21 February 1858||Whig||Earl of Derby|
|Jonathan Peel||26 February 1858||11 June 1859||Conservative|
|Sidney Herbert||18 June 1859||22 July 1861||Liberal||Viscount Palmerston|
|Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Bt||23 July 1861||13 April 1863||Liberal|
|The Earl de Grey and Ripon||28 April 1863||16 February 1866||Liberal|
|Marquess of Hartington||16 February 1866||26 June 1866||Liberal|
|Jonathan Peel||6 July 1866||8 March 1867||Conservative||14th Earl of Derby|
|Sir John Pakington, Bt||8 March 1867||1 December 1868||Conservative|
|Edward Cardwell||9 December 1868||17 February 1874||Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Gathorne Hardy||21 February 1874||2 April 1878||Conservative||Benjamin Disraeli|
|Frederick Stanley||2 April 1878||21 April 1880||Conservative|
|Hugh Childers||28 April 1880||16 December 1882||Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Marquess of Hartington||16 December 1882||9 June 1885||Liberal|
|W. H. Smith||24 June 1885||21 January 1886||Conservative||Marquess of Salisbury|
|The Viscount Cranbrook||21 January 1886||6 February 1886||Conservative|
|Henry Campbell-Bannerman||6 February 1886||20 July 1886||Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone|
|W. H. Smith||3 August 1886||14 January 1887||Conservative||Marquess of Salisbury|
|Edward Stanhope||14 January 1887||11 August 1892||Conservative|
|Henry Campbell-Bannerman||18 August 1892||21 June 1895||Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Earl of Rosebery|
|The Marquess of Lansdowne||4 July 1895||12 November 1900||Liberal Unionist|| Marquess of Salisbury |
|St John Brodrick||12 November 1900||6 October 1903||Irish Unionist|
| Arthur Balfour |
|H. O. Arnold-Forster||6 October 1903||4 December 1905||Liberal Unionist|
| Richard Haldane |
(Viscount Haldane from 1911)
|10 December 1905||12 June 1912||Liberal||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|H. H. Asquith|
|J. E. B. Seely||12 June 1912||30 March 1914||Liberal|
| H. H. Asquith |
(while Prime Minister)
|30 March 1914||5 August 1914||Liberal|
|The Earl Kitchener||5 August 1914||5 June 1916||none|
| H. H. Asquith |
|David Lloyd George||6 July 1916||5 December 1916||Liberal|
|The Earl of Derby||10 December 1916||18 April 1918||Conservative|| David Lloyd George |
|The Viscount Milner||18 April 1918||10 January 1919||Conservative|
|Winston Churchill||10 January 1919||13 February 1921||Liberal|
|Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt||13 February 1921||19 October 1922||Conservative|
|The Earl of Derby||24 October 1922||22 January 1924||Conservative||Bonar Law|
|Stephen Walsh||22 January 1924||3 November 1924||Labour||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt||6 November 1924||4 June 1929||Conservative||Stanley Baldwin|
|Thomas Shaw||7 June 1929||24 August 1931||Labour||Ramsay MacDonald|
|The Marquess of Crewe||25 August 1931||5 November 1931||Liberal|| Ramsay MacDonald |
(1st National Min.)
|The Viscount Hailsham||5 November 1931||7 June 1935||Conservative|| Ramsay MacDonald |
(2nd National Min.)
|The Viscount Halifax||7 June 1935||22 November 1935||Conservative|| Stanley Baldwin |
(3rd National Min.)
|Duff Cooper||22 November 1935||28 May 1937||Conservative|
|Leslie Hore-Belisha||28 May 1937||5 January 1940||National Liberal|| Neville Chamberlain |
(4th National Min.;
|Oliver Stanley||5 January 1940||11 May 1940||Conservative|
|Anthony Eden||11 May 1940||22 December 1940||Conservative||P.M.||Min.Defence|
| Winston Churchill |
|David Margesson||22 December 1940||22 February 1942||Conservative|
|Sir P. J. Grigg||22 February 1942||26 July 1945||National|
|Jack Lawson||3 August 1945||4 October 1946||Labour||Attlee||Attlee|
|Frederick Bellenger||4 October 1946||7 October 1947||Labour||A.V. Alexander|
|Emanuel Shinwell||7 October 1947||28 February 1950||Labour|
|John Strachey||28 February 1950||26 October 1951||Labour||Shinwell|
|Antony Head||31 October 1951||18 October 1956||Conservative||Churchill||Churchill|
|John Hare||18 October 1956||6 January 1958||Conservative||Head|
|Christopher Soames||6 January 1958||27 July 1960||Conservative|
|John Profumo||27 July 1960||5 June 1963||Conservative|
|Joseph Godber||27 June 1963||21 October 1963||Conservative|
|James Ramsden||21 October 1963||1 April 1964||Conservative||Douglas-Home|
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The Minister of the Armed Forces is the official in charge of the Ministry of the Armed Forces in the Government of the French Republic, charged with running the French Armed Forces.
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The position of Under-Secretary of State for War was a British government position, first applied to Evan Nepean. In 1801 the offices for War and the Colonies were merged and the post became that of Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854 and remained until 1947, when it was combined with that of Financial Secretary to the War Office. In 1964 the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry were merged to form the Ministry of Defence, and the post was abolished.
In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department.
The Conservative government of the United Kingdom that began in 1957 and ended in 1964 consisted of three ministries: the first Macmillan ministry, second Macmillan ministry, and then the Douglas-Home ministry. They were led by Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home, who were appointed respectively by Queen Elizabeth II.
The post of Minister of Defence was responsible for co-ordination of defence and security from its creation in 1940 until its abolition in 1964. The post was a Cabinet-level post and generally ranked above the three service ministers, some of whom, however, continued to also serve in Cabinet.
The Ministry of Defence was a department of the British Government responsible for defence and the British Armed Forces.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services. It was one of the earliest known permanent government posts. Apart from being the political head of the Royal Navy the post holder simultaneously held the title of the President of the Board of Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral. The office of First Lord of the Admiralty existed from 1628 until it was abolished when the Admiralty, Air Ministry, Ministry of Defence and War Office were all merged to form the new Ministry of Defence in 1964.
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The Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for planning, developing and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy and the managing of the military administration. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.
The Navy Department was a former ministerial service department of the Ministry of Defence responsible for the control and direction of Her Majesty's Naval Service. It was established on 1 April 1964 when the Department of Admiralty was absorbed into a unified Ministry of Defence, where it became the Navy Department. Political oversight of the department originally lay with the Minister of Defence for the Royal Navy (1964-1967) it then passed to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence for the Royal Navy (1967-1981), then later to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Armed Forces (1981-1990) and finally the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence (1991-1997).
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