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The position of Under-Secretary of State for War was a British government position, first applied to Evan Nepean (appointed in 1794). In 1801 the offices for War and the Colonies were merged and the post became that of Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854 and remained until 1947, when it was combined with that of Financial Secretary to the War Office. In 1964 the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry were merged to form the Ministry of Defence, and the post was abolished.
The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, informally as Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
The War Office was a Department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. It was equivalent to the Admiralty, responsible for the Royal Navy, and the Air Ministry, which oversaw the Royal Air Force. The name "War Office" is also given to the former home of the department, the War Office building, located at the junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall in central London.
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire. Despite its name, the Colonial Office was never responsible for all Britain's Imperial territories; for example protectorates fell under the purview of the Foreign Office, British India was ruled by the East India Company until 1858, whilst the Dominions were later carved out as the Empire matured.
See Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies for the period 1801-1854.
The Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.
|Sir John Ramsden, Bt||1857–1858|
|The Viscount Hardinge||1858–March 1859|
|The Earl of Rosslyn||March 1859–June 1859|
|The Earl de Grey||June 1859–January 1861|
|Hon. Thomas Baring||January 1861–July 1861|
|The Earl de Grey||July 1861–1863|
|The Marquess of Hartington||1863–February 1866|
|The Lord Dufferin and Claneboye||February 1866–July 1866|
|The Earl of Longford||July 1866–1868|
|The Lord Northbrook||1868–1872|
|The Marquess of Lansdowne||1872–1874|
|The Earl of Pembroke||1874–1875|
|The Earl Cadogan||1875–1878|
|The Earl of Morley||1880–1885|
|Viscount Bury||1885–February 1886|
|The Lord Sandhurst||February 1886–August 1886|
|The Lord Harris||August 1886–1890|
|The Earl Brownlow||1890–1892|
|The Lord Sandhurst||1892–January 1895|
|The Lord Monkswell||January 1895–July 1895|
|Hon. St John Brodrick||July 1895–1898|
|The Lord Raglan||1900–1902|
|The Earl of Hardwicke||1902–1903|
|The Earl of Donoughmore||1903–1905|
|The Earl of Portsmouth||1905–1908|
|The Lord Lucas of Crudwell||1908–1911|
|J. E. B. Seely||1911–1912|
|The Earl of Derby||1916|
|The Viscount Peel||1919–1921|
|Hon. Walter Guinness||1922–1923|
|The Earl of Onslow||1924–1928|
|The Duke of Sutherland||1928–1929|
|The Earl De La Warr||1929–1930|
|The Lord Marley||1930–1931|
|The Earl Stanhope||1931–1934|
|The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal||1934–1939|
|The Earl of Munster||1939|
|The Viscount Cobham||1939–1940|
| Sir Henry Page Croft, Bt |
and Sir Edward Grigg
| Sir Henry Page Croft, Bt |
and Arthur Henderson
|Sir Henry Page Croft, Bt||1943–1945|
|The Lord Nathan||1945–1946|
|The Lord Pakenham||1946–April 1947|
In April 1947 the office was combined with that of Financial Secretary to the War Office.
Financial Secretary to the War Office was an office of the British government, the financial secretary of the War Office department.
|Hon. Hugh Fraser||1958–1960|
|Peter Kirk||1963–April 1964|
Office reorganised 1 April 1964
|G. C. Mundy||1854–1857|
|Sir Benjamin Hawes||1857–1862|
|Sir Edward Lugard||1862–1871|
|Sir Ralph Wood Thompson||1878–1895|
|Sir Arthur Haliburton||1895–1897|
|Sir Ralph Henry Knox||1897–1901|
|Sir Edward Ward||1901–1914|
|Sir Reginald Brade||1914–1920|
|Sir Herbert Creedy||1920–1939|
|Sir P. J. Grigg||1939–1942|
|Sir Frederick Bovenschen and Sir Eric Speed||1942–1945|
|Sir E. Speed||1945–1949|
|Sir G. Turner||1949–1956|
|Sir Edward Playfair||1956–1960|
The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas. In 1801 the post became that of Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854.
The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet-level position responsible for the army and the British colonies. The Department was created in 1801. In 1854 it was split into the separate offices of Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for the Colonies. The Secretary was supported by an Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.
The position of Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs was a British cabinet-level position created in 1925 responsible for British relations with the Dominions — Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Newfoundland, and the Irish Free State — and the self-governing Crown colony of Southern Rhodesia. When initially created, the office was held in tandem with that of Secretary of State for the Colonies; this arrangement persisted until June 1930. On two subsequent occasions the offices were briefly held by the same person. The Secretary was supported by an Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs. In 1947, the name of the office was changed to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations.
The title Defense Minister, Minister for Defense, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defense, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.
The Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for the Colonies and, from 1948, also to a Minister of State.
In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department.
The post of Minister of Defence was responsible for co-ordination of defence and security from its creation in 1940 until its abolition in 1964. The post was a Cabinet-level post and generally ranked above the three service ministers, some of whom, however, continued to also serve in Cabinet.
The Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations was a junior ministerial post in the United Kingdom Government from 1947 until 1966. The holder was responsible for assisting the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations in dealing with British relationship with members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The position was created out of the old position of Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs.
The office of Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty was the senior civil servant at the Admiralty, of Great Britain the department of state responsible for the administration of the Royal Navy. He was head of the Admiralty Secretariat later known as the Department of the Permanent Secretary. Although he was not a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, he was as a member of the Board, and did attend all meetings the post existed from 1702 to 1964.
The Ministère de la Marine was a section of the French government - apart from the Ministry of War - that was in charge of the French navy and colonies.
The Ministry of Defence was a department of the British Government responsible for defence and the British Armed Forces.
The 1970 Dissolution Honours List was issued on 2 June 1970 to mark the dissolution of the United Kingdom parliament prior to the 1970 general election.