Financial Secretary to the War Office

Last updated
United Kingdom
Office of the Financial Secretary to the War Office
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Seal of H.M. Government
War Office
Style The Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
Financial Secretary to the War Office
Seat Westminster, London
AppointerThe British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term length No fixed term
First holder John Vivian
Final holder Peter Kirk

The Financial Secretary to the War Office and for certain periods known as the Finance Member of the Army Council, was an junior ministerial office of the British government established in 1870. [1] In May 1947 the office was unified with that of the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for War under a new title Parliamentary Under Secretary of State and Financial Secretary of the War Office. [2] The office continued until the War Office as a distinct service ministry was unified along with the Department of Admiralty and Air Ministry into the Ministry of Defence where it became known as the Army Department in April 1964. [3]

A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the ’prime minister’, ‘premier’, ’chief minister’, ’chancellor’ or other title.

War Office department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army

The War Office was a Department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. It was equivalent to the Admiralty, responsible for the Royal Navy, and the Air Ministry, which oversaw the Royal Air Force. The name "War Office" is also given to the former home of the department, the War Office building, located at the junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall in central London.

Air Ministry 1918-1964 British Government department

The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964. It was under the political authority of the Secretary of State for Air.



In 1870 a Financial Secretary to the War Office was appointed and was responsible to the Secretary of State for War, for estimates and for the appropriation, accounting and audit of funds voted for military purposes. The Audit and Accounts departments previously under a chief auditor of army accounts (office was abolished) were merged into a new Finance Department under the Accountant General now reporting to the Financial Secretary. Following organisational changes within the War Office between 1887 and 1888 he was given additional responsibilities. By the end of 1888 his department was renamed the Civil Department. At the same time the Finance Department was enlarged and renamed the Finance Division, which continued under the superintendence of the Accountant General. [4]

Secretary of State for War British cabinet-level position

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position which existed from 1794 to 1801 and from 1854 to 1964. The Secretary of State for War headed the War Office and was assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, a Parliamentary Private Secretary who was also a Member of Parliament, and a Military Secretary, who was a general.

In 1895 Accountant General changed his title to Assistant Financial Secretary and Accountant General of the Army. In 1902 the Finance Division was renamed the Finance Branch. In 1904 the Financial Secretary was restyled as the Finance Member (FM) of the Army Council with general responsibility for the finance of the Army. In 1907 his civil department was renamed the Department of the Finance Member until 1922 when both his title and department were altered to the Department of the Financial Secretary until 1939. His office and department reverted to its previous name the Department of the Finance Member in 1942. During this period the executive duties of his office were gradually transferred to the Permanent Secretary's department. In May 1947 the Army Council was reconstituted and unified his office with that of the Parliamentary Secretary into a single appointment as the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State and Financial Secretary to the War Office until 1964. [5]

Army Council (1904)

The Army Council was the supreme administering body of the British Army from its creation in 1904 until it was reconstituted as the Army Board in 1964.

Prior to 1947 the office holder's department consisted of numerous departments and directorates, after 1947 he was solely concerned with general political aspects of financial policy and had no further roles were assigned to him. [6]

Office Holders

1870–1871 John Vivian
1871–1874 [7] Henry Campbell-Bannerman
1874–1877 Hon. Frederick Stanley
1877–1880 [8] Robert Loyd-Lindsay
1880–1882 [9] Henry Campbell-Bannerman
1882–1885 [10] Sir Arthur Hayter, Bt
1885–1886 [11] Henry Northcote
1886–1886 [12] Herbert Gladstone
1886–1892 [13] Hon. St John Brodrick
1892–1895 [14] William Woodall
1895–1900 [15] Joseph Powell Williams
1900–1903 [16] Lord Stanley
1903–1905 [17] William Bromley-Davenport
1905–1908 [18] Thomas Buchanan
1908–1910 Francis Dyke Acland
1910–1911 [19] Charles Mallet
1911–1912 [20] Harold Tennant
1912–1915 [21] Harold Baker
1915–1915 [22] Francis Dyke Acland
1915–1919 [23] Henry Forster
1919–1921 [24] Sir Archibald Williamson, Bt
1921–1922 [25] Hon. George Frederick Stanley
1922–1923 [26] Francis Jackson
1923–1924 [27] Rupert Gwynne
Jan–Nov, 1924 Jack Lawson
Nov, 1924–1928 Douglas King
1928–1929 [28] Duff Cooper
1929–1930 Manny Shinwell
1930–1931 [29] Captain, William Sanders
1931–1934 [30] Duff Cooper
1934–1935 Douglas Hacking
1935–1940 Sir Victor Warrender, Bt
1940–1940 Sir Edward Grigg
1940–1941 [31] Richard Law
1941–1943 [32] Duncan Sandys
1943–1945 [33] Arthur Henderson
May–Aug, 1945 Maurice Petherick
Aug 1945–1946 Frederick Bellenger
1946–1947 John Freeman
1947–1951 Michael Stewart
1951–1951 [34] Woodrow Wyatt
1951–1954 James Hutchison
1954–1957 [35] Fitzroy Maclean
1957–1958 Julian Amery
1958–1960 [36] Hon. Hugh Fraser
1960–1963 James Ramsden
1963–Apr. 1964 Peter Kirk

Related Research Articles

Admiralty British Government ministry responsible for the Royal Navy until 1964

The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy first in the Kingdom of England, later in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire. Originally exercised by a single person, the Lord High Admiral (1385–1628), the Admiralty was, from the early 18th century onwards, almost invariably put "in commission" and exercised by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, who sat on the Board of Admiralty.

Mike Foster (Worcester MP) British politician

Michael John Foster is a former Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Worcester from 1997 until 2010, and was the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for International Development.

The Cabinet of the Philippines consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government of the Philippines. Currently, it includes the secretaries of 20 executive departments and the heads of other several other minor agencies and offices that are subordinate to the President of the Philippines.

Royal Army Service Corps

The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment. In 1965 its functions were divided between other Corps and the RASC ceased to exist; subsequently, in 1993, they in their turn became the "Forming Corps" of the Royal Logistic Corps.

Secretary of State (United Kingdom) member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom government

In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department.

Douglas Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking British politician

Douglas Hewitt Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking OBE, PC, DL, JP was a British Conservative politician.

Royal Army Pay Corps

The Royal Army Pay Corps (RAPC) was the corps of the British Army responsible for administering all financial matters. It was amalgamated into the Adjutant General's Corps in 1992.

Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty also known as the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty was a position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy. It was usually filled by a Member of Parliament although he attended Board of Admiralty meetings informally he was not made a full member of that Board until 1929, he served as the deputy to the First Lord of the Admiralty in Parliament, he was mainly responsible for all Naval Accounts, Estimates, Expenditure, Finance and Spending proposals from 1625 until 1959.

Ministry of Defence (India) Indian government ministry responsible for military and national defence matters

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. The President of India is the ceremonial commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the country. The Ministry of Defence provides policy framework and resources to the armed forces to discharge their responsibility in the context of the defence of the country. The Indian Armed Forces and Indian Coast Guard under the Ministry of Defences are primarily responsible for ensuring the territorial integrity of the nation.

1970 Prime Ministers Resignation Honours

The 1970 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours were officially announced in the London Gazette of 7 August 1970 and marked the June 1970 electoral defeat of the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson.

United States Under Secretary of the Army

The United States Under Secretary of the Army is the second-highest ranking civilian official of the United States Department of the Army, serving directly under the United States Secretary of the Army. The Secretary and Under Secretary, together with two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the United States Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, constitute the senior leaders of the United States Army.

The 1926 Birthday Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The King on 3 June, but it was announced on 20 May that due to the national strike, the King had approved the Prime Minister's recommendation to delay the publication of the list until 3 July 1926. The honours were effective to 5 June 1926. Per standard practice, Sir Paul Chater, who died 27 May 1926, still received the honour of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire as he would have received the honour if he had survived.

The 1970 Dissolution Honours List was issued on 2 June 1970 to mark the dissolution of the United Kingdom parliament prior to the 1970 general election.

Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy

The Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy also known as Accountant-General's Department was the department charged by the British Government with reviewing all naval estimates, conducting naval audits and processing payments. from 1829-1932.

Civil Lord of the Admiralty (Royal Navy) manager of the Royal Navys supporting civilian staff between 1830 and 1964

The Civil Lord of the Admiralty formally known as the Office of the Civil Lord of Admiralty also referred to as the Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty was a member of the Board of Admiralty who was responsible for managing the Royal Navy's supporting civilian staff, the works and buildings departments and naval lands from 1830 to 1964.

Navy Department (Ministry of Defence)

The Navy Department was a former ministerial service department of the Ministry of Defence responsible for the control and direction of Her Majesty's Naval Service. It was established on 1 April 1964 when the Department of Admiralty was absorbed into a unified Ministry of Defence, where it became the Navy Department. Political oversight of the department originally lay with the Minister of Defence for the Royal Navy (1964-1967) it then passed to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence for the Royal Navy (1967-1981), then later to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Armed Forces (1981-1990) and finally the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence (1991-1997).

Minister of Defence for the Royal Navy

The Minister of Defence for the Royal Navy was a senior ministerial appointment of the British Government established in April 1964. The office holder was the politic head of the Navy Department of the Ministry of Defence, and reported to the Secretary of State for Defence.


  1. Roper, Michael (1998). The Records of the War Office and Related Departments, 1660-1964. London: Public Record Office. p. 102. ISBN   9781873162453.
  2. Roper. pp. 189–193.
  3. Joiner, J. H. (1990). One more river to cross : the story of British military bridging. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. p. 397. ISBN   9780850527889.
  4. Roper. pp. 189–193.
  5. Roper. pp. 189–193.
  6. Roper. pp. 189–193.
  7. "Financial Secretary to the War Office (Hansard)". Hansard. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  8. Hansard.
  9. Hansard.
  10. Hansard.
  11. Hansard.
  12. Hansard.
  13. Hansard.
  14. Hansard.
  15. Hansard.
  16. Hansard.
  17. Hansard.
  18. Hansard.
  19. Hansard.
  20. Hansard.
  21. Hansard.
  22. Hansard.
  23. Hansard.
  24. Hansard.
  25. Hansard.
  26. Hansard.
  27. Hansard.
  28. Hansard.
  29. Hansard.
  30. Hansard.
  31. Hansard.
  32. Hansard.
  33. Hansard.
  34. Hansard.
  35. Hansard.
  36. Hansard.


International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.