Pudsey

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Pudsey
Pudsey Town Hall 01 2 September 2017.jpg
Pudsey Town Hall
Leeds UK location map.svg
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Pudsey
West Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pudsey
Location within West Yorkshire
Population22,408 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE223334
  London 170 mi (270 km)  SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PUDSEY
Postcode district LS28
Dialling code 0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°47′49″N1°39′47″W / 53.797°N 1.663°W / 53.797; -1.663 Coordinates: 53°47′49″N1°39′47″W / 53.797°N 1.663°W / 53.797; -1.663

Pudsey is a market town in West Yorkshire, England. Once independent, it was incorporated into the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in 1974. It is located midway between Bradford city centre and Leeds city centre. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, it has a population of 22,408. [1] It also lends its name and sits in the local Leeds City Council ward of Pudsey and Pudsey parliamentary constituency.

Contents

History

The place-name Pudsey is first recorded in 1086 in the Domesday Book as Podechesai(e). [2] Its etymology is rather uncertain: it seems most likely to derive from a putative personal name *Pudoc and the word ēg meaning 'island' but here presumably referring metaphorically to an 'island' of good ground in moorland. Thus the name would mean 'Pudoc's island'. Other possibilities have been suggested, however. [3] In the early sixth century the district was in the Kingdom of Elmet, which seems to have retained its Celtic character for perhaps as many as two centuries after other neighbouring kingdoms had adopted the cultural identity of the Angles.

Around 1775 a cache of a 100 silver Roman coins, many predating the time of Julius Caesar, was found on Pudsey Common at a place known as "King Alfred's Camp" by Benjamin Scholfield of Pudsey.

The town was famous in the 18th and 19th centuries for wool manufacture, and, from the 19th century, for cricket. Yorkshire and England cricketers Sir Len Hutton, Herbert Sutcliffe, Ray Illingworth and Matthew Hoggard all learned to play in Pudsey. A 19th century Yorkshire cricketer, John Tunnicliffe, was born in Lowtown.

During the Industrial Revolution, Pudsey was one of the most polluted areas of the UK due to its position in a slight valley between the two industrial cities of Leeds and Bradford. As a result, whichever way the wind blew Pudsey became covered in thick soot. The temperature inversion created by the valley led to the soot becoming trapped leading to dense smogs. This is believed to have led to jokes that pigeons in Pudsey Park flew backwards in order to keep the soot out of their eyes.

Governance

Formerly within the wapentake of Morley and Calverley Parish, Pudsey Urban District was formed in 1894; it gained municipal borough status c1900. [4] For many years, despite being joined to the Leeds conurbation, it avoided being made part of the County Borough of Leeds. In 1937 the Farsley and Calverley urban districts were added to Pudsey. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, it became part of the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds. It sits in the Leeds City Council ward of Pudsey.

Pudsey forms part of the Pudsey parliamentary constituency, along with Farsley, Calverley, Horsforth and Guiseley. [5] The MP is Stuart Andrew. [6]

Present

The World's End public house The World's End, Pudsey.jpg
The World's End public house

There are recreational parks in Pudsey, the largest of which is Pudsey Park. Queens Park is where the Pudsey carnival is held once a year.

Pudsey's market operates on Tuesday, Friday and Saturday [7] and has recently been refurbished. [8] Pudsey has a monthly farmers' market with stalls selling meat, fish, dairy produce, organic fruit and vegetables, delicatessen and craft-ware. [9]

Pudsey Parish Church Pudsey Parish Church 04 2 September 2017.jpg
Pudsey Parish Church

Pudsey town centre has amenities including high street chain stores and independent retailers, and there are several branches of banks and estate agents. Following the closure of Kwik Save supermarkets across the country, Pudsey's store was bought by Sainsbury's. [10] Until the administration of the group, Pudsey had a Woolworths on Church Lane. It is now a B&M Home Bargains store.

There are three secondary schools situated within or near Pudsey: Crawshaw Academy, Priesthorpe School and Pudsey Grangefield School. The latter has been rebuilt under an extensive redevelopment programme adjacent to the current site. The old grammar school building facing Richardshaw Lane, which opened in 1911 [11] and a prominent landmark of Pudsey, will unlike the rest of the old school buildings not be demolished due to its listed building status, but has since been converted into flats.

Pudsey's historic town hall benefits from a new, energy-efficient lighting project to highlight its most interesting features. The multi-coloured lights can be changed to offer 255 different scenes. [12]

During the Easter weekend 2009, the Pudsey Business Forum launched the Pudsey Shop Local campaign. The campaign is to encourage local residents to shop more in Pudsey Town Centre. As part of this campaign they have launched a directory of all local shops. [13] Pudsey in Bloom was established in 2002. [14]

Pudsey Park - opened in October 1889 Pudsey Park 02 2 September 2017.jpg
Pudsey Park - opened in October 1889

Pudsey is home to an established Indian Sikh and minority Hindu and Muslim community.

Pudsey's business community introduced a Loyalty Scheme, aimed at local shoppers. The loyalty scheme, encourages shoppers to collect stamps from local shops within the scheme. Once enough stamps are collected on a card it can be submitted for a monthly draw, where the winner receives vouchers that can be spent in any of the participating shops. 50 retailers took part in the scheme. [15]

There are several pubs and clubs in and around the town centre including the Butcher's Arms, The Manor Inn, the Mason's Arms, the Shamrock Inn (now closed), the Crossed Shuttle, the World's End pub, the Britannia pub and (outside the town centre) the Troydale Recreational Club.

Pudsey has a Masonic community, there are Lodges which meet at Pudsey Masonic Hall on Church Lane. Locally these lodges support activities within the local community.

Next to the Masonic Hall on Church Lane is the former Unitarian Church, now a private residence known as Churchfield House. [16]

Public transport

New Pudsey railway station New Pudsey Stn 2.jpg
New Pudsey railway station

New Pudsey railway station is on the Caldervale Line between Leeds and Bradford Interchange. It was built as a "parkway" station, and is situated over a mile away from the town centre. The frequent no. 16 bus service between Pudsey and Farsley (continuing to Leeds) passes close to the station. [17] The location of the station near to the junction of the main Leeds to Bradford road with the ring road provides easy access for those travelling to the station by car. There is a large car park adjacent to the station.

Pudsey bus station Pudsey Bus Station 2 September 2017.jpg
Pudsey bus station

Pudsey is now served by a number of First, Centrebus and Arriva bus services that run through to Leeds city centre and other areas of the city, Bradford and other surrounding towns. The 4 bus service runs regularly to the Leeds city centre from Highfield Green via the town centre and Swinnow. There is also a No.72 bus service that runs between Leeds and Bradford along Stanningley Town Street and Bradford Road, which is 10 minutes walk from Pudsey town centre. The No.508 bus service to Halifax is a further 5 minutes walk up Bradford Road, to near the junction with Old Road.

Sport

The England cricket captain Sir Len Hutton was born in nearby Fulneck and was called "the man from Pudsey". [18] Raymond Illingworth, another former England cricket captain, was born in Pudsey as was the England fast bowler Matthew Hoggard and the snooker player Danny Fowler. For over a hundred years the Yorkshire County Cricket Club had at least one player who came from the old Borough of Pudsey. The England opening batsman Herbert Sutcliffe attended Pudsey School and learnt his cricket with the Pudsey St Lawrence and Pudsey Britannia cricket clubs. [19]

Pudsey Runners running club was formed in 2013 and meet on Tuesdays and Thursdays at the Bankhouse Inn. The aim of the club is to get non-runners into running and improve their fitness as well as developing the abilities of experienced runners. Pudsey Pacers Running Club was established in 1991 and focuses on road, fell and trail running for all abilities. They also host the annual Pudsey 10K Challenge, a demanding and popular mixed surface race, incorporating on and off road sections. [20]

Cultural references

In The Meaning of Liff a Pudsey is defined as "The curious-shaped flat wads of dough left on a kitchen table after someone has been cutting scones out of it." [21] Toward the beginning of the Monty Python episode "You're No Fun Anymore", the two characters, Mr and Mrs Samuel Brainsample can be seen walking along the platform of New Pudsey railway station. Pudsey is also mentioned frequently in the Michael Palin TV series Ripping Yarns.

Pudsey has given its name to "Pudsey Bear", the mascot of the BBC's annual fundraising marathon Children in Need , as this was where Pudsey logo designer Joanna Lane's grandfather was mayor. [22]

Location grid

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References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Pudsey Ward (as of 2011) (1237321094)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. Pudsey in the Domesday Book . Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  3. Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), s.v. PUDSEY.
  4. Pudsey was the last borough to receive its royal charter by Queen Victoria "Pudsey MB/UD" . Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  5. "UKPollingReport Election Guide 2010 » Pudsey" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Pudsey". BBC News.
  7. Pudsey Market Archived 7 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Market reopens after £260,000 refit" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  9. "BBC - Leeds - Features - Pudsey's local stock market" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  10. "Sainsbury's at Kwik Save site". Yorkshire Evening Post. 3 October 2007.
  11. PGS History by Les Barnes Archived 20 June 2007 at Archive.today
  12. "Hall trips the light fantastic" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  13. Wilkinson, Craig. "Shop in Pudsey - 5th May, 2011" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  14. "Pudsey In Bloom" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  15. Wilkinson, Craig. "Shop in Pudsey - 5th May, 2011" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  16. "Homes for sale in former churches". Guardian Property. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  17. "Bus timetables". Metro. Transport for West Yorkshire. 2016. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  18. p158, John Kay, Ashes to Hassett, Sidgewick & Sons, 1951
  19. "Blue plaque commemorates careers of two of cricket's greatest ever players". The Yorkshire Post. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  20. Beeton, Ian. "Pudsey Runners Website" . Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  21. The Meaning of Liff, by Douglas Adams & John Lloyd, Pan Books Ltd, 1983, ISBN   0-330-28121-6.
  22. Potts, Lauren (14 November 2014). "Children in Need: Pudsey Bear's path from mascot to national treasure". BBC News. Retrieved 14 November 2014.