British Muslim Heritage Centre

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British Muslim Heritage Centre British Muslim Heritage Centre 1.jpg
British Muslim Heritage Centre

The British Muslim Heritage Centre, formerly the GMB National College, College Road, Whalley Range, Manchester, is an early Gothic Revival building. [1] The centre was designated a Grade II* listed building on 3 October 1974. [2]

Contents

History and description

The college was built as an Independent (i.e. Congregational) college in 1840–43, the architects being Irwin and Chester. [1] The site was in the new suburb whose development had been begun about 10 years earlier by Samuel Brooks; its name later became Whalley Range. The aim of the Lancashire Independent College was a project of the Lancashire Congregational Union to provide higher education for Non-Conformists who were excluded from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge until 1871. [2] This included a new college building and moving the staff from Blackburn Academy which was then closed. [3] The three founders were George Hadfield, Thomas Raffles and William Roby (minister of the Grosvenor Street Chapel, London Road, Manchester). [4] The Blackburn Academy arose from courses of lessons given to prospective Congregational ministers by William Roby who was supported by the Manchester merchant Robert Spear. When the principal, Joseph Fletcher, left for London the academy became the Lancashire Independent College and moved to Manchester. [5] The college became known much later as the Northern Congregational College.

Congregational church religious denomination

Congregational churches are Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.

George Hadfield (politician) British politician

George Hadfield was an English lawyer, author and Radical politician who represented Sheffield for 22 years.

Thomas Raffles English congregationalist minister

Thomas Raffles (1788–1863) was an English Congregational minister, known as a dominant nonconformist figure at the Great George Street Congregational Church in Liverpool, and as an abolitionist and historian.

The similarity of design to an Oxbridge college is therefore easily understood. Nikolaus Pevsner commended the "long, very impressive, ashlar-faced, Gothic front." [1] The wings culminate in a "tall, fanciful" tower, with a "two-storey Gothic oriel (window)." [1] The entrance and assembly halls were re-ordered by Alfred Waterhouse in 1876–80 and Pevsner considered them "disappointing, but the rooms along the piano nobile are very charming, their Gothic fireplaces, ceilings and doorcases nicely varied." [1] The later name of the college was the Northern Congregational College, who used the premises until 1985 when they joined the Northern Baptist College in Luther king House, Brighton Grove. [6]

Oxbridge portmanteau of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge

Oxbridge is a portmanteau of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest, most prestigious, and highly-ranked universities in the United Kingdom. The term is used to refer to them collectively, in contrast to other British universities, and more broadly to describe characteristics reminiscent of them, often with implications of superior social or intellectual status or elitism.

Nikolaus Pevsner German-born British scholar

Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, especially of architecture.

Gothic Revival architecture Architectural movement

Gothic Revival is an architectural movement popular in the Western World that began in the late 1740s in England. Its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century, when increasingly serious and learned admirers of neo-Gothic styles sought to revive medieval Gothic architecture, in contrast to the neoclassical styles prevalent at the time. Gothic Revival draws features from the original Gothic style, including decorative patterns, finials, lancet windows, hood moulds and label stops.

The building became the national college of the GMB in the late 20th century and trained many trades-union negotiators. The GMB sold the college in 2004 as it was considered too expensive to maintain. After a period of uncertainty, the building was purchased by the British Muslim Heritage Centre to "serve as a focus for Muslim heritage and identity in Britain". [7]

GMB (trade union) general trades union in the United Kingdom

The GMB is a general trade union in the United Kingdom which has more than 631,000 members. GMB members work in nearly all industrial sectors, in retail, security, schools, distribution and the utilities, social care, the NHS and ambulance service and local government.

In January 2013 and 2014, the building was nominated for the Arts and Culture Awareness award at the British Muslim Awards. [8] [9]

British Muslim Awards

British Muslim Awards is an annual award ceremony that honours the success and achievements of Britain's Muslim individuals, groups and businesses. It was established in 2013.

Nasar Mahmood currently serves as a trustee of the centre. [10] He was awarded an OBE in the Queen's New Year Honours List in 2019. [11] [12]

Order of the British Empire order of chivalry of British constitutional monarchy

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner 2004, p. 483.
  2. 1 2 Good Stuff IT Services. "Gmb National College – Manchester – Greater Manchester – England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  3. Jones, R. Tudur. "Raleigh, Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23041.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. "Hadfield, George (1787-1879)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. Axon 1877, pp. 69–70.
  6. "Congregational College Archives". John Rylands University Library. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  7. Archived 30 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Winners honoured at British Muslim Awards". Asian Image. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  9. "British Muslim Awards 2014 winners". Asian Image. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  10. "Contact and trustees". apps.charitycommission.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  11. Ali, Ashraf. "Congratulations to our Chair, Mr Nasar Mahmood on being awarded an OBE". BMHC. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  12. Abbit, Beth (2018-12-28). "New Year's Honours list: The people from Greater Manchester recognised this year". men. Retrieved 2019-01-28.

Bibliography

Further reading

Coordinates: 53°26′56″N2°15′52″W / 53.4490°N 2.2644°W / 53.4490; -2.2644

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