Manchester Royal Eye Hospital

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Manchester Royal Eye Hospital
Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust
Royal Eye Hospital.jpg
Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, 1884-2009
Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
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Shown in Greater Manchester
Location Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates 53°27′43″N2°13′43″W / 53.46194°N 2.22861°W / 53.46194; -2.22861 Coordinates: 53°27′43″N2°13′43″W / 53.46194°N 2.22861°W / 53.46194; -2.22861
Care system Public NHS
Funding Public hospital
Hospital type Eye
Founded1814;205 years ago (1814)
Lists Hospitals in England

Manchester Royal Eye Hospital is an ophthalmic hospital in Manchester, England. It is managed by the Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust. It is located on the same site as the Manchester Royal Infirmary and St Mary's Hospital for Women and Children.

Ophthalmology field of medicine treating eye disorders

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in ophthalmology. The credentials include a degree in medicine, followed by additional four to five years of ophthalmology residency training. Ophthalmology residency training programs may require a one year pre-residency training in internal medicine, pediatrics, or general surgery. Additional specialty training may be sought in a particular aspect of eye pathology. Ophthalmologists are allowed to use medications to treat eye diseases, implement laser therapy, and perform surgery when needed. Ophthalmologists may participate in academic research on the diagnosis and treatment for eye disorders.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.


Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Outpatients 2009 Manchester Royal Eye Hospital.jpg
Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Outpatients 2009


The hospital was founded in 1814 on the initiative of William James Wilson and opened in King Street the following year. [1] It moved to Faulkner Street in 1827, to Princess Street in 1874 and to St John's Street in 1882, before re-locating to a facility designed by Pennington & Bridgen in Oxford Road in 1884. [1] The building was damaged by a large bomb in the German air raid on 23 December 1940. A doctor and a nurse were killed. [2]

<i>Luftwaffe</i> Aerial warfare branch of the German military forces during World War II

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy, had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.

Manchester Blitz bombing of Manchester (UK), by German Luftwaffe in December 1940

The Manchester Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Manchester and its surrounding areas in North West England during the Second World War by the German Luftwaffe. It was one of three major raids on Manchester, an important inland port and industrial city; Trafford Park in neighbouring Stretford was a major centre of war production.

Services moved to a new building on the Royal Infirmary site accessible to patients in 2009 and officially opened by the Queen in 2012. [3] Meanwhile a new biomedical centre, Citylabs, was constructed on the old site, using both the frontage of the old Royal Eye Hospital building and a new 94,000 sq ft building at the rear, also opening in 2012. [4]

Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms

Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

In November 2013 the Macular Society conducted a survey of NHS trusts not meeting critical four-week follow-up times to administer drugs that reverse or arrest macular degeneration and found that the hospital was struggling because it had "experienced a significant increase in demand coinciding with the introduction of a new treatment for patients with macular degeneration." [5]

Consultant Ophthalmologist Paulo Stanga fitted the world's first visual prosthesis, an Argus retinal prosthesis for a patient with age-related macular degeneration to Ray Flynn, 80, in July 2015 at the hospital. He is the first person in the world to have both artificial and natural vision combined. [6] Professor Stanga said "As far as I am concerned, the first results of the trial are a total success and I look forward to treating more dry AMD patients with the Argus II as part of this trial. We are currently recruiting four more patients to the trial in Manchester." [7]

A visual prosthesis, often referred to as a bionic eye, is an experimental visual device intended to restore functional vision in those suffering from partial or total blindness. Many devices have been developed, usually modeled on the cochlear implant or bionic ear devices, a type of neural prosthesis in use since the mid-1980s. The idea of using electrical current to provide sight dates back to the 18th century, discussed by Benjamin Franklin, Tiberius Cavallo, and Charles LeRoy.

Argus retinal prosthesis an electronic retinal implant manufactured by the American company Second Sight Medical Products

Argus retinal prosthesis, also known as a bionic eye, is an electronic retinal implant manufactured by the American company Second Sight Medical Products. It is used as a visual prosthesis to improve the vision of people with severe cases of retinitis pigmentosa. The Argus II version of the system was approved for marketing in the European Union in March 2011, and it received approval in the US in February 2013 under a humanitarian device exemption. The Argus II system costs about US$150,000, excluding the cost of the implantation surgery and training to learn to use the device.

The hospital started a contract with EMS Healthcare in November 2015 to provide a mobile medical unit for up to 40 patients a day with wet age-related macular degeneration operating at Trafford General Hospital. [8]

EMS Healthcare is a supplier of mobile medical equipment based in Ellesmere Port.

Trafford General Hospital Hospital in England

Trafford General Hospital is a district general hospital in the Davyhulme area of Urmston, part of the Trafford borough of Greater Manchester, England. It is managed by Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust.

See also

Related Research Articles

Saint Marys Hospital, Manchester Hospital in England

Saint Mary's Hospital is a hospital in Manchester, England. It is part of Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust. Founded in 1790, St Mary's provides a range of inter-related services specifically for women and children.

Hillingdon Hospital Hospital in England

Hillingdon Hospital is an NHS hospital, located in Pield Heath Road, Hillingdon, Greater London. It is one of only two hospitals run by the Hillingdon Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, the other being Mount Vernon Hospital.

Manchester Royal Infirmary Hospital in United Kingdom, England

Manchester Royal Infirmary is a hospital in Manchester, England, founded by Charles White in 1752. It is now part of Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, sharing buildings and facilities with several other hospitals.

Retinal implant

Retinal prostheses for restoration of sight to patients blinded by retinal degeneration are being developed by a number of private companies and research institutions worldwide. The system is meant to partially restore useful vision to people who have lost their photoreceptors due to retinal diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Three types of retinal implants are currently in clinical trials: epiretinal, subretinal, and suprachoroidal. Retinal implants introduce visual information into the retina by electrically stimulating the surviving retinal neurons. So far, elicited percepts had rather low resolution, and may be suitable for light perception and recognition of simple objects.

Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust operates Salford Royal Hospital. It is one of the top performing trusts in the United Kingdom. The trust is currently under the leadership of chair Jim Potter and chief executive Sir David Dalton.

The Christie NHS Foundation Trust in Withington, Manchester, manages the Christie Hospital, one of the largest cancer treatment centres of its type in Europe. The Christie became a NHS Foundation Trust in 2007 and is also an international leader in cancer research and development, home to the Paterson Institute for Cancer Research.

School of Medical Sciences, University of Manchester

The School of Medical Sciences at the University of Manchester is one of the largest in the United Kingdom with around 6,000 undergraduates, 3,000 postgraduates and 2,000 staff. It is the third oldest medical school in England and the largest medical school in the United Kingdom. The Faculty is a member of the Manchester Academic Health Science Centre and has four affiliated teaching hospitals at Manchester Royal Infirmary, Wythenshawe Hospital, Salford Royal Hospital and the Royal Preston Hospital.

Western Eye Hospital Hospital in London

Western Eye Hospital (WEH) is an ophthalmology hospital in west London. It is managed by the Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust.

University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust

The University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust is a defunct NHS Foundation Trust that previously operated Wythenshawe Hospital, a major acute teaching hospital in Wythenshawe, Manchester. Many of the services and facilities previously at Withington Hospital were transferred to Wythenshawe in 2004. It provided services for adults and children at Wythenshawe Hospital and Withington Community Hospital. It runs Buccleuch Lodge Intermediate Care Unit and the Dermot Murphy Centre in Withington, and the Specialised Ability Centre in Sharston.

Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust is an acute hospital Trust which operates Fairfield General Hospital in Bury, North Manchester General Hospital, the Royal Oldham Hospital and Rochdale Infirmary, in Greater Manchester. It is the largest teaching Trust in England.

Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Central Manchester University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, established in 2009, ran eight hospitals in Manchester and Trafford: Manchester Royal Infirmary, Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Saint Mary's Hospital, Manchester, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital and University Dental Hospital of Manchester in Manchester, and Trafford General Hospital, Altrincham Hospital and Stretford Memorial Hospital in Trafford.

The Bolton NHS Foundation Trust is based at the Royal Bolton Hospital in Farnworth, Greater Manchester, England. It provides NHS health care services for the people in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton and surrounding areas. Prior to its acquisition of Foundation Trust status in October 2008, the trust was known as Bolton Hospitals NHS Trust. Bolton Hospitals integrated with some of the community services which were formerly part of Bolton Primary Care Trust in July 2011 to form Bolton NHS Foundation Trust.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology

The UCL Institute of Ophthalmology is an institute within the Faculty of Brain Sciences of University College London (UCL) and is based in London, United Kingdom. The Institute conducts research and post-graduate teaching in the area of ophthalmology.

Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust runs Bradford Royal Infirmary and St. Luke's Hospital, Bradford in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.

10 Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) - one for each of Greater Manchester's metropolitan boroughs - organise the delivery of NHS services within Greater Manchester. The chief executive of the corresponding local authorities are to take over the CCG accountable officer role on a phased dual basis, forming a “single commissioning function” integrated with local government.

Robert MacLaren Professor of Ophthalmology

Robert E. MacLaren FMedSci FRCOphth FRCS FACS VR is a British ophthalmologist who has led pioneering work in the treatment of blindness caused by diseases of the retina. He is Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Oxford and Honorary Professor of Ophthalmology at the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology. He is a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Oxford Eye Hospital and an Honorary Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Great Ormond Street Hospital. He is also an Honorary Consultant Vitreo-retinal Surgeon at the Moorfields Eye Hospital. MacLaren is an NIHR Senior Investigator, or lead researcher, for the speciality of Ophthalmology. In addition, he is a member of the research committee of Euretina: the European Society of Retina specialists, Fellow of Merton College, in Oxford and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Salford Royal Hospital Hospital in England

Salford Royal Hospital, is a large university teaching hospital in Pendleton, Salford, England operated by Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust. It is one of the top performing hospitals in the United Kingdom.


  1. 1 2 "History of the Manchester Royal Eye Hospital" (PDF). Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  2. "Hour-by-hour: 'Live' blog details how the Christmas Blitz devastated Manchester exactly 75 years ago". Manchester Evening News. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  3. "Pictured: Take a look at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital over the years as it celebrates 200th anniversary". Manchester Evening News. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  4. "ICON to create centre of excellence at Bruntwood's Citylabs". Manchester Evening News . 7 August 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  5. "NHS delays put patients at risk of going blind". Daily Express. 24 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  6. "Bionic eye fitted to British pensioner in world first". Daily Telegraph. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  7. "Bionic eye gives sight back to retired engineer". Engineering and Technology Magazine. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  8. "EMS-Healthcare provides macular treatment centre in Manchester". Building better healthcare. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2017.

Further reading