|Type||Hotel, residential, office|
|Architectural style||High-tech / Neomodern|
|Location||301–303 Deansgate, Manchester, England|
|Owner||North West Ground Rents Limited, part of the publicly quoted Ground Rents Income Fund|
|Antenna spire||To glass façade overrun: 169 m (554 ft)|
|Roof||158 m (518 ft)|
|Floor area||485,000 square feet (45,100 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||SimpsonHaugh and Partners|
|Structural engineer||WSP Group|
|Awards and prizes||CTBUH Best Tall Building Award 2007|
Beetham Tower (also known as the Hilton Tower)is a landmark 47-storey mixed use skyscraper in Manchester, England. Completed in 2006, it is named after its developers, the Beetham Organisation, and was designed by SimpsonHaugh and Partners. The development occupies a sliver of land at the top of Deansgate, hence its elongated plan, and was proposed in July 2003, with construction beginning a year later.
At a height of 554 feet (169 m), it was described by the Financial Times as "the UK's first proper skyscraper outside London". From 2006 to 2018, the skyscraper was the tallest building in Manchester and outside London in the United Kingdom. In November 2018, it was surpassed by the newly topped out South Tower at Deansgate Square, which is 659 feet (201 m) tall.
As a result of the elongated floor plan, the structure is one of the thinnest skyscrapers in the world with a height to width ratio of 10:1 on the east–west façade, but is noticeably wider on the north–south façade.A four-metre cantilever marks the transition between hotel and residential use on the north façade, and a blade structure on the south side of the building acts as a façade overrun accentuating its slim form and doubles as a lightning rod. The skyscraper is visible from ten English counties on a clear day.
The top floor penthouse offers views of Greater Manchester, the Cheshire Plain, the Pennines and Snowdonia. The tower is known for emitting a loud unintentional hum or howl in windy weather, believed to emanate from the glass 'blade' atop the building.The hum has been recorded as a B below middle C and can be heard over large parts of the local area.
Architectural response to the skyscraper is polarised and interpretations vary. Some questioned its dominant appearance over the city, particularly over listed buildings, with one author going as far to say the skyscraper instantly "torpedoed" any possibility of Manchester becoming a UNESCO World Heritage City – a status Manchester was previously on the United Kingdom shortlist for due its industrial past.
Others feel its dramatic appearance and peculiarity is reflective of Manchester, and that the Beetham Tower symbolises Manchester's reinvention as a post-industrial city, particularly since the bombing of 1996.Nevertheless, it has received praise and was awarded the best tall building in the world in 2007 by the Council for Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. In 2019, it was the subject of a legal dispute over the need for urgent repair works to parts of the glass panel façade.
The site was next to a redundant section of railway viaduct.With the support of English Heritage and the recommendation of the planning department, the Beetham Organisation submitted a planning application to Manchester City Council in July 2003. Planning permission was granted in October 2003.
The skyscraper was part of Manchester's regeneration,and by the end of 2003, before construction had started, 206 of its 219 flats, and 4 of its 16 penthouses had been pre sold. The skyscraper was built when much of the United Kingdom was experiencing an economic boom and high rise towers were being built in many English cities.
Ground and foundation works commenced at the beginning of 2004, and construction started in April 2004.By August 2004, work on its twin concrete cores had started and the structure was rising at a steady rate.
One of the cores reached 410 feet (120 m) at the end of July 2005, at which point the building became the tallest skyscraper in the United Kingdom outside London.
The tower was "topped out" on 26 April 2006. 6.6 feet (2.0 m) from the planned 561 feet (171 m). The hotel opened on 9 October 2006, and the first apartment residents moved in during 2007. The skyscraper cost £150 million to construct.Local wind conditions dictated its height had to be reduced by about
The building stands on a narrow site on Deansgate at the junction with Great Bridgewater Street and Liverpool Road. Its tall rectangular form maximises the available space. On the 23rd storey a cantilever projects by 13 feet (4 metres),increasing its floor space and giving the tower definition. On the roof is a glass overrun, described as a "glass blade" by the architect. The ten-metre blade accentuates the flat south façade, contrasting with the north façade, and doubles as a lightning rod.
The tower was built by Carillionusing post-tensioned flat slab concrete construction techniques and was the first structure in the United Kingdom to use the Doka SKE 100 automatic climbing system and trapezoidal windshield.
Piling foundations are typically preferred for skyscrapers; however, Manchester's sandstone substrata meant a raft foundation. The 2.5-metre thick raft foundation sits nine metres below the ground level.Approximately 57,000 tonnes of concrete and 6,000 glass panes for the curtain-wall structure were required. Over 8,000m2 of rigid insulation board by Kingspan was used to reduce heat loss.
The curtain-wall structure is clad in glass, and elements were added to counter excessive light. Louvres on south-facing windows allow for the control of daylight and sunlight into its interior.On the west- and east-facing sides, aluminium strips which are noticeable from ground level project outwards to provide shading from the sun.
The louvres on the south façade alter its consistency and appearance when some are open and others are closed. They stop excessive passive solar gain. Ultraviolet light hits the glass and is changed to infrared which generates heat through radiation, creating overheating.
The tower has 47 floors and is 168.87 metres (554 ft) in height, making it the tallest building in the United Kingdom outside London, and the tallest building in Manchester.
Floors 1 to 22 are occupied by the 279-bedroom four-star Hilton Manchester Deansgate Hotel.The 23rd floor has a four-metre cantilevered overhang with two glass windows in its floor, overlooking the ground from the skybar, Cloud 23, the only such bar in Manchester. The floor has a bar and lounge operated by Hilton. Floors 25 to 47 are occupied by residential apartments.
A twelve-storey office block is planned next to the tower,with 6,506 square metres of floor space. The hotel has a four-storey annexe, containing a swimming pool, ballroom, conference rooms and coffee shop.
The architect, Ian Simpson, lived in the top floor penthouse, the highest residential space in Europe million and occupies the top two storeys.after surpassing Lauderdale Tower at the Barbican Estate in London upon opening in 2006. It cost £3
It has a semi indoor garden containing 21 four metre tall olive, lemon and oak trees, originating from Italy and lifted into place with cranes through a small aperture in the roof before it was glazed in 2006.
The Hilton Manchester Deansgate occupies space up to Level 22, and a four-metre cantilever marks level 23 where the Cloud 23 bar is located.Above this level are apartments from level 25 to the triplex penthouse apartment on level 47.
Beetham claimed 90% of the residences were sold before construction began in 2004.The Daily Telegraph claimed that 55 of 219 apartments were waiting to be let, and a further thirty were unsold in September 2008. In September 2010, the Manchester rental market had improved, and only two apartments out of 219 were unoccupied awaiting interior fit-out.
Prices for an apartment ranged from £200,000 to £750,000 in 2011.In 2012 demand for apartments exceeded supply, causing bidding wars. In 2017, the second highest penthouse on floors 44, 45 and 46 was put up for sale at £3,500,000.
The tower has views over the set of Coronation Street from the north and west façade. The tower also has expansive vistas over Snowdonia, the South Pennines, the Peak District, the Cheshire Plain, Liverpool CathedralBlackpool Tower, and Jodrell Bank Observatory on a clear day.
The building has become known for an intermittent hum, or howling, which is heard in windy weather, emanating from the roof's glass blade, and first reported in May 2006 – just weeks after the tower opened. [ citation needed ]The skyscraper was intended to be 50 storeys high rather than 47, but wind load tests showed that it would sway too much because of its slender shape and the 'glass blade' façade overrun caused by the height reduction has been blamed for the noise.
The sound has been heard from about 300 metres away.It is close to the standard musical pitch of B3 (approximately 246.94 hertz) and has been compared to a "UFO landing". The noise affected production of Coronation Street . Work to reduce or eradicate the noise took place in 2006, 2007 and 2010. Foam pads were installed in 2006, aluminium nosing in 2007 and further work done in February 2010, but attempts to eradicate the noise permanently have been unsuccessful.
The architect refused to alter the building after complaints of residents of Manchester. It was suggested that the decorative glass blade could be removed to solve the problem.The humming noise occurred again during Storm Doris in February 2017 and during Storm Ciara in February 2020.
On 11 September 2008, a pane of glass cracked, requiring the street below to be cordoned off. On 29 January 2009, a fire broke out on the 31st floor in Mario Balotelli's flat, and the tower was partially evacuated; one apartment was left uninhabitable.
On 14 February 2011, Beetham Hotels Manchester Ltd went into administration.Later in the year, the hotel was sold to Cypriot businessman Loucas Louca.
The Beetham Tower featured in television programmes Vertical City (2007) for More 4, Britain From Above for BBC One (2008) and Time Travel (2010) for the National Geographic Channel.It is depicted in the opening titles of numerous television programmes – including The Street , Coronation Street, and the Manchester sequence of ITV Sport's England football coverage.
Scenes for Series 2 of Scott & Bailey were filmed in the reception area of the hotel, although the scenes were set in Bristol. AMC Cinemas can be seen in the outdoor shots.[ citation needed ]
American band Paramore used an audio sample from a video of the tower howling, throughout the track "Idle Worship" on their 2017 album After Laughter . In an interview with Zane Lowe for Beats 1, guitarist Taylor York admitted to finding out about Beetham Tower online and then went on to sample it in the song.[ citation needed ]
The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) is an international body in the field of tall buildings and sustainable urban design. A non-profit organization based at the Monroe Building in the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States, the CTBUH announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and is widely considered to be an authority on the official height of tall buildings. Its stated mission is to study and report "on all aspects of the planning, design, and construction of tall buildings." The Council was founded at Lehigh University in 1969 by Lynn S. Beedle, where its office remained until October 2003 when it moved to the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.
The Shard, also referred to as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower, is a 95-storey skyscraper, designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano, in Southwark, London, that forms part of the Shard Quarter development. Standing 309.6 metres high, the Shard is the tallest building in the United Kingdom, and the sixth-tallest building in Europe. It is also the second-tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, after the concrete tower of the Emley Moor transmitting station. It replaced Southwark Towers, a 24-storey office block built on the site in 1975.
No. 1 Deansgate is the name and location of a medium-rise apartment building in central Manchester, England. It is the tallest all-steel residential building in the United Kingdom, and one of the most expensive addresses in Manchester. The building was completed in 2002, and is situated at the north end of Deansgate close to Manchester Cathedral.
Deansgate is a main road through Manchester city centre, England. It runs roughly north–south in a near straight route through the western part of the city centre and is the longest road in the city centre at over one mile in length.
The CIS Tower is an office skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England. It was completed in 1962 and rises to 387 feet in height. The Grade II listed building, which houses the Co-operative Banking Group, is Manchester's eighth-tallest building and the tallest office building in the United Kingdom outside London. The tower remained as built for over 40 years until maintenance issues on the service tower required an extensive renovation which included covering its facade in photovoltaic panels.
10 Holloway Circus is a 400-foot (122 m) tall mixed-use skyscraper in Birmingham city centre, England. It was originally named after the developers, Beetham Organisation, and was designed by Ian Simpson and built by Laing O'Rourke. The entire development covers an area of 7,000 square feet (650 m2). It is the tallest occupied building in Birmingham and the 42nd tallest building in the United Kingdom.
Spinningfields is an area of Manchester city centre, in North West England, developed in the 2000s between Deansgate and the River Irwell by Allied London Properties. The £1.5 billion project consists of twenty new buildings, totalling approximately 430,000 sq metres of commercial, residential and retail space. It takes its name from Spinningfield, a narrow street which ran westwards from Deansgate. In 1968, Spinningfield and the area to the south were turned into Spinningfield Square, an open paved area. The Manchester Civil Justice Centre is a landmark building of the scheme and construction commenced on 1 Spinningfields, a 90-metre office building, in early 2015.
Hilton Manchester Deansgate is a hotel in city centre of Manchester, United Kingdom. The hotel is housed within the 47-storey mixed-use skyscraper with the highest residential living space – Beetham Tower, also known as the Hilton Tower. The architect of the building, Ian Simpson bought the top two floors – 48th and 49th.
West Tower is a 40-storey tall skyscraper in Liverpool, England. The building was the second tower to be built by Carillion in Liverpool for property developers Beetham, who now use the building as their headquarters.
The Ritz-Carlton Toronto is a hotel and luxury condominium skyscraper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. At 209.8 metres (688 ft), it is Toronto's fifteenth-tallest building. It is located at 181 Wellington Street West, on the western edge of the downtown core and bordering Toronto's entertainment district. The hotel opened on February 16, 2011.
One Blackfriars is a mixed-use development at No. 1 Blackfriars Road in Bankside, London. It is informally known as The Vase or The Boomerang due to its shape. Robert Shiller, a Nobel Prize winning economist, proposed an alternative name as “The Tummy.”
Deansgate Square, formerly known as Owen Street, is a skyscraper cluster on the southern edge of Manchester City Centre, consisting of four skyscrapers, the highest is 201 metres tall. The site is just south of Deansgate railway station and north of the Mancunian Way, bounded by Old Deansgate, Pond Street, Owen Street and the River Medlock. Manchester City Council adopted a framework in the early 2000s, known as the Great Jackson Street Development Framework, which earmarked the site as an acceptable location for high-rise buildings. The framework was enacted to encourage building development as the site had been vacant for many years and was perceived to be isolated as it was bounded by major arterial roads.
AXIS is a tower topped out and under construction in Manchester city centre, Manchester, England. The tower has had two iterations, one as a stalled construction project which was cancelled due to the Great Recession in 2008, and the other as residential which was announced in 2014. When completed, Axis Tower will become the seventh tallest building in Manchester until the completion of the Deansgate Square and Angel Gardens projects that are currently under construction.
Shanghai Tower is a 632-metre (2,073 ft), 128-story megatall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. It is the world's second-tallest building by height to architectural top and it shares the record of having the world's highest observation deck within a building or structure at 562 m. It had the world's second-fastest elevators at a top speed of 20.5 metres per second until 2017, when it was surpassed by the Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre, with a top speed of 21 metres per second. Designed by international design firm Gensler and owned by the Shanghai city government, it is the tallest of the world's first triple-adjacent supertall buildings in Pudong, the other two being the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides nine separate zones divided between office, retail and leisure use.
SimpsonHaugh and Partners is an English architecture practice established in 1987 by Ian Simpson and Rachel Haugh. The practice is based in Manchester with offices in London. In 2014 the practice re-branded as Simpson Haugh & Partners.
The Intercontinental Tower, Manchester is a cancelled landmark skyscraper for construction in Manchester City Centre, England. The proposed high rise would have been a five-star luxury hotel run by InterContinental Hotels Group, and developed by Northern Irish development firm, Benmore.
Liberty Heights is a skyscraper apartment building in Manchester, England, west of Oxford Street. 17 New Wakefield Street was designed by local architect Stephen Hodder in a clustered architectural form and was completed in September 2012. The skyscraper is situated adjacent to Oxford Road railway station, on the corner of Great Marlborough Street. The skyscraper is 37 storeys high at a height of 109 metres and is the ninth tallest building in Manchester behind towers such as Deansgate Square's South Tower, the Beetham Tower and CIS Tower.
River Street Tower is a high-rise tower under construction in Manchester, England. The tower will be situated immediately north of the Mancunian Way on land which was notably occupied by a concrete car park frame from 2005 to 2018.
Yianis Group is a London-based property development and investment company, wholly owned by the Cyprus-born British billionaire, John Christodoulou.
Though for Manchester, it's massive. Nothing comes close on this skyline. People stop and stare. Look, there it is, the UK's first proper skyscraper outside London.
The jury may be out on Beetham Tower and Chips but this writer admires their verve
However, it has been criticised by some for its 'boxy' minimalist design. The aesthetic appeal may be debatable but the structural significance is not
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beetham Tower, Manchester .|
| Tallest Building in Manchester |
| Tallest Building outside London, UK |