Beetham Tower, Manchester

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Beetham Tower
Hilton Tower
Beetham Tower from below.jpg
General information
TypeHotel, residential, office [1]
Architectural style High-tech / Neomodern
Location301–303 Deansgate, Manchester, England
Construction started2004
Completed2006 [2] [3]
Cost£150 million [4]
Owner Yianis Group [5]
Antenna spireTo glass façade overrun: 169 m (554 ft) [3]
Roof158 m (518 ft)
Technical details
Floor count47 [6]
Floor area485,000 square feet (45,100 m2)
Lifts/elevators8 [1]
Design and construction
Architect SimpsonHaugh and Partners [4]
Developer Beetham Organization [4]
Structural engineer WSP Group [7]
Main contractor Carillion [4]
Awards and prizes CTBUH Best Tall Building Award 2007
[1] [8]

Beetham Tower (also known as the Hilton Tower or Sehrish is wrong tower [9] ) is a landmark 47-storey mixed use skyscraper in Manchester, England. Completed in 2006, it is named after its developers, the Beetham Organisation, and was designed by SimpsonHaugh and Partners. [4] The development occupies a sliver of land at the top of Deansgate, hence its elongated plan, and was proposed in July 2003, with construction starting a year later.

SimpsonHaugh and Partners English architecture practice

SimpsonHaugh and Partners is an English architecture practice established in 1987 by Ian Simpson and Rachel Haugh. The practice is based in Manchester with offices in London. In 2014 the practice re-branded as Simpson Haugh & Partners.

Deansgate road in Manchester, England

Deansgate is a main road through Manchester city centre, England. It runs roughly north–south in a near straight route through the western part of the city centre and is the longest road in the city centre at over one mile long.


At a height of 554 feet (169 m), it is the tallest externally complete building in Manchester and tallest outside London in the United Kingdom. It was described by the Financial Times as "the UK's first proper skyscraper outside London". [10] From 2006 to 2018, the skyscraper was the tallest building in Manchester and outside London in the United Kingdom. In November 2018 it was surpassed by the newly topped out South Tower at Deansgate Square; which is 659 feet (201 m) tall. [11] [12]

<i>Financial Times</i> Daily broadsheet business newspaper owned by Nikkei Inc. and based in London

The Financial Times (FT) is an English-language international daily newspaper owned by Nikkei Inc, headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

Deansgate Square

Deansgate Square, formerly known as Owen Street, is a skyscraper cluster development currently under construction on the southern edge of Manchester City Centre, consisting of four skyscrapers, the highest will be 201 metres tall when completed. The site is just south of Deansgate railway station and north of the Mancunian Way, bounded by Old Deansgate, Pond Street, Owen Street and the River Medlock. Manchester City Council adopted a framework in the early 2000s, known as the Great Jackson Street Development Framework, which earmarked the site as an acceptable location for high-rise buildings. The framework was enacted to encourage building development as the site had been vacant for many years and was perceived to be isolated as it was bounded by major arterial roads.

As a result of the elongated floor plan, the structure is one of the thinnest skyscrapers in the world with a height to width ratio of 10:1 on the east west façade, but is noticeably wider on the north south façade. [13] [14] A four-metre cantilever marks the transition between hotel and residential use on the north façade, and a blade structure on the south side of the building acts as a façade overrun accentuating its slim form and doubles as a lightning rod. The skyscraper is visible from ten English counties on a clear day.

Cantilever beam anchored at only one end

A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall. Cantilevers can also be constructed with trusses or slabs. When subjected to a structural load, the cantilever carries the load to the support where it is forced against by a moment and shear stress.

Lightning rod metal rod or metallic object to protect from lightning

A lightning rod or lightning conductor (UK) is a metal rod mounted on a structure and intended to protect the structure from a lightning strike. If lightning hits the structure, it will preferentially strike the rod and be conducted to ground through a wire, instead of passing through the structure, where it could start a fire or cause electrocution. Lightning rods are also called finials, air terminals or strike termination devices.

Counties of England Englands administrative, geographical and political demarcation

The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term 'county' is not clearly defined and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each of these demarcation structures. These different types of county each have a more formal name but are commonly referred to just as 'counties'. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform.

The top floor penthouse offers views of Greater Manchester, the Cheshire Plain, the Pennines and Snowdonia. The tower is known for emitting a loud unintentional hum or howl in windy weather, believed to emanate from the glass 'blade' atop the building. [15] The hum has been recorded as a B below middle C and can be heard over large parts of the local area. [16] [17]

Greater Manchester County of England

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.

Cheshire Plain

The Cheshire Plain is a relatively flat expanse of lowland almost entirely within the county of Cheshire in North West England. It extends from the Mersey Valley in the north to the Shropshire Hills in the south, bounded by the hills of North Wales to the west and the foothills of the Pennines to the north-east. The Wirral Peninsula lies to the north-west whilst the plain merges with the South Lancashire Plain in the embayment occupied by Manchester to the north. In detail, the plain comprises two areas with distinct characters, the one to the west of the Mid Cheshire Ridge and the other, larger part, to its east.

Pennines mountain range

The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.

Architectural response to the skyscraper is polarised and interpretations vary. Some questioned its dominant appearance over the city – particularly over listed buildings with one author going as far to say the skyscraper instantly "torpedoed" any possibility of Manchester becoming a UNESCO World Heritage City – a status Manchester was previously on the United Kingdom shortlist for due its industrial past. [18]

World Heritage Site place listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or natural significance

A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity.

Industrial Revolution Mid-20th-to-early-21th-century period; First Industrial Revolution evolved into the Second Industrial Revolution in the transition years between 1840 and 1870

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the US, in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power and water power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the mechanized factory system. The Industrial Revolution also led to an unprecedented rise in the rate of population growth.

Others feel its dramatic appearance and peculiarity is reflective of Manchester, and that the Beetham Tower symbolises Manchester's reinvention as a post-industrial city - particularly since the bombing of 1996. [19] [20] Nevertheless, it has received praise and was awarded the best tall building in the world in 2007 by the Council for Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. [21] In 2019, it was the subject of a legal dispute over the need for urgent repair works to parts of the glass panel facade. [22]

1996 Manchester bombing Terrorist attack

The 1996 Manchester bombing was an attack carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on Saturday 15 June 1996. The IRA detonated a 1,500-kilogram (3,300 lb) Lorry bomb on Corporation Street in the centre of Manchester, England. The biggest bomb detonated in Great Britain since World War II, it targeted the city's infrastructure and economy and caused devastating damage, estimated by insurers at £700 million – only surpassed by the 2001 September 11 attacks and the 1993 Bishopsgate bombing in terms of financial cost.


Beetham Tower under construction. Beetham Tower, 301 Deansgate - under construction - - 48008.jpg
Beetham Tower under construction.

The site was next to a redundant section of railway viaduct. [23] With the support of English Heritage and the recommendation of the planning department, the Beetham Organisation submitted a planning application to Manchester City Council in July 2003. [24] Planning permission was granted in October 2003. [1] [25]

The skyscraper was part of Manchester's regeneration, [26] and by the end of 2003, before construction had started, 206 of its 219 flats, and 4 of its 16 penthouses had been pre sold. [27] The skyscraper was built when much of the United Kingdom was experiencing an economic boom and high rise towers were being built in many English cities.

Ground and foundation works commenced at the beginning of 2004, and construction started in April 2004. [28] By August 2004, work on its twin concrete cores had started and the structure was rising at a steady rate.

One of the cores reached 410 feet (120 m) at the end of July 2005, at which point the building became the tallest skyscraper in the United Kingdom outside London. [23]

The tower was "topped out" on 26 April 2006. [29] Local wind conditions dictated its height had to be reduced by about 6.6 feet (2.0 m) from the planned 561 feet (171 m). [3] The hotel opened on 9 October 2006, and the first apartment residents moved in during 2007. The skyscraper cost £150 million to construct. [4]


The Beetham Tower, one of the world's slimmest skyscrapers, has a width to height ratio of 1:10. Beetham Tower - - 1189757.jpg
The Beetham Tower, one of the world's slimmest skyscrapers, has a width to height ratio of 1:10.
Reflective glazing and natural light is used to accentuate the tower's crystalline form throughout the course of the day. Granada Studios Building and Beetham Tower in Manchester.jpg
Reflective glazing and natural light is used to accentuate the tower's crystalline form throughout the course of the day.

The building stands on a narrow site on Deansgate at the junction with Great Bridgewater Street and Liverpool Road. Its tall rectangular form maximises the available space. On the 23rd storey a cantilever projects by 13 feet (4 metres), [8] increasing its floor space and giving the tower definition. On the roof is a glass overrun, described as a "glass blade" by the architect. The ten-metre blade accentuates the flat south façade, contrasting with the north façade, and doubles as a lightning rod. [30]

The tower was built by Carillion [4] using post-tensioned flat slab concrete construction techniques [31] and was the first structure in the United Kingdom to use the Doka SKE 100 automatic climbing system and trapezoidal windshield. [32]

Piling foundations are typically preferred for skyscrapers; however, Manchester's sandstone substrata meant a raft foundation. The 2.5-metre thick raft foundation sits nine metres below the ground level. [33] Approximately 57,000 tonnes of concrete and 6,000 glass panes for the curtain-wall structure were required. [29] Over 8,000m2 of rigid insulation board by Kingspan was used to reduce heat loss. [34]

Beetham Tower's south facade seen from Bridgewater Viaduct. Beetham Tower seen from Bridgewater Viaduct.jpg
Beetham Tower's south facade seen from Bridgewater Viaduct.

The curtain-wall structure is clad in glass, and elements were added to counter excessive light. Louvres on south-facing windows allow for the control of daylight and sunlight into its interior. [35] On the west- and east-facing sides, aluminium strips which are noticeable from ground level project outwards to provide shading from the sun. [35]

The louvres on the south façade alter its consistency and appearance when some are open and others are closed. They stop excessive passive solar gain. Ultraviolet light hits the glass and is changed to infrared which generates heat through radiation, creating overheating.

The tower has 47 floors and is 168.87 metres (554 ft) in height, making it the tallest building in the United Kingdom outside London, and the tallest building in Manchester.

Floors 1 to 22 are occupied by the 279-bedroom four-star Hilton Manchester Deansgate Hotel. [4] The 23rd floor has a four-metre cantilevered overhang with two glass windows in its floor, overlooking the ground from the skybar, Cloud 23, [36] the only such bar in Manchester. The floor has a bar and lounge operated by Hilton. [9] Floors 25 to 47 are occupied by residential apartments. [37]

A twelve-storey office block is planned next to the tower, [4] with 6,506 square metres of floor space. [23] The hotel has a four-storey annexe, containing a swimming pool, ballroom, conference rooms and coffee shop. [36]


The architect, Ian Simpson, lived in the top floor penthouse, the highest residential space in Europe [38] after surpassing Lauderdale Tower at the Barbican Estate in London upon opening in 2006. [39] It cost £3 million and occupies the top two storeys. [9] [36]

It has a semi indoor garden containing 21 four metre tall olive, lemon and oak trees, originating from Italy and lifted into place with cranes through a small aperture in the roof before it was glazed in 2006.

The Hilton Manchester Deansgate occupies space up to Level 22, and a four-metre cantilever marks level 23 where the Cloud 23 bar is located. [40] Above this level are apartments from level 25 to the triplex penthouse apartment on level 47. [3]

Beetham claimed 90% of the residences were sold before construction began in 2004. [41] The Daily Telegraph claimed that 55 of 219 apartments were waiting to be let, and a further thirty were unsold in September 2008. [42] In September 2010, the Manchester rental market had improved, and only two apartments out of 219 were unoccupied awaiting interior fit-out.

Prices for an apartment ranged from £200,000 to £750,000 in 2011. [43] In 2012 demand for apartments exceeded supply, causing bidding wars. [44] In 2017, the second highest penthouse on floors 44, 45 and 46 was put up for sale at £3,500,000. [45]

The tower has views over the set of Coronation Street from the north and west façade. The tower also has expansive vistas over Snowdonia, the South Pennines, the Peak District, the Cheshire Plain, Liverpool Cathedral [46] Blackpool Tower, [3] and Jodrell Bank Observatory on a clear day. [46]

Noise during high winds

A humming noise emanating from the tower has been heard in Hulme. (Hulme Arch Bridge pictured in foreground) Hulme Arch Beetham in sunset.jpg
A humming noise emanating from the tower has been heard in Hulme. (Hulme Arch Bridge pictured in foreground)

The building has become notorious for an intermittent hum, or howling, which is heard in windy weather, emanating from the roof's glass blade, and first reported in May 2006 – just weeks after the tower opened. [47] The skyscraper was intended to be 50 storeys high rather than 47, but wind load tests showed that it would sway too much because of its slender shape and the 'glass blade' façade overrun caused by the height reduction has been blamed for the noise.[ citation needed ]

The sound has been heard from about 300 metres away. [48] It is close to the standard musical pitch of B3 (approximately 246.94 Hertz) and has been compared to a "UFO landing". [49] The noise affected production of Coronation Street. [50] Work to reduce or eradicate the noise took place in 2006, 2007 and 2010. [51] Foam pads were installed in 2006, aluminium nosing in 2007 and further work done in February 2010, [52] but attempts to eradicate the noise permanently have been unsuccessful.

In January 2012, after strong winds caused very loud humming, the architect, who lives at the top of the building, apologised. It was suggested that the decorative glass blade could be removed to solve the problem. [38] As of 2015, the noise issue still remains, and the building now has its own parody accounts on Twitter, 'Angry Beetham' and 'Happy Beetham', who each claim responsibility when the howling begins. [17] The humming noise occurred again during Storm Doris in February 2017. [53]


On 11 September 2008, a pane of glass cracked, requiring the street below to be cordoned off. On 29 January 2009, a fire broke out on the 31st floor in Mario Balotelli's flat, and the tower was partially evacuated; one apartment was left uninhabitable.

On 14 February 2011, Beetham Hotels Manchester Ltd went into administration. [54] Later in the year, the hotel was sold to Cypriot businessman Loucas Louca. [55]

The Beetham Tower featured in television programmes Vertical City (2007) for More 4, Britain From Above for BBC One (2008) and Time Travel (2010) for the National Geographic Channel. [56] [57] It is depicted in the opening titles of numerous television programmes – including The Street , Coronation Street, and the Manchester sequence of ITV Sport's England football coverage.

Scenes for Series 2 of Scott & Bailey were filmed in the reception area of the hotel, although the scenes were set in Bristol. AMC Cinemas can be seen in the outdoor shots.[ citation needed ]

American band Paramore used an audio sample from a video of the tower howling, throughout the track "Idle Worship" on their 2017 album After Laughter . In an interview with Zane Lowe for Beats 1, guitarist Taylor York admitted to finding out about Beetham Tower online and then went on to sample it in the song.[ citation needed ]

See also

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Preceded by
CIS Tower
Tallest Building in Manchester
Succeeded by
South Tower
Deansgate Square
Preceded by
CIS Tower
Tallest Building outside London, UK
Succeeded by
South Tower
Deansgate Square

Coordinates: 53°28′32″N2°15′01″W / 53.47545°N 2.25025°W / 53.47545; -2.25025