Arkwright House, Manchester

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Arkwright House
Arkwright House, Manchester.jpg
Arkwright House, Manchester
General information
Status Grade II listed
Architectural styleNeo-classical
LocationParsonage Gardens, Manchester city centre, Manchester, England.
Coordinates 53°28′56″N2°14′56″W / 53.48229°N 2.24878°W / 53.48229; -2.24878 Coordinates: 53°28′56″N2°14′56″W / 53.48229°N 2.24878°W / 53.48229; -2.24878
Completed1937 (1937)
Client English Sewing Cotton Company
Design and construction
Architect Harry S. Fairhurst

Arkwright House is a Grade-II listed building in Manchester, England. Designed by local architects, Harry S. Fairhurst, it was completed by 1937 for the English Sewing Cotton Company. Arkwright House is built in a neo-classical style with some art deco motifs which was widely prominent during the 1930s.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city itself is the sixth-largest in the United Kingdom with a population of 545,500 as of 2017, but it lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Harry S. Fairhurst British architect

Harry S. Fairhurst was a prominent architect in Edwardian Manchester. He was responsible for many of the city's iconic warehouses and his commissions include Blackfriars House, headquarters of the Lancashire Cotton Corporation and Arkwright House, headquarters of the English Sewing Cotton Company.

Arkwright House was heavily damaged in the 1992 Manchester bombing and needed work to repair the building. [1] It is marked by it giant Corinthian order columns and the use of Portland stone as the exterior. [2] The building has been described as 'sinister' by one architecture critic, suggesting it shares some similarities with Nazi architecture where classical buildings were preferred. [3] Hartwell describes the front façade facing Parsonage Gardens as architecturally 'impressive'. [2]

1992 Manchester bombing Terrorist attack

The 1992 Manchester bombing was an attack by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on Thursday 3 December 1992. Two 2 lb (0.9 kg) bombs exploded, wounding 65 people and damaging many buildings in the city of Manchester.

Corinthian order Latest of the three principal classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture

The Corinthian order is the last developed of the three principal classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. The other two are the Doric order which was the earliest, followed by the Ionic order. When classical architecture was revived during the Renaissance, two more orders were added to the canon, the Tuscan order and the Composite order. The Corinthian, with its offshoot the Composite, is the most ornate of the orders. This architectural style is characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls. There are many variations.

Portland stone Limestone quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England

Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. The quarries consist of beds of white-grey limestone separated by chert beds. It has been used extensively as a building stone throughout the British Isles, notably in major public buildings in London such as St Paul's Cathedral and Buckingham Palace. Portland stone is also exported to many countries—being used for example in the United Nations headquarters building in New York City.

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References

  1. "1992: Bomb explosions in Manchester". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
  2. 1 2 Hartwell, Clare (2001). Pevsner Architectural Guide - Manchester. p. 245.
  3. "The Good, The Standard And The Ugly: Arkwright House". Manchester Confidential. 22 June 2011. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-29.