1 The Avenue

Last updated
1 The Avenue
1 The Avenue, Spinningfields.jpg
Former names2 Spinningfields Square
General information
TypeOffice, Retail
Architectural stylePost modern
LocationManchester
CountryUnited Kingdom
Construction started2007
Opened2009
Landlord Allied London
Technical details
Structural systemSteel
Floor area5,100m2
Design and construction
Architecture firm Sheppard Robson
Structural engineer Capita Symonds
References
[1]

1 The Avenue is a building in Spinningfields, Manchester. It is situated on Deansgate adjacent to the grade-I listed John Rylands Library.

Spinningfields human settlement in United Kingdom

Spinningfields is an area of Manchester city centre, in North West England, developed in the 2000s between Deansgate and the River Irwell by Allied London Properties. The £1.5 billion project consists of twenty new buildings, totalling approximately 430,000 sq metres of commercial, residential and retail space. It takes its name from Spinningfield, a narrow street which ran westwards from Deansgate. In 1968, Spinningfield and the area to the south were turned into Spinningfield Square, an open paved area. The Manchester Civil Justice Centre is a landmark building of the scheme and construction commenced on 1 Spinningfields, a 90-metre office building, in early 2015.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Deansgate road in Manchester, England

Deansgate is a main road through Manchester city centre, England. It runs roughly north–south in a near straight route through the western part of the city centre and is the longest road in the city centre at over one mile long.

Contents

Architecture

The building consists of two mirror-image parallelograms, stacked one on top of the other, resulting in a three-storey 23 m (75 ft) cantilever on the east end of the building. The cantilever is supported by an inclined steel ‘diagrid’ structure.

Parallelogram quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides

In Euclidean geometry, a parallelogram is a simple (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides. The opposite or facing sides of a parallelogram are of equal length and the opposite angles of a parallelogram are of equal measure. The congruence of opposite sides and opposite angles is a direct consequence of the Euclidean parallel postulate and neither condition can be proven without appealing to the Euclidean parallel postulate or one of its equivalent formulations.

Cantilever beam anchored at only one end

A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall. Cantilevers can also be constructed with trusses or slabs. When subjected to a structural load, the cantilever carries the load to the support where it is forced against by a moment and shear stress.

[2] A diagrid is similar in shape to a triangle and other building have used a diagrid structure, such as 30 St Mary Axe in London. [3]

Diagrid

The diagrid is a framework of diagonally intersecting metal, concrete or wooden beams that is used in the construction of buildings and roofs. It requires less structural steel than a conventional steel frame. Hearst Tower in New York City, designed by Norman, Lord Foster, uses 21 percent less steel than a standard design. The diagrid obviates the need for columns and can be used to make large column-free expanses of roofing. Another iconic building designed by Lord Foster, 30 St Mary Axe, known as "The Gherkin", also uses the diagrid system.

30 St Mary Axe skyscraper in London, England

30 St Mary Axe, informally known as The Gherkin, is a commercial skyscraper in London's primary financial district, the City of London. It was completed in December 2003 and opened in April 2004. With 41 floors, it is 180 metres (591 ft) tall and stands on the former sites of the Baltic Exchange and Chamber of Shipping, which were extensively damaged in 1992 by a bomb placed by the Provisional IRA in St Mary Axe, a narrow street leading north from Leadenhall Street.

Reaction to the glass clad building has been mixed due its proximity to the Grade I listed Rylands Library which, along with the Town Hall is considered the finest piece of architecture in Manchester and one of the finest interpretations of Gothic revival in the world. [4] [5]

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John Rylands Library building on Deansgate in Manchester, England

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1 Spinningfields

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Greater Manchester bus route 2

Metroshuttle 2 operates in Manchester city centre from Shudehill Interchange via Manchester Victoria station, Manchester city centre, Deansgate station, Castlefield and Oxford Road station.

Greater Manchester bus route 3

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References

  1. "1 The Avenue". Spinningfields Manchester. Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
  2. "No 2 Spinningfields Square Manchester". steelconstruction.org. Archived from the original on 2013-02-23. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
  3. "No. 1 The Avenue, Spinningfields, Manchester" (PDF). Capita Symonds. Retrieved 2012-04-13.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. "By John Rylands Library I sat down and wept..." Manchester School of Architecture. 15 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
  5. Griffin, Phil (16 September 2008). "2 Spinningfields Square: an awkward fit or just right?". Manchester Confidential. Archived from the original on 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2012-04-13.

Coordinates: 53°28′48″N2°14′58″W / 53.48008°N 2.24935°W / 53.48008; -2.24935

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.