Bramall Lane

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Bramall Lane
Bramall lane1.jpg
Bramall Lane in 2003
Bramall Lane
LocationHighfield
Sheffield
S2 4SU
Coordinates 53°22′13″N1°28′15″W / 53.37028°N 1.47083°W / 53.37028; -1.47083 Coordinates: 53°22′13″N1°28′15″W / 53.37028°N 1.47083°W / 53.37028; -1.47083
Public transit BSicon TRAM.svg Granville Road/The Sheffield College or Park Grange Croft
Owner Sheffield United F.C.
Capacity 32,050 [1]
Field size101 by 68 metres (110.5 by 74.4 yd) [1]
SurfaceDesso GrassMaster
Construction
Broke ground1855
Opened30 April 1855
Renovated1966 (Bramall Lane Stand built)
1975 (South Stand built)
1991 (Kop seated)
1994 (all-seated)
1996 (John St Stand rebuilt)
2006 (concourses in Bramall Lane Stand redeveloped)
Expanded2001 (Kop Corner built)
2006 (Westfield Health Stand built)
Architect(John St Stand) Ward McHugh Associates
Tenants
Yorkshire CCC (1855–1893)

Sheffield F.C. (1873-1884)

Sheffield United (1889–present)
Ground information
International information
Only Test3 July 1902:
Flag of England.svg  England v Flag of Australia (1901-1903).svg  Australia
As of 1 January 2017
Source: Cricinfo

Bramall Lane is a football stadium in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is the home of EFL Championship club Sheffield United. As the largest stadium in Sheffield during the 19th century, it hosted most of the city's most significant matches including the final of the world's first football tournament, first floodlit match and several matches between the Sheffield and London Football Associations that led to the unification of their respective rules. It was also used by Sheffield Wednesday and Sheffield F.C. for major matches. It has been the home of Sheffield United since the club's establishment in 1889. It is the oldest major stadium in the world still to be hosting professional association football matches. [2] [3]

Contents

The stadium was built on a Sheffield road named after the Bramall family (who were file and graver manufacturers). The Bramalls owned The Old White House on the corner of Bramall Lane and Cherry Street, and subsequently built the Sheaf House, now a public house that still stands at the top of Bramall Lane. The stadium originally opened as a cricket ground. It was used for football games in the 19th century by Sheffield F.C. and Sheffield Wednesday, but since 1889 has been the home of Sheffield United.

Bramall Lane is one of only two grounds (the other being the Oval) which has hosted England football internationals (five games prior to 1930), an England cricket test match (a single Test, in 1902, against Australia) and an FA Cup Final (the 1912 replay, in which Barnsley beat West Bromwich Albion, 1–0). It also regularly hosted FA Cup semi-finals and replays between 1889 and 1938.

The ground has also hosted rugby league games for the Sheffield Eagles, [4] and has also been selected to host England v Greece in the 2021 Rugby League World Cup. [5] The ground also hosted a Billy Graham Evangelist meeting in 1985, a pair of rock concerts by Bruce Springsteen in 1988 in front of 88,000 people, a friendly match for the 150th anniversary of the world's oldest football club Sheffield F.C., where they played Inter Milan in 2007. Also hosting a Travis Pastrana Motor cross event in 2016, an IBF Welterweight title boxing match featuring Sheffield United fan Kell Brook, in front of 27,000 people in 2017, the Women's League Cup final and a Rod Stewart concert both in 2019. The stadium has also been used several times to host England men's and women's senior and youth teams in friendly and competitive matches.

The record attendance for the ground is 68,287 set at an FA Cup 5th Round tie between Sheffield United and Leeds United on 15 February 1936. The ground was extensively renovated in the wake of the Taylor Report, and has an all-seated capacity of 32,050. [1]

History

Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
Red pog.svg
Bramall Lane shown in Sheffield

Cricket

Cricket at Bramall Lane in 1965 Bramall Lane - geograph.org.uk - 993721.jpg
Cricket at Bramall Lane in 1965

Bramall Lane opened as a cricket ground in 1855, having been leased by Michael Ellison from the Duke of Norfolk at an annual rent of £70. The site was then away from the city's industrial area, and relatively free from smoke. It was built to host the matches of local cricket clubs and originally had six clubs playing there, one of whom was the Wednesday Cricket Club, forerunner of Sheffield Wednesday.

Bramall Lane opened on 30 April 1855 as a cricket ground with a match between "The Eleven" and "The Twenty Two", [3] The Eleven, despite being the senior team, lost by an innings and 28 runs.

A team representing Yorkshire played the first county match at the ground on 27 August 1855, against Sussex but lost by an innings and 117 runs. [6]

Although the first county game had been played eight years earlier, the official Yorkshire County Cricket Club was not formed until 1863. [7] The idea came from Ellison, who was using his own finances to support the club, in order to improve Bramall Lane's financial position as the county's headquarters. It was the club's headquarters until 1893, when they moved to Headingley in Leeds. [7]

In 1897, Jack Brown and John Tunnicliffe recorded a first wicket score of 378 against Sussex—a ground record that has never been beaten. Brown's score of 311 and Yorkshire's innings of 681 for 5 declared were also records when the cricket ground closed. [8] Other notable scores include the 582 for 7 declared they piled up against Surrey in 1935 and the 579 posted against the touring South Africans in 1951. Six other scores in excess of 500 were made. In contrast there were a host of scores under 100, mainly in the 19th century, although Derbyshire's paltry total of 20 in 1939 remains the lowest ever score. Nottinghamshire were dismissed for 24 in 1888 but Kent showed the Yorkshire batsmen up in 1865, bowling them out for 30. Many of the low totals were made on rain affected, uncovered wickets.

The ground hosted a single Test match in 1902, against Australia, which England lost by 143 runs. [9] Australia won thanks to a century by Clem Hill and the bowling of Saunders and Noble, who each took 5 wickets in England's first innings of 145 and Noble and Trumble who took 6 and 4 wickets respectively to bowl the home team out for 195 second time around. The defeat was blamed on the poor light at the ground; a product of smoke emitted by local factories. Attendances were poor, and the experiment was never repeated.

In addition Jack Brown's triple century 10 double centuries were scored on the ground, Sir Len Hutton scored unbeaten two double tons, a 280* against Hampshire in 1939 and 271* against Derbyshire in 1937. W Barber posted 255 against Surrey in 1935 while the great Indian batsman V.S. Hazare scored 244 not out for the Indian tourists in the first season after World War II.

Among many notable partnerships W. Barber and Maurice Leyland amassed 346 for the second wicket against Middlesex in 1932 and the aforementioned V.S. Hazare and Vinoo Mankad put on 322 for the Indians against Yorkshire for the 4th wicket in 1946. Only one century was scored in list A one-day cricket at Bramall Lane, John Hampshire's 108 against Nottinghamshire in 1970 in the Sunday League.

Three bowlers took all ten wickets in an innings at Bramall Lane, the feat being more common in the annals of first class cricket than many imagine. The great Australian leg spinner Clarrie Grimmett took 10 for 37 for the tourists in 1930 while TF Smailes took all 10 for 47 for Yorkshire against Derbyshire in 1939. G. Wootton took 10 for 54 for an All England Eleven v Yorkshire in 1865 while 9 other bowlers took 9 wickets in an innings there, including a haul of 9 for 12 by the great Yorkshire slow left armer Hedley Verity.

The best match bowling figures at the ground, 16 for 114, were recorded by G. Burton of Middlesex against Yorkshire in 1888 while Hedley Verity took a remarkable 15 for 38 against Kent in 1936. Len Braund took 15 for 71 for Somerset in 1902 while W. G. Grace showed his youthful talent with the ball with a haul of 15 for 79 for Gloucestershire in 1872.

D. Hunter of Surrey dismissed caught 5 batsmen and stumped another in one innings in 1891 while Yorkshire stalwart Jimmy Binks completed 5 dismissals in an innings 3 times.

The two ends of the ground were known as the Pavilion End and the Football Ground End. Between 1863 and 1973, Yorkshire played 391 first class matches, including 339 County Championship matches at Bramall Lane. Yorkshire's last match at the ground took place on 4, 6 and 7 August 1973, a drawn game against Lancashire. [7] The construction of the South Stand began soon after, over the cricket square, finally enclosing the football pitch on all four sides. [10] Yorkshire's cricket games in Sheffield moved to Abbeydale Park.

International centuries

One Test century has been scored at the venue. [11]

No.ScorePlayerTeamBallsOpposing teamDateResult
1119 Clem Hill Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of England.svg  England 3 July 1902Won

International five-wicket hauls

Five five-wicket hauls have been taken at the venue. [12]

No.BowlerDateTeamOpposing teamInnOversRunsWktsEconResult
1 Sydney Barnes 3 July 1902Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1204962.45Lost
2 Jack Saunders 3 July 1902Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of England.svg  England 215.35053.22Won
3 Monty Noble 3 July 1902Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of England.svg  England 2195152.68Won
4 Wilfred Rhodes 3 July 1902Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 317.16353.66Lost
5 Monty Noble 3 July 1902Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of England.svg  England 4215262.47Won

Football

Bramall Lane, Sheffield, 1992 v. Manchester United. The old John Street terrace may be seen (left) Brammall Lane - Sheffield - mars 1992.JPG
Bramall Lane, Sheffield, 1992 v. Manchester United. The old John Street terrace may be seen (left)
A page from the Sheffield FA handbook showing the team selection for the first ever floodlit game. The majority of players were members of the Wednesday club FirstFloodlitGame.jpeg
A page from the Sheffield FA handbook showing the team selection for the first ever floodlit game. The majority of players were members of the Wednesday club

The ground hosted its first football match on 29 December 1862, [3] between Sheffield F.C. and Hallam F.C. The game was played to raise money for the Lancashire Distress Fund and ended 0–0.

As Sheffield's main sporting stadium it held all the most important local matches. Bramall Lane hosted the semi-final, final and second-place playoff of the 1867 Youdan Cup (won by Hallam). [13] This was followed by the Cromwell Cup a year later, which was won by a newly formed team called The Wednesday. [14] By 1877, a crowd of 8,000 watched The Wednesday beat Hallam in the Sheffield Challenge Cup. [15] Bramall Lane effectively became The Wednesday's permanent home between 1880 and the opening of their new stadium at Olive Grove in 1887. [16]

Bramall Lane, Sheffield, 1992. Brammall Lane2 - Sheffield - mars 1992.JPG
Bramall Lane, Sheffield, 1992.

The first inter-association match, between the FA (often referred to as the London FA) and Sheffield FA, was also held at Bramall Lane on 2 December 1871. [17] [18] It was won, 3–1, by the home side, who also arranged a number of games with other Associations including regular fixtures against the Glasgow FA (the first in 1874 and the last in 1957).

On 22 March 1889, six days after 22,688 people paid to watch the FA Cup semi-final between Preston North End and West Bromwich Albion, [19] it was decided to create a home football team to play at Bramall Lane. It was named Sheffield United after the cricket team.

International matches

Bramall Lane was regularly used for international matches before the construction of a national stadium in London. The world's first ever floodlit football match took place at Bramall Lane on 14 October 1878 in front of an attendance of 20,000. [20] England's match against Scotland on 10 March 1883 was the first match between these two countries outside London or Glasgow. It makes it the oldest football venue still capable of hosting international matches in the world, after the Racecourse Ground, Wrexham.

DateResultCompetition
4 October 1883Flag of England.svg  England 2–3Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Friendly
5 February 1887Flag of England.svg  England 7–0Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg  Ireland British Home Championship
29 April 1889Flag of England.svg  England 4–0Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales British Home Championship
4 April 1903Flag of England.svg  England 1–2Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland British Home Championship
20 October 1930Flag of England.svg  England 5–1Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg  Ireland British Home Championship

Milestones

Bramall Lane in 1989. The old John Street Terrace (left) and Kop Terrace (right) are visible Kop and John street, 1989.jpg
Bramall Lane in 1989. The old John Street Terrace (left) and Kop Terrace (right) are visible

The ground today

Plan view of the Lane, with the stand names and nearby roads Bramall Lane football ground - plan.png
Plan view of the Lane, with the stand names and nearby roads

The stands and layout

The ground has been an all-seater stadium since 1994 and is now made up of four main stands and two corner infill stands in the north-east and south-west corners. [21] The north-west corner (as well as a lot of the land under the John Street Stand) contains the Blades Enterprise Centre. The south-west corner behind the Bramall Lane corner stand is a 4 star hotel built in 2008.

Bramall Lane Stand

The Bramall Lane Stand, with the Blades Business Centre (right) Bramall Lane End.jpg
The Bramall Lane Stand, with the Blades Business Centre (right)

This is the oldest existing stand at Bramall Lane, this two-tiered structure was opened in 1966 behind the goal at the Bramall Lane end, opposite the Kop. The bottom tier is generally occupied by away fans whilst the upper tier, which links into the south-west corner infill stand, is given to home fans (although part of the upper tier may be offered to away fans for cup fixtures if demand is sufficient). During the 2005–06 season, the outside of the Bramall Lane Stand was reclad in red-and-white, with the stand sponsors and the club crest on the outside of the stand, while the wooden seats of the upper tier were replaced with newer plastic seats with the words "BLADES" written into them. When the corner infill stand was built during the closed season, the roof over the Bramall Lane Stand was extended toward the pitch to provide better cover for the lower tier and to remove the supporting pillars from the upper tier. There are approximately 2,700 seats in the upper tier, and 2,990 in the lower, giving a total capacity of 5,680. This stand has for many years housed a basic LCD scoreboard and clock between the upper and lower tiers, however at the start of the 2006–07 season both were replaced by a modern colour video scoreboard.

The stand was temporarily known as the “Jessica Ennis Stand” following the 2012 Olympics but was renamed after sponsors in 2015. Ennis-Hill had threatened to remove her name from the stand following controversy over the club's decision to re-sign Ched Evans after his release from prison. [22]

The Tony Currie Stand

The South Stand, showing the new seats with sword emblems. The South Stand.jpg
The South Stand, showing the new seats with sword emblems.

Located off Cherry Street, The Tony Currie Stand opened in August 1975. In 2018, the stand was named after Sheffield United legend Tony Currie. The Stand is also known as the "South Stand", although some fans still refer to it as the "Laver Stand" (after the stand's long-term sponsors in the 1990s) or even the "New Stand" by many older fans since there was no stand on the South end of the pitch until 1975, where previously it was used as the cricket pitch's outfield.

During the 2005–06 season, this stand was renovated, with a re-clad of the outside of the stand and the old wooden seats replaced by newer red plastic seats and white plastic seats forming an emblem of two swords. The box-seats were also upgraded. This stand holds approximately 7,500 fans, and most of the ground's amenities, including the box office, newly expanded and renovated for the 2006–07 season Blades Superstore, Platinum Suite, "Legends of the Lane" museum, "1889" award-winning restaurant (formerly known as Bosworth's of Bramall Lane), the former police control centre (now relocated to the Blades Enterprise Centre between the Bramall Lane and John Street Stands), newly refurbished reception, press box, players entrance, administrative offices and television gantry attached to the roof of the stand.

The bottom of the stand, facing into the club car park, has been made into a fans "Wall of Fame". Built of the ground's signature mark red bricks, each one is etched with an individual supporters' name or nickname. The wall was launched as a commercial venture by the club in the 1990s and is still offered today for other sections of the ground. [23] Within the car park situated adjacent to the stand on Cherry Street, statutes were erected in 2010 commemorating Joe Shaw, [24] holder of United's attendance record with 714 appearances, and Derek Dooley, [25] former club chairman.

In December 2017 the club announced plans to extend the Tony Currie Stand. Proposals included adding more than 5,400 extra seats, new executive boxes and a media centre. The plans would extend the stand building into part of the existing Cherry Street car park area. [26]

The Kop Stand

The Kop BramallLaneKop.jpg
The Kop

Located on Shorham Street, The Kop has been seated since 1991, this is the area in which the most boisterous home fans sit, [27] such that former assistant manager (1999–2003) and manager (2008–10) Kevin Blackwell named the noise coming from this stand as the "Bramall Roar" after the 2003 play-off semi-final second-leg against Nottingham Forest, which the Blades won 4–3, coming from 0–2 down. [28] The stand is currently sponsored by Kennedy's Law and, was formerly sponsored by Hallam FM. The stand itself is built into a hillside situated behind the goal, at the east end of the stadium. This places the stand along Shoreham Street, hence the often-heard chant of "Hello! Hello! We are the Shoreham Boys" coming from this stand on matchdays. [29] It has the club's initials "SUFC" written into the seats, and holds 10,221 fans, making this the largest stand at Bramall Lane. The facilities are of lower quality in the Kop because there is no indoor concourse, although an outdoor bar was completed in September 2007 to complement the fast-food takeaway, but in spite of this it is still a firm favourite amongst the fans, and usually full on matchday. At a Shareholders' meeting in November 2007 the club announced that it intended to expand the Kop by 3,500 (making it the largest 'kop' in the country) and to upgrade all the facilities and cover the concourse areas. [30] However, since then, former chief executive Trevor Birch announced that the extension will not be taken into consideration until the club can gain and maintain Premier League status. [31] United submitted a revised application for the redevelopment of the stand in 2015, which would see 3,215 seats added to its current capacity. [32]

John Street Stand

John Street Stand John Street Stand.jpg
John Street Stand

The John Street stand, completed in 1996, is used as a family enclosure for home fans and is situated along the north side of the pitch, boasting great views of the playing action. Sponsored by the Maltese Tourist Board, in a combined stand and shirt sponsorship deal, it has the word "BLADES" written in the seats, and holds just under 7,000 fans. This is also where the home disabled supporters may sit. The stand is home to a small club shop as well as the Marstons & Malta Executive Suites and "Tunnel Bar". There is also a row of 31, individual executive boxes with private facilities and their own balconies along the back of the stand.

John Street Corner

The John Street Corner, with Kop (right) and John Street Stand (foreground) Streetwise Corner.jpg
The John Street Corner, with Kop (right) and John Street Stand (foreground)

Also called the Northeast Corner and formerly known as the Pukka Pies Stand after its sponsorship deal, this stand was completed in 2001 and is between the Kop and the John Street stand. It is fully linked to the John Street Stand, and is also used as a family enclosure holding around 900 fans (after the installation of new restricted-view seats after the 2006–07 campaign. This section of the ground has always been part of the Kop stand structure and the lower half was historically used as a family standing enclosure until it was demolished as part of the main Kop re-development.

Bramall Lane Corner

The new Bramall Lane corner, with South Stand (left) and Bramall Lane End (right) Westfield Health Stand.jpg
The new Bramall Lane corner, with South Stand (left) and Bramall Lane End (right)

Also known as the "new" corner infill, this stand is in the south-west corner of the stadium, between the Bramall Lane Stand and the South Stand and was sponsored by Westfield Health. It is linked to the Bramall Lane Stand (upper tier), sharing its facilities, turnstiles and exits. It is always used by home fans, and reputedly has the best views of the ground. The stand holds approximately 2,000 fans. Built just behind the stand is a 4 star hotel.

Blades Enterprise Centre

The north-west corner is filled in by rentable offices, known as the Blades Enterprise Centre, one of many examples of United diversifying their off-the-field activities to maximise income streams. Completed in 2002, the Enterprise Centre provides office space for smaller and new companies in the block between the John Street and Bramall Lane Stands, and also underneath the John Street Stand itself.

Current and ongoing work

The stadium has an enviable central location close to the city centre. In order to maximise the earnings potential of the land around the stadium in June 2007 work began to build a 158 bedroomed 4-star Millennium and Copthorne Hotel behind the new Westfield stand. The new hotel opened its doors in November 2008.

At the Shareholders' meeting in November 2007 the club announced that it intended to extend the back of the Kop stand with an additional 3,200 seats and remove the pillars holding up the roof. The revised stand capacity is likely to be about 13,400, slightly less than the Holte End at Villa Park.

The club also planned a major upgrade to the Kop facilities and covering of the concourse areas, in tandem with a plan to build student accommodation at the back of the Kop and a large business centre (office block) between the Kop and South stand.

In the same meeting, the club announced that its long-term ambitions are to add an additional 6,000 seats to the main South (Valad) Stand with the intentions of taking the overall stadium capacity to just over 44,000, however this expansion would depend on demand in the Premiership and any potential 2018 World Cup venue bid. United PLC Chairman Kevin McCabe has stated that he would build Bramall Lane's extensions to any specifications laid down by the FA with a view to the ground hosting matches should England be successful in winning their World Cup bid. [33] However, on 16 December 2009, the FA announced that Hillsborough Stadium (home of rivals Sheffield Wednesday) would be Sheffield's venue in the event that a World Cup is awarded to England and Sheffield is named a host city. [34] Following this announcement Sheffield United's Chief Executive, Trevor Birch, made it known that all planned redevelopment work had been put on hold until the club was able to regain and maintain Premiership status.

In May 2015 work began on the installation of a state-of-the-art Desso pitch, bringing to an end around 153 years of football being played on a traditional surface at the oldest professional football stadium in the world. [35] New proposals for the currently open corner between the Kop and South Stand were revealed in 2017, with the plans including the construction of a block of residential flats and a new, larger club shop. [36]

Attendance

The John Street Stand before a Championship game v. Coventry City in 2010 BramallLaneFamStand.jpg
The John Street Stand before a Championship game v. Coventry City in 2010

The record attendance stands at 68,287 for the Sheffield United v. Leeds United FA Cup fifth round tie, played on 15 February 1936.

The record attendance since the 1994 introduction of all spectators being seated is 32,604 at the Sheffield United v. Wigan Athletic game in the Premier League, on 13 May 2007. [37]

In the 2007–2008 season, Sheffield United had the best average attendance in the Championship. The following season Sheffield United had the second best average attendance in the league of 26,023.

Average league attendances

This is the average league attendances stretching back over ten years for Sheffield United home matches at Bramall Lane. Sheffield United away games and any home cup matches are excluded.

Location and transport

Bramall Lane is located in the district of Highfield, south of Sheffield city centre. Heading south from Junction 4 of the A61 Sheffield Inner Ring Road which surrounds the city centre.

On match days Bramall Lane closes off to most traffic shortly before and after matches, with traffic diverted to Shorham Street, or towards London Road or onto the A61. This is to ensure the safety of the public, as Bramall Lane is a main road labelled as the A621 and the turnstiles on Bramall Lane are only a few metres away from the road. Also this enables the away fans' coaches and team coaches to approach/leave the stadium unimpeded (usually with a police escort from/to Park Square roundabout) and avoid a bottleneck scenario.

Public transport

Sheffield railway station is under a mile from the ground. [43] As is Sheffield Interchange, which is a bus station and a National Express Coaches hub.

Sheffield's light rail tram network called the Supertram runs east of the ground. The nearest stops are: Granville Road/Sheffield College or Park Grange Croft. Both stops are 0.5 miles walking distance and either stops can be used in both directions. The ground is also visible from the viaduct which connects the two stops. The Blue route and the Purple route serve these stops. Both routes go to/from the city centre.

There are bus links outside the ground with bus stops on Shoreham Street and Bramall Lane. Other bus stops located near the ground are on Charlotte Road, Queens Road and London Road. All buses from these locations will go to/from the city centre.

Cycling

The stadium is located near Route 6 of the National Cycle Network [44] with numerous cycle paths and lanes surrounding the stadium which connect to it. Bramall Lane roundabout has an underpass for easy access to/from the city centre for cycles and pedestrians, with Bramall Lane itself having an on-road cycle lane running its length. Shorham Street is a signed cycle route and St. Mary's Gate (A61 Ring road) has a traffic free cycle path. There are various secured and unsecured bike parking facilities close to the ground. [45]

See also

Further reading

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Technique Stadium Football stadium in Whittington Moor, England

Technique Stadium is an all-seater football stadium in Whittington Moor, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, on the site of the former Dema Glassworks. It is the home of Chesterfield FC, replacing the Saltergate Recreation Ground as the club's stadium from the start of the 2010–11 season. Since 2019, it has also been the home stadium of Sheffield United U23s and Sheffield United Women.

The New York Stadium is a football stadium in Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England. Opened in July 2012, it is the home ground of Rotherham United.

Headingley Rugby Stadium

Headingley Rugby Stadium shares the same site as Headingley Cricket Ground and is home to Leeds Rhinos. Headingley is also the 5th largest rugby league stadium in England.

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