South Yorkshire

Last updated

South Yorkshire population density map, 2011 census.png
View over Sheffield city centre (geograph 6403312).jpg
High Street, Doncaster (geograph 6160718).jpg
Looking northeast in the High Street (geograph 5966381).jpg
Barnsley cafe society. - geograph.org.uk - 548038.jpg
Population density map, Sheffield, Doncaster, Rotherham and Barnsley

The table below outlines many of the county's settlements, and is formatted according to their metropolitan borough.

South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 53°30′N1°20′W / 53.500°N 1.333°W / 53.500; -1.333 Coordinates: 53°30′N1°20′W / 53.500°N 1.333°W / 53.500; -1.333
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Established1 April 1974
Established by Local Government Act 1972
Time zone UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police South Yorkshire Police
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Andrew Coombe
High Sheriff Mrs Carole O'Neill [1] (2020–21)
Area1,552 km2 (599 sq mi)
  Ranked 38th of 48
Population (2021)1,402,918
  Ranked 10th of 48
Density904/km2 (2,340/sq mi)
Ethnicity90.7% White
3.4% S.Asian
2.0% Black
1.5% Mixed
2.5% Other
Metropolitan countyMetropolitan boroughCentre of administrationOther places
South Yorkshire Barnsley (borough) SYorks-Barnsley.png Barnsley (town) Billingley, Birdwell, Bolton-upon-Dearne, Cudworth, Darfield, Darton, Dodworth, Goldthorpe, Great Houghton, Grimethorpe, Hoyland Nether, Royston, Penistone, Thurnscoe, Wombwell, Worsbrough
City of Doncaster SYorks-Doncaster.png Doncaster (town) Adwick le Street, Armthorpe, Askern, Auckley, Balby, Barnby Dun, Bawtry, Bentley, Bessacarr, Braithwell, Branton, Cantley, Carcroft, Conisbrough, Cusworth Denaby, Dunscroft, Dunsville, Edenthorpe, Edlington, Finningley, Fishlake, Hatfield, Hyde Park, Intake, Kirk Sandall, Loversall, Marr, Mexborough, Micklebring, Moorends, Scawsby, Scawthorpe, Skellow, Stainforth, Rossington, Sykehouse, Norton, Thorne, Tickhill, Wadworth, Warmsworth, Wheatley, Wheatley Hills
Rotherham (borough) SYorks-Rotherham.png Rotherham (town) Anston, Aughton, Brinsworth, Dinnington, Harthill, Kiveton Park, Maltby, Rawmarsh, Scholes, Swinton, Thorpe Hesley, Todwick, Treeton, Thurcroft, Wales, Wath-upon-Dearne, Woodsetts, Whiston
City of Sheffield SYorks-Sheffield.png Sheffield City Centre Beighton, Chapeltown, Highlane, Mosborough, Oughtibridge, Stocksbridge, Wharncliffe Side

Of these settlements above, South Yorkshire has three main urban areas: the Dearne Valley which covers Barnsley and surrounding area; the Sheffield urban area which covers Sheffield, Rotherham and surrounding area; and the Doncaster urban area which covers Doncaster and surrounding area.

Governance

The coat of arms of the former South Yorkshire County Council. Arms of South Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council.svg
The coat of arms of the former South Yorkshire County Council.
BodyHeadquartersNotes
South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority Castlegate Quarter, Sheffield City Centre Formerly Sheffield City Region Combined Authority, includes South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive
South Yorkshire County Council Central Offices, Barnsley Abolished in 1986
South Yorkshire Joint Secretariat BarnsleyThe only metropolitan county in the UK that has established a formal joint secretariat. [25]
South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service Cultural Industries Quarter, Sheffield City Centre
South Yorkshire Police Carbrook, Sheffield
Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council Barnsley Town Hall Covers Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley
Doncaster Council Doncaster Civic Office Covers City of Doncaster district
Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council Rotherham Town Hall Covers Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham
Sheffield City Council Sheffield Town Hall Covers City of Sheffield district

The South Yorkshire County Council was abolished and its districts effectively became unitary authorities; they are the City of Sheffield, the City of Doncaster, the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham. [26]

In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire and a High Sheriff was retained. The county remains defined as metropolitan, functions of the county council devolved to the boroughs with many functions administered by joint authorities (such a passenger transport executive) containing representatives of the four councils.

The South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority was established in 2014 to bring the leaders of the four councils to give the county a main statutory body. It is led by the directly elected Mayor of South Yorkshire.

In the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, South Yorkshire voted 62% leave and 38% remain, making it one of the most heavily Leave areas in the country.

Economy

As one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe, South Yorkshire has been targeted for funding from the European Regional Development Fund. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of South Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. [27]

However, the county has experienced a recent growth in the services sector. In the FDI European Cities and Regions of the Future 2022/23 Awards, Doncaster was ranked the best small city in Europe for investment.

YearRegional Gross Value Added [28]
1998£12,820
2001£13,921
2004£17,718
2007£21,192
2010£21,512
2013£22,560

Places of interest

Rother Valley Country Park East of the lake at Rother Valley Country Park (geograph 7049522).jpg
Rother Valley Country Park
Key
AP Icon.svg Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
UKAL icon.svg Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.png Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.svg Castle
Country parks.svg Country Park
EH icon.svg English Heritage
Forestry Commission
HR icon.svg Heritage railway
HH icon.svg Historic House
AP Icon.svg Places of Worship
Museum icon.svg
Museum icon (red).svg
Museum (free/not free)
NTE icon.svg National Trust
Drama-icon.svg Theatre
Zoo icon.jpg Zoo

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan county</span> Type of county-level administrative division of England

Metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England. There are six metropolitan counties, which each cover large urban areas, with populations between 1 and 3 million. They were created in 1974 and are each divided into several metropolitan districts or boroughs. Following the abolition of metropolitan county councils in 1986, metropolitan counties no longer form a part of local government in England. Most of their functions were devolved to the metropolitan boroughs, making the boroughs effectively unitary authorities; any remaining functions were taken over by joint boards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Yorkshire</span> County in Yorkshire and the Humber, England

West Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. It is an inland and upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in the moors of the Pennines. West Yorkshire came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the reorganisation of the Local Government Act 1972 which saw it formed from a large part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The county had a population of 2.3 million in the 2011 census making it the fourth-largest by population in England. The largest towns are Huddersfield, Castleford, Batley, Bingley, Pontefract, Halifax, Brighouse, Keighley, Pudsey, Morley and Dewsbury. The three cities of West Yorkshire are Bradford, Leeds and Wakefield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Doncaster</span> City in South Yorkshire, England

Doncaster is a city in South Yorkshire, England. Named after the River Don, it is the administrative centre of the larger City of Doncaster. The city is the second largest settlement in South Yorkshire after Sheffield. It is situated in the Don Valley on the western edge of the Humberhead Levels and east of the Pennines. The urban subdivision had a population of 113,566 at the 2021 census, whilst the City of Doncaster metropolitan borough had a population of 308,106.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barnsley</span> Town in South Yorkshire, England

Barnsley is a market town in South Yorkshire, England. It is the main settlement of the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the fourth largest settlement in South Yorkshire. The town's population was 96,888 in 2021, while the wider borough had a population of 244,600 in the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">High Peak, Derbyshire</span> Local government district in Derbyshire, England

High Peak is a local government district with borough status in Derbyshire, England. The borough compromises high moorland plateau in the Dark Peak area of the Peak District National Park. The district stretches from Holme Moss in the north to Sterndale Moor in the south, and from Hague Bar in the west to Bamford in the east. The population of the borough taken at the 2011 Census was 90,892. The borough is unusual in having two administrative centres for its council, High Peak Borough Council; the offices are based in both Buxton and Glossop. The borough also contains other towns including Chapel-en-le-Frith, Hadfield, New Mills and Whaley Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham</span> Metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England

The Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. It is named after its largest town, Rotherham, but also spans the outlying towns of Maltby, Swinton, Wath-upon-Dearne, Dinnington and also the villages of Rawmarsh and Laughton. A large valley also spans the entire borough. Locally known as the Rother Valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Redcliffe-Maud Report</span> 1969 proposed English local government reorganisation

The Redcliffe-Maud Report was published in 1969 by the Royal Commission on Local Government in England, under the chairmanship of Lord Redcliffe-Maud. Although the commission's proposals were broadly accepted by the Labour government, they were set aside by the Conservative government elected in 1970.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Local Government Act 1972</span> United Kingdom legislation

The Local Government Act 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales on 1 April 1974. It was one of the most significant Acts of Parliament to be passed by the Heath Government of 1970–74.

Sheffield is a geographically diverse city in England. It nestles in the eastern foothills of the Pennines and the confluence of five rivers: Don, Sheaf, Rivelin, Loxley and Porter. As such, much of the city is built on hillsides, with views into the city centre or out to the countryside. The city is roughly one third urban, one third rural and one third in the Peak District. At its lowest point the city stands just 29 metres above sea level at Blackburn Meadows on the Rotherham border, rising up to over 500 m in some parts of the city to a peak of 548m at High Stones on the Derbyshire border; however, 89% of the housing in the city is between 100 and 200 metres above sea level. Over 95% of the population resides in the main urban area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive</span>

The South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive is the passenger transport executive for South Yorkshire in England. It is supervised by the South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority, which consists of representatives from the metropolitan boroughs of Sheffield, Rotherham, Doncaster, and Barnsley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">People's Republic of South Yorkshire</span>

"People's Republic of South Yorkshire" or "Socialist Republic of South Yorkshire" were nicknames often given to South Yorkshire under the left-wing local governments of the 1980s, especially the municipal socialist administration of Sheffield City Council led by David Blunkett, used by both detractors and supporters of the councils. The councils pursued a social policy radically different from that of Margaret Thatcher's national government, following more closely along the lines of Militant tendency-dominated Liverpool City Council and the Greater London Council led by Ken Livingstone.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A6195 road</span> Road in South Yorkshire, England

The A6195 road runs through the Dearne Valley in South Yorkshire, England.

The South Yorkshire Coalfield is so named from its position within Yorkshire. It covers most of South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and a small part of North Yorkshire. The exposed coalfield outcrops in the Pennine foothills and dips under Permian rocks in the east. Its most famous coal seam is the Barnsley Bed. Coal has been mined from shallow seams and outcrops since medieval times and possibly earlier.

The Sheriff of Hallamshire was a shrievalty title which was in existence from 1962 until 1974 in Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scouting in Yorkshire and the Humber</span>

Scouting in Yorkshire and the Humber is largely represented by the Scout Association of the United Kingdom and some Groups of traditional Scouting including the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Yorkshire County Council</span>

The South Yorkshire County Council (SYCC) — also known as South Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council — was the top-tier local government authority for the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire from 1 April 1974 to 31 March 1986. A strategic authority, with responsibilities for roads, public transport, planning, emergency services and waste disposal, it was composed of 100 directly elected members drawn from the four metropolitan boroughs of South Yorkshire: Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Yorkshire Joint Secretariat</span>

The South Yorkshire Joint Secretariat (SYJS) is a body established to provide support to the four joint authorities that were formed in South Yorkshire following the abolition of the South Yorkshire County Council in 1986. When the county council was abolished, joint-boards were established to manage policing, fire and rescue services, integrated transport and pensions on a county wide basis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority</span> Local government body for South Yorkshire, England

The South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority is the combined authority for South Yorkshire in England, with powers over transport, economic development and regeneration. It covers a total area of 3484 km2 which is home to a population of 1.8 million. It includes the entirety of the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire as full members, with North East Derbyshire, Derbyshire Dales, Bassetlaw, Chesterfield and Bolsover non-metropolitan Districts as non-constituent members.

References

  1. "No. 62943". The London Gazette . 13 March 2020. p. 5161.
  2. Archived 2 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. "Local Government Finance Statistics England No.16". local.odpm.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 July 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  4. Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  5. Office for National Statistics. "Gazetteer of the old and new geographies of the United Kingdom" (PDF). statistics.gov.uk. p. 48. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 December 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  6. Office for National Statistics (17 September 2004). "Beginners' Guide to UK Geography: Metropolitan Counties and Districts". statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 6 June 2002. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  7. "Yorkshire and Humberside". Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009.
  8. Radley, J.; Mellars, P. (1964). "A Mesolithic structure at Deepcar, Yorkshire, England and the affinities of its associated flint industry". Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 30: 1–24. doi:10.1017/S0079497X00015024. S2CID   162212654.
  9. Pike, Alistair W. G.; Gilmour, Mabs; Pettitt, Paul; Jacobid, Roger; Ripoll, Sergio; Bahn, Paul; Muñoz, Francisco (2005). "Verification of the age of the Palaeolithic cave art at Creswell Crags, UK". Journal of Archaeological Science. 32 (11): 1649–1655. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2005.05.002.
  10. Rob Cooke/University of Sheffield. "A History of Roman South Yorkshire". Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  11. "Churches and Centres Affiliated to the SNU South Yorkshire District". Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  12. Redcliffe-Maud et al. (June 1969), pp. 219–235.
  13. Redcliffe-Maud and Wood (1975), pp. 46–7, 56, 157.
  14. HMSO. Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70
  15. "British Local Election Database, 1889–2003". AHDS – Arts and Humanities data service. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  16. "All change in local affairs". The Times . 1 April 1974.
  17. Redcliffe-Maud & Wood, B., English Local Government Reformed, (1974)
  18. Courtenay, G.; Field, J. (1975). "South Yorkshire structure plan: public attitude survey".
  19. Kingdom, J., Local Government and Politics in Britain, (1991)
  20. "South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive". Archived from the original on 7 October 2006. Retrieved 21 October 2006.
  21. "NCA Profile: 38. Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire Coalfield (NE402)". publications.naturalengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  22. "Dark Peak". Scottish Natural Heritage. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  23. "NCA Profile: 37 Yorkshire Southern Pennine Fringe (NE490)". publications.naturalengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  24. "Humberhead Levels". www.countryside.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  25. Southyorks.gov.uk Archived 2 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  26. Vision of Britain Archived 9 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine – Components of South Yorkshire
  27. "Regional Gross Value Added" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2005. pp. 240–253. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  28. "{title}". Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.