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Town and civil parish
Location map United Kingdom Borough of Doncaster.svg
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Location within Borough of Doncaster
South Yorkshire UK location map.svg
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Location within South Yorkshire
Area10.73 sq mi (27.8 km2)
Population5,228 (2011 census) [1]
  Density 487/sq mi (188/km2)
OS grid reference SK592931
Civil parish
  • Tickhill
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district DN11
Dialling code 01302
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
53°25′50″N1°06′49″W / 53.43049°N 1.11348°W / 53.43049; -1.11348

Tickhill is a market town and civil parish in the City of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England, close to the border with Nottinghamshire. At the 2001 census it had a population of 5,301, [2] reducing to 5,228 at the 2011 Census. [1]


Tickhill an Old Castle near Doncaster in Yorkshire by George Vertue in 1737. Tickhill an Old Castle near Doncaster in Yorkshire by George Vertue.jpg
Tickhill an Old Castle near Doncaster in Yorkshire by George Vertue in 1737.


It lies eight miles south of Doncaster, between Maltby and Harworth, on the busy conjunction of the A631 and A60 roads, and adjacent to the A1(M) motorway. It is located at 53° 26' North, 1° 6' 40" West, [3] at an elevation of around 20 metres above sea level. The River Torne passes close to the south-east of the town where it is the boundary between South Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire, eventually meeting the River Trent.

Notable buildings in Tickhill include the substantial ruins of Tickhill Castle which contain a private residence leased by the Duchy of Lancaster, St Mary's Church – a large 13th-century parish church, the parish room, an old hospital called St Leonard's, and the market cross. [4]


"Tickhill" is an Old English place-name, meaning either "Hill where young goats are kept" or "Hill of man called Tica". It is composed of one of either ticce ("young goat") or the name Tica, and the word hyll. The village was not recorded in the Domesday Book but was recorded as Tikehill sometime in the 12th century. [5]


Main Street, Tickhill Main street at Tickhill - geograph.org.uk - 1956651.jpg
Main Street, Tickhill

William I

Shortly after the Norman Invasion, William I of England gave the lands around Tickhill to Roger de Busli, who built a castle on a small hill. [6] Richard de Busli, grandson of Roger's brother Arnold, co-founded nearby Roche Abbey with Richard FitzTurgis in 1147.

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Tickhill was the second most important town, after Doncaster, in what is now South Yorkshire. The Domesday Book lists the settlement under the former estate centre at Dadsley, now lying on the northern edge of the town. Dadsley was served by a church atop All Hallows Hill, which by 1361 had been downgraded to a chapel. Evidence suggests that the chapel was unused after the English Reformation, and was razed in the mid-17th century. [6]

Tickhill's eponymous hill was probably the base of what is now the motte of Tickhill Castle. The town grew up around the castle, and St Mary's was built soon after to replace All Hallows as the settlement's main church. [6]

Initially, Tickhill was one of England's most successful new towns. It gained a friary and St Leonard's Hospital. The Guild of St Cross was established in the town, and it is believed to have acted as the settlement's main governing body. In 1295, Tickhill sent two members to Parliament, but did not do so subsequently. [6]

Sixteenth century

As castles declined in importance during the medieval period, so did Tickhill. By the 16th century, only a hall was occupied on the castle site, but the market and an annual fair on St Lawrence's Day survived. A little trade was gained from its position on the main road to Bawtry. In 1777, a butter cross was erected in the marketplace in an attempt to revive the weekly market, but this ceased in the 1790s. [6]

Strafforth and Tickhill was one of the wapentakes of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Tickhill Psalter, an outstanding medieval illuminated manuscript was made in the Worksop Priory Nottinghamshire, is currently on display in New York City. It is named after John de Tickhill, born locally and who was made Prior of Worksop in the 14th century.

The following records from St Mary's Church, Tickhill are available at the Doncaster Archives:


The Tickhill and Wadworth railway station was open from 1910 to 1929. There has been much debate whether to reopen this station.


Tickhill Castle was built by Roger de Busli, one of the most powerful of the first wave of Norman magnates who had come to England with William the Conqueror. The castle had an eventful history in national life. It was held for the usurping prince John against his brother King Richard I, when the latter returned from abroad in 1194, after his absence on crusade, was the site of a three-week siege during baronial conflicts in 1322. In the civil war of the 1640s, its importance as a local centre of resistance led to its ‘slighting’ (intentional disabling) by Parliament after the defeat of the royalist forces there in 1648. (Conisbrough, long disused as a fortress by this time, escaped such a fate.)

Today, Tickhill castle remains an impressive ruin, retaining its Norman gatehouse, built in 1129–1130, the foundations of the 11-sided keep (one of only two in the world) on a mound 75 feet (23 m) high, built in 1178–9 on the model of the keep at Conisbrough, substantial defensive ditches, some parts of which remain as a moat, and walls enclosing an inner courtyard covering 2 acres (8,100 m2).

Jubilee Wood

In 2002 a new public access wood was planted as a Queen's Jubilee project. [7] 'Jubilee Wood' consists of 2002 native trees in 4 acres of land next to the River Torne, south of Tickhill (OS map reference SK 599917).

St Leonards Hospital in 1840s St Leonards Tickhill 1840s.png
St Leonards Hospital in 1840s


animation showing flood defence wall in Lindrick Avenue, Tickhill
This area location along the watercourse makes it prone to flooding. [8] In 2007 and 2008 flooding occurred necessitating the commissioning of a flood defence wall along Lindrick Avenue costing £135,000.

On 7 November 2019, flooding occurred in the same area, eventually bypassing the new flood defence wall.

Notable residents

See also

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  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – (1170210911)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Tickhill Parish (00CE041)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  3. "Google Maps".
  4. SK5993 : Buttercross, Tickhill
  5. 'Oxford Dictionary of British Place-Names', A.D. Mills, Oxford University Press.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 David Hey, Medieval South Yorkshire
  7. "Jubilee Wood" (PDF). Tickhill History Society.
  8. "Council sign off £135,000 spend on flood wall to protect Doncaster homes". Doncaster Free Press. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.