Mosborough

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Mosborough
Mosborough High Street and junction with Station Road. - geograph.org.uk - 120505.jpg
High Street, Mosborough
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Mosborough
Location within South Yorkshire
OS grid reference SK408838
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • Derbyshire
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S20
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°19′37″N1°21′57″W / 53.326831°N 1.3659004°W / 53.326831; -1.3659004 Coordinates: 53°19′37″N1°21′57″W / 53.326831°N 1.3659004°W / 53.326831; -1.3659004

Mosborough is a village 7 miles south east of Sheffield’s city centre, now classed as a historic township of the city. The town was named after The Moss river that flows through the area. Due to much expansion, the village became a part of Sheffield city in 1967. During much of the late 19th and 20th centuries the village was noted for its steelmaking, with Hutton & Co. Sickle works being based at nearby Ridgeway. [1]

The former village features a number of schools, including the Mosborough Primary School and Westfield School.

Today the village has seen much development in terms of housing, however due to its setting on the outskirts of Sheffield, it maintains a rural setting alongside villages including Eckington, Ridgeway, Highlane and Dronfield, as well as hamlets including Plumbley, Ford, Troway and Bramley. [2]

History

The first mention of the village comes from 9th century Anglo Saxon records of Derbyshire land owners. The village was then known as Moresburgh, which gradually evolved into Mosburg and later Moresborowe. The then hamlet stood on the edges of the 'Great Forest' which stood in the area where the Rother Valley Country Park stands today and extended to areas of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, West Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Today the only remnants of the 'Great Forest' is Sherwood Forest. [3]

The area was settled by the British invaders known as the Angles. The invasions took place at the end of the Romanic period around 500AD. Prior to these invasions the area was part of the Kingdom of Mercia, the local Shire Brook formed the border with the neighbouring kingdom of Northumbria. Being so close to the border meant the hamlet was prone to invasions.

The Sheffield Museum contains a number of bones and flint tools unearthed in the area during the 19th century, dating back to the Neolithic period, this shows the area was inhabited long before the Angles settled.

Mosborough Hall was built during the 17th century, once notably being owned by William Carey, today the building is operated as a hotel, and is Grade-II listed. [4] [5]

In later centuries, the village became part of Eckington parish, with the nearby St Peter and St Paul's Church serving the local area. The Sitwell baronets of nearby Renishaw Hall served as the Lords of the Manor for centuries. From the late 16th century, the area was known for its Sickle and Scythe smithing industry, with Hutton & Co's being founded in 1760, and operating the neatby Phoenix Works. The business existed until 1988, becoming one of the last traditional garden tool smithing works to exist in the United Kingdom. The nearby Thomas Staniforth & Co. at Hackenthorpe also provided employment. [6]

The village has a number of public houses including the British Oak, The George & Dragon, The Alma and the Queen Hotel. A number of pubs have operated in the original village over the years including the Fitzwilliam and the Duke William.

High Street, Mosborough High Street, Mosborough, Nr Sheffield. - geograph.org.uk - 119064.jpg
High Street, Mosborough

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References

  1. "History of Mosborough, in Sheffield and Derbyshire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  2. Gillow, Joseph (1885). A literary and biographical history or bibliographical dictionary of the English Catholics from 1534. Burns & Oates.
  3. Sheffield.), Samuel Bagshaw (of (1846). History, gazetteer and directory of Derbyshire, with the town of Burton-upon-Trent.
  4. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry. H. Colburn. 1838.
  5. "About us". Mosborough. Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  6. Co, T. Bulmer & (1895). History, Topography, and Directory of Derbyshire: Comprising Its History and Archaeology : a General View of Its Physical and Geological Features, with Separate Historical and Topographical Descriptions of Each Town, Parish, Manor, and Extra-parochial Liberty. Proprietors.