Dore, South Yorkshire

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Dore
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
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Dore
Location within Sheffield
Population5,496  [1]
OS grid reference SK311812
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S17
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°19′37″N1°32′04″W / 53.32681°N 1.53453°W / 53.32681; -1.53453 Coordinates: 53°19′37″N1°32′04″W / 53.32681°N 1.53453°W / 53.32681; -1.53453

Dore is a large village in South Yorkshire, England. The village lies on a hill above the River Sheaf which gave Sheffield its name, and until 1934 was part of Derbyshire, but it is now a suburb of the city. Dore is served by Dore and Totley railway station on the Hope Valley Line between Sheffield and Manchester. The railway tunnel between Dore and Totley under a limb of the Pennines to Grindleford in Derbyshire is the longest such in England, second only to the Severn Tunnel between England and South Wales. They are the longest main line railway tunnels anywhere in Great Britain – the London Underground and Channel Tunnel to France excepted. Dore has long enjoyed a reputation of being Sheffield's wealthiest suburb, and Dore and Totley was the only ward of the city which regularly elected a Conservative councillor. However, as of May 2016 all three councillors were Liberal Democrats. The Member of Parliament for Sheffield Hallam constituency, of which Dore is part, is Olivia Blake (Labour) who was elected in 2019.

Contents

History

The "Dore Stone", commemorating King Egbert's victory Stone of Ecgbert - Dore 19-07-05.jpg
The "Dore Stone", commemorating King Egbert's victory

The name Dore is most likely to derive from one of two possible origins. It could be the same Old English root as door, signifying a 'gateway' or pass between two kingdoms. [2] Alternatively, it could be associated with the Cymric (Welsh) 'dwr' (dur) for water, as is also found in Dour in Fife, Aberdeen and Kent, Dorchester in Dorset, Durra in Cornwall, and Doro in Ireland. [3] This Welsh derivation would refer to the streams that meet at Dore. The Limb Brook, River Sheaf, and Meers Brook marked the boundary between the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Deira (later Northumbria) and Mercia. [4]

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle contains the earliest written record of Dore, recording that in 827 (more likely 829) King Egbert of Wessex led his army to the village to receive the submission of King Eanred of Northumbria, thereby establishing his overlordship over the whole of Anglo-Saxon Britain:

This year was the moon eclipsed, on mid-winter's mass-night; and King Egbert, in the course of the same year, conquered the Mercian kingdom, and all that is south of the Humber, being the eighth king who was sovereign of all the British dominions. Ella, king of the South-Saxons, was the first who possessed so large a territory; the second was Ceawlin, king of the West-Saxons: the third was Ethelbert, King of Kent; the fourth was Redwald, king of the East-Angles; the fifth was Edwin, king of the Northumbrians; the sixth was Oswald, who succeeded him; the seventh was Oswy, the brother of Oswald; the eighth was Egbert, king of the West-Saxons. This same Egbert led an army against the Northumbrians as far as Dore, where they met him, and offered terms of obedience and subjection, on the acceptance of which they returned home. [5]

It can therefore be reasonably argued that Egbert became the first king of all England at Dore. A plaque commemorating the event was erected on the village green in 1968 by the Dore Village Society. The Old School was built in 1821 on the site of a previous school, on the right hand side was the teacher's accommodation. When Dore's new school was opened, the Old School was restored and opened as a community centre.

Christ Church is Grade II listed ChristChurchDore.jpg
Christ Church is Grade II listed

Christ Church Dore was built in 1828 and Dore became a separate parish in 1844. [7] Dore remained a small village, having a population of just 500 in the 19th century, until it was annexed by Sheffield in 1933. [8]

A paper mill was built on Avenue Farm in the 17th century, Joshua Tyzack converted the building into a scythe forge in 1839 and in 1881 built a large house next to the forge as a country retreat, his initials can be seen above the front door. In 1932 Dore's Parish council built a memorial commemorating the deaths of the First World War.

Brinkburn Grange

Brinkburn Grange entrance Brinkburn Grange 10-04-06.JPG
Brinkburn Grange entrance

Brinkburn Grange was built in 1883 by Thomas B. Matthews. The land was part of Bradway Mill and Matthews was director of Turton Brothers & Matthews, a Sheffield steel, file and spring makers. The mill dam was then used as an ornamental lake. The Grange was demolished in 1938.

Sheffield Clarion Club House

Dore Moor was the site chosen for the Sheffield Clarion Club House, often known as the Dore Moor Clarion Club House. This was an independent socialist social centre which continued operating until 1967, by which time the club house was more or less defunct. [9]

Schools

Schools in Dore include Dore Primary School, King Ecgbert School (secondary) and the Rowan Primary Special School. There is also the old school which is used for social events such as brownies.

Residents

Notable residents include Gary Megson, a former footballer and manager of Sheffield Wednesday F.C., Dave Bassett, former footballer and former manager of Southampton F.C., Watford F.C., Sheffield United and Nottingham Forest F.C., and Chris Waddle, [10] former England international and player with Sheffield Wednesday football club.

Former Sheffield United manager (and Manchester United player) Bryan Robson owns a penthouse in the village of Dore. [10]

Former England footballer and Captain, the late Emlyn Hughes, lived in the village. [10]

Michael Vaughan of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and former captain of the England cricket team, is a resident;

Joe Root also of Yorkshire, a notable batter, and now England's cricket captain, was born and raised in Dore. [11]

Abbeydale Park, a former county cricket ground for both Derbyshire and Yorkshire, lies just north of the suburb.

Sheffield-born Olympic gold medalist Jessica Ennis-Hill, who attended the King Ecgbert School in Dore, [12] purchased a property in the village in 2012. [13]

Related Research Articles

Ecgberht, King of Wessex 8th and 9th-century Anglo-Saxon King of Wessex

Ecgberht, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, Ecgbriht and Ecgbeorht or Ecbert, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne.

River Sheaf River in South Yorkshire, England

The River Sheaf in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, flows northwards, past Dore, through Abbeydale and north of Heeley. It then passes into a culvert, through which it flows under the centre of Sheffield before joining the River Don. This lower section of the River Sheaf, together with the River Don between the Blonk Street and Lady's Bridges, formed two sides of the boundary of Sheffield Castle.

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Hope Valley line Trans-Pennine railway line in Northern England

The Hope Valley line is a trans-Pennine railway line in England, linking Manchester with Sheffield. It was completed in 1894.

Beauchief Abbey Medieval monastic house now serving as a parish church in the southern suburbs of Sheffield, England

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Totley Tunnel Railway tunnel on the Hope Valley line in England

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Grindleford Human settlement in England

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Totley Suburb of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England

Totley is a suburb on the extreme southwest of the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England. Lying in the historic county boundaries of Derbyshire, Totley was amalgamated into the city of Sheffield in 1933, and is today part of the Dore and Totley electoral ward in the city, though it remains close to the contemporary county boundary of Derbyshire. Totley had a population of 7,963 in 2011. Totley was shown at the 2011 census as being part of the ward of Dore and Totley.

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Dore and Totley Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

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Æthelwald Moll was King of Northumbria, the historic petty kingdom of Angles in medieval England, from 759 to 765. He seized power after the murder of Oswulf son of Eadberht; his ancestry and connection to the royal family of Northumbria is unknown. Æthelwald faced at least one rebellion, led by Oswine, perhaps a brother of Oswulf. In 765 a Witenagemot of Northumbrian notables deposed Æthelwald and replaced him with Alhred, a kinsman of his predecessor. After his removal from the throne Æthelwald became a monk, perhaps involuntarily.

King Ecgbert School Academy in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

King Ecgbert School is a co-educational secondary school with academy status in the village of Dore in the south-west of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. The headteacher is Paul Haigh. The school is named in honour of King Egbert of Wessex, who became recognised as overlord of England at Dore in 829.

Beighton, Sheffield Village in South Yorkshire, England

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William Thomas Root is an English cricketer who plays for Glamorgan. Primarily a left-handed batsman, he also bowls right-arm off break.

References

  1. Dore is made up of 18 output areas http://www.ukcensusdata.com/dore-and-totley-e05001048#sthash.PWwd7J2U.2Q6JUxf6.dpbs
  2. Vickers, J. Edward MBE (1999). Dore. In Old Sheffield Town. An Historical Miscellany (2nd ed.), pp64–71. Sheffield: The Hallamshire Press Limited. ISBN   1-874718-44-X
  3. Brelsford, V. (1953). A History of Dore and Totley, pp1-2.
  4. Addy, Sidney Oldall (1888). "The Geographical or Ethnological Position of Sheffield". A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield. Including a Selection of Local Names, and Some Notices of Folk-Lore, Games, and Customs. London: Trubner & Co. for the English Dialect Society.
  5. Extract from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle . Translations available at Berkeley Digital Library Archived 25 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine and Project Gutenberg
  6. Historic England. "Christ Church (1247077)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  7. "A Brief History of Dore". Dore Village Society. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  8. Harston, Jonathan G. (2005). "The borders of Sheffield from 1843 to 1994" . Retrieved 19 August 2007.
  9. "Records of the closure of th e Clarion Club House and the sale of the land" (PDF). The Sheffield Clarion Movement. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  10. 1 2 3 A Charmed life in Dore and Totley, South Yorkshire Yorkshire Life. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  11. Joe Root: Man of Steel - Features | Welcome to Yorkshire Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  12. Dame Jessica Ennis-Hill returns to her old school in Sheffield to inspire students Sheffield Star . 12 December 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  13. New £1m Sheffield home for golden girl Jess Sheffield News and Sport. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2020.