Stannington, Sheffield

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Stannington
Stannington stump cross.jpg
Stannington Cross
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
Red pog.svg
Stannington
Location within Sheffield
Population10,747  [1]
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S6
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°23′46″N1°32′10″W / 53.396°N 1.536°W / 53.396; -1.536 Coordinates: 53°23′46″N1°32′10″W / 53.396°N 1.536°W / 53.396; -1.536

Stannington is a suburb in the City of Sheffield, England. The area is located in the civil parish of Bradfield, and is in the electoral ward of Stannington. Stannington is situated right on the western edge of the Sheffield urban area

Contents

History and description

Stannington is a suburb of Sheffield to the west of the city centre, located on the hill between the River Rivelin and River Loxley. There is evidence of Roman occupation of the area which comes from tablets found on the Stannington side of the Rivelin Valley (bronze artefacts, Stannington Diploma of A.D. 124, found 1761, now in the British Museum) which record the granting of land to retiring Roman auxiliaries of the Sunuci tribe. Other evidence of nearby Roman occupation comes from finds on Walkley Bank Road, which leads onto the ridge facing Stannington. [2] [3] [4] The village has grown from the two settlements of Upper Gate and Nethergate. The settlement was mentioned in medieval times when a charter was granted to all men of Stannington and Morewood giving them the right to gather green and dry wood and turn out their cattle throughout the whole forest in Rivelin for a payment of four pounds in silver yearly. Stannington cross dates from the same period, Harrison's survey of 1637 describes it as a "stump cross of medieval origin". The date of erection has been estimated as 13th or 14th century, it stands at the junction of Oldfield Road and Stannington Road. [5] Stannington officially became part of Sheffield in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. Previous to that it had been part of Wortley Rural District and was on the boundary of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The village of Stannington, which is part of the original Wortley district and marked by the "Rural District of Wortley" sign at the junction of Oldfield Road and Stannington Road; and the newer conurbations of Deer Park and Roscoe Bank primarily grew out from Malin Bridge from the 1960s onwards.

Significant buildings in the area include the Christ Church parish church on Church Street; the Unitarian chapel, Underbank Chapel; and the country house, Revell Grange; all of which are Grade II listed structures. Stannington is served by bus route 81 from Sheffield and by services 61 and 62 which provide a link with the local villages of Dungworth, Low and High Bradfield, Loxley and the Sheffield suburbs of Malin Bridge and Hillsborough where journeys may be continued to Sheffield by Sheffield Supertram. The area of Stannington was also home to a council run branch library until this facility was withdrawn in 2014 by the local authority as a cost cutting measure. [6] The replacement of this council run service by a volunteer-led facility has been controversial, with prominent library campaign group Voices For The Library highlighting major concerns around volunteers having responsibility for the "Books On Prescription" service and issues surrounding data protection. [7] The transfer of the library to volunteers has also resulted in huge decreases in book loans and other usage. [8]

Industry

During the early 1800s, the Stannington area together with the nearby Loxley Valley became an important producer of refractory bricks for the expanding Sheffield steel industry. The bricks were used to line the furnaces and were made from ganister, a sort of sandstone, and more importantly from fireclay from the Stannington pot clay seam which was prevalent in the area. Many ganister (or gannister) and fireclay mines and quarries existed in the area with the major ones being owned by the local firms of Siddons Brothers. (High Matlock Road ganister quarry) and J & J Dyson (firebrick works, Griffs Works, Stopes Road) which sprang up in the district. Refractory material production began c. 1810 and ceased in 2012. Dyson's works along with those of Thos. Wragg and Thos. Marshall (both in the Loxley Valley) specialised in manufacturing fireclay-based casting pit (pouring pit) refractory holloware and ladle flow control bricks for the steel industry worldwide. All three refractory plants (Dyson, Marshall and Wragg) closed following a collapse in demand for casting pit refractories of the uphill teeming type made locally mainly because of the introduction of continuous casting of steel worldwide and the general decline of the British steel industry.

Related Research Articles

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Stannington (ward) Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

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Loxley, South Yorkshire Human settlement in England

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Sheffield is the most geographically diverse city in England. Lying in the eastern foothills of the Pennines, the city nestles in a natural amphitheatre created by several hills and the confluence of five rivers: Don, Sheaf, Rivelin, Loxley and Porter. As such, much of the city is built on hillsides, with views into the city centre or out to the countryside. The city is roughly one third urban, one third rural and one third in the Peak District. At its lowest point the city stands just 29 metres above sea level at Blackburn Meadows on the Rotherham border, rising up to over 500 m in some parts of the city to a peak of 548m at High Stones on the Derbyshire border; however, 89% of the housing in the city is between 100 and 200 metres above sea level. Over 95% of the population resides in the main urban area.

Dungworth Hamlet in South Yorkshire, England

Dungworth is a hamlet in the civil parish of Bradfield, west of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England.

Wisewood is a suburb of the city of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England and situated 2 34 miles (4.4 km) north-west of the city centre. It is a residential suburb consisting almost exclusively of council housing, some of which has been bought by tenants under the right to buy scheme. It is bordered by the adjacent suburbs of Loxley, Wadsley, Malin Bridge and Hillsborough.

Glenboig

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Storrs, South Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Storrs is a hamlet within the boundaries of the City of Sheffield in England, it is situated 6.5 km west-northwest of the city centre. Storrs is located between the suburb of Stannington and the village of Dungworth in the civil parish of Bradfield at a height of 210 metres above sea level between the Loxley and Rivelin valleys. Although historically a farming settlement, water-powered milling on the Storrs Brook and small scale cutlery making has also taken place in the hamlet.

Ughill Hamlet in South Yorkshire, England

Ughill is a small, rural hamlet within the City of Sheffield in Bradfield Parish in England. It is 5 mi west-northwest of the city centre. It stands in a lofty position at 918 ft above sea level, on a ridge between Bradfield Dale and the valley of the Ughill Brook. It has traditionally been a farming community, but there was some mining in the area in the late 19th and 20th century. Ughill Hall was the scene of an infamous murder in September 1986. The hamlet falls within the Stannington ward of the City.

References

  1. Stannington is made up of 37 output areas in the Stannington ward and in 2011 had a population of 10,747. http://www.ukcensusdata.com/stannington-e05001062#sthash.4VwBR7MQ.YnpxUgX7.dpbs
  2. Hunter, Joseph (1819). Hallamshire. The History and Topography of the Parish of Sheffield in the County of York. London: Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mayor & Jones. (wikisource)
  3. Waddington, Clive (2012). "Discovery and Excavation of a Roman Estate Centre at Whirlow, South-west Sheffield" (PDF). Council for British Archaeology. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  4. Taylor, M. V.; Collingwood, R. G. (1929). "Roman Britain in 1929: I. Sites Explored: II. Inscriptions". Journal of Roman Studies. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies. 19: 180–218. doi:10.2307/297347. JSTOR   297347.
  5. Stannington. Stannington Local History Group. p. 2.
  6. js92161 (3 July 2014). "Decision - The Future of Sheffield's Library Service". democracy.sheffield.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  7. "Data protection and volunteer-led libraries". Voices for the Library. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2020.