Hollow Meadows

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Hollow Meadows
Fold Farm, Hollow Meadows - geograph.org.uk - 154786.jpg
Fold Farm, in Hollow Meadows
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
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Hollow Meadows
Location within Sheffield
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S6
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°23′06″N1°38′24″W / 53.385°N 1.64°W / 53.385; -1.64 Coordinates: 53°23′06″N1°38′24″W / 53.385°N 1.64°W / 53.385; -1.64

Hollow Meadows is a hamlet in the civil parish of Bradfield, west of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. It lies along the A57 road, between Moscar and the Rivelin Valley.

Bradfield, South Yorkshire civil parish in the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England

Bradfield is a civil parish in the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England.

Sheffield City and metropolitan borough in England

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.

South Yorkshire County of England

South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011. It has an area of 1,552 square kilometres (599 sq mi) and consists of four metropolitan boroughs, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. South Yorkshire was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. Its largest settlement is Sheffield.

History

The area formed part of the chase of Rivelin until the late 16th-century, and was used for occasional deer hunting by the Duke of Norfolk. [1] It became known as "Auley Meadows", named for the Hawley family, based in Fulwood, now a western suburb of Sheffield. [1] [2] By the time John Harrison surveyed the area, in 1637, it had been converted to pasture for grazing sheep, and totalled 429 acres. [1]

Duke of Norfolk Dukedom in the Peerage of England

The Duke of Norfolk is the premier duke in the peerage of England, and also, as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl. The Duke of Norfolk is, moreover, the Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England. The seat of the Duke of Norfolk is Arundel Castle in Sussex, although the title refers to the county of Norfolk. The current duke is Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk. The dukes have historically been Catholic, a state of affairs known as recusancy in England.

John Harrison English clockmaker, horologist and inventor of the marine chronometer

John Harrison was a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought-after device for solving the problem of calculating longitude while at sea.

The "New" Norfolk Arms, shortly after closure Norfolk Arms, Manchester Road (A57) , Near Sheffield - geograph.org.uk - 1151197.jpg
The "New" Norfolk Arms, shortly after closure

The Sheffield to Glossop turnpike road, now the Manchester Road, was constructed through Hollow Meadows and opened in 1821. [3] The Surrey Arms pub was constructed alongside the road and had opened by 1822 to serve travellers. [4] This was later renamed the "Norfolk Arms", and around 1896 reopened as the "New Norfolk Arms", on a site at the bottom of Onksley Lane, and became a bus terminus, but it closed in the mid-2000s.

In 1831, Isaac Bright, a prominent Jewish jeweller based in Sheffield, acquired a plot at Rod Moor, and began to construct mausoleums for his family. Ultimately, five stood at the site, four of which were in the shape of beehives. The site was badly vandalised in the 1980s, and then rendered inaccessible to visitors. [5] The landowner demolished the buildings, illegally, before 2012. [6]

Mausoleum Monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people

A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb, or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum.

Beehive enclosed structure in which honey bees live and raise their young

A beehive is an enclosed, man-made structure in which some honey bee species of the subgenus Apis live and raise their young. Though the word beehive is commonly used to describe the nest of any bee colony, scientific and professional literature distinguishes nest from hive. Nest is used to discuss colonies which house themselves in natural or artificial cavities or are hanging and exposed. Hive is used to describe an artificial, man-made structure to house a honey bee nest. Several species of Apis live in colonies, but for honey production the western honey bee and the eastern honey bee are the main species kept in hives.

Starting in 1844, the Duke of Norfolk let plots of his land in what was now known as "Hollow Meadows". Long leases and small rents attracted people to build houses and crofts. [2] Sheffield Town Council decided to build its second workhouse on 48 acres of meadows in Hollow Meadows, on the initiative of Isaac Ironside; he hoped to provide a healthier alternative to existing workhouse conditions, and to show that a workhouse could be profitable. Other councillors noted the advantage of removing able-bodied men from the reach of potential political agitation. Paupers were initially put to work clearing the land and constructing the building, which included a dining room and dormitories. An average of 45 able-bodied men were based at the site, which was nicknamed "New England". Despite a high initial outlay, the farm started to turn a profit, but the management of the scheme was criticised as overly lax. From 1854, paupers were not permitted to engage in farming, only in clearing land and, once cleared, the land was let. Ironside withdrew from involvement, and the project gradually ran down. [7] In 1879, it was converted into an industrial school for persistent truants, then became Hollow Meadows Hospital, and was later converted to housing. [8]

Workhouse place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment

In England and Wales, a workhouse was a total institution where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. The earliest known use of the term workhouse is from 1631, in an account by the mayor of Abingdon reporting that "wee haue erected wthn our borough a workehouse to sett poore people to worke".

Isaac Ironside was an English Chartist and socialist politician, whose activities were centred in Sheffield.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 David Hey, A History of the Peak District Moors, p.82
  2. 1 2 David Hey, A History of the South Yorkshire Countryside
  3. David Hey, A History of the Peak District Moors, pp.113-114
  4. Daniel Paterson, A new and accurate description of all the direct and principal cross roads in England and Wales (16th edition), p.601
  5. Sharman Kadish, Jewish Heritage in England: An Architectural Guide
  6. Jonathan Kalmus, "CPS reviews Peak District tomb row decision", Jewish Chronicle , 21 March 2014
  7. W. H. G. Armytage, Heavens Below: Utopian Experiments in England, 1560-1960, pp.244-251
  8. Peter Higginbotham, The Workhouse Encyclopedia