Tinsley, South Yorkshire

Last updated

Tinsley
St Lawrence, Tinsley.jpg
Church of St Lawrence
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
Red pog.svg
Tinsley
Location within Sheffield
OS grid reference SK395907
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S9
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°24′43″N1°24′14″W / 53.412°N 1.404°W / 53.412; -1.404 Coordinates: 53°24′43″N1°24′14″W / 53.412°N 1.404°W / 53.412; -1.404

Tinsley is a suburb of northeastern Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. The suburb falls within the Darnall ward of the City.

Contents

The name "Tinsley" is also associated with the nearby former Tinsley Marshalling Yard and the Tinsley Viaduct, which carries the M1 motorway across the Don Valley, as well as the former Tinsley Towers.

History

The name of the suburb derives from the Old English Tingas-Leah, which means 'Field of Council', cognate with "thing (assembly)" and "lea", a dialectal word for "meadow". It is mentioned as 'Tirneslawe' or 'Tineslawe' in the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was in the possession of Roger de Busli.

The chapel of St Lawrence, Tinsley was built in 1877 on the site of an ancient (possibly of Anglo-Saxon origin) chapel. [1] An annual royal payment was received until 1847 in order that a service for the dead could be held. [2]

Another tradition associated with the settlement required the Lord of the Manor of Tinsley to take a pair of white gloves to the Lord of Tickhill each year at Michaelmas, and receive in return a white dove to keep over winter. [2]

Tinsley Wood lay to the south of the settlement, on land now partly occupied by Sheffield City Airport and High Hazels Park. It may have been the site of the Battle of Brunanburh in 937, where Athelstan of Wessex gained the submission of the Celtic monarchs of Norse-Ireland & around Britain. [2] In the mediaeval period, it was associated with outlaws, one named as "Roger de Presteman, an outlawe of Tyneslawe". [3]

The area became industrialised from 1732, when the River Don Navigation was extended to terminate in the village. A turnpike road was constructed to Sheffield. In 1819, the Sheffield Canal was opened, running from Tinsley to Sheffield. The area became major industrial centre known for its collieries, iron, steel, and wire works. [3]

Companies such as George Cohen, the '600 works', BOC, Osbourn Hadfield and Brinsworth Strip Mills were occupants of the landscape near Tinsley and the neighbouring area of Templeborough, Rotherham. Only the BOC plant and Brinsworth Strip Mills remain within the village boundaries. All the remaining works were either demolished or preserved as a museum to what was the heart of Sheffield industry until 1985. The Blackburn Meadows power station is also located in the area and was home to the Tinsley Towers, a well-known landmark next to the M1 viaduct. The original station closed in 1980 however the towers remained for safety reasons. They were demolished in a controlled explosion on 24 August 2008. A £120m biomass power station was later built on the site and opened in 2014. [4] [5]

Facilities and attractions

Replacing the steelworks on Vulcan Road is the Meadowhall shopping centre.

Located 220 yards (200 m) from the M1 in the centre of Tinsley is the Tinsley Recreation ground (sometimes referred to as "the Rec") - a 10.2 acres (4.1 ha) site which has been used for sport since the 1890s. [6] Recently,[ when? ] part of this has been claimed as a community centre called Tinsley Green. It has a new 5-aside football pitch, Tennis court, children's playground, adult rides and a cricket bowling practice area.

From 1997 to 2008 the area was home to the Sheffield City Airport, a small airport which offered mostly business-orientated flights to domestic locations in the UK and select cities in Western Europe. The airport closed to commercial traffic amidst controversy in 2002 and permanently in 2008 when its CAA Licence was withdrawn. The site is in the process of being converted to a business park with several major developments already open, part of the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre a collaboration between The University of Sheffield and industrial partners.

The area around the old airport site and Shepcote Lane area houses several industrial units and modern business complexes.

Related Research Articles

Yorkshire and the Humber Region of England

Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) for statistical purposes. It comprises most of Yorkshire, as well as North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire. Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland or other areas of the historic county of Yorkshire, are not included. The largest settlements are Leeds, Sheffield, Bradford, Hull, and York. The population in 2011 was 5,284,000.

River Don, Yorkshire River in South Yorkshire, England

The River Don is a river in South Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It rises in the Pennines, west of Dunford Bridge, and flows for 70 miles (110 km) eastwards, through the Don Valley, via Penistone, Sheffield, Rotherham, Mexborough, Conisbrough, Doncaster and Stainforth. It originally joined the Trent, but was re-engineered by Cornelius Vermuyden as the Dutch River in the 1620s, and now joins the River Ouse at Goole. Don Valley is a UK parliamentary constituency near the Doncaster stretch of the river.

Attercliffe Suburb of Sheffield, England

Attercliffe is an industrial suburb of northeast Sheffield, England on the south bank of the River Don. The suburb falls in the Darnall ward of Sheffield City Council.

Tinsley Viaduct

Tinsley Viaduct is a two-tier road bridge in Sheffield, England; it was the first of its kind in the United Kingdom. It carries the M1 and the A631 3,389 feet (1,033 m) over the Don Valley, from Tinsley to Wincobank, also crossing the Sheffield Canal, the Midland Main Line and the former South Yorkshire Railway line from Tinsley Junction to Rotherham Central. The Supertram route to Meadowhall runs below part of the viaduct on the trackbed of the South Yorkshire Railway line to Barnsley.

Darnall (ward) Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Darnall ward—which includes the districts of Attercliffe, Carbrook, Darnall, Tinsley, and parts of Handsworth—is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is located in the eastern part of the city and covers an area of 17.4 km2. The population of this ward in 2011 was 23,489 people in 8,809 households. It is one of the wards that made up the Sheffield Attercliffe constituency, now the Sheffield South East constituency.

Hunslet Area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

Hunslet is an inner-city area in south Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of the city centre and has an industrial past.

Treeton Village and civil parish in South Yorkshire, England

Treeton is a village and civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. It is located about 4 miles (6 km) south of the town of Rotherham and 5 miles (8 km) east of Sheffield City Centre.

Beauchief and Greenhill Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Beauchief and Greenhill ward—which includes the districts of Batemoor, Beauchief, Chancet Wood, Greenhill, Jordanthorpe, and Lowedges—is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the southern part of the city and covers an area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2). The population of this ward in 2016 was estimated to be 19,669 people in 9,209 houses.

Wadsley Bridge Human settlement in England

Wadsley Bridge is a suburb of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of the city centre. The area is a mixture of residential housing and small industrial and commercial premises. The suburb falls within the Hillsborough ward of the City.

Wadsley Human settlement in England

Wadsley is a suburb of the City of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. It stands 3 miles (5 km) north-west of the city centre at an approximate grid reference of SK321905. At the 2011 Census the suburb fell within the Hillsborough ward of the City. Wadsley was formerly a rural village which was engulfed by the expansion of Sheffield in the early part of the 20th century.

Mosborough (ward) Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Mosborough is an electoral ward of the City of Sheffield, England, in the eastern part of the city, on the border with Rotherham. The population in 2011 was 17,097. It is one of the wards that make up the Sheffield South East constituency.

History of Sheffield History of the English town

The area known as Sheffield was probably founded in the second half of 1AD in a clearing by the River Sheaf although humans may have lived in the area for at least 10,000 years.

This timeline of Sheffield history summarises key events in the history of Sheffield, a city in England. The origins of the city can be traced back to the founding of a settlement in a clearing beside the River Sheaf in the second half of the 1st millennium AD. The area had seen human occupation since at least the last ice age, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the city did not occur until the industrial revolution.

Blackburn Brook

The Blackburn Brook is a stream in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England which flows through the Blackburn Valley along the M1 and Ecclesfield Road and joins the River Don near the Meadowhall shopping centre. Downstream from the A61 road at Chapeltown the Blackburn Brook is defined as a main river by the Environment Agency, which requires new building development to be at least 8m from the bank side as a flood defence measure and to allow access to the watercourse for maintenance.

Brinsworth Village and civil parish in South Yorkshire, England

Brinsworth is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated close to the River Rother between Rotherham and Sheffield. At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 8,950, reducing to 8,789 at the 2011 Census.

River Don Navigation Waterway navigation in South Yorkshire, England

The River Don Navigation was the result of early efforts to make the River Don in South Yorkshire, England, navigable between Fishlake and Sheffield. The Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden had re-routed the mouth of the river in 1626, to improve drainage, and the new works included provision for navigation, but the scheme did not solve the problem of flooding, and the Dutch River was cut in 1635 to link the new channel to Goole. The first Act of Parliament to improve navigation on the river was obtained in 1726, by a group of Cutlers based in Sheffield; the Corporation of Doncaster obtained an Act in the following year for improvements to the lower river. Locks and lock cuts were built, and, by 1751, the river was navigable to Tinsley.

A631 road

The A631 is a road running from Sheffield, South Yorkshire to Louth, Lincolnshire in England. It passes through the counties of South Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. The road has many towns on its route including Rotherham, Maltby, Gainsborough and Market Rasen. It is mostly single road throughout its length but has some stretches of dual carriageway as well. The road is approximately 65 miles (105 km) long.

Neepsend Suburb of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England

Neepsend is a suburb of the city of Sheffield, it stands just 1 mile (1.6 km) north-west of the city centre. The main area of Neepsend covers the flood plain of the River Don from Lady's Bridge at the Wicker up to Hillfoot Bridge. The suburb falls within the Central Ward of the City. The adjacent district of Parkwood Springs is often regarded as part of the suburb.

Blackburn Meadows

Blackburn Meadows is an area of land just inside the Sheffield city border at Tinsley, England. It became the location of the main sewage treatment works for the city in 1884, and is now one of the largest treatment works in Britain. The treatment process was rudimentary, with sludge being removed to ponds and then to drying beds, after which it was used as manure or transferred by rail to a tip at Kilnhurst. The works progressively expanded to improve the quality of effluent discharged to the River Don and was a pioneer in the use of bio-aeration, following experiments by the works manager during the First World War. This process became known as the "Sheffield System", and was demonstrated to visitors from Great Britain and abroad. Despite these improvements, ammonia levels in the river below the works were high, and fish populations did not survive.

Blackburn Meadows power station is a biomass power station situated at Blackburn Meadows on the River Don, between Sheffield and Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. Operated by E.ON UK, it was opened in 2014 and has an operating capacity of 30 megawatts.

References

  1. Wood, Michael (2001). Tinsley Wood. In Search of England: Journeys into the English past, pp. 203221. Penguin Books Ltd (University of California Press in the United States). ISBN   0-520-23218-6
  2. 1 2 3 Tinsley Park Wood
  3. 1 2 J. Edward Vickers, "The Ancient Suburbs of Sheffield", pp.1112 (1971)
  4. Hargreaves, James. "Tinsley Towers: The Demolition of Sheffield Icons". The Sheffield Guide. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  5. "Tinsley Towers: Demolition's 10 year anniversary". BBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  6. "Tinsley Green". Sheffield City Council. Retrieved 5 October 2020.