The following is a list of monastic houses in South Yorkshire , England.
South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011. It has an area of 1,552 square kilometres (599 sq mi) and consists of four metropolitan boroughs, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. South Yorkshire was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. Its largest settlement is Sheffield.
Alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Knights Templars and Knights Hospitaller). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptor/commandery.
A cell is a small room used by a hermit, monk, anchorite or nun to live and as a devotional space. They are often part of larger communities such as Catholic and Orthodox monasteries and Buddhist vihara, but may also form stand-alone structures in remote locations.
Monastic granges were outlying landholdings held by monasteries independent of the manorial system. The first granges were owned by the Cistercians and other orders followed. Wealthy monastic houses had many granges, most of which were largely agricultural providing food for the monastic community. A grange might be established adjacent to the monastery but others were established wherever it held lands, some at a considerable distance. Some granges were worked by lay-brothers belonging to the order, others by paid labourers.
The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, commonly known as the Knights Hospitaller or the Order of Saint John, was a medieval and early modern Catholic military order. It was headquartered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem until 1291, on the island of Rhodes from 1310 until 1522, in Malta from 1530 until 1798 and at Saint Petersburg from 1799 until 1801. Today several organizations continue the Hospitaller tradition, most importantly the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.
|*||current monastic function|
|+||current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)|
|^||current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure|
|$||remains limited to earthworks etc.|
|#||no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains|
|~||indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown|
|≈||identification ambiguous or confused|
Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location) or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented) or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.
|NT||National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty|
|Foundation||Image||Communities & Provenance||Formal Name or Dedication |
& Alternative Names
|OnLine References & Location|
|Beauchief Abbey +||Premonstratensian canons — from Welbeck, Nottinghamshire)|
daughter of Welbeck;
founded 1173-6 (1183) by Robert fitz Ranulph, Lord Alfreton, Albinus, Abbot of Darley, witnessed foundation charter;
dissolved 4 February 1537; granted to Sir Nicholas Strelly 1537;
remains incorporated into present parish church, restored 19th century
|The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Beauchief|
De Bello Capite Abbey
|Doncaster Greyfriars||Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of York)|
founded before 1284;
dissolved 20 November 1538
|Doncaster Whitefriars||Carmelite Friars|
founded 1351, land granted by three people — John of Gaunt later regarded as a founder;
dissolved 13 November 1538
|Dunscroft Grange||Cistercian monks|
probably residential grange dependent on Roche
founded after 1186;
dissolved with Roche? (25 June 1538)
|Ecclesfield Priory||Benedictine monks|
alien house: cell dependent on St-Wandrille;
church granted by Richard de Lovetot;
granted to the Carthusians of Coventry, Warwickshire (West Midlands);
remains incorporated into house built on site 1736
|Hampole Priory||possibly Benedictine nuns|
founded before 1156 by William de Clarefai and his wife Avicia de Tany;
with regular priests or brethren from 12th century to after 1308;
by 13th century;
|The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Hampole|| |
|Monk Bretton Priory||Cluniac monks|
dependent on Pontefract (West Yorkshire);
founded 1153-5 by Adam fitz Suan (Swain);
independent from c.1279;
refounded 1279–81; struck off Cluniac list 1291;
dissolved 21 November 1539; granted to William Blithman 1540/1; (EH)
|The Priory Church of Saint Mary Magdalene of Lund|| |
|Roche Abbey||Cistercian monks|
daughter of Newminster, Northumberland;
founded 30 July 1147 by Richard de Builli and Richard fitz Turgis;
dissolved 23 June 1538; granted to William Ramesden and Thomas Vavasor 1546/7;
remains incorporated into the grounds of Sandbeck Hall and landscaped by Capability Brown 1774, who demolished much of the claustral buildings; (EH)
|The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Roche|
|Tickhill Austin Friars||Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of York)|
founded c.1260 (c.1256?) by John Clarell, (?)Dean of St Paul's or Prebendary of Southwell and rector of East Brigford;
dissolved 19 November 1538, surrendered to Sir George Lawson and commissioners;
remains incorporated into houses called 'The Friars' built on site c.1663
|Tickhill Cell(?)||Cluniac monks|
possible cell dependent on Lenton, Nottinghamshire — (evidence lacking)
founded before c.1415;
dissolved after 1504
reference to Trinitarians probably indicates Austin Friary
Mendicant orders are, primarily, certain Christian religious orders that have adopted a lifestyle of poverty, traveling, and living in urban areas for purposes of preaching, evangelization, and ministry, especially to the poor. At their foundation these orders rejected the previously established monastic model. This foresaw living in one stable, isolated community where members worked at a trade and owned property in common, including land, buildings and other wealth. By contrast, the mendicants avoided owning property at all, did not work at a trade, and embraced a poor, often itinerant lifestyle. They depended for their survival on the goodwill of the people to whom they preached.
The Abbey of Arrouaise[ɑʁ.wɛz] was the centre of a form of the canonical life known as the Arrouaisian Order, which was popular among the founders of canonries during the decade of the 1130s. The community began to develop when Heldemar joined the hermit Ruggerius in 1090 and approved by the local bishop in 1097. The priory was raised to the status of an abbey in 1121, electing as its first abbot, Gervaise. He impressed people who had the wealth and secular power, sufficient to found an abbey, which they did.
The Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre were a Catholic religious order of canons regular of the Rule of Saint Augustine said to have been founded in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, then the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, recognised in 1113 by Papal bull of Pope Paschal II. Other accounts has it that they were founded earlier, during the rule of Godfrey of Bouillon (1099–1100).
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