Burnden Park

Last updated

Burnden Park
Facupfinal1901-D.jpg
Burnden Park hosting the 1901 FA Cup Final Replay
Burnden Park
Location Burnden, Bolton, Greater Manchester
Coordinates 53°34′08″N2°24′58″W / 53.56889°N 2.41611°W / 53.56889; -2.41611 Coordinates: 53°34′08″N2°24′58″W / 53.56889°N 2.41611°W / 53.56889; -2.41611
Owner Bolton Wanderers F.C.
Capacity 70,000 (maximum)
25,000 (at closing)
Record attendance69,912, 18 February 1933 [1]
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Opened1895
ClosedApril 1997 (final game)
Demolished1999
Tenants
Bolton Wanderers F.C. (1895–1997)

Burnden Park was the home of English football club Bolton Wanderers who played home games there between 1895 and 1997. As well as hosting the 1901 FA Cup Final replay, it was the scene in 1946 of one of the greatest disasters in English football, and the subject of an L. S. Lowry painting. It was demolished in 1999, two years after Bolton moved to their new home at the Reebok Stadium.

Contents

Location

Situated on Manchester Road in the Burnden area of Bolton – less than a mile south of the town centre – the ground served as the home of the town's football team for 102 years.

History

Bolton Wanderers was formed in 1874 as Christ Church FC, with the vicar as club president. After disagreements about the use of church premises, the club broke away and became Bolton Wanderers in 1877 meeting at the Gladstone Hotel. [2] At this time Bolton played at Pike's Lane but needed a purpose built ground to play home matches. As a result, Bolton Wanderers Football and Athletic Club, one of the 12 founder members of the Football League, became a Limited Company in 1894 and shares were raised to build a ground. Land at Burnden was leased at £130 per annum and £4,000 raised to build the stadium. Burnden Park was completed in August 1895. The opening match was a benefit match against Preston and the first League match was against Everton in front of a 15,000 crowd. [3]

The stadium hosted the replay of the 1901 FA Cup Final, in which Tottenham Hotspur beat Sheffield United 3–1. [4]

The finals of the Rugby Football League's 1986–87 John Player Special Trophy, and 1988–89 John Player Special Trophy tournaments were played at the ground before crowds of 22,144 and 20,709 respectively. [ citation needed ]

In its heyday, Burnden Park could hold crowds of up to 70,000, but this figure was dramatically reduced during the final 20 years of its life, mainly because of new legislation which saw virtually all English stadia reduce their capacities for safety reasons. A section of the embankment was sold off in 1986 to make way for a new Normid superstore. Bolton's attendances were also falling sharply by the 1980s due to the club's declining fortunes on the pitch.[ citation needed ]

The club's directors had decided by 1992 that it would be difficult to convert Burnden Park into an all-seater stadium adequate for a club of Bolton's ambition. They were members of the new Division Two (which was known as the Third Division until the creation of the Premier League) but the club wanted to build a stadium to meet these requirements in the event of promotion to Division One and ultimately the Premier League.

The last Wanderers game played at the historic ground was against Charlton Athletic on 25 April 1997. Bolton, who were already promoted as Division One champions, defeated Charlton 4–1 after being 1–0 down at half time. Whites' legend John McGinlay, who scored more than 100 goals in five years with the club, scored the final goal shortly before Bolton received their trophy and the crowd united in singing Auld Lang Syne. [ citation needed ]

It was decided to build a new multimillion-pound 25,000-seater stadium (later raised to nearly 29,000) – the Reebok Stadium – six miles from Burnden Park at the Middlebrook development. The move took place in 1997, bringing an end to 102 years of football at Burnden Park.

Burnden Park disaster

On 9 March 1946, the club's home was the scene of the Burnden Park disaster, which at the time was the worst tragedy in British football history. 33 Bolton Wanderers fans were crushed to death, and another 400 injured, in an FA Cup quarter-final second leg tie between Bolton and Stoke City. [5] There was an estimated 85,000 strong crowd crammed in for the game, at least 15,000 over-capacity. The disaster led to Moelwyn Hughes's official report, which recommended more rigorous control of crowd sizes. [6]

Outside football

The railway embankment of Burnden Park was seen in the 1962 film A Kind of Loving , starring Alan Bates and June Ritchie. Part of the Arthur Askey film The Love Match was also filmed at Burnden Park in the early 1950s. A painting of Burnden Park in 1953 by L. S. Lowry, Going to the Match, was bought for £1.9 million by the Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) in 1999. [7]

Redevelopment

For some years after the stadium's closure, the site suffered. Travellers camped in the car park of the derelict Normid superstore and Burnden Park itself fell into disrepair, with demolition not taking place until two years after the last match had been played. [ citation needed ]

There is now an Asda superstore on the site, which opened in 2005 after taking over the Big W. The Asda store identifies itself with Burnden Park by having a number of extremely large photographs of the former stadium and players, placed high above the checkouts. Also on the site are a Co-operative travel, a Subway, a Carphone Warehouse and a Johnson's Cleaners adjacent to Manchester Road. [ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Bolton Wanderers F.C. Association football club in England

Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional football club based in Horwich, Bolton, England, which competes in League Two, the fourth tier of English football.

Adams Park

Adams Park is an association football stadium in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. Built in 1990, it is the home ground of the local Wycombe Wanderers in the Championship division. It was also leased from 2002 to 2014 to the rugby union club London Wasps from Aviva Premiership, and from 2016 to 2020 to the Reading F.C. Women football club. From the 2003/04 season to the 2005/06 season, the stadium was officially called Causeway Stadium, named after its sponsor Causeway Technologies.

Ewood Park

Ewood Park is a football stadium in the English town of Blackburn, Lancashire, and is the home of Blackburn Rovers Football Club — one of the founding members of the Football League and Premier League. Rovers have played there since they moved from Leamington Road in the summer of 1890. The stadium opened in 1882 and is an all seater multi-sports facility with a capacity of 31,367. It comprises four sections: The Bryan Douglas Darwen End, Riverside Stand, Ronnie Clayton Blackburn End, and Jack Walker Stand, which is named after Blackburn industrialist and club supporter, Jack Walker. The football pitch within the stadium measures 115 by 76 yards.

Nat Lofthouse English footballer

Nathaniel Lofthouse was an English professional footballer who played as a forward for Bolton Wanderers for his entire career. He won 33 caps for England between 1950 and 1958, scoring 30 goals, with one of the highest goals-per-game ratios of any England player.

Gigg Lane Football stadium in Bury, Greater Manchester

Gigg Lane is an all-seater football stadium in Bury, Greater Manchester. One of the world's oldest professional football stadiums, it was built for Bury F.C. in 1885 and has been their home ever since. Recently, the ground has officially been known for sponsorship reasons as the Energy Check Stadium and it became the Planet-U Energy Stadium following a deal signed by the club with Leeds-based Planet-U Energy on 19 February 2019.

United Co-operatives

United Co-operatives Limited, or simply United Co-op, is a now defunct regional consumer co-operative in the United Kingdom, until its merger with the Co-operative Group in 2007. The society operated across Yorkshire, the North West and North Midlands of United Kingdom. In September 2002, it came about from the merger of United NorWest and Yorkshire Co-operative Society.

Stadium MK Football stadium in Milton Keynes, England

Stadium MK is a football ground in the Denbigh district of Bletchley in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. Designed by Populous, it is the home ground of EFL League One side Milton Keynes Dons and FA Women's National League South side Milton Keynes Dons Women.

Springfield Park (Wigan)

Springfield Park was a multi-purpose stadium in Wigan, Greater Manchester. It was the home ground of Wigan Athletic F.C. until the club moved to the new JJB Stadium after the 1998–99 season. At its largest, the stadium held 40,000. In its 102-year existence the ground only saw 32 years as a Football League venue, 11 years for Wigan Borough F.C. and 21 years for Wigan Athletic FC, before it was demolished to make way for a housing estate in 1999.

The 1963–1964 season was the 84th season of competitive football in England, from August 1963 to May 1964.

The FA Cup semi-finals are played to determine which teams will contest the FA Cup Final. They are the penultimate phase of the FA Cup, the oldest football tournament in the world.

Burnden Park disaster

The Burnden Park disaster was a human crush that occurred on 9 March 1946 at Burnden Park football stadium, then the home of Bolton Wanderers. The crush resulted in the deaths of 33 people and injuries to hundreds of Bolton fans. It was the deadliest stadium-related disaster in British history until the Ibrox Park disaster in 1971.

The 1945–46 FA Cup was the 65th season of the world's oldest football cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, generally known as the FA Cup, and the first to be held after the Second World War. Derby County were the winners, beating Charlton Athletic 4–1 after extra time in the final at Wembley, London. The tournament witnessed a disaster in the sixth round when, during the second leg of the Bolton–Stoke City tie, 33 people were crushed to death in the Burnden Park disaster.

The 1958 FA Charity Shield was the 36th FA Charity Shield, a football match between the winners of the previous season's First Division and FA Cup titles. This year's match was contested by league champions Wolverhampton Wanderers and FA Cup winners Bolton Wanderers.

The 1997–1998 season was the 119th season in Bolton Wanderers F.C.'s existence, and their first season back in the Premier League after winning the Football League First Division the previous season. It covers the period from 1 July 1997 to 30 June 1998. After 102 years playing at Burnden Park, the club had moved to the new Reebok Stadium.

1923 FA Cup Final Football match

The 1923 FA Cup Final was an association football match between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United on 28 April 1923 at the original Wembley Stadium in London. The showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, it was the first football match to be played at Wembley Stadium. King George V was in attendance to present the trophy to the winning team.

The 1945–46 season was Stoke City's eleventh and final season in the non-competitive War League.

The history of Bolton Wanderers Football Club covers the period from its founding in 1874 up to the present. For a general overview of the club itself, see Bolton Wanderers F.C.

Pikes Lane

Pike's Lane was a football ground in Bolton, England. It was the home ground of Bolton Wanderers between 1880 and 1895, and the venue of the first-ever goal scored in league football anywhere in the world.

University of Bolton Stadium

The University of Bolton Stadium in Horwich, Greater Manchester, England, is the home ground of Bolton Wanderers F.C.

References

Notes

  1. "Club Facts". Bolton Wanderers official website. Archived from the original on 6 August 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  2. History , retrieved 25 January 2010
  3. New Ground, archived from the original on 16 July 2011, retrieved 25 January 2010
  4. "FA Cup finals – "Bolton" listed under 1901. (The reference to Burnden Park in 1902 is an error)". Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
  5. "BBC News – Burnden Park football disaster remembered 65 years on". BBC News. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  6. Baker, Norman (1998). "Have They Forgotten Bolton?" (PDF). The Sports Historian. The British Society of Sports History. 18 (1): 120–151. doi:10.1080/17460269809444773 . Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  7. "Going to the Match", BBC News, 1 December 1999, retrieved 25 January 2010

Bibliography