Pickering railway station

Last updated

Pickering
Station on heritage railway
Pickering railway station MMB 11 45407.jpg
LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 45407 runs round a train at Pickering.
Location Pickering, Ryedale
England
Coordinates 54°14′49″N0°46′43″W / 54.247068°N 0.778509°W / 54.247068; -0.778509 Coordinates: 54°14′49″N0°46′43″W / 54.247068°N 0.778509°W / 54.247068; -0.778509
Grid reference SE796841
Managed by North Yorkshire Moors Railway
Platforms2

Pickering railway station is the southern terminus of the North Yorkshire Moors Railway and serves the town of Pickering in North Yorkshire, England.

Contents

History

Whitby and Pickering Railway (1836 to 1845)

Originally, from 1836, Pickering was the southern terminus of the horse worked Whitby and Pickering Railway (W&P) engineered by George Stephenson. [1] The coach shed at the end of the W&P's line stood approximately where the north end of the Y&NM trainshed stands today. The W&P minute books (in The National Archives) also refer to a weighbridge at Pickering but if built its location is unknown.

York and North Midland Railway (1845 to 1854)

In 1845 the W&P was taken over by George Hudson's York and North Midland Railway (Y&NM) [2] and the present station was built (to the design of George Townsend Andrews. [3] The Y&NM converted the line into a double track steam railway and constructed the link from Pickering to Rillington Junction on the new line from York to Scarborough. [4]

As well as the fine station building the York and North Midland Railway also provided other characteristic Andrews buildings, a stone built goods shed with wooden extension and a gas works - one of the earliest surviving railway gasworks buildings - occupied the area now known as 'the Ropery', the goods shed was demolished to make way for the new road but the gas works retort and purifier house still stands today adjacent to the new road. It ceased to produce gas when Pickering got its own Gas and Water company; later the NER had it converted into a corn warehouse. By the 1960s it had become a tyre retailers and subsequently was well restored for use as a café, later becoming a ladies hairdressers. While[ when? ] the adjacent doctor's surgery was being built, the base of the gasometer was discovered and excavated and still smelled of coal gas. It was filled in and sealed off and then built over.

The Y&NM also built a small brick single-road engine shed, large enough for a single locomotive, the shed was extended by the NER in 1867, retaining the same style (they even dismantled and re-erected the end section of the original building, according to the original contract plans held in the NYMR archives). There was a standard Y&NM house built adjacent to the shed. Both buildings are still standing today, incorporated into a joinery works. The shed lost its clerestory roof some time in the 1950s according to surviving photographic evidence but for a building about to become redundant (in 1958) BR surprisingly made the roof good as plain slate. This building is not only a rare (if not the only) surviving example of a G.T.Andrews engine shed but it is one of very few rural single track engine sheds still standing.

The Y&NM also provided a number of (mainly single storey) gatekeepers cottages next to those road crossings away from the town centre (Haygate Lane, Mill Lane and Newbridge (2 storey)), all of which still survive.

North Eastern Railway (1854 to 1922)

The North Eastern Railway (NER) made various changes at Pickering, they raised the platforms from almost track level to about the present level, in so doing they had to provide two steps down into every room in the station office block. They also extended the platforms beyond the limits of the Y&NM trainshed.

In 1876 the engine shed was extended to take two larger engines rather than one small one, the extension was carefully matched to the original building, apart from a difference in the cast-iron window frames. They even dismantled the original southern end of the shed and re-erected it on the extended shed (instructions on the original tender drawings for the extension, held in the NYMHRT Archives).

The biggest change came with the introduction of block-signalling in 1876. Signal cabins (the NER name) were erected at Mill Lane, Hungate, Bridge Street, High Mill and Newbridge. Later as the branches to Scarborough and Helmsley were opened, small signal cabins on the branches were opened to control the single to double track junctions, these were Eastgate and Goslip Bridge. Of these seven cabins only Newbridge survives today.

Originally there was a small turntable behind the engine shed but it became too small and inconvenient and was replaced by a 45 ft turntable north of the station near High Mill signal cabin.

It is not known what arrangements were made to provide engines with water at Pickering in earlier times but the NER erected a standard cast-iron panelled tank on a brick base (similar to the one at Goathland) at the south end of the sidings immediately north of the station. This tank was filled by a pump located in a pump house between the north end of the Y&NM trainshed and the beck, the water being taken from Pickering Beck. The tank served three standard NER water columns, on the up and down main lines and on the turntable road. It also supplied water to the engine shed.

London and North Eastern Railway (1923 to 1947)

Very little changed at Pickering during the London and North Eastern Railway's (LNER) twenty-five year reign. A new paint scheme, two tone green and cream replaced the NER's brown and cream but most of the NER's characteristic enamel signs remained in use, although the Running in boards were painted over during the Second World War. Although the LNER brought different locomotives, most of the local trains still consisted mainly of NER stock.

British Railways (1948 to 1965)

Points at the station are controlled by New Bridge signal box. Pickering MMB 04 North Yorkshire Moors Railway (New Bridge Signal Box).jpg
Points at the station are controlled by New Bridge signal box.

Under British Railways (BR) the present station lost its characteristic overall roof in 1952 as an economy measure as corrosion meant it was unsafe. [5] The NYMR was granted Heritage Lottery Funding for a number of schemes at Pickering station which includes reinstatement of the 1845 designed roof, which was projected to be complete by 2010, but was not officially unveiled until April 2011. [6]

At some time in the early BR period (probably at the same time that the overall roof was removed), Pickering lost its characteristic small W.H.Smiths bookstall on the up platform. [7] This bookstall had been there since some time in the NER period, it appears in the background of views taken by local photographer Sidney Smith before and during the first World War, subjects include a local Sunday School outing. It also appears in a photo of a wedding group on the platform in early BR days, a copy of which is held in the NYMR Archives digital image collection.

On 6 April 1959 the engine shed closed and Pickering's engine requirements were supplied by Malton shed. The turntable was also removed (by then there were no terminating passenger services, both branch lines having closed). [8]

Pickering station carried on as usual until its death knell was sounded in the Beeching Report of 1963 which planned the closure of all railways serving Whitby. Despite a fierce local campaign of opposition the line between Rillington Junction and Grosmont closed on 8 March 1965. [9] The line from Rillington as far as New Bridge signal box (about a mile north of the station) remained open for goods for a further year, a solitary signalman being retained at Pickering to work all the cabins needed by the goods trains. [10]

Preservation

A roof was added to the station in the late 2000s. Pickering railway station MMB 08.jpg
A roof was added to the station in the late 2000s.

In 1967, a group of local residents set up the North Yorkshire Moors Railway Society with the aim of preserving the line. Services began in 1970, and on 22 April 1973 the entire line from Grosmont to Pickering was reopened. [11]

Pickering's closed railway lines

In pre-preservation days Pickering was not a terminus; the main line continued south to Rillington Junction and thus to Malton, with connections for York. The Malton - Whitby service was ended in 1965 as part of the Beeching Axe. [9] Just south of the town was a double junction (at Mill Lane) with the Forge Valley branch turning east for Scarborough. [12]

This line closed in 1950 except for a freight only service to Thornton Dale which succumbed in 1963. A second branch, the Gilling and Pickering Line, headed west for Kirbymoorside, Helmsley, Gilling and eventually Pilmoor on the East Coast Main Line. This line provided Pickering's through passenger service to York but was closed in 1953. [13] A bus service, operated by Yorkshire Coastliner, now replaces the railway line to Malton and York, which is advertised along with railway services on the station's departure boards.

Part of the course of the old line through the town is now a road called "The Ropery" but the former engine shed has been converted into commercial premises (see above) and the bridge over Pickering Beck now used as a footpath.

Services

The North Yorkshire Moors Railway runs regular services from Pickering to Grosmont, with some summer extensions to Whitby, operated by a variety of steam and diesel traction. There is also a bus link from York railway station.

Preceding station HR icon.svg   Heritage railways Following station
Terminus  North Yorkshire Moors Railway   Levisham
Disused railways
Thornton Dale   Forge Valley Line  Terminus
Kirby   Y & NMR (Pickering Branch)  Terminus
Sinnington   Gilling and Pickering Line  Terminus

Related Research Articles

North Yorkshire Moors Railway Heritage railway in North Yorkshire, England

The North Yorkshire Moors Railway (NYMR) is a heritage railway in North Yorkshire, England, that runs through the North York Moors National Park. First opened in 1836 as the Whitby and Pickering Railway, the railway was planned in 1831 by George Stephenson as a means of opening up trade routes inland from the then important seaport of Whitby. The line between Grosmont and Rillington was closed in 1965 and the section between Grosmont and Pickering was reopened in 1973 by the North York Moors Historical Railway Trust Ltd. The preserved line is now a tourist attraction and has been awarded several industry accolades.

The Esk Valley Line is a railway line located in the north of England, covering a total distance of around 30 miles (48 km), running from Middlesbrough to Whitby. The line follows the course of the River Esk for much of its eastern half.

Grosmont, North Yorkshire Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Grosmont is a village and civil parish situated in Eskdale in the North York Moors National Park, within the boundaries of the Scarborough district of the county of North Yorkshire, England.

Malton railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Lealholm railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Grosmont railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Grosmont railway station serves the village of Grosmont in the North York Moors, North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Esk Valley Line which serves one platform and is operated by Northern Trains who provide the station's passenger services.

Sleights railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Ruswarp railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Whitby railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Whitby railway station is a Grade II listed station which serves the town of Whitby in North Yorkshire, England. It is the terminus of the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough. The station is situated 35 miles (56 km) south-east of Middlesbrough and is operated by Northern Trains, which provides all of the station's National Rail passenger services. The station is also served during the summer months by the heritage North Yorkshire Moors Railway, whose line connects with the Esk Valley line at Grosmont.

Levisham railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Newton Dale Halt railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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Goathland railway station Railway station in North Yorkshire, England

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York–Scarborough line

The York–Scarborough line runs between the city of York, England, and the town of Scarborough. Towns and villages served along the way are Malton, Norton-on-Derwent and Seamer.

George Townsend Andrews was an English architect born in Exeter. He is noted for his buildings designed for George Hudson's railways, especially the York and North Midland Railway. Andrews' architect's practice in York did not confine itself to railway work, its other buildings including headquarters for two York-based banks and a number of churches.

The North Eastern Locomotive Preservation Group (NELPG) was formed in 1966 with the intention of preserving some of the steam locomotives then still working on regular goods or passenger trains in North East England. At the time of its formation, its first president was Wilbert Awdry, the author of The Railway Series books and the creator of Thomas the Tank Engine. Now the group owns four unique North Eastern steam locomotives, its aim is to have as many of its steam locomotives running on the main line or preserved lines as possible. In 2014, the LNER K1 (62005) ran on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway and on the Jacobite service in Scotland. The LNER Q6 was undergoing boiler repairs at the start of the season but finished the season on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway and the LNER J72 ran on the Wensleydale Railway. The group have two workshops, one at Hopetown Carriage Works, Darlington and another workshop and base at Grosmont, the northernmost station on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway. The shed at Grosmont is called deviation shed. Members of the group hold regular evening meetings to discuss railway subjects, have a membership newsletter, and have produced various publications. The group now also has a junior volunteers section, training young recruits at, mainly, the NYMR and Deviation Shed. These JVs will help with mainly the locomotives, although a small amount has been done on the carriages.

Whitby and Pickering Railway

The Whitby and Pickering Railway (W&P) was built to halt the gradual decline of the port of Whitby on the east coast of England. Its basic industries—whaling and shipbuilding—had been in decline and it was believed that opening transport links inland would help regenerate the town and port.

Goathland Bank Top was a short lived, early, railway station in Goathland, North Yorkshire, England. The station at the top of the Beckhole Incline was opened with the opening throughout of the Whitby and Pickering Railway (W&P) on Thursday 26 May 1836. The station closed with the opening of the NER's Deviation line on 1 July 1865. Thus the station had a life of less than thirty years. A new Goathland station was opened on the deviation line.

Thirsk and Malton line

The Thirsk and Malton line was a railway line that ran from a triangular junction on what is now the East Coast Main Line and served eight villages between Thirsk and Malton in North Yorkshire, England. The line was built after a protracted process due to inefficiencies and financial problems suffered by the then York and North Midland Railway.

Grosmont Tunnel Railway tunnel in North Yorkshire, England

The Grosmont Tunnels are two separate railway tunnels adjoining each other in the village of Grosmont, North Yorkshire, England. The first tunnel was built in 1835 and has now become a pedestrian route through to the North York Moors Railway (NYMR) engine sheds on the south side of the hill.

Potto railway station Disused railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Potto railway station was a railway station built just north of the village of Potto in North Yorkshire, England. The station was on the North Yorkshire and Cleveland's railway line between Picton and Stokesley. The line was extended progressively until it met the Whitby and Pickering Line at Grosmont. Potto station was closed in 1954 to passengers and four years later to goods.

References

Notes
  1. Bairstow 2008, p. 13.
  2. Ellis, Norman (1995). North Yorkshire Railway Stations. Ochiltree: Stenlake. p. 27. ISBN   1-872074-63-4.
  3. Vanns, Michael (2017). "Early Days to Best Years". The North Yorkshire Moors Railway (1 ed.). Barnsley: Pen & Sword. p. 19. ISBN   9781473892088.
  4. Young, Alan (2015). Lost Stations of Yorkshire; The North and East Ridings (1 ed.). Kettering: Silver Link. p. 22. ISBN   978-1-85794-453-2.
  5. "Station's roof nears completion". BBC News. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  6. "First train arrives at new-look Pickering Station". Gazette & Herald. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  7. "Pickering Station Trail". nymr.co.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  8. Chapman, Stephen (2008). York to Scarborough, Whitby & Ryedale. Todmorden: Bellcode Books. p. 100. ISBN   9781871233193.
  9. 1 2 "Rail enthusiasts to mark anniversary of Beeching line closure". York Press. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  10. Bairstow 2008, p. 20.
  11. Suggitt, Gordon (2010). Lost Railways of North & East Yorkshire. Lost Railways. Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. pp. 85–92. ISBN   9781853069185.
  12. Bairstow 2008, p. 72.
  13. Vallance, Hugh Aymer, ed. (April 1953). "To Pickering via Gilling". Railway Magazine. Vol. 99 no. 624. pp. 233–234. ISSN   0033-8923.
Sources