Aston

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Aston
West Midlands UK location map.svg
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Aston
Location within the West Midlands
Population33,651 (2011. Ward) [1]
  Density 10,833-mile² (4,185 km²)
OS grid reference SP072889
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BIRMINGHAM
Postcode district B6
Dialling code 0121
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Midlands
52°30′N1°53′W / 52.50°N 1.88°W / 52.50; -1.88 Coordinates: 52°30′N1°53′W / 52.50°N 1.88°W / 52.50; -1.88

Aston is a ward of Inner Birmingham, England. Located immediately to the north-east of Central Birmingham, Aston constitutes a ward within the metropolitan authority.

Birmingham Major city in the English Midlands, 2nd highest population of UK cities

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. It is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom and the most populous city in the English Midlands. It is also the most populous metropolitan district in the United Kingdom, with an estimated 1,137,123 inhabitants, and is considered the social, cultural, financial, and commercial centre of the Midlands. It is situated within the larger West Midlands conurbation, which is the third most populated urban area in the United Kingdom, with a population of 2,897,303 in 2017. The wider Birmingham metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom with a population of over 4.3 million. It is frequently referred to as both England and the United Kingdom's "second city".

Birmingham city centre, also known as Central Birmingham, is the central business district of Birmingham, England. Following the removal of the Inner Ring Road, the city centre is now defined as being the area within the Middle Ring Road. The city centre is undergoing massive redevelopment with the Big City Plan, which means there are now nine emerging districts and the city centre is approximately five times bigger.

Contents

History

Church of SS Peter & Paul, Aston. Aston church Birmingham.jpg
Church of SS Peter & Paul, Aston.

Aston was first mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as "Estone", having a mill, a priest and therefore probably a church, woodland and ploughland. The Church of Saints Peter and Paul was built in medieval times to replace an earlier church. The body of the church was rebuilt by J. A. Chatwin during the period 1879 to 1890; the 15th century tower and spire, which was partly rebuilt in 1776, being the only survivors of the medieval building.

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Church of SS Peter & Paul, Aston Church

The Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul in Witton Lane, Aston, Birmingham, England, is a parish church in the Church of England.

The ancient parish of Aston (known as Aston juxta Birmingham) was large. It was separated from the parish of Birmingham by AB Row, which currently exists in the Eastside of the city at just 50 yards in length. It was included in the borough of Birmingham in 1906, and a further part, Saltley was added in 1911.

Eastside, Birmingham district of Birmingham City Centre, England

Eastside is a district of Birmingham City Centre, England that is undergoing a major redevelopment project. The overall cost when completed is expected to be £6–8 billion over ten years which will result in the creation of 12,000 jobs. 8,000 jobs are expected to be created during the construction period. It is part of the larger Big City Plan project.

Saltley inner-city area of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Saltley is an inner-city area of Birmingham, east of the city centre. The area is part of the Washwood Heath ward, and was previously part of the Nechells ward. It is part of the Ladywood constituency in the city.

Aston Hall. Aston Hall.jpg
Aston Hall.

Old buildings which became popular within Aston included the Aston Hippodrome and the Bartons Arms public house. Gospel Hall on Park Lane was opened in 1892 and demolished in the 1970s to be rebuilt at the top of Park Lane in 1979. The original hall had a seating capacity of 73. Another meeting place was the Ellen Knox Memorial Hall which was next door to the Midland Vinegar Brewery. The brewery was owned by the Midland Brewery Company was built around 1877. [2] It was located on Upper Thomas Street. The brewery was a three-storey brick building with rounded corners and semi-circular windows. The roof was slated. Other industry that was located in Aston include the Premier Motor Works which produced cars during the early 20th century. The works were situated at the junction of Aston Road and Dartmouth Street. On Miller Street was a tramcar depot which had a storage capacity of 104 tramcars. It opened in 1904. [3]

The Aston Hippodrome, also known as The Hipp, was a popular theatre in the Aston area of Birmingham, England.

The Bartons Arms pub in Aston, Birmingham, England

The Bartons Arms is a public house in the High Street in the Newtown area of Aston, Birmingham, England.

Aston University. Its campus is not in Aston but far south of Aston in Birmingham city centre. Aston uni campus1.jpg
Aston University. Its campus is not in Aston but far south of Aston in Birmingham city centre.

Aston underwent large scale redevelopment following the Second World War. South Aston was designated a renewal area whilst a new town to the west of this. [4] This became "Newtown" and is a large estate consisting of sixteen tower blocks, five of which have since been demolished. The project was approved in 1968. Three 20-storey tower blocks on the complex contained 354 flats alone. [5]

Newtown, also referred to as Aston New Town, is an inner city area of Birmingham, England, just to the north of the city centre.

Villa Park, home of Aston Villa F.C. Villa Park - geograph.org.uk - 663895.jpg
Villa Park, home of Aston Villa F.C.

Today, Aston gives its name to Aston Villa F.C. and Aston University (the campus of which is not in Aston but to the far south of Aston in Birmingham city centre). Aston University is one of four universities in Birmingham. Aston Villa have played at Villa Park since 1897, and it has traditionally been one of the largest football grounds in England that has staged many notable matches at club and international level. The park has also hosted other sports and events including international level rugby league and rugby union.This is one of the main attractions in this town.

Aston Villa F.C. Association football club

Aston Villa Football Club is an English professional football club based in Aston, Birmingham. The club competes in the Premier League, the top tier of the English football league system. Founded in 1874, they have played at their current home ground, Villa Park, since 1897. Aston Villa were one of the founder members of the Football League in 1888 and of the Premier League in 1992. Villa are one of only five English clubs to have won the European Cup, in 1981–82. They have also won the Football League First Division seven times, the FA Cup seven times, the League Cup five times, and the UEFA Super Cup once.

Aston University University in Birmingham, England

Aston University is a public research university situated in the city centre of Birmingham, England. Aston began as the Birmingham Municipal Technical School in 1895, evolving into the UK's first College of Advanced Technology in 1956. Aston University received its royal charter from Queen Elizabeth II on 22 April 1966.

Villa Park football stadium in Aston, Birmingham, England

Villa Park is a football stadium in Aston, Birmingham, England, with a seating capacity of 42,682. It has been the home of Aston Villa Football Club since 1897. The ground is less than a mile from both Witton and Aston railway stations and has hosted sixteen England internationals at senior level, the first in 1899 and the most recent in 2005. Villa Park has hosted 55 FA Cup semi-finals, more than any other stadium.

Much of Aston consists of terraced houses that were built around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Some of these houses were demolished in the late 1960s to make way for the Aston Expressway, which links Birmingham city centre to the M6 motorway. In the late 1950s, Aston was the location of the famous 'Venus Baby' case of Cynthia Appleton (87 Fentham Road).

By the early 1980s, Aston was suffering from severe deprivation with many of the terraced houses being outdated for the requirements of the time. Many of them lacked bathrooms and indoor toilets, whilst the vast majority were suffering from decay as a result of a lack of maintenance. There was speculation that the homes would be demolished, but Birmingham City Council made money available to the homeowners for them to be brought up to modern standards.

From 2001 to 2011, Aston underwent a £54 million Birmingham regeneration project named "Aston Pride", as part of the New Deal for Communities scheme in 2001. Many improvements were made, including reducing burglary, robbery and vehicle crime; spending £4 million on a health centre; and helping more than 1300 people find work (more than the target of 400).

Crime

Crime levels in Aston have remained stagnant over the past few years. In September 2011, there were 340 reported crimes, while in September 2018, there were 308. The crime rate in the ward is 9.63, which is higher than in other areas like Handsworth Wood (6.98) but lower than Nechells (13.91).

The majority of the crime is due to violence, antisocial behaviour, vehicle crime, and robbery. On 2 January 2003, gunmen shot at three innocent teenage girls who were celebrating the New Year in the [Birchfield] area of Aston. Two of the girls were killed and another was seriously injured. More than 18 bullets were fired from at least two weapons. [6] Four men were later tried and found guilty of murder in March 2005. Marcus Ellis (the half-brother of one of the two dead girls), Nathan Martin and Michael Gregory were sentenced to life imprisonment with recommended minimum terms of 35 years on two charges of murder and three of attempted murder. A fourth man, Rodrigo Simms, received life with a recommended minimum of 27 years for the same crimes. [7] A fifth defendant, Jermaine Carty, had walked free from court after being cleared of possessing a firearm. [8] The four men convicted were members of a notorious local gang known as the Burger Bar Boys, who had been trying to gain revenge on members of their rival gang the Johnson Crew: a notorious local gang originating in the mid-1980s. [9]

Politics

The Aston ward is represented by two Labour councillors: Muhammad Afzal and Nagina Kauser. [10]

It is part of the Birmingham Ladywood constituency, represented by Shabana Mahmood, who was elected in 2010, 2015 and 2017, with her most recent majority of 70%.

Demographics

Aston railway station Aston railway station - 2007-09-25.jpg
Aston railway station

The 2011 census found that 32,286 people were living in Aston. 50.4% of the population was female and 49.6% was male. This was above and below the national and city average respectively.

Aston is a very diverse community, ethnically, with 44% of the population born outside the United Kingdom. The largest ethnic group was Asian at 55%. More specifically, the Pakistani ethnic group was the largest at 38% of all Asians. Black British was the second largest ethnic group at 26%. White British was the third largest ethnic group at 18%. Islam was the most prominent religion in the ward with 54% of the ward's population stating themselves as Muslim, above the city average. Christianity was the second most prominent religion in Aston at 26%.

The ethnic makeup of the area drastically changed in the 1950s and 1960s with immigration from the Commonwealth. Most of the immigrants were from the Indian subcontinent, though a significant number were from the Caribbean.

The A38 motorway A38(M) Aston Expressway.jpg
The A38 motorway

The mean age in Aston is 29.1, below the mean age in Birmingham, which is 32, and England, which is 39.

33.2% of residents in Aston have no qualifications, higher than the Birmingham average of 28.2%. However, 19.4% of residents aged 18 or over are in education, which is much higher than the Birmingham average of 9.5%.

Aston has one of the highest rates of unemployment in the city, with 10.2% of residents classed as economically active, yet unemployed, compared to the city average of 7.1%.

21% of employed residents are classified as working in elementary occupations, according to the SOC 2010 [11] . This refers to jobs that "do not require formal educational qualifications" and often require labour. There is also an above average percentage of residents working in caring and leisure and sales and customer service occupations, and a below average percentage of residents working in managerial and directorial positions and professional and technical occupations. [12]

Education

King Edward VI Aston School KEASTON Main.jpg
King Edward VI Aston School

There are three secondary schools in Aston: Broadway Academy, King Edward VI Aston and Aston Manor School.

There are seven primary schools: Aston Tower Community Primary School, Birchfield Community School, Manor Park Primary Academy, Mansfield Green E-ACT Academy, Sacred Heart Catholic Primary School, Prince Albert Primary School, and Yew Tree Community School.

Aston Library was due to be shut down by Birmingham City Council in order to save money; however, this decision was reversed after public consultation. It is now run by community organisations [13] .

Aston Cross

Aston Cross was once the home of Ansells Brewery and HP Sauce. The six-acre Aston site was purchased by developer Chancerygate in 2007 at £800,000 per acre, but they subsequently sold it for half that price and it now houses a distribution warehouse for East End Foods. There is a campus of City College, Birmingham there. Aston Manor Brewery was started in Thimblemill Lane in 1982 by former employees of Ansell's after Ansell's Aston Brewery closed.

From 1956 to 1969, Aston Cross was the Midlands base of television broadcaster ATV which had its Alpha Studios on Aston Road North. The ATV office building later became the studios of radio stations BRMB and XTRA-AM. Although both stations moved to Birmingham's Broad Street in the early 1990s, the building is still called Radio House. Launching in February 1974, BRMB was the UK's fourth commercial radio station and, while in Aston, was the most listened to station in the West Midlands.

Places of interest

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

Edgbaston area in the city of Birmingham, England

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A38(M) motorway road

The A38(M), commonly known as the Aston Expressway, is a motorway in Birmingham, England. It is 2 miles (3.2 km) long and was opened on 24 May 1972. It forms part of the much longer A38 route, connecting the M6 motorway to Aston and Central Birmingham.

Erdington suburb of Birmingham

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Perry Barr inner-city area in north Birmingham, England

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Acocks Green area and ward of south Birmingham, England

Acocks Green is an area and ward of southeast Birmingham, England. It is named after the Acock family, who built a large house there in 1370. Acocks Green is one of four wards making up Yardley formal district. It is occasionally spelled "Acock's Green". It has frequently been noted on lists of unusual place names.

Ladywood inner-city district in Central Birmingham, England

Ladywood is an inner-city district next to central Birmingham. In June 2004, Birmingham City Council conducted a citywide "Ward Boundary Revision" to round-up the thirty-nine Birmingham wards to forty. As a result of this, Ladywood Ward's boundaries were expanded to include the neighbouring areas of Hockley, Lee Bank and Birmingham city centre.

Bordesley Green inner-city area of Birmingham, England

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Free Radio Birmingham

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Birmingham, Ladywood is a constituency of part of the city of Birmingham, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Shabana Mahmood of the Labour Party.

Lozells inner-city area in West Birmingham, England

Lozells is a loosely defined inner-city area in West Birmingham, England. It is centred on Lozells Road, and is known for its multi-racial population. It is part of the ward of Lozells and East Handsworth and lies between the districts of Handsworth and Aston.

Longbridge area of Birmingham, England

Longbridge is an area of south-west Birmingham, England. For local government purposes it is a ward within the district of Northfield Kings Norton.

Witton, Birmingham inner city area in Birmingham, England

Witton is an inner city area in Birmingham, England, in the metropolitan county of the West Midlands. It was within the ancient parish of Aston in the Hemlingford hundred of the historic county of Warwickshire. It is probably best known as the home of Aston Villa Football Club at Villa Park.

Nechells area in central Birmingham, England

Nechells is a district ward in central Birmingham, England, whose population in 2011 was 33,957. It is also a ward within the formal district of Ladywood. Nechells local government ward includes areas, for example parts of Birmingham city centre, which are not part of the historic district of Nechells as such, now often referred to in policy documents as "North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston".

Alexander Stadium stadium

Alexander Stadium is an international athletics stadium located within Perry Park in Perry Barr, Birmingham, England, at grid reference SP065925. It has staged the Amateur Athletics Association Championships, and was the venue of the 1998 Disability World Athletics Championships. It hosted one England Monarchs game in 1998 with an attendance of 8,000. It frequently hosts the English Schools' Athletics Championships, alternating every few years with Gateshead. 2019 will be the last year the ESAA Championships will be held there due to its demolition and rebuild for the commonwealth games.It hosts the annual British Grand Prix and will be the main athletics venue of the 2022 Commonwealth Games.

Ansells Brewery

Ansells Brewery (Ansells) was a regional brewery founded in Aston, Birmingham, England in 1858. It merged with Taylor Walker and Ind Coope in 1961 to form Allied Breweries. The brewery remained in operation until 1981, after which production transferred to Allied's Burton upon Trent brewery; some former staff setting up the Aston Manor Brewery.

Demography of Birmingham

Birmingham, England is an ethnically and culturally diverse city. The city is the core of the second most populous urban area in the United Kingdom after London and is the largest city proper.

This article is intended to show a timeline of events in the History of Birmingham, England, with a particular focus on the events, people or places that are covered in Wikipedia articles.

Allied Breweries was the result of a 1961 merger between Ind Coope, Ansells, and Tetley Walker.

References

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  2. Douglas Hickman (1970). Birmingham. Studio Vista Limited. p. 40.
  3. Astonbrook through Astonmanor: Aston Development Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. BGFL: Redevelopment and Renewal
  5. Emporis: Newtown, Birmingham Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Gunmen fired more than 30 shots". BBC News. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  7. Parker, Andrew (21 May 2007). "Burger Bar killers jailed". The Sun. London.
  8. "Four jailed for New Year killings". BBC News. 21 March 2005.
  9. "Background: How the Burger Bar Boys and the Johnson crew came to the fore". Birmingham Mail.
  10. Council, Birmingham City. "Councillors by Ward: Aston | Birmingham City Council". www.birmingham.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  11. "SOC 2010 - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  12. Council, Birmingham City. "Census 2011 KS608 Occupation | Birmingham City Council". www.birmingham.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  13. "New plans to save two libraries". 7 February 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  14. "The street where heavy metal began". BBC News. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
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