Wavertree

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Wavertree
Wavertree Sign.jpg
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Wavertree
Location within Merseyside
Population14,772 (2011)
OS grid reference SJ3889
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LIVERPOOL
Postcode district L15
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°23′53″N2°56′01″W / 53.398°N 2.9337°W / 53.398; -2.9337 Coordinates: 53°23′53″N2°56′01″W / 53.398°N 2.9337°W / 53.398; -2.9337

Wavertree is an area of Liverpool, on Merseyside, England, and is a Liverpool City Council ward. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 14,772. [1] Historically in Lancashire, it is bordered by a number of districts to the south and east of Liverpool city centre from Toxteth, Edge Hill, Fairfield, Old Swan, Childwall and Mossley Hill.

Liverpool City and metropolitan borough in England

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.

Merseyside County of England

Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million. It encompasses the metropolitan area centred on both banks of the lower reaches of the Mersey Estuary and comprises five metropolitan boroughs: Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral, and the city of Liverpool. Merseyside, which was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, takes its name from the River Mersey.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

History

Wavertree Village Lock-Up Wavertree Lock-up - geograph.org.uk - 39230.jpg
Wavertree Village Lock-Up

The name derives from the Old English words wæfre and treow, meaning "wavering tree", possibly in reference to aspen trees common locally. [2] It has also been variously described as "a clearing in a wood" or "the place by the common pond". [3] In the past the name has been spelt Watry, Wartre, Waurtree, Wavertre and Wavertree. The earliest settlement of Wavertree is attested to by the discovery of Bronze Age burial urns in Victoria Park in the mid -1860s [3] [4] while digging the footings for houses, two of which were built for Patrick O Connor, patentee, ironmonger, merchant and Chair to the Wavertree Local Board of Health. [5] The Domesday Book reference is "Leving held Wauretreu. There are 2 carucates of land. It was worth 64 pence".

Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid-5th century, and the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman conquest of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman, a relative of French. This is regarded as marking the end of the Old English era, as during this period the English language was heavily influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English.

Aspen common name for certain tree species

Aspen is a common name for certain tree species; some, but not all, are classified by botanists in the section Populus, of the Populus genus.

Bronze Age Prehistoric period and age studied in archaeology, part of the Holocene Epoch

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies.

Wavertree was part of the parish of Childwall in the West Derby hundred.

A parish is a territorial entity in many Christian denominations, constituting a division within a diocese. A parish is under the pastoral care and clerical jurisdiction of a parish priest, who might be assisted by one or more curates, and who operates from a parish church. Historically, a parish often covered the same geographical area as a manor. Its association with the parish church remains paramount.

Childwall District of Liverpool

Childwall is an affluent suburb of Liverpool, and a ward of Liverpool City Council. Historically in Lancashire, it is located to the south of the city, bordered by Belle Vale, Bowring Park, Broadgreen, Gateacre, Mossley Hill, and Wavertree. In 2008, the population was recorded as 14,085.

Wavertree also boasts a village lock-up, commonly known as The Roundhouse, despite being octagonal in shape. Built in 1796, and later modified by prominent local resident and architect Sir James Picton, it was once used to detain local drunks. The lock-up was made a listed building in 1952. [6] A similar structure, Everton Lock-Up sometimes called Prince Rupert's Tower, survives in Everton. The village green, on which Wavertree's lock-up was built, is officially the only surviving piece of common land in Liverpool. [6]

Village lock-up historic building once used for the temporary detention of people

A village lock-up is a historic building that was once used for the temporary detention of people in rural parts of England and Wales. They were often used for the confinement of drunks who were usually released the next day or to hold people being brought before the local magistrate. A typical village lock-up is a small structure with a single door and a narrow slit window or opening. Most lock-ups feature a dome or spire shaped roof and are commonly built from brick, large stones or timber.

Octagon shape with eight sides

In geometry, an octagon. Is an eight-sided polygon or 8-gon.

James Picton British architect

Sir James Allanson Picton was an English antiquary and architect who played a large part in the public life of Liverpool. He took a particular interest in the establishment of public libraries.

Holy Trinity Church was built in 1794 and is situated on Church Road close to the famous Blue Coat School.

Holy Trinity Church, Wavertree Church in Merseyside, England

Holy Trinity Church is in Church Road, Wavertree, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool, and the deanery of Toxteth and Wavertree. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It was described by John Betjeman as "Liverpool's best Georgian church".

Liverpool Blue Coat School Grammar school in Wavertree, Liverpool, England

The Liverpool Blue Coat School is a grammar school in Wavertree, Liverpool, England. It was founded in 1708 by Bryan Blundell and the Reverend Robert Stythe as the Liverpool Blue Coat Hospital and was for many years a boys' boarding school before reverting in September 2002 to its original coeducational remit.

Wavertree Town Hall was built in 1872 as the headquarters of the Wavertree Local Board of Health. The motto on the town hall is sub umbra floresco or "I flourish in the shade". Rescued from demolition in 1979, [7] the town hall is now a pub.

Pub drinking establishment

A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer and cider. It is a social drinking establishment and a prominent part of British, Irish, Breton, New Zealand, South African and Australian cultures. In many places, especially in villages, a pub is the focal point of the community. In his 17th-century diary Samuel Pepys described the pub as "the heart of England".

In 1895, the village of Wavertree was incorporated into the city of Liverpool.

Description

Wavertree is one of the areas in south Liverpool populated by students of Liverpool's three universities, especially the Smithdown Road area. This road is known for "The Smithdown Ten" pub crawl, although the number of pubs in business varies year to year. [8]

It is also home to the annual Smithdown Road Festival, with local bars and cafes hosting almost 200 bands every year.

The community is ethnically diverse, with significant South Asian and black populations.

Governance

The elected councillors for Wavertree are Helen Casstles (Labour Party), Rosie Jolly (Labour Party) and Dave Cummings (Labour Party).

It is represented by Luciana Berger (Liberal Democrats (UK)) in the parliamentary constituency of Liverpool Wavertree.

Education

There are a number of both primary and secondary schools in this densely populated area of Liverpool. King David which is situated in the area has a primary and senior school. The Liverpool Blue Coat School is also situated in Wavertree, having been built originally in 1708 for fifty poor boys. It is currently a mixed grammar school. Wavertree C of E which was renamed from Trinity District in the 1990s, is situated on Prince Alfred Road. The school celebrated its 140th Birthday in September 2007. There is another primary school on South Drive called Our Lady Of Good Help. This used to be located in Chestnut Grove next to our Lady`s Roman Catholic Church which is now facing re-development. St Clare's Roman Catholic Primary School is also situated off Smithdown Road

Wavertree Playground - "The Mystery"

The Mystery was one of the first purpose-built public playgrounds in the UK, opened in 1895. It is based on land donated to Liverpool Corporation by an anonymous donor, to be a venue for organised sports, and a place for children from the city's schools to run about in, not a park for 'promenading' in the Victorian tradition. [9] It is known locally as "The Mystery" because the donor remains a mystery.

The donor expressed the hope that the City Council "might approve of giving it a fair trial for this purpose ... before appropriating it for any other use". The land is currently home to a playground, Wavertree Athletics Centre, with many sports facilities including tennis courts, all-weather pitch, bowling green and athletic track with grandstand, and Liverpool Aquatics Centre, with two swimming pools, sports hall, and Lifestyles Fitness Centre. Liverpool Harriers & A.C. have based their headquarters at this centre since 1990.

Notable current or former residents

Transport

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References

  1. "City of Liverpool Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  2. Placenames: Wavertree, National Museums Liverpool, retrieved 19 March 2008
  3. 1 2 Wavertree History (PDF), Wavertree Cricket Club, ISBN   0-7524-3068-8, archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2011, retrieved 19 March 2008
  4. "Burial Urn".
  5. "Patrick O Connors Number 11 door spring".
  6. 1 2 The Village Green and Lock-up, Discovering Historic Wavertree, archived from the original on 14 August 2007, retrieved 19 March 2008
  7. Wavertree Town Hall, Discovering Historic Wavertree, archived from the original on 14 August 2007, retrieved 19 March 2008
  8. http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/camra-saddened-demise-liverpool-student-5383731
  9. Wavertree Playground ('The Mystery'), Discovering Historic Wavertree, archived from the original on 14 August 2007, retrieved 19 March 2008