Walton, Liverpool

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Walton
County Road, Walton, Liverpool (1).jpg
County Road, Walton
Merseyside UK location map.svg
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Walton
Location within Merseyside
OS grid reference SJ365945
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • Lancashire
Post town LIVERPOOL
Postcode district L4, L9
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°26′35″N2°57′18″W / 53.443°N 2.955°W / 53.443; -2.955 Coordinates: 53°26′35″N2°57′18″W / 53.443°N 2.955°W / 53.443; -2.955

Walton is an area of Liverpool, England, north of Anfield and east of Bootle and Orrell Park. Historically in Lancashire, it is largely residential, with a diverse population.

Contents

History

The name may derive from the same origin as Wales. The incoming Saxons called the earlier native inhabitants (the Celtic Britons) Walas or Wealas, meaning "foreigner". [1] Another possible etymology is Wald tun, Old English for "Forest Town". [2]

Walton's recorded history starts with the death of Edward the Confessor, when Winestan held the manor of Walton. [3] After the Norman conquest of 1066, Roger of Poitou included Walton in the lands he gave to his sheriff, Godfrey. [3]

In 1200, King John gave Walton to Richard de Meath, who left it to his brother, Henry de Walton. Henry's son William inherited the land, but died before his son Richard was of age, so Richard was made a ward of Nicholas de la Hose by the Earl of Derby and the estate was managed by nobles outside the family for a time. [3]

Walton was then held by the de Walton family until Roger de Walton's death in the 15th century, when it was split through marriage between the Crosse, Chorley and Fazakerley families. Walton Manor later passed through the Breres and Atherton families until it was sold in 1804 to Liverpool banker Thomas Leyland. Some of the Walton land also passed to the Earl of Derby and the Sefton family. [3]

Walton became part of Liverpool Borough Council in 1895. [4]

Notable buildings

Ticket office for the zoo Ticket office, Liverpool Inner City Zoo.jpg
Ticket office for the zoo

In 1884, the Liverpool Inner City Zoological Park and Gardens opened on what is now the Cavendish Retail Park. Its star attraction was "Pongo", a chimpanzee who lived in the Monkey House. The zoo itself was known for its large bronze Liver Birds which sat atop of the entrance gates, and its splendid beauty. The gardens closed in the early 1900s and the only surviving remains is the Ticket Booth, which is now a pizza takeaway beside The Plough function rooms (formerly a public house). Rice Lane City Farm is also in Walton, at the end of Rawcliffe Road, occupying the land that once was Liverpool Parochial Cemetery. [5]

The Prince of Wales pub on Rice Lane was nicknamed "The Sod House" by King Edward VII, after making a royal visit to the zoo and entering it for refreshments, perhaps because the landlord used clods of earth ("sods") draped over the beer barrels to keep them cool.

The former Shell garage on Rice Lane (now a used car dealership) was once the official workshop of Ferrari for their race team when competing at Aintree Grand Prix course in the 1950s.

Remains of Town Hall Stonework, Walton on the Hill Town Hall.jpg
Remains of Town Hall

Walton Town Hall was demolished in the 1960s to make way for the Queens Drive fly-over. The side wall, which includes the name etched in stone, still stands on the northbound side of the A59 at the fly-over. The wall is currently owned by Croppers garage which occupies the space.[ citation needed ]

Walton was also once the location of Walton Hospital, on Rice Lane. Several famous Liverpudlians, including Paul McCartney and Joe Fagan, were born at the hospital. [6] The hospital was also once a regional centre for neurology and neurosurgery. As demand for services continued to increase the capacity for patients at the relatively small Walton Hospital site decreased and in 1998 all neurosurgical services were transferred to the newly built Walton Centre, on the same site as Aintree University Hospital in Fazakerley.

Walton Hospital started life in the late 19th century as West Derby Union Workhouse and nearby Walton Parochial cemetery contains many tens of thousands of unmarked and uncelebrated "common" graves of the poor who depended on it for sustenance. This cemetery, which now houses the City Farm, also holds the grave of Robert Noonan, also known as Robert Tressell, who fell ill and died in Liverpool while waiting for a ship to emigrate to America. In 2019, Tressell was commemorated with a march to his graveside led by a brass band. [7]

Governance

The Liverpool Walton constituency was long a bastion of the left in the Labour Party with a Marxist influence stretching back to the 1950s. This came to a head when the Walton by-election in 1991 saw the Labour Party candidate, Peter Kilfoyle, defeat Walton Real Labour candidate Lesley Mahmood, a member of the Militant group, in the by-election caused by the death of left-wing MP Eric Heffer.

The Member of Parliament currently representing Walton is Labour's Dan Carden. The majority of councillors representing Walton are Labour.

Geography

Walton borders a number of other areas, some considered inner-city and some considered outer suburbs, these include Clubmoor, Anfield, Kirkdale, Norris Green, Bootle and Orrell Park.

Walton has seven roads that are locally referred to as the ship roads. These roads are: Mauretania, Lusitania, Saxonia, Ivernia, Sylvania, Woolhope and Haggerston. Five of these roads are named after Cunard ships, Mauretania, Lusitania, Saxonia, Ivernia and Sylvania, a reference to Cunard's former headquarters in Liverpool. [8] [ circular reference ]

Economy

Hartley's Village was built in the 19th century to house workers from the Hartley's Jam Factory. [9]

Moulded plastics company Dunlop had its UK head office and manufacturing plant on what is now the Cavendish Retail Park (off Rice Lane and opposite the former Walton Hospital) until the mid-1990s. In September 1980, a severe fire at the plant closed Rice Lane and residents were told to stay indoors due to hazardous atmospheric pollution. The fire caused so much damage that the plant had to be demolished, and only part of the site remained until its closure. The building used as the main headquarters was left abandoned for many years until a Chinese restaurant was opened in the late 1990s on the site. The last remaining plant, on Cavendish Drive, was demolished in 2004 to make way for a housing estate.[ citation needed ]

Transport

Walton is connected to Liverpool City Centre via the A59 and the A580 (East Lancashire Road).

There are two railway stations in Walton on the Northern Line of the Merseyrail network. Rice Lane railway station (formerly Preston Road) is on the Kirkby branch and Walton railway station (formerly Walton Junction) is on the Ormskirk branch.

Cycle path sign in Walton National Cycle Network route 62 sign 001.jpg
Cycle path sign in Walton

The North Liverpool Extension Line, still in use until the 1970s, included Warbreck railway station in Walton Vale and Spellow railway station, on the Canada Dock Branch near Spellow Lane. Warbreck railway station is no longer in use, and the only remains are on a bicycle path underneath the shops. The path itself is part of the Trans Pennine Trail.

Walton on the Hill railway station was by the Queens Drive flyover, on the Rice Lane side heading southbound. Though the railway station became disused in 1918, the line was used for transporting goods to Liverpool docks via the tunnel which runs through the Walton-Kirkdale area; this leads to Kirkdale railway station and on to Sandhills railway station.

What is now a bike path behind the site of the Hartley's and Jacobs factory used to be Fazakerley Junction, a train depot used until the 1960s.

Landmarks

Walton is home to Goodison Park football stadium, which was built in 1892 as the first purpose built football stadium in England and the home of Everton Football Club, who have remained there ever since; although little of the original stadium structure now exists. They had previously played at Anfield Stadium on the opposite side of Stanley Park, which then became the home of Liverpool Football Club.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Bosworth, Joseph; Northcote Toller, T. (1898), "An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary", Germanic Lexicon Project, p. 1173, retrieved 23 July 2016
  2. http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/mol/collections/archaeology/historic-environment-record/historic-characterisation-project/Liverpool-Part-6.pdf
  3. 1 2 3 4 Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1907), A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3, Victoria County History, British History Online, pp. 22–28, retrieved 28 February 2009
  4. A History of Liverpool
  5. "Rice Lane City Farm - LIVERPOOL'S BEST KEPT SECRET". ricelanecityfarm.org.uk.
  6. "Demolition work begins at Sir Paul McCartney's birthplace Walton Hospital". Liverpool Echo. 22 August 2011.
  7. "Hundreds turn out on march through Walton to commemorate working class writer Robert Tressell". Liverpool Echo. 4 February 2019.
  8. Cunard Building
  9. Victorian Society "Hartley's jam founder, philanthropist Sir William Pickles Hartley, built a village of 49 houses for his workers at this factory site. The main factory building was demolished in the early 20th Century and while the houses have been in use, the remaining factory buildings are said to be largely derelict. In 2011 the site was declared a Conservation Area and the Victorian Society said it "deserves to be protected, restored and celebrated"."