|Former borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||1295–1868: Two|
|Replaced by||Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth|
Liverpool was a borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.
The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.
The borough franchise was held by the freemen of the borough. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings. In 1800 there were around 3000 electors, with elections in this seat being nearly always contested.
The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary. Arising from the medieval practice of granting respected citizens freedom from serfdom, the tradition still lives on in countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand – although today the title of "freeman" confers no special privileges. The Freedom of the City can also be granted by municipal authorities to military units which have earned the city's trust; in this context, it is sometimes called the Freedom of Entry. This allows them the freedom to parade through the city, and is an affirmation of the bond between the regiment and the citizenry.
The borough returned several notable Members of Parliament including Prime Minister George Canning, William Huskisson, President of the Board of Trade, Banastre Tarleton, noted soldier in the American War of Independence and most notably, William Roscoe the abolitionist and Anti Slave Trade campaigner.
George Canning was a British Tory statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from April to August 1827. He occupied various senior cabinet positions under numerous prime ministers, before eventually serving himself as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.
William Huskisson was a British statesman, financier, and Member of Parliament for several constituencies, including Liverpool.
The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade. This is a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century, that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions. The current holder is Elizabeth Truss, the Secretary of State for International Trade.
The constituency was abolished in 1885, the city being split into nine divisions of Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
Liverpool Abercromby or Abercromby (Liverpool) was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election and returned one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until it was abolished at the 1918 general election.
Liverpool East Toxteth was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Liverpool Everton was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
The borough of Liverpool exercised the privilege of sending two members to Parliament in 1295 and 1307, but then for 240 years the right was wholly suspended. In the first Parliament of Edward VI, which met 4 November 1547, though Elective Franchise was restored to the two Lancashire boroughs of Liverpool and Wigan and has since continued almost without further interruption.
Representation was increased to three Members in 1868 and the constituency abolished in 1885, to be replaced by the nine new constituencies of Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1295||Adam fitz Richard||Robert Pinklowe|
|1300–1307||Richard de la More||John de la More|
|1545||Nicholas Cutler||Gilbert Gerard|
|1547||Thomas Stanley||?Francis Cave or Richard Taverner|
|1553 (Mar)||Ralph Assheton||William Bromley|
|1553 (Oct)||William Bromley||Sir Giles Alington|
|1554 (Apr)||William Bromley||Sir William Norris|
|1554 (Nov)||William Bromley||John Beaumont|
|1555||Sir Richard Sherborn||John Beaumont|
|1558||William Stopford||George White|
|1559 (Jan)||Sir Thomas Smith||Ralph Browne|
|1562/3||Sir Richard Molyneux||Ralph Sekerston|
|1571||Thomas Avery||Ralph Sekerston|
|1572|| Ralph Sekerston, died |
and repl. 1576 by Thomas Greenacres, died
and repl. April 1583 by Arthur Atye
|1584||Arthur Atye||John Molyneux|
|1586||John Poole||William Cavendish|
|1588 (Oct)||Edward Warren||Francis Bacon|
|1593||Michael Doughty||John Wroth|
|1597 (Oct)||Thomas Gerard||Peter Probie|
|1601 (Oct)||Edward Anderson||Hugh Calverley|
|1604||Giles Brook||Thomas Remchinge|
|1614||Thomas Ireland||Sir Hugh Beeston|
|1621–1622||Thomas May||William Johnson|
|1624||Sir Thomas Gerard, 2nd Baronet||George Ireland|
|1625||Lord Strange||Edward Moore|
|1626||Edward Bridgeman||Thomas Stanley|
|1628||Henry Jermyn||John Newdigate|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|Election||1st member||1st party||2nd member||2nd party|
|April 1640||Lord Cranfield||John Holcroft|
|November 1640||Sir Richard Wynn, Bt.||Parliamentarian||John Moore||Parliamentarian|
|December 1648||Wynn excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant|
|October 1649||Thomas Birch|
|June 1650||Moore died June 1650 – seat left vacant|
|1653||Liverpool was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Thomas Birch||Liverpool had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|January 1659||Gilbert Ireland||Thomas Blackmore|
|May 1659||Liverpool was unrepresented in the restored Rump|
|April 1660||Sir Gilbert Ireland||William Stanley|
|1670||Sir William Bucknall|
|1677||Sir Ralph Assheton, Bt.||Richard Atherton|
|1679||Ruisshe Wentworth||John Dubois|
|1685||Sir Richard Atherton||Thomas Legh|
|1689||Richard Savage, Viscount Colchester||Whig||Thomas Norris|
|January 1695||Jasper Maudit|
|November 1695||Sir William Norris, Bt.|
|1701 (Dec)||(Sir) Thomas Johnson||Whig|
|April 1724||Thomas Bootle|
|November 1724||Thomas Brereton|
|1729||Sir Thomas Aston, Bt.|
|1734||Thomas Brereton||Richard Gildart|
|1755||(Sir) Ellis Cunliffe|
|1761||Sir William Meredith, Bt.||Tory|
|1780||Bamber Gascoyne||Tory||Henry Rawlinson|
|November 1830||William Ewart||Whig|
|May 1831||Evelyn Denison||Whig|
|October 1831||Dudley Ryder||Tory|
|1847||Edward Cardwell||Peelite||Sir Thomas Birch, Bt||Whig|
|1852||Charles Turner||Conservative||William Forbes Mackenzie||Conservative|
|1853||Thomas Horsfall||Conservative||Henry Liddell||Conservative|
|1855||Joseph Christopher Ewart||Whig|
|1865||Samuel Robert Graves||Conservative|
|Election||1st member||1st party||2nd member||2nd party||3rd member||3rd party|
|1868||Samuel Robert Graves||Conservative||Viscount Sandon||Conservative||William Rathbone||Liberal|
|1873 by-election||John Torr||Conservative|
|Feb 1880 by-election||Edward Whitley||Conservative|
|Aug 1880 by-election||Lord Claud Hamilton||Conservative|
|1882 by-election||Samuel Smith||Liberal|
|1880||Constituency abolished (Redistribution of Seats Act 1885)|
|Tory gain from Whig||Swing|
|Turnout||10,425 (est)||67.1 (est)|
Cresswell resigned after being appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, causing a by-election.
The Court of Common Pleas, or Common Bench, was a common law court in the English legal system that covered "common pleas"; actions between subject and subject, which did not concern the king. Created in the late 12th to early 13th century after splitting from the Exchequer of Pleas, the Common Pleas served as one of the central English courts for around 600 years. Authorised by Magna Carta to sit in a fixed location, the Common Pleas sat in Westminster Hall for its entire existence, joined by the Exchequer of Pleas and Court of King's Bench.
|Turnout||8,483 (est)||49.9 (est)||−17.2|
|Peelite gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||−2.9|
|Conservative||William Forbes Mackenzie||6,367||27.4||+13.2|
|Whig||Joseph Christopher Ewart||4,910||21.1||−7.7|
|Turnout||11,609 (est)||66.6 (est)||+16.7|
|Conservative gain from Peelite||Swing||+6.9|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+11.1|
Election declared void on petition, due to bribery and treating by Mackenzie and Turner, causing a by-election.
|Whig||Thomas Erskine Perry||4,673||26.7||+5.6|
|Ind. Conservative||John Bramley-Moore||1,274||7.3||N/A|
|Turnout||10,462 (est)||64.7 (est)||−1.9|
Liddell succeeded to the peerage, becoming 2nd Baron Ravensworth and causing a by-election.
|Whig||Joseph Christopher Ewart||5,718||57.3||+36.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+24.9|
|Whig||Joseph Christopher Ewart||7,121||33.9||+12.8|
|Turnout||10,502 (est)||57.3 (est)||−9.3|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.5|
|Liberal||Joseph Christopher Ewart||Unopposed|
|Conservative||Samuel Robert Graves||7,500||33.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Joseph Christopher Ewart||7,160||31.8||N/A|
|Turnout||14,843 (est)||72.0 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Seat increased to three members
|Conservative||Samuel Robert Graves||16,766||26.5||−6.8|
|Liberal||William Nathaniel Massey||15,017||23.7||+7.8|
|Turnout||31,671 (est)||79.9 (est)||+7.9|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Graves' death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||16,790||47.3||−0.6|
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||15,801||21.1||−2.6|
|Lib-Lab||William Shaw Simpson||2,435||3.3||N/A|
|Turnout||38,673 (est)||70.4 (est)||−9.5|
Ryder was appointed Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education, requiring a by-election.
Torr's death caused a by-election.
Ramsay succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Dalhousie, causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Ryder succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Harrowby, causing a by-election.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
Wigan is a constituency in Greater Manchester, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Lisa Nandy of the Labour Party.
Lincoln is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Karen Lee, a Labour Party politician.
Reigate is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.
Reading was a parliamentary borough, and later a borough constituency, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It comprised the town of Reading in the county of Berkshire.
Oxford was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It comprised the city of Oxford in the county of Oxfordshire, and elected two members of parliament from its creation in 1295 until 1885 when its representation was reduced to one member by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Lancaster was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1867, centred on the historic city of Lancaster in north-west England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption in 1867.
The parliamentary borough of Finsbury was a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1832 to 1885, and from 1918 to 1950. The constituency was first created in 1832 as one of seven two-seat "metropolis" parliamentary boroughs other than the two which already existed: Westminster and the City of London; the latter until 1885 retained an exceptional four seats. Finsbury was directly north of the City of London and was smaller than the Finsbury division of the Ossulstone hundred but took in land of Holborn division to its southwest in pre-introduction changes by Boundary Commissioners. It included Finsbury, Holborn, Moorfields, Clerkenwell, Islington, Stoke Newington and historic St Pancras. The 1918 constituency corresponded to the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury ; it was a seat, thus electing a single member, fulfilling a longstanding aim of Chartism which underscored the 1832 reforms.
The City of London was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950.
Ripon was a constituency sending members to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1983, centred on the city of Ripon in North Yorkshire.
King's Lynn was a constituency in Norfolk represented continually in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1298 until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.
Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.
Rochester was a parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800, and finally to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one seat.
North Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Lancashire constituency into Northern and Southern divisions.
Knaresborough was a parliamentary constituency which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, and then one MP until its abolition in 1885.
East Cornwall was a county constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.
Penryn and Falmouth was the name of a constituency in Cornwall, England, UK, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1950. From 1832 to 1918 it was a parliamentary borough, initially returning two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.
East Kent was a county constituency in Kent in South East England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
Marylebone was a parliamentary constituency in Middlesex, England from 1832 to 1885. The parliamentary borough formed part of the built up area of London, and returned two members to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament and was created under the Reform Act 1832. It was abolished and divided under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 into seats.
Leicester was a parliamentary borough in Leicestershire, which elected two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1918, when it was split into three single-member divisions.
West Surrey was a parliamentary constituency in the county of Surrey, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.