President of the Board of Trade

Last updated
United Kingdom
President of the Board of Trade
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Royal Arms as used by Her Majesty's Government
Official portrait of Dr Liam Fox.jpg
Incumbent
Liam Fox

since 19 July 2016
Board of Trade
Style The Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
President of the Board of Trade
Member of British Cabinet
Privy Council
Reports toThe Prime Minister
Seat Westminster, London
AppointerThe British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term length No fixed term

The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade. This is a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century, that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions. [1] The current holder is Liam Fox, the Secretary of State for International Trade.

Board of Trade committee of the United Kingdom Privy Council

The Board of Trade is a British government department concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade. Its full title is The Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed for the consideration of all matters relating to Trade and Foreign Plantations, but is commonly known as the Board of Trade, and formerly known as the Lords of Trade and Plantations or Lords of Trade, and it has been a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom. The Board has gone through several evolutions, beginning with extensive involvement in colonial matters in the 17th Century, to powerful regulatory functions in the Victorian Era, to virtually being dormant in the last third of 20th century. In 2017, it was revitalized as an advisory board headed by the International Trade Secretary who has nominally held the title of President of the Board of Trade, and who at present is the only privy counsellor of the Board, the other members of the present Board filling roles as advisers.

Liam Fox British Conservative politician

Liam Fox is a British politician of the Conservative Party, who has served as Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade since 2016. A physician by education, he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for North Somerset in the UK general election, 1992 and was Secretary of State for Defence from 2010 to 2011.

Secretary of State for International Trade

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for International Trade is a cabinet ministerial position in the government of the United Kingdom. The secretary of state is responsible for overseeing the Department for International Trade, which negotiates new international trade agreements with other countries for the United Kingdom.

Contents

History

The idea of a Board of Trade was first translated into action by Oliver Cromwell in 1655 when he appointed his son Richard Cromwell to head a body of Lords of the Privy Council, judges and merchants to consider measures to promote trade. Charles II established a Council of Trade on 7 November 1660 followed by a Council of Foreign Plantations on 1 December that year. The two were united on 16 September 1672 as the Board of Trade and Plantations.

Oliver Cromwell 17th-century English military and political leader

Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland "and of the dominions thereto belonging" from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

Richard Cromwell English politician Lord Protector

Richard Cromwell became the second Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, and was one of only two commoners to become the English head of state, the other being his father, Oliver Cromwell, from whom he inherited the post.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

After the Board was re-established in 1696, there were 15 (and later 16) members of the Board - the 7 (later 8) Great Officers of State, and 8 unofficial members, who did the majority of the work. The senior unofficial member of the board was the President of the Board, commonly known as the First Lord of Trade. The board was abolished on 11 July 1782, but a Committee of the Privy Council was established on 5 March 1784 for the same purposes. On 23 August 1786 a new Committee was set up, more strongly focused on commercial functions than the previous boards of trade. At first the President of the Board of Trade only occasionally sat in the Cabinet, but from the early 19th century it was usually a cabinet-level position.

Cabinet of the United Kingdom Decision-making body of the UK government

The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.

List of Presidents of the Board of Trade

First Lord of Trade (1672–1782)

NamePortraitTook officeLeft office
The Earl of Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury.jpg 16 September 16721676
The Earl of Bridgewater 3rdEarlOfBridgewater.jpg 16 December 16959 June 1699
The Earl of Stamford Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford.jpg 9 June 169919 June 1702 [2]
The Viscount Weymouth LordWeymouth.jpg 19 June 17021705
The Earl of Stamford Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford.jpg 170512 June 1711
The Earl of Winchilsea Blank.png 12 June 171115 September 1713
The Lord Guilford Francis North, 2nd Baron Guildford (1673-1729), circle of Thomas Murray (1663-1734).jpg 15 September 1713September 1714
The Lord Berkeley of Stratton Blank.png September 171412 May 1715
The Earl of Suffolk Blank.png 12 May 171531 January 1718
The Earl of Holderness Robert Darcy, 3rd Earl of Holderness (1681-1721), by Charles d'Agar.jpg 31 January 171811 May 1719
The Earl of Westmorland Blank.png 11 May 1719May 1735
The Earl Fitzwalter Blank.png May 1735June 1737
The Lord Monson Blank.png June 17371 November 1748
The Earl of Halifax 2ndEarlofHalifaxByJoshuaReynoldsNSArtGallery.jpg 1 November 174821 March 1761
The Lord Sandys 1stLordSandys.jpg 21 March 17611 March 1763
Hon. Charles Townshend CharlesTownshend.jpg 1 March 176320 April 1763
The Earl of Shelburne William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg 20 April 17639 September 1763
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 9 September 176320 July 1765
The Earl of Dartmouth William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth.jpg 20 July 176516 August 1766
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 16 August 1766December 1766
The Viscount Clare Thomas-gainsborough-portrait-of-robert-nugent-lord-clare-c-1759 a-l-10069972-8880731.jpg 19 January 176720 January 1768
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 20 January 176831 August 1772
The Earl of Dartmouth William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth.jpg 31 August 177210 November 1775
Lord George Sackville-Germain George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville.PNG 10 November 17756 November 1779
The Earl of Carlisle Romney - Frederick Howard, Fifth Earl of Carlisle.jpg 6 November 17799 December 1780
The Lord Grantham Thomas Robinson 2nd Baron.jpg 9 December 178011 July 1782

President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations (1784–1786)

NamePortraitTook officeLeft officePolitical partyPrime Minister
The Lord Sydney Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg 5 March 178423 August 1786 Whig William Pitt the Younger

President of the Board of Trade (1786–1900)

NamePortraitTook officeLeft office1866Political partyPrime Minister
The Earl of Liverpool Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool by George Romney.jpg 23 August 17867 June 1804 Tory William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
The Duke of Montrose Blank.png 7 June 18045 February 1806Tory William Pitt the Younger
The Lord Auckland William Eden 1. baron Auckland.jpg 5 February 180631 March 1807 The Lord Grenville
(Ministry of All the Talents)
The Earl Bathurst Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg 31 March 180729 September 1812 Tory The Duke of Portland
Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
The Earl of Clancarty Richard Le Poer Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty by Joseph Paelinck.jpg 29 September 181224 January 1818Tory
F. J. Robinson Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg 24 January 181821 February 1823Tory
William Huskisson William Huskisson by Richard Rothwell.jpg 21 February 18234 September 1827Tory
George Canning
Charles Grant Lord-glenelg.jpg 4 September 182711 June 1828Tory The Viscount Goderich
The Duke of Wellington
William Vesey-FitzGerald Blank.png 11 June 18282 February 1830Tory
John Charles Herries John Charles Herries.jpg 2 February 183022 November 1830Tory
The Lord Auckland George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.png 22 November 18305 June 1834 Whig The Earl Grey
The Viscount Melbourne
Charles Poulett Thomson Lord Sydenham.jpg 5 June 183414 November 1834Whig
Alexander Baring AlexanderBaring.jpg 15 December 18348 April 1835 Tory The Duke of Wellington
Sir Robert Peel
Charles Poulett Thomson Lord Sydenham.jpg 8 April 183529 August 1839 Whig The Viscount Melbourne
Henry Labouchere Charles Baugniet00a.jpg 29 August 183930 August 1841Whig
The Earl of Ripon Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg 3 September 184115 May 1843 Conservative Sir Robert Peel
William Ewart Gladstone William Gladstone by Mayall, 1861.jpg 15 May 18435 February 1845Conservative
The Earl of Dalhousie Dalhousie.jpg 5 February 184527 June 1846Conservative
The Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg 6 July 184622 July 1847 Whig Lord John Russell
Henry Labouchere Charles Baugniet00a.jpg 22 July 184721 February 1852Whig
J. W. Henley Joseph Warner Henley.jpg 27 February 185217 December 1852 Conservative The Earl of Derby
Edward Cardwell 1stViscountCardwell.jpg 28 December 185231 March 1855 Peelite The Earl of Aberdeen
(Coalition)
The Lord Stanley of Alderley Stanley of Adderley2.JPG 31 March 185521 February 1858 Whig The Viscount Palmerston
J. W. Henley Joseph Warner Henley.jpg 26 February 18583 March 1859 Conservative The Earl of Derby
The Earl of Donoughmore Blank.png 3 March 185911 June 1859Conservative
Thomas Milner Gibson Thomas Milner Gibson.JPG 6 July 185926 June 1866 Liberal The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh.jpg 6 July 18668 March 1867 Conservative The Earl of Derby
The Duke of Richmond Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg 8 March 18671 December 1868Conservative
Benjamin Disraeli
John Bright John Bright.jpg 9 December 186814 January 1871 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue 1st Baron Carlingford.jpg 14 January 187117 February 1874Liberal
Sir Charles Adderley Charles Bowyer Adderley, Lord Norton.jpg 21 February 18744 April 1878 Conservative Benjamin Disraeli
Viscount Sandon DFS Ryder 3rd Earl of Harrowby, Lock & Whitfield.jpg 4 April 187821 April 1880Conservative
Joseph Chamberlain Joseph Chamberlain in colour.jpg 3 May 18809 June 1885 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
The Duke of Richmond Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg 24 June 188519 August 1885 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
Edward Stanhope Edward Stanhope.jpg 19 August 188528 January 1886Conservative
A. J. Mundella Anthony Mundella.JPG 17 February 188620 July 1886 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
The Lord Stanley of Preston Frederick Arthur Stanley.jpg 3 August 188621 February 1888 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt St Aldwyn Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1st Earl).jpg 21 February 188811 August 1892Conservative
A. J. Mundella Anthony Mundella.JPG 18 August 189228 May 1894 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
James Bryce 1st Viscount Bryce 1902b.jpg 28 May 189421 June 1895Liberal The Earl of Rosebery
Charles Ritchie Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg 29 June 18957 November 1900 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury

President of the Board of Trade (1900–1963)

NamePortraitTook officeLeft officePolitical partyPrime Minister
Gerald Balfour GeraldBalfour.jpg 7 November 190012 March 1905 Conservative The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
The 4th Marquess of Salisbury James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg 12 March 19054 December 1905Conservative
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George 1902.jpg 10 December 190512 April 1908 Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg 12 April 190814 February 1910Liberal H. H. Asquith
Sydney Buxton Sydney Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton.jpg 14 February 191011 February 1914Liberal
John Burns John Burns.jpg 11 February 19145 August 1914Liberal
Walter Runciman Portrait of Walter Runciman, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford.jpg 5 August 19145 December 1916Liberal
Sir Albert Stanley Lord Stanley by Hugh Cecil.jpg 10 December 191626 May 1919 Conservative David Lloyd George
(Coalition)
Sir Auckland Geddes Auckland Geddes.png 26 May 191919 March 1920Conservative
Sir Robert Horne Robert Horne cropped.jpg 19 March 19201 April 1921Conservative
Stanley Baldwin Stanley Baldwin ggbain.32267.jpg 1 April 192119 October 1922Conservative
Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame Lord Swinton.jpg 24 October 192222 January 1924Conservative Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Sidney Webb Sidney Webb.jpg 22 January 19243 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister Lord Swinton.jpg 6 November 19244 June 1929 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
William Graham Willie Graham.jpg 7 June 192924 August 1931 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister Lord Swinton.jpg 25 August 19315 November 1931 Conservative Ramsay MacDonald
(1st National Min.)
Walter Runciman Portrait of Walter Runciman, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford.jpg 5 November 193128 May 1937 Liberal National Ramsay MacDonald
(2nd National Min.)
Stanley Baldwin
(3rd National Min.)
Oliver Stanley Oliver Stanley 1941.jpg 28 May 19375 January 1940 Conservative Neville Chamberlain
(4th National Min.;
War Coalition)
Sir Andrew Duncan ANDREWduncan.jpg 5 January 19403 October 1940No party
Oliver Lyttelton Oliverlytteton.jpg 3 October 194029 June 1941 Conservative Winston Churchill
(War Coalition)
Sir Andrew Duncan ANDREWduncan.jpg 29 June 19414 February 1942No party
John Jestyn Llewellin The Home Front in Britain during the Second World War- Personalities TR41.jpg 4 February 194222 February 1942 Conservative
Hugh Dalton Hugh Dalton HU 059487 crop.jpg 22 February 194223 May 1945 Labour
Oliver Lyttelton Oliverlytteton.jpg 25 May 194526 July 1945 Conservative Winston Churchill
(Caretaker Min.)
Sir Stafford Cripps Stafford Cripps 1947.jpg 27 July 194529 September 1947 Labour Clement Attlee
Harold Wilson Harold Wilson (1967).jpg 29 September 194723 April 1951Labour
Sir Hartley Shawcross 24 April 195126 October 1951Labour
Peter Thorneycroft Peter Thornycroft.jpg 30 October 195113 January 1957 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Anthony Eden
Sir David Eccles 13 January 195714 October 1959Conservative Harold Macmillan
Reginald Maudling Reginald Maudling.jpg 14 October 19599 October 1961Conservative
Frederick Erroll Blank.png 9 October 196120 October 1963Conservative

President of the Board of Trade (1963–present)

NamePortraitTook officeLeft officePolitical partyPrime Minister
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development
Conservative Alec Douglas-Home
Edward Heath Heathdod.JPG 20 October 196316 October 1964
President of the Board of Trade Labour Harold Wilson
Douglas Jay Blank.png 18 October 196429 August 1967
Anthony Crosland Ford A9572 Anthony Crosland crop.jpg 29 August 19676 October 1969
Roy Mason Blank.png 6 October 196919 June 1970
Michael Noble 20 June 197015 October 1970 Conservative Edward Heath
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
John Davies No image.svg 15 October 19705 November 1972
Peter Walker No image.svg 5 November 19724 March 1974
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade
Labour Harold Wilson
Peter Shore No image.svg 5 March 19748 April 1976
Edmund Dell Blank.png 8 April 197611 November 1978Labour James Callaghan
John Smith No image.svg 11 November 19784 May 1979
John Nott Blank.png 5 May 19795 January 1981Conservative Margaret Thatcher
John Biffen No image.svg 5 January 19816 April 1982
The Lord Cockfield Blank.png 6 April 198212 June 1983
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
Cecil Parkinson Blank.png 12 June 198311 October 1983
Norman Tebbit Official portrait of Lord Tebbit crop 2.jpg 16 October 19832 September 1985
Leon Brittan Lord Brittan 2011.jpg 2 September 198522 January 1986
Paul Channon No image.svg 24 January 198613 June 1987
The Lord Young of Graffham Lord young of Graffham.jpg 13 June 198724 July 1989
Nicholas Ridley No image.svg 24 July 198913 July 1990
Peter Lilley Peter Lilley.jpg 14 July 199010 April 1992
Conservative John Major
Michael Heseltine Lord Heseltine, Deputy Prime Minister, UK (1995-97) (10559130986).jpg 10 April 19925 July 1995
Ian Lang Ian Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton.jpg 5 July 19952 May 1997
Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett May 2007.jpg 2 May 199727 July 1998Labour Tony Blair
Peter Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 27 July 199823 December 1998
Stephen Byers Blank.png 23 December 19988 June 2001
Patricia Hewitt Patricia Hewitt.jpg 8 June 20016 May 2005
Alan Johnson Alan Johnson -9Oct2007-2.jpg 6 May 20055 May 2006
Alistair Darling AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg 5 May 200627 June 2007
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
Labour Gordon Brown
John Hutton Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg 28 June 20073 October 2008
The Lord Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 3 October 20085 June 2009
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
The Lord Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 5 June 200912 May 2010
Vince Cable Official portrait of Sir Vince Cable crop 2.jpg 12 May 20108 May 2015 Liberal Democrats David Cameron
(Coalition)
Sajid Javid Official portrait of Sajid Javid MP.jpg 11 May 201515 July 2016Conservative David Cameron
(II)
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Conservative Theresa May
Greg Clark [lower-greek 1] Official portrait of Greg Clark crop 2.jpg 15 July 201619 July 2016
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for International Trade
Liam Fox Official portrait of Dr Liam Fox crop 2.jpg 19 July 2016Incumbent

Notes

  1. Appointed by the Privy Council in error for 4 days before the mistake was rectified. [3] [4] [5]

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References

  1. Olson, Alison G. "The Board of Trade and Colonial Virginia". Encyclopedia Virginia . Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  2. Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 3, Officials of the Boards of Trade 1660-1870 - Council of trade and plantations 1696-1782
  3. May, Callum (22 July 2016). "Minister Greg Clark was briefly given wrong job". BBC News. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  4. Tilbrook, Richard (15 July 2016). "Business Transacted and Orders Approved at the Privy Council Held by the Queen at Buckingham Palace on 15th July 2016" (PDF). Privy Council Office. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  5. Tilbrook, Richard (19 July 2016). "Business Transacted and Orders Approved at the Privy Council Held by the Queen at Buckingham Palace on 19th July 2016" (PDF). Privy Council Office. Retrieved 22 July 2016.