Westmorland (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Westmorland
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
United Kingdom general election 1837.svg
United Kingdom general election 1837.svg
Context: 1832–1868. Extract from 1837 result: the most central 'doubly' blue area
19181983
Number of membersone
Replaced by Penrith & The Border and Westmorland & Lonsdale
Created from Appleby and Kendal
1290–1885
Number of memberstwo
Replaced by Appleby and Kendal

Westmorland was a constituency covering the county of Westmorland in the North of England, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Contents

The constituency had two separate periods of existence.

Until 1885
It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. For the string of elections from 1885 general election it split in two: Appleby and Kendal, both of which had been parliamentary boroughs but were reconstituted as county constituencies.
1918–1983
The constituency was recreated as a single-seater for the 1918 general election and abolished for the 1983 general election.

In the boundary changes in 1983 the southern part of the constituency became part of the new seat of Westmorland and Lonsdale and the northern area was transferred to Penrith and The Border

Boundaries

The 1918 – 1983 seat corresponded to the county of Westmorland even after the abolition of the administrative county in 1974.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1290–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1290 Sir Richardus de Prestonne Sir Williemus de Stirkland
1302 Thomas de Betham
1305Sir Hugh de Lowther Nicholas de Leyburne
1308–1309 Thomas de Betham
1309 Robert L'Angleys
1311–1312 Thomas de Betham
1311–1312 Robert L'Angleys
1313 Sir Matthew de Redman
1324 Sir Robertus de Sandeford
1328 Sir Nicholas de Preston
1331–1332 Sir Walter de Strickland
1341–1342Sir Thomas de Musgrave
1343 Sir Richard de Preston Sir Thomas de Musgrave
1344–1345Sir Thomas de Musgrave
1353 Sir Richard de Preston (Jnr)
1355 William de Windesere
1357 Sir Matthew de Redman
1362 Sir John Preston
1363 James Pickering
1366 Sir John Preston James Pickering
1368 Sir John Preston
1371 Sir John Preston
1377–c1400 Hugh Salkeld I
1382 Sir John Preston
1384 John de Mansergh
1386Sir John Derwentwater Robert Clibern [1]
1388 (Feb)Sir Thomas Blenkinsop Thomas Strickland [1]
1388 (Sep) Robert de Sandford Hugh Salkeld I [1]
1390 (Jan) John Crackenthorpe Hugh Salkeld I [1]
1390 (Nov)Sir Christopher Moresby Hugh Salkeld I [1]
1391Sir William Curwen William Thornburgh [1]
1393 John Crackenthorpe Hugh Salkeld I [1]
1394Sir William Curwen William Thornburgh [1]
1395Sir Walter Strickland William Crackenthorpe I [1]
1397 (Jan) John Lancaster Hugh Salkeld I [1]
1397 (Sep)Sir William Curwen William Crackenthorpe I [1]
1399Sir Thomas de Musgrave John Crackenthorpe [1]
1401 William Thornburgh Hugh Salkeld II [1]
1402Sir William Threlkeld (Sir) William Crackenthorpe I [1]
1404 (Jan) Roland Thornburgh Sir Richard Duckett [1]
1404 (Oct)Sir Robert Leybourne Thomas Strickland II [1]
1406Sir John Beetham (Sir) John Lancaster I [1]
1407Sir Alan Pennington Thomas Warcop [1]
1410
1411Sir Robert Leybourne Christopher Moresby [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Robert Crackenthorpe John Hutton [1]
1414 (Apr) Robert Mauchell Richard Wharton [1]
1414 (Nov) Thomas Warcop William Thornburgh [1]
1415 Robert Warcop Thomas Warcop [1]
1416 (Mar) Roland Thornburgh Robert Crackenthorpe [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Roland Thornburgh Robert Crackenthorpe [1]
1420 William Beauchamp Thomas Greem II [1]
1421 (May) Robert Warcop Robert Preston [1]
1421 (Dec)(Sir) John Lancaster I William Blenkinsop [1]
1429 Thomas Strickland II
1431 Thomas Strickland II
1435 Sir Thomas Parr
1449 Sir Thomas Parr
1450 Sir Thomas Parr
1455 Sir Thomas Parr
1459 ?Sir Thomas Parr
1467 William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal
1473 William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal
1510–1523No Names Known [2]
1529 Sir William Musgrave Thomas Blenkinsop [2]
1536
1539
1542Sir James Leyburn Nicholas Bacon [2]
1545Sir Ingram Clifford Sir James Leyburn [2]
1547 Sir Charles Brandon, died
and replaced in January 1552 by
Sir Robert Bowes
Thomas Warcop [2]
1553 (Mar)
1553 (Oct) Thomas Fallowfield Thomas Warcop [2]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Fallowfield Thomas Warcop [2]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Percy Thomas Warcop [2]
1555
1558 Anthony Kempe Thomas Sackville [2]
1559 (Jan) Lancelot Lancaster Thomas Warcop [3]
1562–1563 Walter Strickland Gerard Lowther [3]
1571 Alan Bellingham Thomas Warcop [3]
1572 Thomas Knyvet Thomas Warcop [3]
1584 Francis Clifford Thomas Warcop [3]
1586 Francis Clifford Thomas Warcop [3]
1588 (Oct) Francis Dacre Thomas Warcop [3]
1593 Sir William Bowes (Sir) Edward Denny [3]
1597 (Sep)(Sir) Walter Harcourt Henry Cholmley [3]
1601 (Oct) George Wharton Thomas Strickland [3]
1604–1611 Sir Richard Musgrave Sir Thomas Strickland
1614 Lord Clifford Sir Thomas Wharton
1621 Lord Clifford Sir Thomas Wharton
1624 Sir John Lowther Robert Strickland
1625 Sir John Lowther Sir Henry Bellingham
1626 Sir John Lowther Sir Henry Bellingham
1628 Sir John Lowther John Lowther
1629–1640 No Parliament summoned

MPs 1640–1885

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 Sir Philip Musgrave Royalist Sir Henry Bellingham Royalist
November 1640
March 1643Musgrave disabled to sit – seat vacant
October 1645Bellingham disabled to sit – seat vacant
1646 Henry Lawrence James Bellingham
December 1648Lawrence excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacantBellingham not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653Westmorland was not separately represented in the Barebones Parliament.
The following were nominated for The Four Northern Counties collectively:
Major-General Charles Howard, Robert Fenwick, Henry Dawson, Henry Ogle
1654 Jeremy Baynes Christopher Lister
1656 Thomas Burton
January 1659 Thomas Wharton
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir John Lowther Sir Thomas Wharton
1661 Sir Thomas Strickland Sir Philip Musgrave
1677 Sir John Lowther
1678 Alan Bellingham
1679 Christopher Philipson
1681 Sir John Lowther
January 1689 Henry Wharton
December 1689 Goodwin Wharton Whig
1690 Sir Christopher Musgrave
1695 Sir Richard Sandford
1696 William Fleming
January 1701 Sir Christopher Musgrave Henry Graham
December 1701 Sir Richard Sandford
1702 Sir Christopher Musgrave
1704 William Fleming
1705 Robert Lowther
1707 Michael Fleming
1708 Daniel Wilson James Grahme
1722 Anthony Lowther
1727 Daniel Wilson
1741 Sir Philip Musgrave
1747 Edward Wilson John Dalston
1754 Sir George Dalston
1759 Robert Lowther
1761 Sir James Lowther John Upton
1763 Robert Lowther
1764 John Robinson
1768 Thomas Fenwick
1774 Sir James Lowther [4] Tory Sir Michael le Fleming Tory [5]
1775 James Lowther Tory [5]
1806 The Lord Muncaster Tory [5]
1812 Henry Lowther Tory [5]
1813 Viscount Lowther Tory [5]
1831 Alexander Nowell Whig [5]
1832 Viscount Lowther Tory [5]
1834 Conservative [5] Conservative [5]
1841 William Thompson Conservative [5]
1854 Earl of Bective Conservative
1868 William Lowther Conservative
1871 Earl of Bective Conservative

Notes

MPs 1918–1983

ElectionMemberParty
1918 John Weston Coalition Conservative
1924 Oliver Stanley Conservative
1945 William Fletcher-Vane Conservative
1964 Michael Jopling Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Westmorland and Lonsdale

Election results 1290–1885

Election results taken from the History of Parliament Trust series.

Elections in the 18th century

General election 1715: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Daniel Wilson UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan James Grahme UnopposedN/AN/A
General election 1722: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Anthony Lowther UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan James Grahme UnopposedN/AN/A
By-Election 16 June 1726: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Anthony Lowther UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General election 1727: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Anthony Lowther UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan Daniel Wilson UnopposedN/AN/A
General election 1734: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Anthony Lowther UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan Daniel Wilson UnopposedN/AN/A
General election 28 May 1741: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Daniel Wilson 1,28139.97N/A
Non Partisan Philip Musgrave 1,07933.67N/A
Non Partisan John Dalston 84526.37N/A
General election 1747: Westmorland (2 seats)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Non Partisan Edward Wilson UnopposedN/AN/A
Non Partisan John Dalston UnopposedN/AN/A

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1830: Westmorland [5] [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory William Lowther Unopposed
Tory Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors c.3,500
Tory hold
Tory hold
General election 1831: Westmorland [5] [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory Henry Lowther Unopposed
Whig Alexander Nowell (MP)Unopposed
Registered electors c.3,500
Tory hold
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1832: Westmorland [5] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory William Lowther 2,052 36.6
Tory Henry Lowther 1,948 34.7
Whig John Barham1,61128.7
Majority3376.0
Turnout 3,58481.6
Registered electors 4,392
Tory hold
Tory gain from Whig
General election 1835: Westmorland [7] [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,644
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1837: Westmorland [7] [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,775
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Westmorland [7] [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,384
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

William Lowther was appointed Postmaster General of the United Kingdom and called to the House of Lords as Baron Lowther, causing a by-election.

By-election, 22 September 1841: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Thompson Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Thompson Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,078
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Thompson Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,062
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Thompson's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 31 March 1854: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,168
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,214
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative Henry Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 4,237
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Lowther's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 8 January 1868: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1868: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 5,240
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1870s

Taylour succeeded to the peerage, becoming Marquess of Headfort and causing a by-election at which his son was elected unopposed.

By-election, 21 February 1871: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1874: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour Unopposed
Conservative William Lowther Unopposed
Registered electors 5,177
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Westmorland [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Taylour 2,641 37.1 N/A
Conservative William Lowther 2,522 35.4 N/A
Liberal Henry Tufton 1,96327.5New
Majority5597.9N/A
Turnout 4,545 (est)83.5 (est)N/A
Registered electors 5,442
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Election results 1918–1983

Westmorland election results Westmorland election results.png
Westmorland election results

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Westmorland [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist John Weston Unopposed
Unionist win (new seat)
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Westmorland [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist John Weston Unopposed N/AN/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1923: Westmorland [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist John Weston Unopposed N/AN/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1924: Westmorland [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Oliver Stanley 17,935 71.2 N/A
Labour Reginald Penrith Burnett7,24228.2New
Majority10,69343.0N/A
Turnout 25,17780.2N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1929: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Oliver Stanley 17,101 49.6 −21.6
Liberal William Gretton Ward13,22338.3New
Labour W. Bone4,18412.1−16.1
Majority3,87811.3−31.7
Turnout 34,50881.9+1.7
Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Oliver Stanley Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1935: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Oliver Stanley 22,634 68.5 N/A
Labour E V Short10,41731.5New
Majority12,21737.0N/A
Turnout 33,05173.8N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Fletcher-Vane 19,717 53.3 −15.2
Labour Harold Banning Richardson9,67426.1−5.4
Liberal Geoffrey Acland 7,31319.8New
Independent Francis Basil Price-Heywood3060.8New
Majority10,04327.1-9.9
Turnout 37,01077.0+3.2
Conservative hold Swing −4.9

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Fletcher-Vane 22,228 55.1 +1.8
Liberal Geoffrey Acland 9,05422.5+2.7
Labour Paul Wilson 9,03122.4−3.7
Majority13,17428.4−1.3
Turnout 40,31385.5+8.5
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General election 1951: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Fletcher-Vane 23,227 58.3 +3.2
Labour Paul Wilson 9,11922.9+0.5
Liberal Geoffrey Acland 7,49318.8−3.7
Majority14,10835.4+7.0
Turnout 39,83983.5+2.0
Conservative hold Swing +1.3
General election 1955: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Fletcher-Vane 21,048 57.4 −0.9
Labour Ivor Ralph Million7,90121.6−1.3
Liberal Geoffrey Acland 7,68821.0+2.2
Majority13,14735.8+0.4
Turnout 36,63777.6−5.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.2
General election 1959: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Fletcher-Vane 20,676 55.8 −1.6
Liberal Geoffrey Acland 8,98424.3+3.3
Labour Corin Hughes-Stanton7,35919.9−1.7
Majority11,69231.5−4.3
Turnout 37,01978.8+2.2
Conservative hold Swing −2.5

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 19,12551.75
Liberal Aubrey Herbert11,07829.98
Labour Norman Plamping6,75218.27
Majority8,04721.77
Turnout 36,95578.82
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 17,90750.55
Liberal Alistair Bell 9,05225.55
Labour John E Dayton8,46523.90
Majority8,85525.00
Turnout 35,42475.46
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 21,253 55.3 +4.8
Liberal Gurney Pease 9,42624.5-1.0
Labour Roger Ward7,75720.2-3.7
Majority11,82730.8+5.8
Turnout 38,43671.0-4.5
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 22,03650.13
Liberal A Nixon15,50235.27
Labour PJ Hildrew6,41914.60
Majority6,53414.86
Turnout 43,95779.27
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 20,55950.85
Liberal BN Wates12,84431.77
Labour M Taylor7,02817.38
Majority7,71519.08
Turnout 40,43172.35
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1979: Westmorland
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Jopling 25,27456.62
Liberal K Hulls12,86728.83
Labour A Potts6,49714.55
Majority12,40727.79
Turnout 44,63874.45
Conservative hold Swing

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  4. Sir James Lowther was also elected for Cumberland, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Westmorland in this Parliament
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 102–104. Retrieved 3 June 2019 via Google Books.
  6. 1 2 Escott, Margaret. "Westmorland". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885(e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 478–479. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  8. 1 2 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  9. 1 2 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, F W S Craig
  10. North Devon Journal, 16 Jun 1938