Tunbridge Wells (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Tunbridge Wells
County constituency
for the House of Commons
TunbridgeWells2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Tunbridge Wells in Kent
Kent.svg
Location of Kent within England
County Kent
Electorate 73,028 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Tunbridge Wells and Paddock Wood
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Greg Clark (Conservatives)
Number of membersOne
Created from Tonbridge and Ashford

Tunbridge Wells is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Greg Clark, a Conservative who served as Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy from 2016 to 2019. [n 2]

Contents

Boundaries

1974–1983: The Borough of Royal Tunbridge Wells, the Urban District of Southborough, the Rural District of Cranbrook, and in the Rural District of Tonbridge the parishes of Bidborough, Brenchley, Capel, Horsmonden, Lamberhurst, Paddock Wood, Pembury, and Speldhurst.

1983–1997: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells. The constituency boundaries remained unchanged.

1997–2010: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells wards of Brenchley, Capel, Culverden, Goudhurst, Horsmonden, Lamberhurst, Paddock Wood, Pantiles, Park, Pembury, Rusthall, St James', St John's, St Mark's, Sherwood, Southborough East, Southborough North, Southborough West, and Speldhurst and Bidborough.

2010–present: The Borough of Tunbridge Wells wards of Brenchley and Horsmonden, Broadwater, Capel, Culverden, Goudhurst and Lamberhurst, Hawkhurst and Sandhurst, Paddock Wood East, Paddock Wood West, Pantiles and St Mark's, Park, Pembury, Rusthall, St James', St John's, Sherwood, Southborough and High Brooms, Southborough North, and Speldhurst and Bidborough.

The current constituency includes the large town of Tunbridge Wells, and most of its borough to the east which is generally rural.

History

The constituency was created in 1974, and was originally named "Royal Tunbridge Wells". Except for Cranbrook Rural District (previously part of the Ashford constituency) the area had formed part of the constituency of Tonbridge prior to 1974. In 1983 the "Royal" prefix was removed from the seat's name.

Political history

The seat's results since its 1974 creation indicate a Conservative safe seat. In 1994, the Conservative group on the council lost control, but regained it in 1998.

Prominent frontbenchers

In succession, from 1983 until 1997 Patrick Mayhew reached three leading positions: Solicitor General for England and Wales, Attorney General for England and Wales and for Northern Ireland (simultaneously) and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

From 2000 to 2001, Archie Norman was the Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions.

The present member, Greg Clark, was Minister for Decentralisation from the start of the Cameron ministry, and then two years later became Financial Secretary to the Treasury.

Constituency profile

The area is still largely rural in character and landscape, enjoying a gently elevated position which is traversed by the High Weald Landscape Trail. The area has local service sector and financial sector employers, light engineering combined with being substantially a commuter belt town for London, and to an extent, businesses on the southern side of the M25, such as in the Gatwick Diamond.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . [2]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [3] Party
Feb 1974 Patrick Mayhew Conservative
1997 Archie Norman Conservative
2005 Greg Clark Conservative
September 2019 Independent
November 2019 Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Tunbridge Wells [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Greg Clark 30,119 55.1 Decrease2.svg1.8
Liberal Democrats Ben Chapelard15,47428.3Increase2.svg18.4
Labour Antonio Weiss8,09814.8Decrease2.svg11.7
Independent Christopher Camp4880.9New
Independent Nigel Peacock4710.9New
Majority14,64526.8Decrease2.svg3.6
Turnout 54,65073.0Increase2.svg0.9
Conservative hold Swing Decrease2.svg10.1
General election 2017: Tunbridge Wells [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Greg Clark 30,856 56.9 −1.8
Labour Charles Woodgate14,39126.5+12.3
Liberal Democrats Rachel Sadler5,3559.9+1.5
UKIP Chris Hoare1,4642.7−9.9
Green Trevor Bisdee1,4412.7−2.5
Women's Equality Celine Thomas7021.3New
Majority16,46530.4−14.1
Turnout 54,20972.1+2.1
Conservative hold Swing -5.25
General election 2015: Tunbridge Wells [6] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Greg Clark 30,181 58.7 +2.5
Labour Kevin Kerrigan7,30714.2+3.4
UKIP Colin Nicholson [8] 6,48112.6+8.5
Liberal Democrats James McCleary [9] [10] 4,3428.4−16.9
Green Marie Jones2,6595.2+3.4
Independent Graham Naismith [11] 4580.9New
Majority22,87444.5+13.6
Turnout 51,42870.0+0.2
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General election 2010: Tunbridge Wells [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Greg Clark 28,302 56.2 +5.5
Liberal Democrats David Hallas12,72625.30.0
Labour Gary Heather5,44810.8−9.6
UKIP Victor Webb2,0544.1+0.6
Green Hazel Dawe9141.8New
BNP Andrew McBride [13] 7041.4New
Independent Farel Bradbury1720.3New
Majority15,57630.9+7.4
Turnout 50,32069.8+3.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Tunbridge Wells [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Greg Clark 21,083 49.6 +0.7
Liberal Democrats Laura Murphy11,09526.1+1.4
Labour Jacqui Jedrzejewski8,73620.6−2.6
UKIP Victor Webb1,5683.7+0.4
Majority9,98823.5−0.7
Turnout 42,48265.7+3.4
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
General election 2001: Tunbridge Wells [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Archie Norman 19,643 48.9 +3.7
Liberal Democrats Keith Brown9,91324.7−5.0
Labour Ian Carvell9,33223.2+2.8
UKIP Victor Webb1,3133.3+2.8
Majority9,73024.2+6.7
Turnout 40,20162.3−11.8
Conservative hold Swing +4.4

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Tunbridge Wells [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Archie Norman 21,853 45.2 −11.7
Liberal Democrats Anthony S. Clayton14,34729.7+1.3
Labour Peter Warner9,87920.4+6.6
Referendum Tim Macpherson1,8583.8New
UKIP M. Smart2640.5New
Natural Law Paul Levy1530.3−0.1
Majority7,50615.5-13.0
Turnout 48,35474.1-4.0
Conservative hold Swing -6.5
General election 1992: Tunbridge Wells [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 34,162 56.9 −1.5
Liberal Democrats Anthony S. Clayton17,03028.4−1.6
Labour EAC Goodman8,30013.8+2.2
Natural Law EW Fenna2670.4New
Independent R Edey2360.4New
Majority17,13228.5+0.1
Turnout 59,99578.1+3.8
Conservative hold Swing 0.0

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Tunbridge Wells [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 33,11158.44+0.18
Liberal Dorothy Buckrell16,98929.99−0.02
Labour Peter Sloman6,55511.57+0.29
Majority16,12228.45+0.20
Turnout 56,65574.26+1.60
Conservative hold Swing +0.1
General election 1983: Tunbridge Wells [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 31,19958.26−1.28
Liberal P Blaine16,07330.01+11.74
Labour SJ Casely6,04211.28−9.96
National Front D Smith2360.44−0.51
Majority15,12628.25−10.04
Turnout 53,55072.66−2.00
Conservative hold Swing −6.5

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Royal Tunbridge Wells
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 31,92859.54+10.01
Labour AAJ Bartlett11,39221.24−3.69
Liberal R Baker9,79718.27−7.27
National Front W Standen5090.95New
Majority20,53638.30+14.31
Turnout 53,62674.66+2.15
Conservative hold Swing +6.9
General election October 1974: Royal Tunbridge Wells
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 24,82949.53+0.17
Liberal DC Owens12,80225.54−3.82
Labour RC Blackwell12,49924.93+3.65
Majority12,02723.99+3.99
Turnout 50,13072.51−7.87
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General election February 1974: Royal Tunbridge Wells
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Patrick Mayhew 27,21249.36
Liberal DC Owens16,18429.36
Labour MF Short11,73421.28
Majority11,02820.00
Turnout 55,13080.38
Conservative win (new seat)

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
  4. "Tunbridge Wells Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  5. "2017 General Election: The 6 candidates in Tunbridge Wells". Who Can I Vote For? by Democracy Club. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  6. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. "Tunbridge Wells". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  8. "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  9. http://www.libdems.org.uk/general_election_candidates#South_East
  10. "James MacCleary". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  11. http://www.tunbridgewells.gov.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/88134/Statment-of-Persons-Nominated-Parliamentary-Election.pdf%5B%5D
  12. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. http://bnp.org.uk/2010/03/bnp%E2%80%99s-south-east-regional-organiser-to-contest-the-tunbridge-wells-seat/%5B%5D
  14. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  19. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 51°7′N0°20′E / 51.117°N 0.333°E / 51.117; 0.333

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Royal Tunbridge Wells Town in Kent, England

Royal Tunbridge Wells is a town in Kent, England, 30 miles southeast of central London, close to the border with East Sussex on the northern edge of the High Weald, whose sandstone geology is exemplified by the rock formation High Rocks. The town was a spa in the Restoration and a fashionable resort in the mid-1700s under Beau Nash when the Pantiles, and its chalybeate spring, attracted visitors who wished to take the waters. Though its popularity as a spa town waned with the advent of sea bathing, the town still derives much of its income from tourism.

Paddock Wood Human settlement in England

Paddock Wood is a small town and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England, about 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Maidstone. At the 2001 Census it had a population of 8,263, falling marginally to 8,253 at the 2011 Census. Paddock Wood is the centre for hop growing in Kent.

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The Borough of Tunbridge Wells is a local government district and borough in Kent, England. It takes its name from its main town, Royal Tunbridge Wells.

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Brenchley is a village in the civil parish of Brenchley and Matfield, in the borough of Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England.

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